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Western Civilization: Combined Volume

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780534646028

ISBN10:
0534646026
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/7/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $279.94

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Summary

Best-selling text, WESTERN CIVILIZATION has helped over one million students learn about the present by exploring the past. Jack Spielvogel's engaging, chronological narrative weaves the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military aspects of history into a gripping story that is as memorable as it is instructive. Each chapter offers a substantial introduction and conclusion, providing students a context for these disparate themes. The clear narrative of a single gifted author makes it easy for students to follow the story of Western civilization. Spielvogel gives the book depth by including over 150 maps and excerpts of over 200 primary sources--including official documents, poems, and songs--that enliven the past while introducing students to source material that forms the basis of historical scholarship. Available in many split options: WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Comprehensive, 6th Edition (Chapters 1-29), ISBN: 0534646026; WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Volume I, To 1715, 6th Edition (Chapters 1-16), ISBN:0534646034; WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Volume II, Since 1500, 6th Edition (Chapters 13-29), ISBN:0534646042; WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Volume A: To 1500, 6th Edition (Chapters 1-12), ISBN: 0534646050; WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Volume B: 1300-1815, 6th Edition (Chapters 11-19), ISBN:0534646069; WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Volume C: Since 1789, 6th Edition (Chapters 19-29), ISBN: 0534646077; WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Since 1300, 6th Edition (Chapters 11-29), ISBN:0534646085.

Table of Contents

Documents xvii
Maps
xx
Chronologies xxii
Preface xxiii
Introduction to Students of Western Civilization xxix
The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations
1(30)
The First Humans
2(3)
The Hunter-Gatherers of the Old Stone Age
2(1)
The Neolithic Revolution (c. 10,000--4000 B.C.)
3(2)
The Emergence of Civilization
5(1)
Civilization in Mesopotamia
6(10)
The City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia
6(2)
Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia
8(1)
The Code of Hammurabi
9(2)
The Culture of Mesopotamia
11(5)
Egyptian Civilization: ``The Gift of the Nile''
16(11)
The Impact of Geography
16(1)
The Old and Middle Kingdoms
17(2)
Society and Economy in Ancient Egypt
19(1)
The Culture of Egypt
19(3)
Chaos and a New Order: The New Kingdom
22(1)
Daily Life in Ancient Egypt
23(4)
On the Fringes of Civilization
27(4)
The Impact of the Indo-Europeans
27(2)
Conclusion
29(1)
Notes
29(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
29(2)
The Ancient Near East: Peoples and Empires
31(20)
The Hebrews: ``The Children of Israel''
32(6)
The United Kingdom
32(1)
The Divided Kingdom
32(2)
The Spiritual Dimensions of Israel
34(2)
The Social Structure of the Hebrews
36(2)
The Neighbors of the Israelites
38(1)
The Assyrian Empire
38(4)
Organization of the Empire
40(1)
The Assyrian Military Machine
40(1)
Assyrian Society and Culture
41(1)
The Neo-Babylonian Empire
42(1)
The Persian Empire
43(8)
Cyrus the Great
43(1)
Expanding the Empire
44(1)
Governing the Empire
45(1)
The Great King
46(1)
Persian Religion
47(1)
Conclusion
48(2)
Notes
50(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
50(1)
The Civilization of the Greeks
51(33)
Early Greece
52(2)
Minoan Crete
52(2)
The First Greek State: Mycenae
54(1)
The Greeks in a Dark Age (c. 1100--c. 750 B.C.)
54(2)
Homer and Homeric Greece
55(1)
Homer's Enduring Importance
55(1)
The World of the Greek City-States (c. 750--c. 500 B.C.)
56(8)
The Polis
56(2)
Colonization and the Growth of Trade
58(1)
Tyranny in the Greek Polis
59(1)
Sparta
59(2)
Athens
61(1)
Greek Culture in the Archaic Age
62(2)
The High Point of Greek Civilization: Classical Greece
64(7)
The Challenge of Persia
64(3)
The Growth of an Athenian Empire
67(2)
The Great Peloponnesian War (431--404 B.C.)
69(1)
The Decline of the Greek States (404--338 B.C.)
