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Vertebrate Dissection,9780030225222
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Vertebrate Dissection

by ;
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780030225222

ISBN10:
0030225221
Format:
Spiral Bound
Pub. Date:
4/29/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $203.95

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 9th edition with a publication date of 4/29/2003.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

Summary

VERTEBRATE DISSECTION, Ninth Edition, provides exceptionally thorough and student-tested descriptions of dissection procedures and the steps needed to find all structures. It encourages and facilitates active and self-directed learning by the students so that instructors can teach more effectively and efficiently. The manual emphasizes dissection procedures that preserve as many structures as possible for later review of the entire specimens. This approach is an excellent preparation for students who will subsequently take anatomy courses in the health and animal sciences. Moreover, this manual places the observed material into an evolutionary and functional context. Students will understand the biological role, physiology, and embryonic development of each organ system and its parts, and how the various organ systems have evolved over time and in different animals. Organized by organ systems, this text brings the anatomy alive for students by interspersing narrative text throughout and explaining how the shape and structure of an organ relates to its function, and how evolutionary processes have transformed the form and function of organs. Additionally, the authors introduce a new feature, Anatomy in Action boxes, which contain interesting supplemental material that provides a broader context. Some of these boxes relate to functional anatomy, some make comparisons between different animals, and some address general biological questions that may include comparisons to the anatomy and biology of human beings.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
A Note to the Student: Anatomical Terminology xv
Basal Chordates and Chordate Relationships
1(13)
Distinctive Features of Chordates
1(1)
Chordate Relationships
1(1)
Phylum Hemichordata
2(3)
Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Tunicata
5(2)
External Features
5(1)
Dissection
5(2)
Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Cephalochordata
7(3)
External Features
7(1)
Whole Mount Slide
8(3)
Cross Sections
11(1)
Common Features in the Sections
11(1)
Section Through the Oral Hood
11(1)
Section Through the Pharynx
12(1)
Section Through the Intestine
13(1)
Section Through the Anus
13
The Notochord of Amphioxus
10(4)
Anatomy of the Lamprey
14(11)
Distinctive Features of Craniates
14(1)
Basal Vertebrates
14(1)
The Adult Lamprey
15(7)
External Features
15(1)
Sagittal and Cross Sections
16(1)
The Skeletal and Muscular Systems
16(3)
The Nervous System and Sense Organs
19(1)
The Digestive and Respiratory Systems
20(1)
The Circulatory System
20(1)
The Urogenital System
21(1)
The Ammocoete
22
Whole Mount Slide
22(1)
Cross Section Through the Pharynx
23
Feeding and Respiration in Lampreys
20(5)
The External Anatomy and Integument of Vertebrates
25(13)
Species to be Studied
25(2)
Body Shape
27(1)
The Integument
28(1)
The Spiny Dogfish
28(1)
External Features
28(1)
Accessory Structures of the Integument
29(1)
Amphibians and Reptiles
29(4)
External Features
29(3)
Accessory Structures of the Integument
32(1)
Mammals
33
External Features
33(2)
Accessory Structures of the Integument
35
The Scales of Fishes
30(2)
Posture and Use of Limbs in Early Tetrapods
