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What kind of person should I strive to be? What ideals should I pursue in my life? These basic human questions and others like them are components of the overall question that guides this book: What is enlightenment? As Dale Wright argues, any serious practitioner of human life, religious or not, confronts the challenge of living an authentic life, of overcoming common human disabilities like greed, hatred, and delusion that give rise to excessive suffering. Why then, Wright asks, is this essential question often avoided, even discouraged among Buddhists?
One reason frequently cited by Buddhists is that pondering a distant goal might be a waste of energy that would be better applied to practice: Quiet the flow of obsessive thinking, put yourself in a mindful state of presence, and let enlightenment take care of itself. In this book, however, Wright contends that pondering this question is meditative practice--that attentive inquiry of this kind is essential as the starting point and guide for any mindful practice of life. Meditative reflection on the meaning of enlightenment focuses us on our aim and direction in life. It guides us in shaping our practices, our ideals, and the kinds of lives we will live. Asking what enlightenment is as a basic form of meditation helps to activate our lives and get transformative practice underway. From Wright's perspective, there is no more important question to ask than this one.
What is Buddhist Enlightenment? offers a wide-ranging exploration of issues that have a bearing on the contemporary meaning of enlightenment, including a concluding section with 10 theses that answer the title's question. Written by a leading scholar of Buddhism, the book balances deep learning and an accessible style, offering valuable insights for students, scholars, and practitioners alike. While he takes an examination of what enlightenment has been in past Buddhist traditions as his point of departure, Wright's historical considerations yield to the question that our lives press upon us--what kinds of lives should we aspire to live here, now, and into the future?
Dale S. Wright is the Gamble Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies and Professor of Asian Studies at Occidental College in Los Angeles. He writes and teaches courses in Buddhist Studies, the Philosophy of Religion, and Contemporary Religious Thought. Wright is the author of books, articles, and reviews, including Philosophical Meditations on Zen Buddhism and The Six Perfections: Buddhism and the Cultivation of Character and the co-editor of a series of five books on Zen Buddhist history for Oxford University Press.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Why Ask What Enlightenment Is?
I. Contemporary Images of Enlightenment 1) The Bodhisattva's Practice of Enlightenment 2) The Awakening of Character as an Image of Contemporary Enlightenment 3) Secular Buddhism and the Religious Dimension of Enlightenment
II. The Moral Dimension of Enlightenment 4) Enlightenment and the Experience of Karma 5) Enlightenment and the Moral Dimension of Zen Training 6) Enlightenment and the Persistence of Human Fallibility 7) The Thought of Enlightenment and the Dilemma of Human Achievement
III. Language and the Experience of Enlightenment 8) Language in Zen Enlightenment 9) Enlightenment and the Practice of Meditative Reading 10) From the Thought of Enlightenment to the Event of Awakening
Conclusion: Ten Theses on Contemporary Enlightenment Acknowledgments Bibliography