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Telecommunications Essentials, Second Edition The Complete Global Source

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Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780321427618

ISBN10:
0321427610
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/10/2006
Publisher(s):
Addison-Wesley Professional
List Price: $69.99

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Summary

Provides a comprehensive, one-stop reference for anybody wanting to get up to speed on the telecommunications industry.

Author Biography

Lillian Goleniewski is Founder and President of the LIDO Organization, Inc., an internationally acclaimed provider of education, information, and advisory services in the area of telecommunications technologies, services and networks.

Ms. Goleniewski lectures extensively on telecommunications technology and management topics throughout the world. She is the author and creator of LIDO Telecommunications Essentials® (www.telecomessentials.com). Ms. Goleniewski’s seminars and eLearning series have been conducted on an international basis since 1984, and are offered throughout Asia, Australia/New Zealand, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, North America and South America.

Prior to forming the LIDO Organization, Ms. Goleniewski held the position of telecommunications operations manager at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the research and development arm of the U.S. utility industry. Before joining EPRI, Ms. Goleniewski was vice-president of operations for a San Francisco-based telecommunications consulting firm.

Ms. Goleniewski graduated Phi Beta Kappa and Summa Cum Laude from Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan. She holds a B.A. in psychology and has completed numerous post-graduate studies in information technologies as well as psychology. Ms. Goleniewski was the recipient of a NSF Award to conduct research in the area of human perception and information processing.