70(1)
Culture and Society of Classical Greece
71(13)
The Writing of History
71(1)
Greek Drama
72(1)
The Arts: The Classical Ideal
73(2)
The Greek Love of Wisdom
75(2)
Greek Religion
77(1)
Daily Life in Classical Athens
78(3)
Conclusion
81(1)
Notes
81(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
82(2)
The Hellenistic World
84(22)
Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander
85(4)
Philip and the Conquest of Greece
85(1)
Alexander the Great
85(4)
The World of the Hellenistic Kingdoms
89(4)
Hellenistic Monarchies
89(2)
The Threats from the Celts
91(1)
Political and Military Institutions
91(1)
Hellenistic Cities
92(1)
Economic Trends
93(1)
Hellenistic Society
93(3)
New Opportunities for Upper-Class Women
93(1)
The Role of Slavery
94(1)
The Transformation of Education
95(1)
Culture in the Hellenistic World
96(5)
New Directions in Literature
96(1)
Hellenistic Art
97(1)
A Golden Age of Science and Medicine
98(1)
Philosophy: New Schools of Thought
99(2)
Religion in the Hellenistic World
101(5)
Mystery Religions
101(1)
The Jews in the Hellenistic World
102(2)
Conclusion
104(1)
Notes
104(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
104(2)
The Roman Republic
106(31)
The Emergence of Rome
107(3)
Geography of the Italian Peninsula
107(1)
The Greeks
107(1)
The Etruscans
107(1)
Early Rome
108(2)
The Roman Republic (c. 509--264 B.C.)
110(5)
The Roman State
110(2)
The Roman Conquest of Italy
112(3)
The Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean (264--133 B.C.)
115(3)
The Struggle with Carthage
115(3)
The Eastern Mediterranean
118(1)
The Nature of Roman Imperialism
118(1)
Society and Culture in the Roman Republic
118(7)
Roman Religion
118(2)
Education: The Importance of Rhetoric
120(1)
The Growth of Slavery
121(1)
The Roman Family
122(1)
The Evolution of Roman Law
123(1)
The Development of Literature and Art
123(2)
Values and Attitudes
125(1)
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic (133--31 B.C.)
125(12)
Background: Social, Economic, and Political Problems
125(2)
The Reforms of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
127(1)
Marius and the New Roman Army
127(1)
The Role of Sulla
128(1)
The Death of the Republic
128(4)
Literature in the Late Republic
132(2)
Conclusion
134(1)
Notes
134(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
134(3)
The Roman Empire
137(28)
The Age of Augustus (31 B.C.--A.D. 14)
138(5)
The New Order
138(1)
The Army
139(1)
Roman Provinces and Frontiers
140(1)
Augustan Society
141(1)
A Golden Age of Latin Literature
141(2)
The Early Empire (14--180)
143(6)
The Julio-Claudians (14--68)
143(1)
The Flavians (69--96)
144(1)
The Five ``Good Emperors'' (96--180)
144(1)
The Roman Empire at Its Height: Frontiers and Provinces
145(2)
Prosperity in the Early Empire
147(2)
Roman Culture and Society in the Early Empire
149(8)
The Silver Age of Latin Literature
150(1)
Art in the Early Empire
150(1)
Imperial Rome
150(2)
The Gladiatorial Shows
152(2)
Disaster in Southern Italy
154(1)
The Art of Medicine
154(1)
Roman Law in the Early Empire
155(1)
Slaves and Their Masters
156(1)
The Upper-Class Roman Family
157(1)
The Transformation of the Roman World: Crises in the Third Century
157(1)
Political and Military Woes
157(1)
Economic and Social Crises
158(1)
The Transformation of the Roman World: The Rise of Christianity
158(7)
The Religious World of the Roman Empire
159(1)
The Jewish Background
159(1)
The Origins of Christianity
159(3)
The Growth of Christianity
162(1)
Conclusion
163(1)
Notes
163(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
164(1)
Late Antiquity and the Emergence of the Medieval World
165(33)
The Late Roman Empire
166(6)
The Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine
166(2)
The Empire's New Religion
168(1)
The End of the Western Empire
169(3)
The Germanic Kingdoms
172(5)
The Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy
172(1)
The Visigothic Kingdom of Spain
173(1)
The Frankish Kingdom
174(1)
Anglo-Saxon England
175(1)
