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Practical and easy to use, Writing in the Biological Sciences: A Comprehensive Resource for Scientific Communication, Second Edition, presents students with all of the techniques and information they need to communicate their scientific ideas, insights, and discoveries. Angelika H. Hofmann introduces students to the underlying principles and guidelines of professional scientific writing and then teaches them how to apply these methods when composing essential forms of scientific writing and communication.
Ideal as a free-standing textbook for courses on writing in the biological sciences--or as an accompanying text or reference guide in courses and laboratories with writing-intensive components--this indispensable handbook gives students the tools they need to succeed in their undergraduate science careers and beyond.
* A practical organization first introduces the basics of scientific writing style and composition and then applies those principles to a wide range of forms of scientific communication
Comprehensive coverage of all the main types of scientific communication provides undergraduate students with the tools they need in order to master lab reports, research papers, term papers, review articles, essay questions, proposals, oral presentations, posters, job and graduate school applications, and more
* Rich pedagogical features give students hands-on advice throughout:
Relevant examples drawn from real research papers, lab reports, term papers, essays, and other sources
Writing guidelines and checklists for revisions
Annotated text passages and sets of sample wording
Extensive exercise sets with answers
"Top 20 Tips" quick-reference guides for Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint
* A Companion Website contains instructor's lecture slides and all images from the text in PowerPoint format
Angelika H. Hofmann is Instructor of Scientific Writing at Yale University. She holds a Ph.D. in molecular biology and biochemistry. Renowned in the field of scientific writing, she also heads "SciWri Services," a venture that has provided workshops and editing and consulting services for scholars and scientists around the world for over two decades.
Table of Contents
Foreword Preface PART I. SCIENTIFIC WRITING BASICS Chapter 1. Science and Scientific Communication 1.1 The Scientific Method 1.2 Readers and Writers 1.3 Scientific Writing versus Composition Writing 1.4 Necessary Technical Skills Summary Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Scientific Writing, Part I--Style 2.1 Individual Words and Word Location 2.2 Sentences and Technical Style Summary of Basic Writing Rules, Part I--Style Problems Chapter 3. Fundamentals of Scientific Writing, Part II--Composition 3.1 Paragraph Flow 3.2 Paragraph Construction and Organization 3.3 Condensing Summary of Basic Writing Rules, Part II--Compositions Problems PART II. WORKING WITH REFERENCES AND DATA Chapter 4. Literature Sources 4.1 Searching the Literature 4.2 Source Material 4.3 Citing References 4.4 Common References 4.5 Managing Sources 4.6 Plagiarism and Taking Notes Summary Problems Chapter 5. Basics of Statistical Analysis 5.1 General Guidelines 5.2 Basic Statistical Terminology 5.3 Distribution Curves 5.4 Statistical Analysis of Data 5.5 Reporting Statistics 5.6 Graphical Representation 5.7 Useful Resources for Statistical Analysis 5.8 Checklist Summary Problems Chapter 6. Data, Figures, and Tables 6.1 General Guidelines 6.2 From Data to Results 6.3 Figures, Their Legends, and Their Titles 6.4 Tables and Their Titles 6.5 Software Resources for Figures and Tables 6.6 Checklist Summary Problems PART III. INTRODUCTORY WRITING Chapter 7. Laboratory Reports and Research Papers 7.1 General Purpose 7.2 The Big Picture 7.3 Before You Get Started 7.4 Components and Format 7.5 Title and Title Page 7.6 Abstract 7.7 Introduction 7.8 Materials and Methods 7.9 Results 7.10 Discussion 7.11 References 7.12 Acknowledgments 7.13 Checklist Summary Problems Chapter 8. Revising and Editing 8.1 General Advice 8.2 Revising the First Draft 8.3 Revising Subsequent Drafts 8.4 Checklist for Revising 8.5 Editing Someone Else's Manuscript 8.6 Checklist for Editing Someone Else's Manuscript 8.7 Submission and the Review Process Summary Problems Chapter 9. Sample Reports 9.1 General Overview 9.2 Sample Weekly Lab Report 9.3 Sample Project Paper Chapter 10. Reading, Summarizing, and Critiquing a Scientific Research Article 10.1 Content of a Scientific Research Article 10.2 Reading a Research Paper 10.3 Writing a Summary of a Research Paper 10.4 Critiquing a Research Paper 10.5 Checklist Summary Problems Chapter 11. Term Papers and Review Articles 11.1 Purpose of Reviews 11.2 Deciding on the Topic 11.3 Format 11.4 Title 11.5 Abstract 11.6 Introduction 11.7 Main Analysis Section 11.8 Conclusion 11.9 References 11.10 Checklist Summary Problems Chapter 12. Answering Essay Questions 12.1 General Overview 12.2 Preparing for an Essay Exam 12.3 Answering an Essay Question 12.4 Time Management Tips 12.5 Checklist Summary PART IV. ADVANCED SCIENTIFIC DOCUMENTS AND PRESENTATIONS Chapter 13. Oral Presentations 13.1 Format of a Scientific Talk 13.2 Preparing for a Talk 13.3 Delivery of a Talk 13.4 Question and Answer Period 13.5 Useful Resources 13.6 Checklist Summary Problems Chapter 14. Posters 14.1 Components and Format of a Poster 14.2 Preparing a Poster 14.3 Presenting a Poster 14.4 Useful Resources 14.5 Complete Sample Poster 14.6 Checklist for a Poster Summary Problems Chapter 15. Research Proposals 15.1 General Overview 15.2 Components and Format 15.3 Abstract 15.4 Specific Aims 15.5 Background 15.6 Research Design 15.7 Impact and Significance 15.8 Additional Proposal Components 15.9 Checklist Summary Problems Chapter 16. Job Applications 16.1 Curricula Vitae (CVs) and Resumes 16.2 Cover Letters 16.3 Personal Statements 16.4 Letters of Recommendation 16.5 Checklist for a Job Application Summary Problems Appendix A: Commonly Confused and Misused Words Appendix B: MS Word Basics and Top 20 MS Word Tips Appendix C: Excel Basics and Top 20 Excel Tips Appendix D: PowerPoint Basics and Top 20 PowerPoint Tips Appendix E: MS Office Cheat Sheet Answers to Problems Glossary of English Grammar Terms Bibliography Credits Index