32(2)
The Evolution of the Posture and Use of Limbs in Mammals
34(3)
Horns and Antlers in Mammals
37(1)
The Cranial Skeleton
38(42)
Divisions of the Skeleton
38(1)
Fishes
39(9)
Chondrocranium
39(1)
Complete Chondrocranium
40(2)
Sagittal Section of the Chondrocranium
42(1)
Visceral Skeleton (Splanchnocranium)
42(5)
Dermal Bones (Dermatocranium)
47(1)
Amphibians and Reptiles
48(1)
The Anthracosauroid Skull
48(15)
The Necturus Skull
54(1)
General Features and Entire Skull
54(2)
The Chondrocranium
56(1)
The Lower Jaw
56(1)
The Teeth
56(1)
The Hyobranchial Apparatus
57(1)
The Reptile Skull
57(2)
General Features of the Skull
59(3)
Composition of the Skull
62(1)
The Lower Jaw
62(1)
The Hyobranchial Apparatus
63(1)
Mammals
63(1)
Evolution of the Mammal Skull
63
General Features of the Skull
67(1)
Components of the Skull
67(5)
Interior of the Skull
72(1)
Foramina of the Skull
73(2)
The Lower Jaw
75(2)
Teeth
77(2)
The Hyobranchial Apparatus
79
The Lizard Skull
59(2)
The Alligator Skull
61(19)
The Axial Skeleton
80(12)
Fishes
80(3)
Relationship of the Vertebral Column to the Surrounding Tissues
80(1)
Caudal Vertebrae
80(3)
Trunk Vertebrae
83(1)
Ribs
83(1)
Median Fin Supports
83(1)
Amphibians
83(2)
Vertebral Regions
84(1)
Trunk Vertebrae
85(1)
Ribs
85(1)
Sternum
85(1)
Mammals
85
Vertebral Groups
86(1)
Thoracic Vertebrae
86(1)
Lumbar Vertebrae
87(1)
Sacral Vertebrae
88(1)
Caudal Vertebrae
88(1)
Cervical Vertebrae
89(1)
Ribs
89(1)
Sternum
89
Vertebral Development in Fishes
81(8)
Specializations of the Atlas and Axis
89(1)
Biomechanics of the Cat Axial Skeleton
90(2)
The Appendicular Skeleton
92(23)
Fishes
92(3)
The Pectoral Girdle and Fin
92(1)
Squalus
92(1)
Amia
93(1)
The Pelvic Girdle and Fin
94(1)
Amphibians and Reptiles
95(8)
The Pectoral Girdle and Appendage of Necturus
98(1)
The Pelvic Girdle and Appendage of Necturus
98(1)
The Pectoral Girdle and Appendage of the Turtle
99(2)
The Pelvic Girdle and Appendage of the Turtle
101(2)
Mammals
103
The Pectoral Girdle and Appendage
103(5)
The Pelvic Girdle and Appendage
108
Pectoral Girdle Specializations of Turtles
100(4)
Why Is the Clavicle Sometimes Lost?
104(8)
Limb Joints in Tetrapods
112(2)
The Age of Mammal Skeletons
114(1)
The Muscular System
115(69)
The Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscles
115(5)
The Classification of Muscles into Groups
120(6)
The Study of Muscles
126(1)
Fishes
127(9)
Axial Muscles I
127(1)
Muscles of the Trunk and Tail
127(3)
Epibranchial Muscles
130(1)
Hypobranchial Muscles
130(2)
Extrinsic Eye Muscles
132(1)
Appendicular Muscles
132(1)
Muscles of the Pectoral Fin
132(1)
Muscles of the Pelvic Fin
133(1)
Axial Muscles II
133(1)
Branchiomeric Muscles
133(3)
Amphibians
136(8)
Axial Muscles I
137(1)
Muscles of the Trunk
137(1)
Hypobranchial Muscles
138(2)
Appendicular Muscles
140(1)
Pectoral Muscles
140(2)
Pelvic Muscles
142(1)
Axial Muscles II
143(1)
Branchiomeric Muscles
143(1)
Mammals
144
Cutaneous Muscles
145(1)
Caudal Trunk Muscles
146(1)
Hypaxial Muscles
146(2)
Epaxial Muscles
148(1)
Pectoral Appendicular Muscles
149(1)
Pectoral Muscle Complex
149(1)
Trapezius and Sternocleidomastoid Muscle Complexes
150(2)
Remaining Superficial Muscles of the Shoulder
152(1)
Deeper Muscles of the Shoulder
152(2)
Muscles of the Brachium
154(3)
Muscles of the Antebrachium
157(5)
Pelvic Appendicular Muscles
162(1)
Lateral Thigh and Adjacent Muscles
162(2)
Gluteal Muscle Complex and Deeper Pelvic Muscles
164(2)
Quadriceps Femoris Muscle Complex
166(1)
Caudomedial Thigh Muscles
166(2)
Iliopsoas Muscle Complex and Adjacent Muscles
168(1)
Muscles of the Shank
169(4)
Cranial Trunk Muscles
173(1)
Hypaxial Muscles
173(1)
Epaxial Muscles
174(2)
