9780470383667

Urban Health and Society : Interdisciplinary Approaches to Research and Practice

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780470383667

  • ISBN10:

    0470383666

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-08-03
  • Publisher: Jossey-Bass

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Summary

This text prepares students in public health, urban studies, sociology, nursing, medicine, and other areas to investigate causes and solutions to complex urban health problems such as asthma, diabetes, obesity, depression, substance abuse, violence and others. The authors demonstrate interdisciplinary ways to study the causes and consequences of these critical urban health problems, with step-by-step guidance to combining methods. Addresses the intersection of two main themes: the growing urbanization of the world's population and the increased importance of interdisciplinary approaches to public health practice and research.

Author Biography

Nicholas Freudenberg is Distinguished Professor of Urban Public Health at Hunter College and of Social Psychology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York where he directs the CUNY Doctor of Public Health Program.

Susan Klitzman is professor of Environmental Health and director of the Urban Public Health Program, Hunter College. She currently serves on the New York City Board of Health.

Susan Saegert is professor of Human and Organizational Development and director of the Center of Community Studies at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. She is the former director of the Center for Human Environments and professor of Environmental Psychology at the CUNY Graduate Center.

Table of Contents

Preface
Preface
The Contributors
Introduction
Frameworks for Interdisciplinary Urban Health Research and Practice
Introduction
The Implications of Urban Life for Health
Levels and Types of Interdisciplinarity
Conundrums in Interdisciplinarity
Interdisciplinarity and Theories of Knowledge
Methodological Challenges and Approaches to Interdisciplinarity
Interdisciplinarity: Which Disciplines When?
Role Definitions in Interdisciplinary Research and Practice
Multiple Levels of Intervention
Summary
Environmental Justice Praxis: Implications for Interdisciplinary Urban Public Health
Environmental Justice and Public Health
The Built Environment, Urban Planning, and Urban Public Health
Environmental and Social Justice, Interdisciplinarity, and the Politics of Knowledge
Asthma and the Environmental Justice Campaign for a Solid Waste Plan in New York City
Asian Immigrant and Refugee Organizing for Environmental Health and Housing in the Bay Area
Conclusion
Summary
Interdisciplinary Approaches To Studying Causes Of Urban Health Problems
3
Introduction
Determinants of Retail Food Environments in Cities
Using CBPR to Understand Health Implications of DetroitĂs Food Environment
Directions for Future Research
Summary
An Ecological Model of Urban Child Health
Introduction
An Ecological Model
BronfenbrennerĂs Bioecological Model
Influences on ChildrenĂs Health in the Urban Context
Research Across Multiple Levels
Agenda for Future Research and Practice
Toward a Holistic Understanding of Urban Child Health
Summary
Geographic Information Systems, Environmental Justice, and Health Disparities
Introduction
Community-Based Participatory Research
Multilevel Models of Causation
Role of Geographic Information Systems
Environmental Justice and Health in the Bronx
Methods
Findings
Implications of Findings
Lessons on Interdisciplinary Approaches to Urban Health Research
Conclusion
Summary
Racial Inequality in Health and Policy-Induced Breakdown of African American Communities
Introduction
Racialized Ideologies: Developmentalism, Economism, and the American Creed
Implications for Public Policy
Building a Movement for Policy Reform
Summary
An Interdisciplinary and Social-Ecological Analysis of the U.S. Foreclosure Crisis as it Relates to Health
Housing and Health: WhatĂs the Connection?
The Social Ecology of Foreclosure
The Research and Its Context
Focus Group Analysis and the Emergence of Health as an Issue
Foreclosure and Public Health
Neoliberalism, the Foreclosure Crisis, and Health Consequences
Summary
Interdisciplinary Approaches To Interventions To Promote Urban Health
Transdisciplinary Action Research on Teen Smoking Prevention
Introduction
Review of Transdisciplinary Action Research
Transdisciplinary Action Research Cycle
Translating Transdisciplinary Research into Community Intervention and Policy
Factors Facilitating or Impeding Collaboration Among TPC Members
Implications and Lessons Learned from the TPC Study
Future Directions
Summary
How Vulnerabilities and Capacities Shape Population Health after Disasters
Social and Economic Determinants of Health After Disasters
Humanitarian Crises in Angola and the Balkans
Hurricane Katrina
September 11, 2001, Terrorist Attacks on New York City
Implications for Prevention and Intervention
Summary
Immigrants and Urban Aging: Toward a Policy Framework
The New Urban Demography: Baby Boomers and Immigrants
Economic and Social Influences on Aging and Health Policy
Social and Environmental Considerations
Toward a Conceptual Framework
A Public Health Research and Policy Agenda
Summary
Reversing the Tide of Type 2 Diabetes Among African Americans Through Interdisciplinary Research
A Dialogue Between Two Disciplines: Psychology and Medical Anthropology
Ethnic Identity and the Experience of Being African American with Type 2 Diabetes
Interdisciplinary Research Methods
Integrating Social Psychology and Medical Anthropology to Reduce the Burden of Diabetes
Summary
Putting Interdisciplinary Approaches Into Practice
Using Interdisciplinary Approaches To Strengthen Urban Health Research And Practice
Doing Interdisciplinary Research and Practice
Defining the Problem
Creating a Process for Interdisciplinary Work
Choosing Institutional and Community Partners
Influencing Policy and Practice
Evaluating Impact
Wanted: Interdisciplinary Researchers and Practitioners
Summary
Glossary
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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