9780534505363

Study Guide for Concise Introduction to Logic

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534505363

  • ISBN10:

    0534505368

  • Edition: Student
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1996-08-01
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 BASIC CONCEPTS
1(16)
1.1 Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions
1(2)
1.2 Recognizing Arguments
3(3)
1.3 Deduction and Induction
6(2)
1.4 Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency
8(2)
1.5 Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity
10(4)
1.6 Extended Arguments
14(3)
CHAPTER 2 LANGUAGE: MEANING AND DEFINITION
17(8)
2.1 Cognitive Meaning and Emotive Meaning
17(1)
2.2 The Intension and Extension of Terms
17(2)
2.3 Definitions and Their Purposes
19(1)
2.4 Definitional Techniques
20(2)
2.5 Criteria for Lexical Definitions
22(3)
CHAPTER 3 INFORMAL FALLACIES
25(14)
3.1 Fallacies in General
25(1)
3.2 Fallacies of Relevance
26(3)
3.3 Fallacies of Weak Induction
29(3)
3.4 Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Grammatical Analogy
32(4)
3.5 Fallacies in Ordinary Language
36(3)
CHAPTER 4 CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS
39(18)
4.1 The Components of Categorical Propositions
39(1)
4.2 Quality, Quantity, and Distribution
40(1)
4.3 Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition
41(3)
4.4 Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition
44(3)
4.5 The Traditional Square of Opposition
47(3)
4.6 Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint
50(3)
4.7 Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form
53(4)
CHAPTER 5 CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS
57(16)
5.1 Standard Mood, Form, and Figure
57(4)
5.2 Venn Diagrams
61(2)
5.3 Rules and Fallacies
63(3)
5.4 Reducing the Number of Terms
66(1)
5.5 Ordinary Language Arguments
67(2)
5.6 Enthymemes
69(1)
5.7 Sorites
69(4)
CHAPTER 6 PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC
73(12)
6.1 Symbols and Translation
73(2)
6.2 Truth Functions
75(2)
6.3 Truth Tables for Propositions
77(2)
6.4 Truth Tables for Arguments
79(2)
6.5 Indirect Truth Tables
81(1)
6.6 Argument Forms and Fallacies
82(3)
CHAPTER 7 NATURAL DEDUCTION IN PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC
85(16)
7.1 Rules of Implication I
85(2)
7.2 Rules of Implication II
87(3)
7.3 Rules of Replacement I
90(2)
7.4 Rules of Replacement II
92(2)
7.5 Conditional Proof
94(2)
7.6 Indirect Proof
96(2)
7.7 Proving Logical Truths
98(3)
CHAPTER 8 PREDICATE LOGIC
101(18)
8.1 Symbols and Translation
101(2)
8.2 Using the Rules of Inference
103(3)
8.3 Change of Quantifier Rules
106(1)
8.4 Conditional and Indirect Proof
107(2)
8.5 Proving Invalidity
109(2)
8.6 Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers
111(4)
8.7 Indentity
115(4)
CHAPTER 9 INDUCTION
119(10)
9.1 Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning
119(2)
9.2 Causality and Mill's Methods
121(1)
9.3 Probability
122(3)
9.4 Statistical Reasoning
125(2)
9.5 Hypothetical Reasoning
127(2)
ANSWERS TO ADDITIONAL EXERCISES 129

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