Equity and trusts law is a vibrant and fast-moving area of the legal system.Unlocking Trusts will ensure that you grasp the main concepts with ease providing you with an essential foundation to equity and trusts law. The book explains in detailed, yet straightforward, terms: Historical outlines of equity Constructive trusts Introduction to trusts Secret trusts and mutual wills The 'three certainties' test Private purpose trusts Constitution of an express trust Appointment, retirement and removal of trustees Exceptions to the rule that equity will not assist a volunteer Duties and powers of trustees Formalities for the creation of express trusts Variation of trusts Discretionary trusts Breach of trust. Resulting trusts This fourth edition is fully up-to-date with the latest developments in the law and now includes all significant new cases plus more detail on recent judicial developments in proprietary estoppel and the doctrine of proportionality. The Unlocking the Law series is designed specifically to make the law accessible. Each chapter opens with a list of aims and objectives, contains activities such as quick quizzes and self-test questions, key facts charts to consolidate your knowledge, and diagrams to aid learning. Cases and judgments are prominently displayed, as are primary source quotations. Summaries help check your understanding of each chapter, there is a glossary of legal terminology. New features include problem questions with guidance on answering, as well as essay questions and answer plans, plus cases and materials exercises. All titles in the series follow the same formula and include the same features so students can move easily from one subject to another. The series covers all the core subjects required by the Bar Council and the Law Society for entry onto professional qualifications as well as popular option units. The popular website www.unlockingthelaw.co.uk has been improved and updated. It provides free resources such as multiple choice questions, key questions and answers, revision mp3s and cases and materials exercises.