Table of Contents

About the Author xxi
About LIDO xxiii
Acknowledgments xxv
Introduction: Understanding the Broadband Evolution xxix
Part I Communications Fundamentals
1(142)
Telecommunications Technology Fundamentals
3(38)
Transmission Lines
3(8)
Circuits
4(2)
Channels
6(1)
Lines and Trunks
6(3)
Virtual Circuits
9(2)
Types of Network Connections
11(1)
The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Bandwidth
11(7)
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
11(4)
Bandwidth
15(3)
Analog and Digital Transmission
18(5)
Analog Transmission
18(1)
Digital Transmission
19(1)
Analog Versus Digital Transmission
20(1)
Conversion: Codecs and Modems
20(3)
Multiplexing
23(10)
FDM
26(1)
TDM
26(1)
STDM
27(1)
Intelligent Multiplexing
28(2)
Inverse Multiplexing
30(1)
WDM, DWDM, and CWDM
30(3)
Political and Regulatory Forces in Telecommunications
33(8)
Regulatory Background
34(1)
The Policy and Regulatory Players
34(1)
The Main Regulatory Issues
35(1)
Internet Governance
36(1)
Standards Organizations
37(4)
Traditional Transmission Media
41(42)
Twisted-Pair
44(7)
Characteristics of Twisted-Pair
44(1)
Categories of Twisted-Pair
45(2)
Applications of Twisted-Pair
47(1)
Analog and Digital Twisted-Pair
47(3)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Twisted-Pair
50(1)
Coaxial Cable
51(3)
Characteristics of Coaxial Cable
52(1)
Applications of Coaxial Cable
53(1)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Coaxial Cable
53(1)
Microwave
54(7)
Characteristics of Microwave
55(1)
Traditional Applications of Microwave
56(4)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Microwave
60(1)
The New Era of Microwave: Wireless Broadband
60(1)
Satellite
61(12)
Frequency Allocations of Satellite
63(2)
Satellite Network Segments
65(1)
Satellite Orbits
66(4)
Applications of Satellite
70(2)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Satellite
72(1)
Fiber Optics
73(10)
Characteristics of Fiber Optics
73(1)
Components of Fiber Optics
74(2)
How Fiber-Optic Transmission Works
76(1)
Innovations in Fiber Optics: EDFAs and WDM
77(1)
Applications of Fiber Optics
78(1)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optics
79(4)
Establishing Communications Channels
83(20)
Establishing Connections: Networking Modes and Switching Modes
83(17)
Networking Modes
84(2)
Switching Modes
86(14)
The PSTN Versus the Internet
100(3)
PSTN Characteristics
100(1)
Internet Characteristics
101(1)
Converging Networks: Next-Generation Networks
101(2)
The PSTN
103(40)
The PSTN Infrastructure
103(11)
Service Providers
105(1)
Network Access
106(1)
Access Services
107(2)
Transport Services
109(2)
PSTN Architecture
111(3)
The Transport Network Infrastructure
114(15)
The PDH Infrastructure
114(9)
The SDH/SONET Infrastructure
123(6)
Signaling Systems
129(6)
SS7 Architecture
132(3)
Intelligent Networks
135(3)
AINs
136(2)
SS7 and Next-Generation Networks
138(5)
Next-Generation Networks and the PSTN
140(3)
Part II Data Networking and the Internet
143(166)
Data Communications Basics
145(28)
The Evolution of Data Communications
145(7)
Data Communications Architectures
145(5)
Data Communications Traffic
150(2)
Data Flow
152(13)
The DTE, the DCE, the Transmission Channel, and the Physical Interface
152(2)
Modems and Modulation
154(5)
Simplex, Half-Duplex, and Full-Duplex Data Transmission
159(1)
Coding Schemes: ASCII, EBCDIC, Unicode, and Beyond
160(2)
Transmission Modes: Asynchronous and Synchronous Transmission
162(2)
Error Control
164(1)
The OSI Reference Model and the TCP/IP Reference Model
165(8)
The OSI Seven-Layer Reference Model
166(2)
The TCP/IP Four-Layer Reference Model
168(2)
The TCP Stack Versus the OSI Model
170(3)
Local Area Networking
173(28)
LAN Basics
173(3)
LAN Concepts and Benefits
174(1)
LAN Components
175(1)
LAN Characteristics
176(11)
LAN Transmission Media
176(1)
LAN Transport Techniques and Standards
177(5)
LAN Access Methods
182(3)
LAN Topologies
185(2)
LAN Interconnection and Internetworking
187(14)
Hubs
187(2)
LAN Switches
189(2)
VLANs
191(1)
Bridges
192(2)
Routers
194(4)
IP Switches
198(3)
Wide Area Networking
201(44)
Circuit-Switched Networks
203(12)
Networks Based on Leased Lines
203(9)
Networks Based on ISDN
212(3)
Packet-Switched Networks
215(30)
X.25
219(2)
Frame Relay
221(8)
ATM
229(9)
IP and ATM
238(7)
The Internet and IP Infrastructures
245(64)
Internet Basics
245(23)
A Brief History of the Internet
247(4)
What the Internet Is and How It Works
251(3)
Internet Protocols
254(10)
Internet Network Architectures
264(4)
Internet Addressing and Address Resolution
268(16)
Addressing and Routing Schemes
269(2)
IPv4 Addressing
271(4)
IPv6 Addressing
275(5)
DNS
280(4)
The Organization of the Internet
284(11)
The Evolution of the POP Architecture
285(4)
Internet Challenges and Changes
289(2)
Service Providers and Interconnection
291(4)
IP QoS
295(8)
QoS Mechanisms
295(1)
Queuing Mechanisms
296(3)
The IP QoS Continuum
299(4)
What's Next on the Internet
303(6)
The Next-Generation Internet
303(1)
The Interplanetary Internet
304(1)
Internet-Enabled Devices
305(1)
RFID Applications
305(1)
SIP Telephony
