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No matter what the medium, from print to broadcast to digital, Working with Words presents the best writing advice for journalists. It is designed to help students gain the grammatical and stylistic skills they need and then serve as a reference throughout their careers. Written by working journalists, with parts devoted to grammar and mechanics as well as journalistic style and writing for different media, it offers coverage the Associated Press Stylebook does not — and it’s affordably priced at 30-50% less than competing texts. The new edition contains tools that make it even easier to navigate, tackles the unique issues inherent to writing for online media, and offers improved grammar and writing instruction.
James L. Pinson has taught journalism for about twenty-five years at the Missouri School of Journalism and at Eastern Michigan University,and has addressed various press groups on the subjects of grammar and other editing skills. He has also worked for newspapers in Colorado, Missouri, and Michigan, and has a doctorate in journalism and a master's in creative writing.
Jean Gaddy Wilson leads executives worldwide in creating successful strategies for the future. While on the Missouri School of Journalism faculty, she founded three national journalism organizations: New Directions for News, Journalism and Women's Symposium, and the National Women and Media Collection. She was a founding member of the Council of Presidents, an organization of the leading editorial organizations in newspapers, and of the International Women's Media Foundation. She has served as a Pulitzer Prize Nominating Juror for Journalism and currently serves as a consultant to international organizations.
Table of Contents
Introduction for Students
[Part One] Grammar and Usage Chapter 1: Grammar Basics Using Standard English Why Don't We Write How We Talk? Conventional Wisdom Competing Grammars and Stylebooks Grammar and Confidence Communicating Well Talking Shop Key Principles Of Grammar Web Resources: Grammar Help Chapter 2: Phrases, Clauses, and Sentences Phrases Phrases as Subjects, Objects and Predicate Nominatives Phrases as Verbs Phrases as Modifiers Phrases as Connecting Words Clauses Independent Clauses Dependent Clauses Restrictive Versus Nonrestrictive Journalism Tip: Punctuating Nonrestrictive Phrases and Clauses Sentences Journalism Tip: Using Different Types of Sentences Sentence Errors Fragments Fused Sentences Comma-Splice Sentences Run-On Sentences Chapter 3: Subjects and Objects Kinds of Subjects Kinds of Objects Common Nouns Versus Proper Nouns Journalism Tip: Using Trademarks The Forms Nouns Take Forming Singulars and Plurals Of Nouns Forming Possessives of Nouns Pronoun Person, Number and Gender Pronoun Cases Nominative Case With Pronouns Journalism Tip: Predicate Nominatives in Formal Writing Versus Broadcast Objective Case With Pronouns Possessive Case With Pronouns Relative Pronouns Whose Versus Who's Pronouns Ending In Self or Selves Verbal Nouns: Gerunds and Infinitives Chapter 4: Verbs Helping Verbs Versus Main Verbs Transitive Verbs Versus Intransitive Verbs Tenses Using the Simple Tenses Using the Perfect Tenses Using the Progressive Tenses Shall Versus Will Regular Verbs Versus Irregular Verbs Sequence of Tenses Past Tenses Present Tenses Journalism Tip: Journalism and Sequence Of Tenses Future Tenses Keeping Verb Tenses Consistent Active Voice Versus Passive Voice Journalism Tip: When Not To Change Passive Voice to Active Mood Indicative Mood Imperative Mood Conditional Mood Subjunctive Mood Journalism Tip: Verb Moods Nouns Used As Verbs Verbals Gerunds Participles Infinitives Chapter 5: Making the Parts Agree SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT Conjunctions Collective and Uncountable Nouns Journalism Tip: Groups of People in the News Names of Teams and Musical Groups Other Confusing Nouns Indefinite Pronouns Intervening Nouns and Pronouns Prepositional Phrases Subject