9781859844397

Transnational Conflicts

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781859844397

  • ISBN10:

    1859844391

  • Edition: 00
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2003-10-16
  • Publisher: VERSO

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Summary

In this timely and provocative study, William I. Robinson challenges received wisdom on Central America. He starts with an exposition on the new global capitalism. Then, drawing on a wide range of historical documentation, interviews, and social science research, he proceeds to show how capitalist globalization has thoroughly transformed the region, disrupting the conventional pattern of revolutionary upheaval, civil wars, and pacification, and ushering in instead a new transnational model of economy and society. Beyond his focus on Central America, Robinson provides a critical framework for understanding development and social change in other regions of the world in the age of globalization. Demonstrating how the very forces of capitalism have brought into being new social agents and political actors unlikely to acquiesce in the face of the emerging order, Transnational Conflicts shows why the Isthmus, along with other regions, is likely to return to the headlines in the near future.

Author Biography

William I. Robinson is Associate Professor of Sociology, Global Studies, and Latin American Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara

Table of Contents

Foreword and Acknowledgements ix
Acronyms and Abbreviations xiii
Introduction: Development and Social Change 1(8)
Towards A Globalization Perspective
1(2)
Origin of this Study and Methodological and Epistemological Concerns
3(3)
Organization of the Book
6(3)
1 The Dialectics of Globalization and Development 9(54)
The Problematic of Globalization and Development
10(25)
Globalization as Epochal Shift and Systemic Change
10(3)
From a World Economy to a Global Economy
13(7)
Beyond Nation-State Paradigms: Towards a New Transnational Studies
20(8)
Towards a New Conceptualization of Development
28(7)
Contours of Global Capitalist Society
35(21)
Global Class Formation: From National to Transnational Classes
35(7)
Transnationalization of the State
42(6)
Transnational Hegemony and a Global Social Structure of Accumulation
48(7)
Conceptualizing Global-Regional-Local Change
55(1)
Transnational Processes and Transitions to Global Capitalism
56(7)
A Globalization Model of Third World Transitions
56(5)
A Model of Transnational Processes
61(2)
2 The Politics of Globalization and the Transitions in Central America 63(84)
Central America as a Site of Transnational Processes
64(7)
Central America's Integration into the Global Economy and Society
64(2)
Social Structures and Social Forces in Central America: An Overview of the Transitions
66(5)
Divergence and Convergence in Paths to Globalization: Country Case Studies
71(76)
Nicaragua: From Revolution to Counterrevolution
71(16)
El Salvador: Transition Under Direct US Tutelage
87(15)
Guatemala: The Paradoxes of the "Counterinsurgency State"
102(16)
Honduras: A Divergent Route to Globalization
118(14)
Costa Rica: From "Exceptionalism" to Globalization
132(15)
3 The New Transnational Model in Central America: I: Incorporation into the Global Economy 147(67)
Central America in the World Economy Prior to Globalization
149(7)
The Crisis of Central America's Post-WWII Social Structure of Accumulation
149(7)
Central America's Emerging Profile in the Global Economy
156(53)
The Fourth Period of Central American Rearticulation and Expansion
156(3)
From ISI to the Maquiladoras
159(15)
Non-Traditional Agricultural Exports
174(15)
Tourism and Hospitality
189(14)
The Export of Labor and Remittances
203(6)
Conclusions
209(5)
4 The New Transnational Model in Central America: II: Incorporation into Global Society 214(81)
Restructuring the State and Civil Society
214(21)
The Rise of Transnational Fractions and "Technopols" in Central America
214(3)
From the "Developmental State" to the "Neo-Liberal State" and the New Hegemony of Capital
217(5)
Transnationalization of Civil Society in Central America
222(4)
The NGO Phenomenon in Central America
226(9)
Structural Adjustment in Central America: Commodification, Financial Liberalization, and Proletarianization
235(24)
Financial Liberalization and the New Financial Elite
236(8)
Neo-Liberal Social Policies: The Privatization of Social Reproduction
244(8)
Rural Transformation, Depeasantization, and Urbanization
252(7)
Transnational Social Structure
259(36)
Restructuring the Central American Labor Force: Informalization and the New Capital-Labor Relation
259(11)
Transnational Migration
270(13)
Women and Transnational Processes: Global and Central American Dimensions
283(12)
5 The Contradictions of Global Capitalism and the Future of Central America 295(38)
A New Cycle of Capitalist Development in Central America?
295(17)
Can Capitalist Expansion be Sustained?
297(3)
The Viability of the Transnational Model
300(3)
Global Capitalism and Social Exclusion in Central America
303(5)
Maldevelopment for Whom in Central America?
308(4)
The Future of Popular Struggle in Central America and in Global Society
312(13)
Global Polarization and the Crisis of Social Reproduction
312(3)
The Illusion of "Peace and Democracy" in Central America
315(4)
A Long March Through Civil Society? The Prospects for Counter-Hegemony
319(6)
Final Considerations
325(8)
Whither the Sociology of Development? From a Territorial to a Social Conception of Development
325(5)
An Afterword on Researching Globalization and Social Change
330(3)
Notes 333(54)
Index 387

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