The Society of the Germanic Kingdoms
176(1)
Development of the Christian Church
177(9)
The Church Fathers
177(2)
The Power of the Pope
179(1)
Church and State
179(1)
Pope Gregory the Great
180(1)
The Monks and Their Missions
180(5)
Christian Intellectual Life in the Germanic Kingdoms
185(1)
The Byzantine Empire
186(6)
The Reign of Justinian (527--565)
187(4)
From Eastern Roman to Byzantine Empire
191(1)
The Rise of Islam
192(6)
Muhammed
192(1)
The Teachings of Islam
193(1)
The Spread of Islam
193(2)
Conclusion
195(1)
Notes
196(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
197(1)
European Civilization in the Early Middle Ages, 750--1000
198(29)
Europeans and the Environment
199(1)
Farming
199(1)
The Climate
199(1)
The World of the Carolingians
199(9)
Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire (768--814)
199(4)
The Carolingian Intellectual Renewal
203(1)
Life in the Carolingian World
204(4)
Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire
208(3)
Invasions of the Ninth and Tenth Centuries
209(2)
The Emerging World of Lords and Vassals
211(7)
Vassalage
211(2)
Fief-Holding
213(1)
New Political Configurations in the Tenth Century
214(1)
The Manorial System
215(3)
The Zenith of Byzantine Civilization
218(1)
The Macedonian Dynasty
218(1)
The Slavic Peoples of Central and Eastern Europe
219(3)
Western Slavs
220(1)
Southern Slavs
221(1)
Eastern Slavs
221(1)
The Expansion of Islam
222(5)
The Abbasid Dynasty
222(1)
Islamic Civilization
223(2)
Conclusion
225(1)
Notes
225(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
225(2)
The Recovery and Growth of European Society in the High Middle Ages
227(27)
Land and People in the High Middle Ages
228(7)
The New Agriculture
228(2)
The Life of the Peasantry
230(1)
The Aristocracy of the High Middle Ages
231(3)
Marriage Patterns of the Aristocracy
234(1)
The New World of Trade and Cities
235(7)
The Revival of Trade
235(2)
The Growth of Cities
237(4)
Industry in Medieval Cities
241(1)
The Intellectual and Artistic World of the High Middle Ages
242(12)
The Rise of Universities
242(2)
A Revival of Classical Antiquity
244(1)
The Development of Scholasticism
245(1)
The Revival of Roman Law
246(1)
Literature in the High Middle Ages
247(1)
Romanesque Architecture: ``A White Mantle of Churches''
248(1)
The Gothic Cathedral
249(2)
Conclusion
251(1)
Notes
251(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
252(2)
The Rise of Kingdoms and the Growth of Church Power
254(29)
The Emergence and Growth of European Kingdoms (1000--1300)
255(10)
England in the High Middle Ages
255(2)
The Growth of the French Kingdom
257(3)
Christian Reconquest: The Spanish Kingdoms
260(1)
The Lands of the Holy Roman Empire: Germany and Italy
261(2)
New Kingdoms in Northern and Eastern Europe
263(1)
The Mongol Empire
264(1)
The Development of Russia
264(1)
The Recovery and Reform of the Catholic Church
265(3)
The Problems of Decline
265(1)
The Cluniac Reform Movement
266(1)
Reform of the Papacy
266(2)
Christianity and Medieval Civilization
268(6)
Growth of the Papal Monarchy
268(1)
New Religious Orders and Spiritual Ideals
268(3)
Popular Religion in the High Middle Ages
271(1)
Voices of Protest and Intolerance
272(2)
The Crusades
274(9)
Background to the Crusades
274(2)
The Early Crusades
276(2)
The Crusades of the Thirteenth Century
278(1)
Effects of the Crusades
279(1)
Conclusion
280(2)
Notes
282(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
282(1)
The Later Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century
283(30)
A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis
284(7)
Famine and Population
284(1)
The Black Death
284(4)
Economic Dislocation and Social Upheaval
288(3)
War and Political Instability
291(9)
Causes of the Hundred Years' War
291(1)
Conduct and Course of the War
291(5)
Political Instability
296(1)
The Growth of England's Political Institutions
296(1)
The Problems of the French Kings
297(1)
The German Monarchy
297(1)
The States of Italy
298(2)
The Decline of the Church
300(4)
