9780863778414

Transcortical Aphasias

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780863778414

  • ISBN10:

    0863778410

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2001-03-02
  • Publisher: Psychology Pres

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Summary

Although there are a number of well-known reference texts on language disturbances after acquired brain damage which uncover the classical syndromes of aphasia (e.g., conduction aphasia) in a comprehensive fashion, there has, until now, been no monograph on the different clinical, linguistic, and neuroanatomical aspects of transcortical aphasias. This book offers a comprehensive, contemporary, and scholarly account of transcortical aphasias by combining valuable information on cognitive neuropsychology, neuroimaging and functional localization of residual repetition and other language functions among patients with transcortical aphasias. The book covers: historical aspects; assessment of language deficits from a clinical and psycholinguistic perspective; clinical phenomenology, aetiology, neural substrates, and linguistic mechanisms underlying each of the three clinically established variants of transcortical aphasias (motor, sensory, and mixed); associated phenomena such as echolalia, completionphenomenon, automatic speech, and prosody; and neuroanatomical correlates including structural and functional neuroimaging. Each chapter presents the description of original and published cases which illustrate the various clinical patterns of transcortical aphasias. Transcortical Aphasias should be of value to advanced undergraduates, speech pathologists, linguists, neuropsychologists, cognitive neuropsychologists, and behavioral neurologists.

Table of Contents

Series preface ix
Preface xi
Historical aspects
1(18)
Introduction
1(1)
Wernicke-Lichtheim connectionist model
2(4)
Lichtheim and the inner-commissural aphasias
6(3)
Rival theories to the Wernicke-Lichtheim model
9(7)
Conclusions
16(3)
Language testing
19(18)
Introduction
19(1)
Bedside method
19(2)
Formal testing with multidimensional batteries
21(3)
Psycholinguistic assessment
24(13)
Transcortical motor aphasia
37(38)
Introduction
37(1)
The classical pattern
38(4)
Dynamic aphasia
42(12)
Atypical patterns
54(10)
Course and patterns of recovery
64(3)
Pharmacological treatment
67(8)
Transcortical sensory aphasia
75(44)
Introduction
75(1)
Clinical characteristics
75(7)
The neural substrate
82(9)
Dissociations of language function
91(28)
Mixed transcortical aphasia
119(32)
Introduction
119(1)
Clinical characteristics
120(3)
The neural substrate
123(1)
Clinical subtypes
124(22)
Course and patterns of recovery
146(2)
Conclusions
148(3)
Echophenomena, automatic speech, and prosody in transcortical aphasias
151(36)
Introduction
151(1)
Echophenomena
152(23)
Automatic speech
175(3)
Prosody
178(9)
Neuroanatomical correlates of transcortical aphasias
187(36)
Introduction
187(1)
Structural neuroimaging
188(17)
Functional neuroimaging
205(18)
Conclusions
223(6)
References 229(26)
Author index 255(13)
Subject index 268

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