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Table of Contents
Food Choices and Nutrient Intake.
Nutrients and Their Functions.
Nutrition in Health and Disease.
Choosing a Healthy Diet.
Evaluating Nutrition Information.
2 Guidelines for a Healthy Diet.
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs).
Tools for Diet Planning.
Food and Supplement Labels.
3 Digestion: From Meals to Molecules.
The Organization of Life.
The Digestive System.
Digestion and Absorption of Nutrients.
Digestion in Health and Disease.
Delivering Nutrients and Eliminating Wastes.
An Overview of Metabolism.
4 Carbohydrates: Sugars, Starches, and Fibers.
Carbohydrates in Our Food.
Types of Carbohydrates.
Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption.
Carbohydrates in Health and Disease.
Meeting Carbohydrate Needs.
5 Lipids: Fats, Phospholipids, and Sterols.
Fats in Our Food.
Types of Lipids.
Absorbing and Transporting Lipids.
Lipids in Health and Disease.
Meeting Lipid Needs.
6 Proteins and Amino Acids.
Proteins in Our Food.
The Structure of Amino Acids and Proteins.
Protein Digestion and Absorption.
Protein Synthesis and Functions.
Protein in Health and Disease.
Meeting Protein Needs.
A Vitamin Primer.
The Water-Soluble Vitamins.
The Fat-Soluble Vitamins.
Meeting Needs with Dietary Supplements.
8 Water and Minerals.
An Overview of Minerals.
Electrolytes: Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride.
Major Minerals and Bone Health.
9 Energy Balance and Weight Management.
Body Weight and Health.
What Determines Body Size and Shape?
Managing Body Weight.
10 Nutrition, Fitness, and Physical Activity.
Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health.
Energy and Nutrient Needs for Physical Activity.
11 Nutrition During Pregnancy and Infancy.
Changes in the Body During Pregnancy.
Nutritional Needs During Pregnancy.
Factors That Increase the Risks Associated with Pregnancy.
Nutrition for Infants.
12 Nutrition from 1 to 100.
Nutrition for Children.
Nutrition for Adolescents.
Nutrition for the Adult Years.
The Impact of Alcohol Throughout Life.
13 How Safe Is Our Food Supply?
Keeping Food Safe.
Pathogens in Food.
Agricultural and Industrial Chemicals in Food.
Technology for Keeping Food Safe.
14 Feeding the World.
The Two Faces of Malnutrition.
Causes of Hunger Around the World.
Causes of Hunger in the United States.
Appendix A: Additional DRI Tables.
Table and Line Art Credits.