## Summary

**Bauer & Westfall’s ***University Physics with Modern Physics*,second edition, teaches students the fundamentals of physics through interesting, timely examples, a logical and consistent approach to problem solving, and an outstanding suite of online tools and exercises. Bauer & Westfall,

*University Physics with Modern Physics*, second edition, weaves exciting, contemporary physics throughout the text with coverage of the most recent research by the authors and others in areas such as energy, medicine, and the environment. These contemporary topics are explained in a way that your students will find real, interesting, and motivating.

**Bauer & Westfall’s ***University Physics with Modern Physics*, second edition, includes the power of **McGraw-Hill’s ***LearnSmart*--a proven adaptive learning program that helps students learn faster, study more efficiently, and retain more knowledge for greater success. *LearnSmart* is included in *ConnectPlus* which features more than 2,500 automatically-graded exercises delivered in an easy-to-use, accurate, and reliable system.

**Bauer & Westfall’s ***University Physics with Modern Physics* is designed for the calculus-based introductory physics course and is well suited for students in Physics, Engineering, and the Life and Physical Sciences. The text acknowledges the latest advances in physics education with a traditional table of contents.

## Table of Contents

### Chapter 0, The Big Picture: Modern Physics Frontiers

## Part 1: Mechanics of Point Particles

### Chapter 1, Overview

#### 1.1, Why Study Physics?

#### 1.2, Working with Numbers

#### 1.3, SI Unit System

#### 1.4, The Scales of Our World

#### 1.5, General Problem-Solving Strategy

#### 1.6, Vectors

### Chapter 2, Motion in a Straight Line

#### 2.1, Introduction to Kinematics

#### 2.2, Position Vector, Displacement Vector, and Distance

#### 2.3, Velocity Vector, Average Velocity, and Speed

#### 2.4, Acceleration Vector

#### 2.5, Computer Solutions and Difference Formulas

#### 2.6, Finding Displacement and Velocity from Acceleration

#### 2.7, Motion with constant Acceleration

#### 2.8, Free Fall

#### 2.9, Reducing Motion in More than One Dimension to One Dimension

### Chapter 3, Motion in Two and Three Dimensions

#### 3.1, Three-Dimensional Coordinate Systems

#### 3.2, Velocity and Acceleration in Two or Three Dimensions

#### 3.3, Ideal Projectile Motion

#### 3.4, Maximum Height and Range of a Projectile

#### 3.5, Realistic Projectile Motion

#### 3.6, Relative Motion

### Chapter 4, Force

#### 4.1, Types of Forces

#### 4.2, Gravitational Force Vector, Weight, and Mass

#### 4.3, Net Force

#### 4.4, Newton's Laws

#### 4.5, Ropes and Pulleys

#### 4.6, Applying Newton's Laws

#### 4.7, Friction Force

#### 4.8, Applications of the Friction Force

### Chapter 5, Kinetic Energy, Work, and Power

#### 5.1, Energy in Our Daily Lives

#### 5.2, Kinetic Energy

#### 5.3, Work

#### 5.4, Work Done by a Constant Force

#### 5.5, Work Done by a Variable Force

#### 5.6, Spring Force

#### 5.7, Power

### Chapter 6, Potential Energy and Energy Conservation

#### 6.1, Potential Energy

#### 6.2, Conservative and Nonconservative Forces

#### 6.3, Work and Potential Energy

#### 6.4, Potential Energy and Force

#### 6.5, Conservation of Mechanical Energy

#### 6.6, Work and Energy for the Spring Force

#### 6.7, Nonconservative Forces and the Work-Energy