Boniface VIII and the Conflict with the State
300(1)
The Papacy at Avignon (1305--1377)
300(1)
The Great Schism
301(1)
New Thoughts on Church and State and the Rise of Conciliarism
302(1)
Popular Religion in an Age of Adversity
302(1)
Changes in Theology
303(1)
The Cultural World of the Fourteenth Century
304(3)
The Development of Vernacular Literature
304(2)
Art and the Black Death
306(1)
Society in an Age of Adversity
307(6)
Changes in Urban Life
307(1)
New Directions in Medicine
308(1)
Inventions and New Patterns
309(1)
Conclusion
310(1)
Notes
311(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
312(1)
Recovery and Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance
313(33)
Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance
314(1)
The Making of Renaissance Society
314(6)
Economic Recovery
314(2)
Social Changes in the Renaissance
316(2)
The Family in Renaissance Italy
318(2)
The Italian States in the Renaissance
320(4)
The Five Major States
320(1)
Independent City-States
321(1)
Warfare in Italy
322(1)
The Birth of Modern Diplomacy
323(1)
Machiavelli and the New Statecraft
323(1)
The Intellectual Renaissance in Italy
324(6)
Italian Renaissance Humanism
324(3)
Education in the Renaissance
327(1)
Humanism and History
328(1)
The Impact of Printing
329(1)
The Artistic Renaissance
330(7)
Art in the Early Renaissance
330(2)
The Artistic High Renaissance
332(3)
The Artist and Social Status
335(1)
The Northern Artistic Renaissance
336(1)
Music in the Renaissance
336(1)
The European State in the Renaissance
337(5)
The Growth of the French Monarchy
337(1)
England: Civil War and a New Monarchy
338(1)
The Unification of Spain
339(1)
The Holy Roman Empire: The Success of the Habsburgs
339(1)
The Struggle for Strong Monarchy in Eastern Europe
340(1)
The Ottoman Turks and the End of the Byzantine Empire
341(1)
The Church in the Renaissance
342(4)
The Problems of Heresy and Reform
342(1)
The Renaissance Papacy
342(1)
Conclusion
343(1)
Notes
344(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
345(1)
Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century
346(33)
Prelude to Reformation
347(3)
Christian or Northern Renaissance Humanism
347(1)
Church and Religion on the Eve of the Reformation
348(2)
Martin Luther and the Reformation in Germany
350(7)
The Early Luther
350(2)
The Rise of Lutheranism
352(1)
Church and State
353(1)
Germany and the Reformation: Religion and Politics
354(3)
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation
357(6)
Lutheranism in Scandinavia
357(1)
The Zwinglian Reformation
357(1)
The Radical Reformation: The Anabaptists
358(2)
The Reformation in England
360(2)
John Calvin and Calvinism
362(1)
The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformation
363(3)
The Family
364(1)
Education in the Reformation
365(1)
Religious Practices and Popular Culture
365(1)
The Catholic Reformation
366(3)
Revival of the Old
366(1)
The Society of Jesus
367(1)
A Revived Papacy
368(1)
The Council of Trent
369(1)
Politics and the Wars of Religion in the Sixteenth Century
369(10)
The French Wars of Religion (1562--1598)
369(2)
Philip II and Militant Catholicism
371(1)
Revolt of the Netherlands
372(1)
The England of Elizabeth
373(3)
Conclusion
376(1)
Notes
377(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
377(2)
Europe and the World: New Encounters, 1500--1800
379(31)
On the Brink of a New World
380(2)
The Motives
380(1)
The Means
381(1)
New Horizons: The Portuguese and Spanish Empires
382(8)
The Development of a Portuguese Maritime Empire
382(2)
Voyages to the New World
384(2)
The Spanish Empire in the New World
386(4)
New Rivals on the World Stage
390(11)
Africa: The Slave Trade
391(3)
The West in Southeast Asia
394(1)
The French and British in India
395(2)
China
397(1)
Japan
398(1)
The Americas
398(3)
Toward a World Economy
401(2)
Economic Conditions in the Sixteenth Century
401(1)
The Growth of Commercial Capitalism
401(1)
Mercantilism
402(1)
Overseas Trade and Colonies: Movement Toward Globalization?
