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Structured Reading

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780130450760

ISBN10:
0130450766
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $79.66
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Summary

Using a highly effective approach, this book is based on the principle that readers improve their skills not by reading "about" reading, but rather by guided, hands-on experience "with" reading. Thirty core reading selections-include essays on road rage, coping with language barriers, Texas' Juneteenth celebration, death penalty victims, and crossing the border into the United States-are drawn from books, magazines, newspapers, and texts in various disciplines. They offer readers a diverse number of topics, interests them in the process of reading, and helps them develop their critical thinking, reading, and vocabulary. For anyone who wants to get more out of what they read.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Part 1 Skills for Reading 1(80)
What Is the Reading Process?
3(3)
Previewing and Predicting in the Reading Process
3(1)
Concentrating During the Reading Process
4(2)
What Is Your Personal Reading History?
6(2)
What Is the Role of Speed During Reading?
8(6)
Relating Speed to Purposes for Reading
8(1)
Using Rapid Word Discrimination
9(5)
How Do Eye Movements Affect Reading?
14(5)
Avoiding ``White Space''
14(1)
Expanding Eye Fixations
15(1)
Pacing Through the Print
16(2)
Choosing Your Favorite Strategy for Controlling Eye Movements
18(1)
How Can I Improve My Vocabulary?
19(10)
Using Restatement Context Clues
20(1)
Using Definition Context Clues
21(2)
Using Contrast Context Clues
23(1)
Using Example Context Clues
24(2)
Learning and Remembering New Words
26(3)
What Is the Role of Prediction During Reading?
29(2)
Assessing Your Skill with Predicting
30(1)
What Is the Role of ``SQ3R'' When Reading to Study?
31(2)
How Can Maps and Outlines Help With Reading?
33(6)
Mapping of Content
33(2)
Outlining
35(1)
Creating an Informal Outline
35(1)
Creating a Formal Outline
35(4)
What Is Reading On, Between, and Beyond the Lines?
39(2)
What Are ``Central Theme'' and ``Main Ideas''?
41(9)
Finding a Central Theme
41(1)
Finding Main Ideas
42(2)
Observing Central Themes and Main Ideas in Action
44(1)
Practicing with Central Themes and Main Ideas
45(5)
What Are ``Major Details''?
50(8)
Finding Major Details
50(2)
Observing Major Details in Action
52(2)
Practicing with Major Details
54(4)
What Are ``Inferences''?
58(8)
Making Inferences
58(2)
Observing Inferences in Action
60(2)
Practicing with Inferences
62(4)
What Is ``Critical Reading''?
66(10)
Critical Reading: Deciding Between Fact and Opinion
66(1)
Observing ``Fact and Opinion'' in Action
67(2)
Practicing with ``Fact or Opinion''
69(2)
Critical Reading: Recognizing the Writer's Craft
71(1)
Observing the Writer's Craft
72(1)
Practicing with the Writer's Craft
73(3)
What Is ``Reader Response''?
76(5)
Summary of Part One
77(4)
Answers to Activities in Part One
78(3)
Part 2 Thinking: Getting Started 81(56)
A Real Loss
85(10)
Fern Kupfer
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
86(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
88(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
89(1)
Major Details
90(1)
Inferences
90(2)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
92(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
92(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
93(2)
The Death of a Farm
95(8)
Amy Jo Keifer
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
96(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
97(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
98(1)
Major Details
99(1)
Inferences
100(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
100(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
101(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
101(2)
Tyranny of Weakness
103(6)
Eda LeShan
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
104(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
105(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
105(1)
Major Details
106(1)
Inferences
106(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
107(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
107(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
108(1)
Darkness at Noon
109(8)
Harold Krents
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
111(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
112(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
113(1)
Major Details
113(1)
Inferences
114(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
115(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
115(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
116(1)
My World Now
117(10)
Anna Mae Halgrim Seaver
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
119(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
121(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
122(1)
Major Details
122(1)
Inferences
123(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
123(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
124(3)
My Mother's Blue Bowl
127(10)
Alice Walker
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
129(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
131(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
132(1)
Major Details
132(1)
Inferences
133(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
133(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
134(3)
Part 3 Thinking: Getting Started 137(58)
Summer
141(6)
Jonathan Schwartz
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
142(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
143(1)
Main Idea and Images
143(1)
Major Details
144(1)
Inferences
144(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
145(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
146(1)
The Girl with the Large Eyes
147(8)
Julius Lester
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
149(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
150(1)
Central Theme and Main Images
151(1)
Major Details
152(1)
Inferences
152(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
153(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
153(2)
You Are How You Eat
155(10)
Enid Nemy
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
157(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
158(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
159(1)
Major Details
160(1)
Inferences
161(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
161(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
162(3)
Flour Children
165(10)
Lexine Alpert
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
167(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
169(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
170(1)
Major Details
170(1)
Inferences
171(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
171(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
172(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
172(3)
The Magic Words Are ``Will You Help Me?''
175(10)
Michael Ryan
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
178(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
180(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
181(1)
Major Details
181(1)
Inferences
182(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
182(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
183(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
184(1)
Mute in an English-Only World
185(10)
Chang-rae Lee
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
188(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
189(2)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
191(1)
Major Details
191(1)
Inferences
192(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