Theorem

#### 6.8, Potential Energy and Stability

### Chapter 7, Momentum and Collisions

#### 7.1, Linear Momentum

#### 7.2, Impulse

#### 7.3, Conservation of Linear Momentum

#### 7.4, Elastic Collisions in One Dimension

#### 7.5, Elastic Collisions in Two or Three Dimensions

#### 7.6, Totally Inelastic Collisions

#### 7.7, Partially Inelastic Collisions

#### 7.8, Billiards and Chaos

## Part 2: Extended Objects, Matter and Circular Motion

### Chapter 8, Systems of Particles and Extended Objects

#### 8.1, Center of Mass and Center of Gravity

#### 8.2, Center-of-Mass Momentum

#### 8.3, Rocket Motion

#### 8.4, Calculating the Center of Mass

### Chapter 9, Circular Motion

#### 9.1, Polar Coordinates

#### 9.2, Angular Coordinates and Angular Displacement

#### 9.3, Angular Velocity, Angular Frequency, and Period

#### 9.4, Angular and Centripetal Acceleration

#### 9.5, Centripetal Force

#### 9.6, Circular and Linear Motion

#### 9.7, More Examples for Circular Motion

### Chapter 10, Rotation

#### 10.1, Kinetic Energy and Rotation

#### 10.2, Calculation of Moment of Inertia

#### 10.3, Rolling without Slipping

#### 10.4, Torque

#### 10.5, Newton's Second Law for Rotation

#### 10.6, Work done by a Torque

#### 10.7, Angular Momentum

#### 10.8, Precession

#### 10.9, Quantized Angular Momentum

### Chapter 11, Static Equilibrium

#### 11.1, Equilibrium Conditions

#### 11.2, Examples Involving Static Equilibrium

#### 11.3, Stability of Structures

### Chapter 12, Gravitation

#### 12.1, Newton's Law of Gravity

#### 12.2, Gravitation near the Surface of the Earth

#### 12.3, Gravitation inside the Earth

#### 12.4, Gravitational Potential Energy

#### 12.5, Kepler's Laws and Planetary Motion

#### 12.6, Satellite Orbits

#### 12.7, Dark Matter

### Chapter 13, Solids and Fluids

#### 13.1, Atoms and the Composition of Matter

#### 13.2, States of Matter

#### 13.3, Tension, Compression, and Shear

#### 13.4, Pressure

#### 13.5, Archemedes' Principle

#### 13.6, Ideal Fluid Motion

#### 13.7, Viscosity

#### 13.8, Turbulence and Research Frontiers in Fluid Flow

## Part 3: Oscillations and Waves

### Chapter 14, Oscillations

#### 14.1, Simple Harmonic Motion

#### 14.2, Pendulum Motion

#### 14.3, Work and Energy in Harmonic Oscillations

#### 14.4, Damped Harmonic Motion

#### 14.5, Forced Harmonic Motion and Resonance

#### 14.6, Phase Space

#### 14.7, Chaos

### Chapter 15, Waves

#### 15.1, Wave Motion

#### 15.2, Coupled Oscillators

#### 15.3, Mathematical Description of Waves

#### 15.4, Derivation of the Wave Equation

#### 15.5, Waves in Two- and Three-Dimensional Spaces

#### 15.6, Energy, Power, and Intensity of Waves

#### 15.7, Superposition Principle and Interference

#### 15.8, Standing Waves and Resonance

#### 15.9, Research on Waves

### Chapter 16, Sound

#### 16.1, Longitudinal Pressure Waves

#### 16.2, Sound Intensity

#### 16.3, Sound Interference

#### 16.4, Doppler Effect

#### 16.5, Resonance and Music

## Part 4: Thermal Physics

### Chapter 17, Temperature

#### 17.1, Definition of Temperature

#### 17.2, Temperature Ranges

#### 17.3, Measuring Temperature

#### 17.4, Thermal Expansion

#### 17.5, Surface Temperature of the Earth

#### 17.6, Temperature of the Universe

### Chapter 18, Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics

#### 18.1, Definition of Heat

#### 18.2, Mechanical Equivalent of Heat

#### 18.3, Heat