9781579582289

The United States and European Reconstruction 1945-1960

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781579582289

  • ISBN10:

    1579582281

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-03-01
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

In this book John Killick introduces the reader to a key aspect of economic history: the impact of American economic intervention in Europe after World War II. The effects of this impact are still open to debate. The Marshall Plan has traditionally been seen as a decisive turning-point in European economic and political history, but its effect is now being called into question. Would Europe have revived spontaneously after 1945? Did American dollars "save the world" in 1947? Was American influence the underlying reason for the general drift away from socialism and the move towards European federalism in the late 1940s and early 1950s? If the Marshall Plan--in conjunction with NATO--created a coherent and prosperous western bloc, was this critical for the outcome of the Cold War? These are important questions, to which this careful analysis provides some new and accessible answers.

Author Biography

John Killick is Lecturer in Economic History at Leeds University, England

Table of Contents

List of Figures
vi
List of Tables
vii
Abbreviations ix
Introduction
1(13)
Overview: Atlantic Trade and Payments, 1945--1960
14(9)
Anglo-American Plans for Postwar Reconstruction
23(9)
The North American Loans
32(11)
America and Western Europe, 1944--1947
43(13)
The Immediate Postwar Recovery, 1945--1947
56(9)
The Crisis of 1947
65(15)
The Origins and Intentions of the Marshall Plan
80(14)
The Marshall Plan: Aims and Achievements
94(11)
The Marshall Plan and the Larger Countries
105(18)
The Marshall Plan and the Smaller Countries
123(11)
The Marshall Plan and European Integration
134(13)
The United States, Britian and European Unity
147(8)
The Marshall Plan and European Society, 1945--1960
155(16)
The End of the Dollar Gap, 1950--1970
171(9)
Conclusion: Prosperity and Convergence
180(9)
Suggestions for Further Reading 189(10)
Index 199

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