402(1)
The Impact of European Expansion
403(7)
The Conquered
403(2)
The Conquerors
405(2)
Conclusion
407(1)
Notes
408(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
408(2)
State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century
410(38)
Social Crises, War, and Rebellions
411(6)
The Witchcraft Craze
411(2)
The Thirty Years' War
413(3)
A Military Revolution?
416(1)
Rebellions
417(1)
The Practice of Absolutism: Western Europe
417(8)
Absolute Monarchy in France
417(1)
The Reign of Louis XIV (1643--1715)
418(6)
The Decline of Spain
424(1)
Absolutism in Central, Eastern, and Northern Europe
425(7)
The German States
425(2)
Italy: From Spanish to Austrian Rule
427(1)
Russia: From Fledgling Principality to Major Power
427(3)
The Great Northern States
430(1)
The Ottoman Empire
431(1)
The Limits of Absolutism
432(1)
Limited Monarchy and Republics
432(8)
The Weakness of the Polish Monarchy
433(1)
The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic
433(1)
England and the Emergence of Constitutional Monarchy
434(6)
The Flourishing of European Culture
440(8)
The Changing Faces of Art
440(3)
A Wondrous Age of Theater
443(2)
Conclusion
445(1)
Notes
446(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
446(2)
Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Emergence of Modern Science
448(25)
Background to the Scientific Revolution
449(2)
Ancient Authors and Renaissance Artists
449(1)
Technological Innovations and Mathematics
449(1)
Renaissance Magic
450(1)
Toward a New Heaven: A Revolution in Astronomy
451(8)
Copernicus
451(2)
Brahe
453(1)
Kepler
453(1)
Galileo
454(3)
Newton
457(2)
Advances in Medicine and Chemistry
459(2)
Paracelsus
459(1)
Vesalius
460(1)
William Harvey
460(1)
Chemistry
460(1)
Women in the Origins of Modern Science
461(2)
Margaret Cavendish
461(1)
Maria Merian
461(1)
Maria Winkelmann
461(1)
Debates on the Nature of Women
462(1)
Toward a New Earth: Descartes, Rationalism, and a New View of Humankind
463(2)
The Scientific Method and the Spread of Scientific Knowledge
465(8)
The Scientific Method
465(1)
The Spread of Scientific Knowledge
465(2)
Science and Religion
467(3)
Conclusion
470(1)
Notes
471(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
471(2)
The Eighteenth Century: An Age of Enlightenment
473(29)
The Enlightenment
474(11)
The Paths to Enlightenment
474(2)
The Philosophes and Their Ideas
476(8)
The Social Environment of the Philosophes
484(1)
Culture and Society in the Enlightenment
485(9)
Innovations in Art, Music, and Literature
485(4)
The High Culture of the Eighteenth Century
489(2)
Crime and Punishment
491(1)
The World of Medicine
492(1)
Popular Culture
493(1)
Religion and the Churches
494(8)
The Institutional Church
495(2)
Popular Religion in the Eighteenth Century
497(2)
Conclusion
499(1)
Notes
500(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
500(2)
The Eighteenth Century: European States, International Wars, and Social Change
502(30)
The European States
503(11)
Enlightened Absolutism?
503(1)
The Atlantic Seaboard States
503(3)
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
506(7)
The Mediterranean World
513(1)
The Scandinavian States
513(1)
Enlightened Absolutism Revisited
513(1)
Wars and Diplomacy
514(3)
The War of the Austrian Succession (1740--1748)
514(1)
The Seven Years' War (1756--1763)
514(3)
European Armies and Warfare
517(1)
Economic Expansion and Social Change
517(7)
Growth of the European Population
517(1)
Family, Marriage, and Birthrate Patterns
518(3)
An Agricultural Revolution?