Hypobranchial Muscles
176(1)
Posthyoid Hypobranchial Muscles
177(1)
Prehyoid Hypobranchial Muscles
177(2)
Branchiomeric Muscles
179(1)
Mandibular Arch Muscles
179(1)
Hyoid Arch Muscles
180(3)
Caudal Branchiomeric Muscles
183
Swimming and Myomere Structure
129(51)
The Mammalian Tongue
180(1)
Jaw Mechanics in Carnivores and Herbivores
181(3)
The Sense Organs
184(22)
Types of Receptors
184(1)
The Nose
184(3)
Fishes
185(1)
Amphibians
185(1)
Mammals
186(1)
The Lateral Line System and Electroreceptors
187(3)
The Ampullae of Lorenzini
189(1)
The Lateral Line Canals and Pit Organs
190(1)
The Eyeball and Associated Structures
190(7)
Fishes
190(4)
Mammals
194(1)
Tear Glands and Extrinsic Muscles of the Eyeball
194(2)
The Eyeball
196(1)
The Ear
197(1)
Fishes
198(2)
Amphibians and Reptiles
200(2)
Mammals
202
Accommodation in the Eye of Mammals
198(3)
Hearing in Sharks
201(2)
Hearing in Frogs and Salamanders
203(3)
The Nervous System
206(43)
Neurons and Glial Cells
206(1)
Divisions and Components of the Nervous System
206(2)
Development and Divisions of the Brain
208(1)
Fishes
209(13)
The Dorsal Surface of the Brain
210(2)
Cranial and Occipital Nerves
212(1)
Terminal Nerve
213(3)
Olfactory Nerve
216(1)
Optic Nerve
216(1)
Oculomotor Nerve
217(1)
Trochlear Nerve
217(1)
Abducens Nerve
217(1)
Trigeminal Nerve
217(2)
Lateral Line Nerves (unnumbered)
219(1)
Facial Nerve
219(1)
Statoacoustic Nerve
220(1)
Glossopharyngeal Nerve
220(1)
Vagus Nerve
220(1)
Occipital and Hypobranchial Nerves
221(1)
The Ventral Surface of the Brain
221(1)
The Ventricles of the Brain
222(1)
The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
222(1)
Amphibians
222(3)
The Dorsal Surface of the Brain
224(1)
The Cranial and Occipital Nerves
225(1)
The Ventral Surface of the Brain
225(1)
Mammals
225
Meninges
227(1)
External Features of the Brain and the Stumps of the Cranial Nerves
228(1)
The Telencephalon
228(1)
The Diencephalon
229(2)
The Mesencephalon
231(1)
The Metencephalon
232(1)
The Myelencephalon
233(2)
Sagittal Section of the Brain
235(2)
Dissection of the Cerebrum
237(1)
The Cerebral Cortex
237(1)
The Internal Capsule and Striatum
237(3)
The Rhinencephalon, Limbic System, and Hypothalamus
240(2)
The Surfaces of the Diencephalon and Mesencephalon
242(2)
The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
244(1)
Nerve Plexuses
244(1)
The Brachial Plexus
245(1)
The Lumbosacral Plexus
246
Spinal Cord and Brain Functions in Sharks
223(8)
Endocrine Glands Associated with the Diencephalon in Mammals
231(3)
The Functions of the Cerebellum in Mammals
234(5)
The Somatosensory Pathway of Mammals
239(1)
Motor Functions of the Mammalian Striatum
240(3)
The Optic Pathways of Mammals
243(6)
The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems
249(41)
Structure and Function of the Coelomic Cavity and Its Contents
249(1)
The Embryonic Development of the Coelom and Its Subdivisions
250(2)
The Embryonic Development of the Digestive and Respiratory Systems
252(3)
Fishes
255(10)
Pleuroperitoneal Cavity and Its Contents
256(1)
The Body Wall and Pleuroperitoneal Cavity
256(1)
The Visceral Organs
256(2)
The Mesenteries
258(1)
Structure of the Digestive Organs
259(1)
The Pericardial Cavity
260(1)
The Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Respiratory Organs
261(4)
Amphibians
265(7)
The Pleuroperitoneal Cavity and Its Contents
268(1)
The Body Wall and Pleuroperitoneal Cavity
268(1)
The Visceral Organs
268(1)
The Mesenteries
269(1)
Structure of the Digestive Organs
270(1)
The Pericardial Cavity
270(1)
The Oropharyngeal Cavity and Respiratory Organs
270(2)
Mammals
272
The Digestive and Respiratory Organs of the Head and Neck
272(1)
The Salivary Glands