and Work

#### 18.4, First Law of Thermodynamics

#### 18.5, First Law for Special Processes

#### 18.6, Specific Heats of Solids and Fluids

#### 18.7, Latent Heat and Phase Transitions

#### 18.8, Modes of Thermal Energy Transfer

### Chapter 19, Ideal Gases

#### 19.1, Emperical Gas laws

#### 19.2, Ideal Gas Law

#### 19.3, Equipartition Theorem

#### 19.4, Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas

#### 19.5, Adibatic Processes for an Ideal Gas

#### 19.6, Kinetic Theory of Gases

#### 19.7, Real Gases

### Chapter 20, The Second Law of Thermodynamics

#### 20.1, Reversible and Irreversible Processes

#### 20.2, Engines and Refrigerators

#### 20.3, Ideal Engines

#### 20.4, Real Engines and Efficiency

#### 20.5, The Second Law of Thermodynamics

#### 20.6, Entropy

#### 20.7, Microscopic Interpretation of Entropy

## Part 5: Electricity

### Chapter 21, Electrostatics

#### 21.1, Electromagnetism

#### 21.2, Electric Charge

#### 21.3, Insulators, Conductors, Semiconductors, and Superconductors

#### 21.4, Electrostatic Charging

#### 21.5, Electrostatic Force - Coulomb's Law

#### 21.6, Coulomb's Law and Newton's Law of Gravitation

### Chapter 22, Electric Fields and Gauss’s Law

#### 22.1, Definition of an Electric Field

#### 22.2, Field Lines

#### 22.3, Electric Field due to Point Charges

#### 22.4, Electric Field due to a Dipole

#### 22.5, General Charge Distributions

#### 22.6, Force due to an Electric Field

#### 22.7, Electric Flux

#### 22.8, Gauss's Law

#### 22.9, Special Symmetries

### Chapter 23, Electric Potential

#### 23.1, Electric Potential Energy

#### 23.2, Definition of Electric Potential

#### 23.3, Equipotential Surfaces and Lines

#### 23.4, Electric Potential of Various Charge Distributions

#### 23.5, Finding the Electric Field from the Electric Potential

#### 23.6, Electric Potential Energy of a System of Point Charges

### Chapter 24, Capacitors

#### 24.1, Capacitance

#### 24.2, Circuits

#### 24.3, Parallel Plate Capacitor and Other Types of Capacitors

#### 24.4, Capacitors in Circuits

#### 24.5, Energy Stored in Capacitors

#### 24.6, Capacitors with Dielectrics

#### 24.7, Microscopic Perspective on Dielectrics

### Chapter 25, Current and Resistance

#### 25.1, Electric Current

#### 25.2, Current Density

#### 25.3, Resistivity and Resistance

#### 25.4, Electromotive Force and Ohm's Law

#### 25.5, Resistors in Series

#### 25.6, Resistors in Parallel

#### 25.7, Energy and Power in Electric Circuits

#### 25.8, Diodes: One-Way Streets in Circuits

### Chapter 26, Direct Current Circuits

#### 26.1, Kirchoff's Rules

#### 26.2, Single-Loop Circuits

#### 26.3, Multiloop Circuits

#### 26.4, Ammeters and Voltmeters

#### 26.5, RC Circuits

## Part 6: Magnetism

### Chapter 27, Magnetism

#### 27.1, Permanent Magnets

#### 27.2, Magnetic Force

#### 27.3, Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field

#### 27.4, Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Loop

#### 27.5, Torque on a Current-Carrying Loop

#### 27.6, Magnetic Dipole Moment

#### 27.7, Hall Effect

### Chapter 28, Magnetic Fields of Moving Charges

#### 28.1, Biot-Savart Law

#### 28.2, Magnetic Fields due to Current Distributions

#### 28.3, Ampere's Law

#### 28.4, Magnetic Fields of Solenoids and Toroids

#### 28.5, Atoms as Magnets

#### 28.6, Magnetic Properties of Matter

#### 28.7, Magnetism and Superconductivity

### Chapter 