521(1)
New Methods of Finance
521(1)
European Industry
522(2)
The Social Order of the Eighteenth Century
524(8)
The Peasants
524(1)
The Nobility
525(2)
The Inhabitants of Towns and Cities
527(2)
Conclusion
529(2)
Notes
531(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
531(1)
A Revolution in Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon
532(30)
The Beginning of the Revolutionary Era: The American Revolution
533(1)
The War for Independence
533(3)
Forming a New Nation
534(1)
Impact of the American Revolution on Europe
534(2)
Background to the French Revolution
536(2)
Social Structure of the Old Regime
536(1)
Other Problems Facing the French Monarchy
537(1)
The French Revolution
538(14)
From Estates-General to a National Assembly
538(2)
Destruction of the Old Regime
540(4)
The Radical Revolution
544(7)
Reaction and the Directory
551(1)
The Age of Napoleon
552(10)
The Rise of Napoleon
552(2)
The Domestic Policies of Emperor Napoleon
554(2)
Napoleon's Empire and the European Response
556(3)
Conclusion
559(1)
Notes
560(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
561(1)
The Industrial Revolution and Its Impact on European Society
562(27)
The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
563(7)
Origins
563(2)
Technological Changes and New Forms of Industrial Organization
565(4)
Britain's Great Exhibition of 1851
569(1)
The Spread of Industrialization
570(6)
Limitations to Industrialization
570(3)
Centers of Continental Industrialization
573(1)
The Industrial Revolution in the United States
573(2)
Limiting the Spread of Industrialization in the Nonindustrialized World
575(1)
The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution
576(13)
Population Growth
576(1)
The Growth of Cities
576(3)
New Social Classes: The Industrial Middle Class
579(1)
New Social Classes: Workers in the Industrial Age
580(3)
Standards of Living
583(1)
Efforts at Change: The Workers
584(1)
Efforts at Change: Reformers and Government
585(2)
Conclusion
587(1)
Notes
587(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
588(1)
Reaction, Revolution, and Romanticism, 1815--1850
589(31)
The Conservative Order (1815--1830)
590(8)
The Peace Settlement
590(2)
The Ideology of Conservatism
592(1)
Conservative Domination: The Concert of Europe
593(1)
Conservative Domination: The European States
594(4)
The Ideologies of Change
598(5)
Liberalism
598(1)
Nationalism
599(2)
Early Socialism
601(2)
Revolution and Reform (1830--1850)
603(7)
Another French Revolution
603(1)
Revolutionary Outbursts in Belgium, Poland, and Italy
603(1)
Reform in Great Britain
604(1)
The Revolutions of 1848
605(4)
The Maturing of the United States
609(1)
The Emergence of an Ordered Society
610(3)
New Police Forces
610(2)
Prison Reform
612(1)
Culture in an Age of Reaction and Revolution: The Mood of Romanticism
613(7)
The Characteristics of Romanticism
613(1)
Romantic Poets
613(2)
Romanticism in Art
615(1)
Romanticism in Music
616(1)
The Revival of Religion in the Age of Romanticism
617(1)
Conclusion
617(1)
Notes
618(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
618(2)
An Age of Nationalism and Realism, 1850--1871
620(31)
The France of Napoleon III
621(4)
Louis Napoleon: Toward the Second Empire
621(1)
The Second Napoleonic Empire
621(2)
Foreign Policy: The Mexican Adventure
623(1)
Foreign Policy: The Crimean War
623(2)
National Unification: Italy and Germany
625(6)
The Unification of Italy
625(2)
The Unification of Germany
627(4)
Nation Building and Reform: The National State in Mid-Century
631(7)
The Austrian Empire: Toward a Dual Monarchy
631(2)
Imperial Russia
633(2)
Great Britain: The Victorian Age
635(1)
The United States: Slavery and War
636(1)
The Emergence of a Canadian Nation
637(1)
Industrialization and the Marxist Response
638(3)
Industrialization on the Continent
638(1)
Marx and Marxism
639(2)
Science and Culture in an Age of Realism