192(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
193(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
193(2)
Part 4 Thinking: Getting Started 195(66)
Genes and Behavior: A Twin Legacy
199(10)
Constance Holden
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
201(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
202(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
203(1)
Major Details
204(1)
Inferences
205(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
206(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
206(3)
Every Kid Needs Some Manual Arts
209(8)
William Raspberry
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
211(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
212(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
213(1)
Major Details
213(1)
Inferences
214(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
214(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
214(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
215(2)
Richard Cory, All Over Again
217(10)
Roy Meador
Richard Cory
219(1)
Edward Arlington Robinson
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
220(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
221(2)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
223(1)
Major Details
223(1)
Inferences
224(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
225(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
226(1)
Escaping the Daily Grind for Life as a House Father
227(10)
Rick Greenberg
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
229(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
231(2)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
233(1)
Major Details
233(1)
Inferences
234(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
235(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
235(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
236(1)
Forty Acres and a Holiday
237(12)
Lisa Jones
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
240(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
241(2)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
243(1)
Major Details
244(1)
Inferences
244(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
245(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
246(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
246(3)
Out of Their Element
249(12)
Bob Akin
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
253(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
255(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
256(1)
Major Details
256(1)
Inferences
257(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
258(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
258(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
259(2)
Part 5 Thinking: Getting Started 261(62)
Death Penalty Victims
265(8)
Bob Herbert
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
267(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
268(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
269(1)
Major Details
269(1)
Inferences
269(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
270(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
270(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
271(2)
Should a Wife Keep Her Name?
273(10)
Norman Lobsenz
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
275(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
277(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
278(1)
Major Details
279(1)
Inferences
280(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
281(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
281(2)
Restored to the Sea
283(10)
Robin Micheli
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
285(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
286(2)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
288(1)
Major Details
289(1)
Inferences
289(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
290(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
290(3)
I Became Her Target
293(10)
Roger Wilkins
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
295(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
297(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
298(1)
Major Details
299(1)
Inferences
300(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
301(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
301(2)
She Made Her Dream Come True
303(8)
Michael Ryan
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
304(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
306(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
307(1)
Major Details
307(1)
Inferences
308(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
309(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
309(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
309(2)
From In Search of Bernabe
311(12)
Graciela Limon
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
316(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
317(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
318(1)
Major Details
318(1)
Inferences
319(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
320(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
320(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
321(2)
Part 6 Thinking: Getting Started 323(88)
How to Stay Alive
327(6)
Art Hoppe
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
328(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
329(1)
Central Theme
330(1)
Major Details
331(1)
Inferences
331(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
331(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
332(1)
Houses to Save the Earth
333(12)
Seth Shulman
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
336(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
338(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
339(1)
Major Details
340(1)
Inferences
341(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
341(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
341(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
342(3)
Collegians Predisposed to Road Rage
345(10)
Andrew J. Pulskamp
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
348(1)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
349(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
350(1)
Major Details
350(1)
Inferences
351(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
351(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
352(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
352(3)
Long-Term Memory
355(14)
Joseph Calkin
Richard S. Perrotto
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
360(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
362(1)
Special Textbook Vocabulary
363(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
364(1)
Major Details
365(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
365(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
366(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
366(3)
A Personal Stress Survival Guide
369(14)
Dianne Hales
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
375(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
377(1)
Special Textbook Vocabulary
378(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
379(1)
Major Details
380(1)
Inferences
380(1)
Critical Reading: Fact or Opinion
381(1)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
381(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
382(1)
The Chaser
383(12)
John Collier
Vocabulary list with dictionary entries
385(2)
Exercises:
Vocabulary
387(1)
Central Theme and Main Ideas
388(1)
Major Details
388(1)
Inferences
389(2)
Critical Reading: The Writer's Craft
391(1)
Reader Response: To Discuss or to Write About
391(4)
Appendix
Progress Charts
395(7)
Guide to Dictionary Use
402(9)
Credits 411(4)
Vocabulary Index 415(4)
General Index 419

