The expert advice students need is just one click away with the new e-book forA Writer's Reference, Sixth Edition. Cross-references between the companion site's Writing, Grammar, and Research exercises and relevant e-book content help students learn how to work with their handbook to improve their writing. Interactive "Citation at a glance" boxes provide a dynamic guide to citing sources. The new e-book allows students to bookmark the sections they use most often, add their own examples and notes, and print any material they might need when not online. Instructors can add their own content to the e-book, including documents and images, to share with their students. "MLA Papers" is available for preview. Please note that any changes, including bookmarks and notes, will not be saved in this preview version. To request instructor access, click on the link below: http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/Login/login/loginbcs.aspx?isbn=0312472307
DIANA HACKER's handbooks, used at almost half of the colleges and universities in the country, are the most widely adopted in America. A member of the English faculty at Prince George's Community College in Maryland for almost 35 years, Diana Hacker personally class-tested her handbooks with nearly four thousand students. Diana Hacker's other handbooks, all published by Bedford/St. Martin's, include The Bedford Handbook (2006); Rules for Writers (2004); andA Pocket Style Manual (2004).
ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTING AUTHORS NANCY SOMMERS, Sosland Director of Expository Writing at Harvard University, has also taught composition at Rutgers University and at Monmouth College and has directed the writing program at the University of Oklahoma. A two-time Braddock Award winner, Sommers is well-known for her research and publications on student writing. Her articles "Revision Strategies of Student and Experienced Writers" and "Responding to Student Writing" are two of the most widely read in the field. Her recent work involves a longitudinal study of undergraduate writing. Nancy Sommers is coauthor of Fields of Reading (2007) and tudent Writers at Work: The Bedford Prizes, both published by Bedford/St. Martin's.
TOM JEHN teaches composition and directs the writing across the disciplines program at Harvard University. A recipient of numerous teaching awards both at Harvard and at the University of Virginia, he also leads professional development seminars on writing instruction for public high school teachers through the Calderwood Writing Fellows Project.
JANE ROSENZWEIG, a published author of fiction and non-fiction, teaches composition and directs the writing center at Harvard University. She has also taught writing at Yale University and the University of Iowa.
MARCY CARBAJAL VAN HORN, assistant professor of English and ESL at Santa Fe Community College (FL), teaches composition to native and nonnative speakers of English and teaches the Advanced ESL Writing course. She has also taught university-level academic writing and critical thinking at Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores in Mexico. EDITORIAL ADVISERS:Of the more than 500 experienced composition instructors who reviewed the new edition, a core group served as an editorial advisory board — carefully reviewing all new material in depth, making sure the book would work as well for their students as it always had. Joanne ADDISON University of Colorado, DenverDerick BURLESON University of Alaska, FairbanksPaige BYAM Northern Kentucky UniversityElizabeth CANFIELD Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichard CARR University of Alaska, FairbanksMichele CHEUNG University of Southern MaineJon CULLICK Northern Kentucky UniversityDavid ENDICOTT Tacoma Community CollegeLin FRASER Sacramento City CollegeHank GALMISH Green River Community CollegeNancy GISH University of Southern MaineJacqueline GRAY St. Charles Community CollegeBarclay GREEN Northern Kentucky UniversityKaren GROSSWEINER University of Alaska, FairbanksD. J. HENRY Daytona Beach Community CollegeKandace KNUDSON Sacramento City CollegeTonya KROUSE Northern Kentucky UniversityTamara KUZMENKOV Tacoma Community CollegeCheryl LAZ University of Southern MaineLydia Lynn LEWELLEN Tacoma Community CollegeJeanette LONIA Delaware Technical and Community CollegeWalter LOWE Green River Community CollegeMichael MACKEY Community College of DenverTammy MATA Tarrant County Community CollegeHolly MCSPADDEN Missouri Southern State UniversityLiora MORIEL University of Maryland, College ParkPatricia MURPHY Missouri Southern State UniversityMelissa NICOLAS University of Louisiana, LafayetteDiane Allen O’HERON Broome Community CollegeSarah QUIRK Waubonsee Community CollegeAnn SMITH Modesto Junior CollegeSteve THOMAS Community College of DenverNick TINGLE University of California, Santa BarbaraTerry Myers ZAWACKI George Mason University
Table of Contents
C Composing and revising C1 Planning C2 Drafting C3 Revising C4 Writing paragraphs C5 Designing documents
*A Academic writing *A1 Writing about texts A2 Constructing arguments A3 Evaluating arguments *A4 Writing in the disciplines
S Sentence style S1 Parallelism S2 Needed words S3 Problems with modifiers S4 Shifts S5 Mixed constructions S6 Sentence emphasis S7 Sentence variety
W Word choice W1 Glossary of usage W2 Wordy sentences W3 Active verbs W4 Appropriate language W5 Exact language W6 The dictionary and thesaurus
G Grammatical sentences G1 Subject-verb agreement G2 Other problems with verbs G3 Problems with pronouns G4 Adjectives and adverbs G5 Sentence fragments G6 Run-on sentences
E ESL Challenges E1 Verbs E2 Sentence structure E3 Articles and types of nouns *E4 Using adjectives *E5 Prepositions and idiomatic expressions
P Punctuation P1 The comma P2 Unnecessary commas P3 The semicolon P4 The colon P5 The apostrophe P6 Quotation marks P7 Other marks
M Mechanics M1 Spelling M2 The hyphen M3 Capitalization M4 Abbreviations M5 Numbers M6 Italics (Underlining)
R Researching R1 Conducting Research R2 Evaluating sources R3 Managing information; avoiding plagiarism R4 Choosing a style of documentation
MLA papers MLA-1 Supporting a thesis MLA-2 Avoiding plagiarism MLA-3 Integrating sources MLA-4 Documenting sources MLA-5 Manuscript format *STUDENT ESSAY