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Working with Words : A Handbook for Media Writers and Editors

by ; ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9781457604935

ISBN10:
1457604930
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/7/2012
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 8th edition with a publication date of 12/7/2012.
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Summary

No matter what the medium, from print to broadcast to digital, Working with Words presents the best writing advice for journalists. It is designed to help students gain the grammatical and stylistic skills they need and then serve as a reference throughout their careers. Written by working journalists, with parts devoted to grammar and mechanics as well as journalistic style and writing for different media, it offers coverage the Associated Press Stylebook does not — and it’s affordably priced at 30-50% less than competing texts. The new edition contains tools that make it even easier to navigate, tackles the unique issues inherent to writing for online media, and offers improved grammar and writing instruction.

Author Biography

Brian S. Brooks is associate dean for undergraduate studies and administration at the University of Missouri School of Journalism. In addition to coauthoring News Reporting and Writing for Bedford/St. Martin’s, he is coauthor of Telling the Story, Third Edition (2007), Working with Words, Sixth Edition (2006), and The Art of Editing (2009).

James L. Pinson has taught journalism for about twenty-five years at the Missouri School of Journalism and at Eastern Michigan University,and has addressed various press groups on the subjects of grammar and other editing skills. He has also worked for newspapers in Colorado, Missouri, and Michigan, and has a doctorate in journalism and a master's in creative writing.

Jean Gaddy Wilson leads executives worldwide in creating successful strategies for the future. While on the Missouri School of Journalism faculty, she founded three national journalism organizations: New Directions for News, Journalism and Women's Symposium, and the National Women and Media Collection. She was a founding member of the Council of Presidents, an organization of the leading editorial organizations in newspapers, and of the International Women's Media Foundation. She has served as a Pulitzer Prize Nominating Juror for Journalism and currently serves as a consultant to international organizations.

Table of Contents

Preface

Brief Contents

Introduction for Students

 

[Part One] Grammar and Usage

Chapter 1: Grammar Basics

Using Standard English

     Why Don't We Write How We Talk?