Excerpts

In writingStructured Reading,Sixth Edition, we remained convinced that students learn best from guided, hands-on experience with complete, not partial, reading selections. We believe, too, that the best approach starts with detailed instruction in the separate drills areas that assure movement to college-level reading abilities, followed by extensive, repeated practice with many complete reading selections that comprise five-sixths of this book. In flight training, student pilots spend some instructional time in a training simulator. But within a short time, the instructors move students from the simulator to the cockpit of the airplane to give the students hands-on practice in flying the plane. Few passengers would fly with a pilot who had only simulator experience. Most want a pilot who has logged many hours of real flight time in the cockpit. Likewise, we want students to move quickly from the skills (the simulator) to actual reading (the cockpit) for extended practice. This method has worked well since the first edition ofStructured Readingand is evidenced by its continued use by hundred of teachers and thousands of students in the United States and Canada. We've consistently had our students in mind as we've talked through our revision decisions for this Sixth Edition ofStructured Reading.We've learned from our reviewers and teaching colleagues that many students look for a detailed introduction to the separate college-level reading skills they need ("Central Theme and Main Ideas"; "Major Details"; "Inferences"; "Critical Thinking"; and "Reader Response"). To that end, we offer in this Sixth Edition a comprehensive, new Part One, "Skills for Reading." This fourteen-chapter part explains and demonstrates each reading skill. It also offers extensive skills-based exercises to prepare students for their hands-on experience with the thirty complete reading selections in Parts Two through Six. Another demonstration of our focus on students inStructured Readingis the topics of the thirty complete reading selections. Some students say that they avoid reading because nothing they're assigned to read interests them. While we know that such feelings derive as much from a lack of confidence in reading abilities as from specific topics, we've always strived to provide engaging topics that appeal to a diverse audience. To this end, we've replaced five reading selections with new ones on more current, absorbing issues. Here are the major features ofStructured Reading,Sixth Edition: NEW! Part One, "Skills for Reading" explains the reading process. Using an FAQ approach, it gives students down-to-earth advice--with lots of chances for practice--about how to improve reading speed, expand vocabulary, make useful predictions during reading, read "on, between, and beyond" the lines, find central themes and main ideas, identify major and minor details, make inferences, read critically, and respond to ideas. Thirty reading selections, with five new for this edition, represent our desire to offer an instructive, stimulating balance of readings from books, magazines, newspapers, and textbooks in disciplines across the curriculum. The final mix represents male and female writers, as well as writers from a variety of ethnic groups. Exercises are deliberately structured to promote analytic and critical reasoning. Indeed, our structured sequences of exercises following every reading selection are the key feature that teachers and students have been praising from the first edition ofStructured Reading:"Vocabulary," "Central Theme and Main Ideas," "Major Details," "Inferences," "Critical Thinking" ("Fact vs. Opinion" and "The Writer's Craft"), and "Reader Response." This structured sequence demands concentrated work inreading for literal meaning, for inferential meaning, and for critical thinking.This approach, used repeatedly, leads s


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