306(1)
Digital Objects and Libraries
306(1)
The Semantic Web
306(3)
Part III The New Generation of Networks
309(238)
IP Services
311(72)
The Evolution to IP Services
311(2)
IPT
313(29)
The IPT Evolution
314(4)
The IPT Network
318(6)
Standards for IP Voice
324(6)
VoIP Call-Signaling Protocols
330(9)
ENUM: Telephone Number Mapping
339(3)
IPTV
342(3)
IPTV Versus Streaming Media
343(1)
The IPTV Architecture
344(1)
VPNs
345(38)
Key VPN Concepts
347(12)
Types of IP VPNs
359(15)
VPN Security
374(9)
Next-Generation Networks
383(68)
The Broadband Evolution
384(5)
Communications Traffic Trends
384(1)
Communications Backbone Trends
385(1)
Communications Bandwidth Trends
386(1)
Communications Application Trends
387(1)
Broadband Applications
388(1)
Multimedia Networking Requirements
389(20)
Digital Video
390(6)
Television Standards
396(13)
The Broadband Infrastructure
409(2)
Converging Public Infrastructures
410(1)
Broadband Service Requirements
410(1)
Next-Generation Networks and Convergence
411(7)
Convergence in Different Industry Segments
412(2)
Arguments for Convergence
414(1)
Regulatory Effects on Convergence
414(1)
Converging Public Infrastructures
415(1)
Convergence in the Service Environment
416(2)
The Next-Generation Network Infrastructure
418(33)
The IP Multimedia Subsystem
420(5)
The Next-Generation Network Architecture
425(7)
The Multiservice Intelligent Edge
432(5)
Quality of Service
437(8)
The MPLS Architecture
445(6)
Optical Networking
451(38)
Optical Networking Today and Tomorrow
451(5)
Drivers of Optical Networking
452(1)
Network Reality Today
453(3)
Bandwidth Abundance
456(1)
End-to-End Optical Networking
456(15)
Optical Line Amplifiers: EDFAs, Raman Amplifiers, and SOAs
457(1)
WDM Equipment
458(5)
OADMs
463(1)
Optical Switches
464(5)
Integrated Photonic Circuits
469(1)
Optical Network Management
470(1)
The Optical Edge
471(2)
Next-Generation Digital Loop Carriers
471(1)
PONs
472(1)
MSPPs
472(1)
The Optical Core: Overlay Versus Peer-to-Peer Networking Models
473(10)
The Overlay Model
476(2)
The Peer-to-Peer Model
478(5)
The Overlay and Peer-to-Peer Models Compared
483(1)
The IP+Optical Control Plane
483(5)
GMPLS
485(2)
UNI
487(1)
ASON
487(1)
The Migration to Optical Networking
488(1)
Broadband Access Alternatives
489(58)
Drivers of Broadband Access
489(3)
DSL Technology
492(17)
How DSL Works
493(1)
Characteristics and Properties of DSL
494(5)
HDSL
499(1)
SDSL
500(1)
G.SHDSL
501(2)
ADSL
503(2)
ADSL2
505(1)
ADSL2+
506(1)
ADSL2-RE
507(1)
RADSL
507(1)
VDSL
508(1)
VDSL2
508(1)
Cable TV Networks
509(13)
HFC Architecture
510(2)
Cable Modems and CMTSs
512(1)
Cable Modem Standards
513(8)
The Future of Cable TV Networks
521(1)
Fiber Solutions
522(7)
FTTx
523(2)
PONs
525(4)
Wireless Broadband
529(1)
Broadband PLT
530(4)
PLT Architecture
530(2)
The Future of PLT
532(2)
HANs
534(13)
The HAN Market, Applications, and Elements
535(1)
Types of HANs
536(8)
HAN Gateways and Servers
544(1)
Planning for the Future of HANs
544(3)
Part IV Wireless Communications
547(168)
Wireless Communications Basics
549(30)
A Brief History of Wireless Telecommunications
550(3)
Wireless Communications Regulations Issues
553(1)
Wireless Impairments
554(2)
Antennas
556(4)
Phased-Array Antennas
557(1)
Magnetic Polarization Antennas
558(1)
MIMO Antennas
558(2)
Wireless Bandwidth
560(1)
Wireless Signal Modulation
560(3)
Single-Carrier Modulation Techniques
561(1)
Multicarrier Modulation Techniques
562(1)
Spectrum Utilization
563(16)
Using the Available Radio Spectrum
563(12)
Duplexing Techniques
575(1)
Compression Techniques
576(3)
Wireless WANs
579(38)
Analog Transmission
581(5)
1G Analog Cellular Networks
581(2)
1G Wireless Data Networks
583(3)
Digital Cellular Radio
586(6)
GSM
588(2)
UWC
590(1)
cdmaOne
590(2)
PDC
592(1)
Enhanced Data Services
592(5)
HSCSD
593(1)
GPRS
593(2)
EDGE
595(1)
GERAN
596(1)
Messaging Services Standards
596(1)
Moving Toward Broadband Wireless
597(14)
3G Standards
599(10)
3G Deployment Issues
609(2)
Beyond 3G
611(1)
Wireless Broadband
612(2)
Intelligent Technologies
614(3)
WMANs, WLANs, and WPANs
617(70)
WMANs
618(20)
BFWA
619(2)
IEEE 802.16 (WiMax)
621(5)
WiBro
626(1)
IEEE 802.20 (Mobile-Fi)
627(1)
ETSI BRAN
628(2)
iBurst
630(2)
Flash-OFDM
632(2)
DMB
634(2)
VF
636(2)
WLANs
638(22)
Wi-Fi
640(2)
IEEE 802.11x Standards
642(4)
WLAN Security
646(2)
VoWLAN
648(3)
The Integration of WLANs and Cellular Networks
651(3)
Mesh Networks
654(6)
WPANs
660(27)
IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth)
661(3)
IEEE 802.15.3 (WPAN-HR and WPAN-AHR)
664(1)
UWB
665(5)
IEEE 802.15.4 (ZigBee)
670(4)
RFID
674(9)
NFC
683(4)
Emerging Wireless Applications
687(28)
The Handset Revolution
688(5)
From Mobile Phones to Multimedia Handsets
689(2)
Software-Defined Radio
691(1)
Cognitive Radio
692(1)
Mobile IP
693(3)
The IP Multimedia Subsystem
696(6)
Push-to-Talk
700(1)
Presence-Based Services
701(1)
Mobile Gaming
702(4)
Mobile Game Categories
703(1)
Mobile Game Platforms
704(2)
Mobile Video
706(1)
Mobile TV
707(5)
DMB
708(1)
DVB-H
709(1)
ISDB
710(1)
MediaFLO
710(2)
Mobile Content
712(3)
Glossary 715(104)
Index 819