     Conventional Wisdom

     Competing Grammars and Stylebooks

     Grammar and Confidence

     Communicating Well

Talking Shop

Key Principles Of Grammar

Web Resources: Grammar Help

Chapter 2: Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences

Phrases

     Phrases as Subjects, Objects and Predicate Nominatives

     Phrases as Verbs

     Phrases as Modifiers

     Phrases as Connecting Words

Clauses

     Independent Clauses

     Dependent Clauses

Restrictive Versus Nonrestrictive

Journalism Tip: Punctuating Nonrestrictive Phrases and Clauses

Sentences

Journalism Tip: Using Different Types of Sentences

Sentence Errors

     Fragments

     Fused Sentences

     Comma-Splice Sentences

     Run-On Sentences

Chapter 3: Subjects and Objects

Kinds of Subjects

Kinds of Objects

Common Nouns Versus Proper Nouns

Journalism Tip: Using Trademarks

The Forms Nouns Take

     Forming Singulars and Plurals Of Nouns

     Forming Possessives of Nouns

Pronoun Person, Number and Gender

Pronoun Cases

     Nominative Case With Pronouns

Journalism Tip: Predicate Nominatives in Formal Writing Versus Broadcast

     Objective Case With Pronouns

     Possessive Case With Pronouns

Relative Pronouns

     Whose Versus Who's

Pronouns Ending In Self or Selves

Verbal Nouns: Gerunds and Infinitives

Chapter 4: Verbs

Helping Verbs Versus Main Verbs

Transitive Verbs Versus Intransitive Verbs

Tenses

     Using the Simple Tenses

     Using the Perfect Tenses

     Using the Progressive Tenses

     Shall Versus Will

     Regular Verbs Versus Irregular Verbs

Sequence of Tenses

     Past Tenses

     Present Tenses

Journalism Tip: Journalism and Sequence Of Tenses

     Future Tenses

Keeping Verb Tenses Consistent

Active Voice Versus Passive Voice

Journalism Tip: When Not To Change Passive Voice to Active

Mood

     Indicative Mood

     Imperative Mood

     Conditional Mood

     Subjunctive Mood

Journalism Tip: Verb Moods

Nouns Used As Verbs

Verbals

     Gerunds

     Participles

     Infinitives

Chapter 5: Making the Parts Agree

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

Conjunctions

Collective and Uncountable Nouns

Journalism Tip: Groups of People in the News

Names of Teams and Musical Groups

Other Confusing Nouns

Indefinite Pronouns

Intervening Nouns and Pronouns

Prepositional Phrases

Subject and Predicate Nominative Disagreement

Inverted Order

MAKING PRONOUNS AND ANTECEDENTS AGREE

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Clear Pronoun Reference

MAKING SENTENCES PARALLEL

Make Items in A Series Parallel

Make Verbs Parallel

Chapter 6: Modifiers and Connecting Words

MODIFIERS

Forms of Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives Versus Adverbs

Coordinate Adjectives Versus Compound Modifiers

Journalism Tip: Compound Modifiers Without Hyphens

Articles

Sentence Adverbs

Participles

Double Negatives

Interjections

CONNECTING WORDS

Prepositions

Conjunctions

     Coordinating Conjunctions

     Correlative Conjunctions

     Subordinating Conjunctions

Conjunctive Adverbs

Chapter 7: Getting Words in the Right Order

Misplaced Modifiers

Adverb Placement

Less Confusing Jumbled Word Orders

Chapter 8: Usage: Finding the Right Word

Journalism Tip: Conservative Stylebook Rules

Misused and Confused Words and Phrases

 

[Part Two]: Mechanics

Chapter 9: Punctuation

Commas

     Always Use a Comma

     Never Use a Comma

     Possibly Use a Comma

Quotation Marks and Other Problems of Quoting

     What to Quote

     Attribution of Quotations

     Paraphrases

     Quotations Across Paragraphs

     Other Issues With Quotes

Semicolons

Colons

Dashes

Parentheses

Hyphens

Apostrophes

Slashes

Periods, Exclamation Points and Question Marks

Chapter 10: Spelling Relief

Spelling Rules

     Prefixes

     Suffixes

Journalism Tip: Spelling and Your Career

     The Silent E

     Other Spelling Rules

Words Often Misspelled

Hyphenation as a Spelling Problem

     Looking Up Words for Hyphenation

     One Word, Two Words, or Hyphenated?

American Versus British Spelling

Web Resources: Spelling

 

[Part Three] Style

Chapter 11: Writing as a Journalist

Keys to Good Journalistic Writing

Clarity

     A Clarity Checklist

     Writing Levels

     Unanswered Questions

     Specifics

     Math and Clarity

Correctness

     Objectivity

     Rules of Objective Writing

Web Resources: Writing Help

Chapter 12: Conciseness

Tightening

     Use Fewer Words

     Use Simpler Words

     Use Exact Words

     Be Fresh, Not Stale

What to Tighten, A to Z

Web Resources: Concise Writing

Chapter 13: Sexism, Racism, and Other "Isms"

Don

Language Turns To the Future

New Players in the New Millennium

A Brief History of "Isms"

Future Realities: More Language Transformation Coming

Dealing With Current Reality

     Sexism

     Racism

     Ageism

     Other Stereotyping

The Nonbias Rule

Symbolic Annihilation

Dumping Today

Web Resources: Competent Language

 

[Part Four] Writing Methods for Different Media

Chapter 14: Writing News That

News Leads

Pick the Best Angle

Hard-News Leads

     Who Was Involved?

     What Happened?

     When Did It Happen?

     Where Did It Happen?

Problems With Hard-News Leads

Soft-News Leads

Soft-News Cliches

What Comes After The Lead?

Web Resources: Journalism Reviews

Chapter 15: Writing News for Broadcast

Print Versus Broadcast News

     Use a Conventional Style

     Personalize the News

     Make It Easy To Understand

    Keep It Short

     Keep It Timely

     Make It Clear

Broadcasters Must Know Grammar

Broadcast Hard-News Leads

     Start With the Who

     What Happened?

     Other Points to Remember

Broadcast Story Structure

Broadcast Style Summary

     Preparing Your Manuscript for Radio

    Preparing Your Manuscript for Television

     Editing and Other Symbols

     Pronunciation

     Abbreviations

     Numbers

     Punctuation

     Names

     Spelling

Web Resources: Broadcasting

Chapter 16: Writing and Editing for the Web

Online Media Are Unique

     Correctness (Or Credibility)

     Conciseness

     Consistency

     Completeness

     The Fifth C

Writing and Presenting News Online

     Writing With Search Engines In Mind

     Legal and Ethical Concerns

     Corrections

     Hyperlinks to External Sites

     Tomorrow's Readers

Web Resources: Online Media

 

Appendix: Wire-Service Style Summary

Abbreviations and Acronyms

     Punctuation

     Symbols

     Dates

     People and Titles

     Organizations

     Places

     Miscellaneous

Capitalization

     Proper Nouns

     Geographic Regions

     Government And College Terms

     Religious Terms

     Titles

     Miscellaneous

Numbers

     Cardinal Numbers

     Numerals With Suffixes

     Numbers as Words

     Other Rules for Numbers

Web Resources: Associated Press Style

 

Bibliography

Index

Web Resources: Additional Sources



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