272(2)
The Oral Cavity
274(2)
The Pharynx
276(1)
The Larynx, Trachea, and Esophagus
276(1)
The Thorax and Its Contents
277(1)
The Pleural Cavities
277(3)
The Pericardial Cavity
280(1)
The Peritoneal Cavity and Its Contents
280(1)
The Abdominal Wall and Peritoneal Cavity
280(1)
The Abdominal Viscera and Mesenteries
280(5)
Specific Structure of Selected Digestive Organs
285
Gill Ventilation, Respiration, and Feeding in Elasmobranch Fishes
264(2)
Amphibian Ventilation and Feeding in Water and on Land
266(15)
Visceral Rotations and Formation of the Greater Omentum
281(3)
Packing the Intestine into the Peritoneal Cavity
284(3)
Mammalian Digestion of Cellulose
287(3)
The Cardiovascular and Hemolymphatic Systems
290(56)
Components of the Hemolymphatic System
290(1)
Components of the Cardiovascular System
290(1)
Development of the Cardiovascular System
291(1)
The Study of Blood Vessels
292(2)
Fishes
294(14)
External Structure of the Heart
294(2)
The Venous System
296(1)
The Hepatic Portal Venous System and Hepatic Veins
296(2)
The Renal Portal System
298(1)
The Systemic Veins
298(2)
The Arterial System
300(1)
The Branchial Arteries
300(2)
The Dorsal Aorta, Its Branches, and Accompanying Veins
302(4)
The Internal Structure of the Heart
306(2)
The Pericardioperitoneal Canal
308(1)
Amphibians
308(10)
The Heart and Associated Blood Vessels
310(1)
The Venous System
310(1)
The Hepatic Portal System
310(1)
The Ventral Abdominal Vein
311(2)
The Renal Portal System
313(1)
The Caudal Systemic Veins
313(1)
The Cranial Systemic Veins
314(1)
The Arterial System
314(1)
The Aortic Arches and Their Branches
314(2)
The Dorsal Aorta and Its Branches
316(2)
Mammals
318(1)
Evolutionary Changes
318(1)
Mammalian Circulation
318
The Heart and Associated Blood Vessels
322(3)
Arteries and Veins Cranial to the Heart
325(1)
The Blood Vessels of the Thorax, Shoulder, Arm, and Neck
325(3)
The Major Blood Vessels of the Head
328(5)
Arteries and Veins Caudal to the Heart
333(1)
The Blood Vessels of the Dorsal Thoracic and Abdominal Walls
333(5)
The Blood Vessels of the Abdominal Viscera
338(1)
The Blood Vessels of the Pelvic Region and Hind Leg
339(2)
The Bronchi and Internal Structure of the Heart
341(3)
The Lymphatic System
344
Pumping Blood Toward the Heart in a Low-Pressure System
295(4)
The Renal Portal System of Fishes
299(4)
Shark Aortic Arches
303(6)
The Shark Heart
309(3)
Aortic Arches and Lung Respiration in Necturus
312(8)
The Embryonic Circulation of Mammals
320(6)
Mammalian Aortic Arches
326(4)
The Retia Mirabilia of Cats
330(6)
The Development of the Mammalian Venous System
336(10)
The Excretory and Reproductive Systems
346
General Structure and Function of the Excretory System
346(2)
Embryonic Development and Evolutionary History of the Nephrons and Kidneys
348(3)
Sex Determination
351(1)
Embryonic Development and Evolutionary History of the Reproductive System
351(2)
Study of the Excretory and Reproductive Systems
353(1)
Fishes
354(4)
The Kidneys and Their Ducts
355(1)
The Male Urogenital System
356(1)
The Female Urogenital System
357(1)
Reproduction and Embryos
357(1)
Amphibians
358(3)
The Kidneys and Their Ducts
359(1)
The Male Urogenital System
359(1)
The Female Urogenital System
360(1)
Mammals
361
The Excretory System
362(2)
The Male Reproductive System
364(9)
The Female Reproductive System
373(4)
Reproduction and Embryos
377
Reproductive Patterns in Sharks
358(7)
Kidney Architecture in Mammals
365(4)
The Descent of the Testis
369(2)
The Divisions of the Cloaca
371
Appendix A: Word Roots 1(1)
Appendix B: A Note on the Handling of Specimens 1(1)
Appendix C: References 1(1)
Index 1


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