and Predicate Nominative Disagreement Inverted Order MAKING PRONOUNS AND ANTECEDENTS AGREE Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Clear Pronoun Reference MAKING SENTENCES PARALLEL Make Items in A Series Parallel Make Verbs Parallel Chapter 6: Modifiers and Connecting Words MODIFIERS Forms of Adjectives and Adverbs Adjectives Versus Adverbs Coordinate Adjectives Versus Compound Modifiers Journalism Tip: Compound Modifiers Without Hyphens Articles Sentence Adverbs Participles Double Negatives Interjections CONNECTING WORDS Prepositions Conjunctions Coordinating Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions Subordinating Conjunctions Conjunctive Adverbs Chapter 7: Getting Words in the Right Order Misplaced Modifiers Adverb Placement Less Confusing Jumbled Word Orders Chapter 8: Usage: Finding the Right Word Journalism Tip: Conservative Stylebook Rules Misused and Confused Words and Phrases [Part Two]: Mechanics Chapter 9: Punctuation Commas Always Use a Comma Never Use a Comma Possibly Use a Comma Quotation Marks and Other Problems of Quoting What to Quote Attribution of Quotations Paraphrases Quotations Across Paragraphs Other Issues With Quotes Semicolons Colons Dashes Parentheses Hyphens Apostrophes Slashes Periods, Exclamation Points and Question Marks Chapter 10: Spelling Relief Spelling Rules Prefixes Suffixes Journalism Tip: Spelling and Your Career The Silent E Other Spelling Rules Words Often Misspelled Hyphenation as a Spelling Problem Looking Up Words for Hyphenation One Word, Two Words, or Hyphenated? American Versus British Spelling Web Resources: Spelling [Part Three] Style Chapter 11: Writing as a Journalist Keys to Good Journalistic Writing Clarity A Clarity Checklist Writing Levels Unanswered Questions Specifics Math and Clarity Correctness Objectivity Rules of Objective Writing Web Resources: Writing Help Chapter 12: Conciseness Tightening Use Fewer Words Use Simpler Words Use Exact Words Be Fresh, Not Stale What to Tighten, A to Z Web Resources: Concise Writing Chapter 13: Sexism, Racism, and Other "Isms" Don Language Turns To the Future New Players in the New Millennium A Brief History of "Isms" Future Realities: More Language Transformation Coming Dealing With Current Reality Sexism Racism Ageism Other Stereotyping The Nonbias Rule Symbolic Annihilation Dumping Today Web Resources: Competent Language [Part Four] Writing Methods for Different Media Chapter 14: Writing News That News Leads Pick the Best Angle Hard-News Leads Who Was Involved? What Happened? When Did It Happen? Where Did It Happen? Problems With Hard-News Leads Soft-News Leads Soft-News Cliches What Comes After The Lead? Web Resources: Journalism Reviews Chapter 15: Writing News for Broadcast Print Versus Broadcast News Use a Conventional Style Personalize the News Make It Easy To Understand Keep It Short Keep It Timely Make It Clear Broadcasters Must Know Grammar Broadcast Hard-News Leads Start With the Who What Happened? Other Points to Remember Broadcast Story Structure Broadcast Style Summary Preparing Your Manuscript for Radio Preparing Your Manuscript for Television Editing and Other Symbols Pronunciation Abbreviations Numbers Punctuation Names Spelling Web Resources: Broadcasting Chapter 16: Writing and Editing for the Web Online Media Are Unique Correctness (Or Credibility) Conciseness Consistency Completeness The Fifth C Writing and Presenting News Online Writing With Search Engines In Mind Legal and Ethical Concerns Corrections Hyperlinks to External Sites Tomorrow's Readers Web Resources: Online Media Appendix: Wire-Service Style Summary Abbreviations and Acronyms Punctuation Symbols Dates People and Titles Organizations Places Miscellaneous Capitalization Proper Nouns Geographic Regions Government And College Terms Religious Terms Titles Miscellaneous Numbers Cardinal Numbers Numerals With Suffixes Numbers as Words
Other Rules for Numbers
Web Resources: Associated Press StyleBibliography Index
Web Resources: Additional Sources