641(10)
A New Age of Science
641(1)
Charles Darwin and the Theory of Organic Evolution
642(1)
A Revolution in Health Care
642(3)
Science and the Study of Society
645(1)
Realism in Literature
646(1)
Realism in Art
646(1)
Music: The Twilight of Romanticism
647(1)
Conclusion
648(1)
Notes
649(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
650(1)
The Mass Society in an ``Age of Progress,'' 1871--1894
651(30)
The Growth of Industrial Prosperity
652(8)
New Products
652(1)
New Markets
653(1)
New Patterns in an Industrial Economy
654(3)
Women and Work: New Job Opportunities
657(1)
Organizing the Working Classes
658(2)
The Emergence of a Mass Society
660(13)
Population Growth
661(1)
Emigration
661(1)
Transformation of the Urban Environment
661(4)
Social Structure of the Mass Society
665(1)
``The Woman Question'': The Role of Women
666(3)
Education in the Mass Society
669(2)
Mass Leisure
671(2)
The National State
673(8)
Western Europe: The Growth of Political Democracy
673(2)
Central and Eastern Europe: Persistence of the Old Order
675(3)
Conclusion
678(1)
Notes
679(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
679(2)
An Age of Modernity, Anxiety, and Imperialism, 1894--1914
681(36)
Toward the Modern Consciousness: Intellectual and Cultural Developments
682(10)
Developments in the Sciences: The Emergence of a New Physics
682(1)
Toward a New Understanding of the Irrational
683(1)
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis
684(1)
The Impact of Darwin
685(1)
The Attack on Christianity
686(1)
The Culture of Modernity: Literature
687(1)
Modernism in the Arts
687(4)
Modernism in Music
691(1)
Politics: New Directions and New Uncertainties
692(9)
The Movement for Women's Rights
692(3)
Jews in the European Nation-State
695(2)
The Transformation of Liberalism: Great Britain and Italy
697(1)
France: Travails of the Third Republic
697(1)
Growing Tensions in Germany
698(1)
Austria-Hungary: The Problem of the Nationalities
698(1)
Industrialization and Revolution in Imperial Russia
699(1)
The Rise of the United States
700(1)
The Growth of Canada
701(1)
The New Imperialism
701(9)
Causes of the New Imperialism
701(1)
The Scramble for Africa
702(3)
Imperialism in Asia
705(3)
Responses to Imperialism
708(2)
Results of the New Imperialism
710(1)
International Rivalry and the Coming of War
710(7)
The Bismarckian System
710(1)
New Directions and New Crises
711(3)
Conclusion
714(1)
Notes
715(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
715(2)
The Beginning of the Twentieth-Century Crisis: War and Revolution
717(33)
The Road to World War I
718(4)
Nationalism
718(1)
Internal Dissent
718(1)
Militarism
719(1)
The Outbreak of War: The Summer of 1914
719(3)
The War
722(14)
1914--1915: Illusions and Stalemate
722(1)
1916--1917: The Great Slaughter
723(2)
The Widening of the War
725(4)
A New Kind of Warfare
729(1)
The Home Front: The Impact of Total War
730(6)
War and Revolution
736(8)
The Russian Revolution
736(6)
The Last Year of the War
742(1)
Revolutionary Upheavals in Germany and Austria-Hungary
743(1)
The Peace Settlement
744(6)
Peace Aims
744(1)
The Treaty of Versailles
745(1)
The Other Peace Treaties
746(1)
Conclusion
747(1)
Notes
748(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
748(2)
The Futile Search for Stability: Europe Between the Wars, 1919--1939
750(32)
An Uncertain Peace: The Search for Security
751(3)
The French Policy of Coercion (1919--1924)
751(1)
The Hopeful Years (1924--1929)
752(1)
The Great Depression
752(2)
The Democratic States
754(4)
Great Britain
755(1)
France
756(1)
The Scandinavian States
756(1)
The United States
756(1)
European States and the World: The Colonial Empires
757(1)
Retreat from Democracy: The Authoritarian and Totalitarian States
758(15)
Fascist Italy
759(3)
Hitler and Nazi Germany
762(7)
The Soviet Union
769(2)
Authoritarianism in Eastern Europe
771(2)