29, Electromagnetic Induction

#### 29.1, Faraday's Experiments

#### 29.2, Faraday's Law of Induction

#### 29.3, Lenz's Law

#### 29.4, Generators and Motors

#### 29.5, Induced Electric Field

#### 29.6, Inductance of a Solenoid

#### 29.7, Self-Induction and Mutual Induction

#### 29.8, RL Circuits

#### 29.9, Energy and Energy Density of a Magnetic Field

#### 29.10, Applications of Information Technology

### Chapter 30, Alternating Current Circuits

#### 30.1, LC Circuits

#### 30.2, Analysis of LC Oscillations

#### 30.3, Damped Oscillations in an RLC Circuit

#### 30.4, Driven AC Circuits

#### 30.5, Series RLC Circuits

#### 30.6, Energy and Power in AC Circuits

#### 30.7, Transformers

#### 30.8, Rectifiers

### Chapter 31, Electromagnetic Waves

#### 31.1, Maxwell's Law of Induction for Induced Magnetic Fields

#### 31.2, Wave Solutions to Maxwell's Equations

#### 31.3, The Electromagnetic Spectrum

#### 31.4, Poynting Vector and Energy Transport

#### 31.5, Radiation Pressure

#### 31.6, Polarization

#### 31.7, Derivation of the Wave Equation

## Part7: Optics

### Chapter 32, Geometric Optics

#### 32.1, Light Rays and Shadows

#### 32.2, Reflection and Plane Mirrors

#### 32.3, Curved Mirrors

#### 32.4, Refraction and Snell's Law

### Chapter 33, Lenses and Optical Instruments

#### 33.1, Lenses

#### 33.2, Magnifier

#### 33.3, Systems of Two or More Optical Elements

#### 33.4, Human Eye

#### 33.5, Camera

#### 33.6, Microscope

#### 33.7, Telescope

#### 33.8, Laser Tweezers

### Chapter 34, Wave Optics

#### 34.1, Light Waves

#### 34.2, Interference

#### 34.3, Diffraction

#### 34.4, Gratings

## Part 8: Relativity and Quantum Physics

### Chapter 35, Relativity

#### 35.1, Space, Time, and the Speed of Light

#### 35.2, Time Dilation and Length Contraction

#### 35.3, Lorentz Transformation

#### 35.4, Relativistic Momentum and Energy

#### 35.5, General Relativity

#### 35.6, Relativity in our Daily Lives: GPS

### Chapter 36, Quantum Physics

#### 36.1, The Nature of Matter, Space, and Time

#### 36.2, Blackbody Radiation

#### 36.3, Photoelectric Effect

#### 36.4, Compton Scattering

#### 36.5, Matter Waves

#### 36.6, Uncertainty Relation

#### 36.7, Spin

#### 36.8, Spin and Statistics

### Chapter 37, Quantum Mechanics

#### 37.1, Wave Function

#### 37.2, Time-Independent Schrödinger Equation

#### 37.3, Infinite Potential Well

#### 37.4, Finite Potential Wells

#### 37.5, Harmonic Oscillator

#### 37.6, Wave Functions and Measurements

#### 37.7, Correspondence Principle

#### 37.8, Time-Dependent Schrödinger Equation

#### 37.9, Many-Particle Wave Function

#### 37.10, Antimatter

### Chapter 38, Atomic Physics

#### 38.1, Spectral Lines

#### 38.2, Bohr's Model of the Atom

#### 38.3, Hydrogen Electron Wave Function

#### 38.4, Other Atoms

#### 38.5, Lasers

### Chapter 39, Elementary Particle Physics

#### 39.1, Reductionism

#### 39.2, Probing Substructure

#### 39.3, Elementary Particles

#### 39.4, Extensions of the Standard Model

#### 39.5, Composite Particles

#### 39.6, Big Bang Cosmology

### Chapter 40, Nuclear Physics

#### 40.1, Nuclear Properties

#### 40.2, Nuclear Decay

#### 40.3, Nuclear Models

#### 40.4, Nuclear Energy: Fission and Fusion

#### 40.5, Nuclear Astrophysics

#### 40.6, Nuclear Medicine

#### Appendix A: Mathematical Primer

#### Appendix B: Element Properties

#### Answers to Selected Questions and Problems