9780415770088

Warriors And Politicians: Us Civil-military Relations Under Stress

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415770088

  • ISBN10:

    0415770084

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2006-07-07
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

Although the United States has never faced the danger of a military coup, the relations between civilian leaders and the military have not always been easy. Presidents have contended with military leaders who were reluctant to carry out their orders. Generals and Admirals have appealed to Congress for sympathy and support. Congressional leaders have tried to impose their own visions and strategies on the U.S. armed forces. This triangular struggle has recurred time and again, in wartime and in efforts to reshape the military for future wars. This book argues that the U.S. military is in a triangular relationship with two civilian masters the President and the Congress. An underlying theme is how civil-military relations get caught up in domestic politics. This book illustrates this dual system of civilian military control in a series of case studies, starting from the way the Continental Congress ran the Revolutionary War by committee and concluding with the George W. Bush/Donald Rumsfeldefforts to transform the U.S. military into a modern terrorist-fighting force. These show how warriors and politicians interacted at different points in U.S. history.

Table of Contents

List of figures xi
Preface xii
1 Introduction: the peculiar nature of US civil—military relations
1(12)
PART I The challenge of warfighting 13(64)
2 Revolutionary war by committee
15(15)
3 Lincoln, Congress, and the generals
30(22)
4 Managing the Vietnam War
52(25)
PART II The challenge of rearmament 77(60)
5 John Adams and the politics of rearmament, 1798
79(14)
6 Franklin Roosevelt and the politics of rearmament
93(21)
7 Harry Truman and the politics of rearmament
114(23)
PART III The challenge of transformation 137(77)
8 Theodore Roosevelt and military modernization
139(13)
9 The McNamara revolution
152(13)
10 The Goldwater—Nichols revolution from above
165(12)
11 The Bush—Rumsfeld wars and transformation
177(17)
12 Conclusions: US civil—military relations under stress
194(20)
Notes 214(23)
Bibliography 237(11)
Index 248

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