Dictatorship in the Iberian Peninsula
773(1)
The Expansion of Mass Culture and Mass Leisure
774(2)
Radio and Movies
774(1)
Mass Leisure
775(1)
Cultural and Intellectual Trends in the Interwar Years
776(6)
Nightmares and New Visions: Art and Music
776(2)
The Search for the Unconscious in Literature
778(1)
The Unconscious in Psychology: Carl Jung
779(1)
The ``Heroic Age of Physics''
779(1)
Conclusion
780(1)
Notes
780(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
781(1)
The Deepening of the European Crisis: World War II
782(32)
Prelude to War (1933--1939)
783(7)
The Role of Hitler
783(1)
The ``Diplomatic Revolution'' (1933--1936)
783(2)
The Path to War in Europe (1937--1939)
785(3)
The Path to War in Asia
788(2)
The Course of World War II
790(7)
Victory and Stalemate
790(2)
The War in Asia
792(1)
The Turning Point of the War (1942--1943)
792(2)
The Last Years of the War
794(3)
The New Order
797(6)
The Nazi Empire
797(1)
Resistance Movements
798(1)
The Holocaust
799(3)
The New Order in Asia
802(1)
The Home Front
803(5)
The Mobilization of Peoples
803(3)
Frontline Civilians: The Bombing of Cities
806(2)
Aftermath of the War: Cold War
808(6)
The Conference at Teheran
808(1)
Intensifying Differences
809(1)
Emergence of the Cold War
810(1)
Conclusion
811(1)
Notes
812(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
813(1)
Cold War and a New Western World, 1945--1973
814(36)
Development of the Cold War
815(6)
Confrontation of the Superpowers
815(2)
Globalization of the Cold War
817(4)
Europe and the World: Decolonization
821(7)
Africa: The Struggle for Independence
822(2)
Conflict in the Middle East
824(1)
Asia: Nationalism and Communism
825(2)
Decolonization and Cold War Rivalries
827(1)
Recovery and Renewal in Europe
828(7)
The Soviet Union: From Stalin to Khrushchev
828(1)
Eastern Europe: Behind the Iron Curtain
829(2)
Western Europe: The Revival of Democracy and the Economy
831(4)
Western Europe: The Move Toward Unity
835(1)
The United States and Canada: A New Era
835(2)
American Politics and Society in the 1950s
835(1)
Decade of Upheaval: America in the 1960s
836(1)
The Development of Canada
837(1)
Postwar Society and Culture in the Western World
837(13)
The Structure of European Society
837(1)
Creation of the Welfare State
838(1)
Women in the Postwar Western World
839(2)
The Permissive Society
841(1)
Education and Student Revolt
842(2)
Postwar Art and Literature
844(1)
The Philosophical Dilemma: Existentialism
845(1)
The Explosion of Popular Culture
846(1)
Conclusion
847(1)
Notes
848(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
849(1)
The Contemporary Western World Since 1973
850(37)
Toward a New Western Order
851(16)
The Revolutionary Era in the Soviet Union
851(4)
Eastern Europe: The Revolutions of 1989 and Collapse of the Communist Order
855(2)
The Reunification of Germany
857(1)
The Disintegration of Yugoslavia
858(2)
Western Europe: The Winds of Change
860(4)
The Unification of Europe
864(2)
The United States: Turmoil, Tranquillity, and Terrorism
866(1)
Contemporary Canada
867(1)
After the Cold War: New World Order or Age of Terrorism?
867(3)
The End of the Cold War
868(1)
An Age of Terrorism?
869(1)
Terrorist Attack on the United States
869(1)
The West and Islam
870(1)
New Directions and New Problems in Western Society
870(4)
Transformation in Women's Lives
871(1)
Guest Workers and Immigrants
872(1)
The Environment and the Green Movements
872(2)
Western Culture Today
874(8)
Postmodern Thought
874(1)
Trends in Art, Literature, and Music
874(3)
Varieties of Religious Life
877(1)
The World of Science and Technology
877(2)
Popular Culture: Image and Globalization
879(3)
Toward a Global Civilization?
882(5)
Notes
884(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
885(2)
Glossary 887(8)
Pronunciation Guide 895(8)
Credits 903(12)
Index 915


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