Excerpts

I love telecommunications. It is powerful and it empowers, with far-reaching consequences. It has demonstrated the potential to transform society and business, and the revolution has only just begun. With the invention of the telephone, human communications and commerce were forever changed: Time and distance began to melt away as barriers to doing business, keeping in touch with loved ones, and being able to immediately respond to major world events. Through the use of computers and telecommunications networks, humans have been able to extend their powers of thinking, influence, and productivity, just as those in the Industrial Age were able to extend the power of their muscles, or physical self, through the use of heavy machinery. Today, new inventions and developments are again poised to make telecommunications a force to be reckoned with, forever changing human communications and commerce, and introducing machines as members of the networked society. This is an exciting era, and we face a host of new telecommunications technologies and applications that bring breathtaking new opportunities, particularly in the industries of entertainment, education, health care, government, advertising, lifestyle, and, sadly, warfare. Although the information and communications technologies (ICT) industry has suffered greatly in recent years, exciting developments continue unabated in many areas that are key to the ongoing evolution of broadband devices, applications, and network infrastructures. These remarkable developments are propelling broadband evolution, creating good reasons to pursue next-generation networks. What This Book Covers The rapid progress in embedded devices, intelligent wearables, virtual reality, robotics, grid computing, and real-time communications is ushering in a new era of applicationsapplications that require enormous bandwidth, low latencies, minimal loss, guaranteed performance, wireless broadband, and converged infrastructures. This book provides a thorough foundation for understanding a wide range of telecommunications principles and technologies. It provides a concentrated, high-level overview of the terminology and issues that comprise telecommunications, and it discusses the major telecommunications infrastructures, including the PSTN, the Internet, cable TV, and wireless. It also examines the latest perspectives and developments governing next-generation networks, including next-generation architectures, infrastructures, IP telephony, VPNs, broadband access alternatives, and broadband wireless applications. Even though the ICT industry has gone through some hard times lately, logic dictates that we can only look forward to greater emphasis on the use of ICT. The book is divided into four parts: Part I, "Communications Fundamentals," explains the basics, the arts and sciences of telecommunications. It begins by explaining the factors that are contributing to the telecommunications revolution and talks about some of the exciting new technologies that are on the horizon. Part I gives you a good grounding in the basics of telecommunications technology and terminology, covering communications fundamentals, and including the characteristics and uses of the various transmission media. Part I also discusses the processes involved in establishing communications channels, examining the differences between circuit-switched and packet-switched networks, and it explores the nature of the traditional PSTN. Part II, "Data Networking and the Internet," introduces the basics of data communications and networking. It discusses today's local area and wide area networking alternatives, as well as how the public Internet is structured. It also explores next-generation network services, such as VPNs, VoIP, and IPTV. Part III, "Next-Generation Networks," explores the realm o


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