9780134545479

Writing Clear Essays

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780134545479

  • ISBN10:

    0134545478

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1995-08-29
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

This book offers a traditional basis for writing composition enhanced by contemporary concepts. It's a concise rhetoric that will guide readers through the organization and development of essays in each rhetorical mode. The three-part chapter organization combines the writing process, essay structure, and word choice. It also includes a new chapter on the research paper. Its structure is in a light, informal, and supportive tone.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
To the Student xi
To the Instructor xii
Prologue 1(410)
What Is an Essay?
2(2)
Getting Started
4(2)
Finding a Topic
4(2)
Establishing a Purpose
6(1)
Narrowing to a Specific Subject and Attitude
6(2)
Deciding on Your Audience
7(1)
Developing a Thesis Statement
8(2)
Writing the Essay
10(3)
Into the Essay
13(28)
Organization
13(9)
Expanding the Topic Sentence to the Introduction and Thesis Sentence
14(2)
Expanding Subtopic Sentences to Topic Sentences
16(1)
An Example of Expanding
17(1)
Developing the Introduction
18(1)
Developing the Body
19(1)
Developing the Conclusion
20(1)
Titles
21(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
22(9)
Transitions
22(5)
Application of Old Skills
27(1)
Organization as Transition
27(4)
Word Power
31(10)
Action Verbs
32(1)
Active versus Passive Voice
32(2)
Replacing Weak and Colorless Verbs
34(1)
Replacing Unnecessary To Be Verbs
35(1)
The Active Voice in Action
36(5)
Narrating
41(32)
Organization
41(17)
The Three-Part Structure for Narration
42(2)
Introductions
44(4)
The Body
48(4)
The Conclusion
52(3)
Chronological Order in Writing Other than Narrative
55(3)
Suggested Topics
58(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
59(6)
Coordination and Subordination
59(5)
Relative Pronouns
64(1)
Word Power
65(8)
The Choice Is Yours
65(1)
The Choice of Verbs
66(2)
A Choice of Specific Nouns and Modifiers
68(2)
Specific Modifiers
70(3)
Describing
73(29)
Description as a Help to Other Writing
74(4)
Organization
78(13)
Steps in Writing a Description
78(8)
Introduction
86(1)
Body
87(2)
Conclusion
89(2)
Suggested Topics
91(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
92(5)
Structural Errors
92(1)
Eliminating Deadwood and Redundancies
93(4)
Word Power
97(5)
Using Abstract Words or Concrete Words
98(4)
Explaining with Examples
102(32)
Organization
105(9)
What Makes Good Examples
105(2)
Introduction
107(1)
Body
107(1)
Conclusion
108(1)
The Ordering of Examples: Climactic Order
109(1)
Examples as a Help to Other Writing
110(4)
Suggested Topics
114(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
115(7)
Agreement
115(7)
Word Power
122(12)
Pronouns as Subjects and Objects
122(4)
Principal Parts of Verbs
126(1)
Tense
126(3)
Irregular Verbs
129(5)
Process
134(18)
The Two Kinds of Process
134(3)
The Traditional Method of Process
134(1)
The ``How-to'' How-to Essay
135(2)
Organization
137(3)
Process Samples
137(3)
Suggested Topics
140(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
140(3)
Preparing the Final Draft
140(1)
Revising
140(3)
Word Power
143(9)
Rewriting
144(4)
Editing
148(4)
Comparing and Contrasting
152(28)
On What Basis Are You Comparing and Contrasting?
153(1)
Organization
154(11)
Introduction
155(1)
Two Basic Methods of Organization
156(2)
Conclusion
158(1)
Writing the Comparison/Contrast Essay
159(6)
Suggested Topics
165(3)
Planning Sheet: Comparison/Contrast Paper
166(2)
Techniques of Clear Writing
168(4)
Comparisons Within the Sentence
168(4)
Word Power
172(8)
Metaphor: A Special Type of Comparison
172(2)
Mixed Metaphors
174(1)
Analogies and Metaphors
175(1)
Examples of Extended Analogy
175(5)
Dividing and Classifying
180(26)
Division and Classification
180(1)
Groupings Become Increasingly Narrowed and Specialized
181(4)
Organization
185(8)
Introduction
186(1)
Body
187(1)
Conclusion
187(6)
Suggested Topics
193(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
194(7)
Sentence Variety
194(7)
Word Power
201(5)
Idiom
201(1)
Cliches and Trite Expressions
202(4)
Combining Methods of Development
206(21)
Advantages of Combining Different Methods of Development
206(1)
Organization
207(5)
Introduction and Thesis Statement
207(1)
Body
208(1)
Conclusion
209(3)
Suggested Topics
212(2)
Techniques of Clear Writing
214(4)
Parallel Wording
214(4)
Word Power
218(9)
Good Diction: The Right Word in the Right Place
218(7)
Review of Rules Regarding Good Diction
225(2)
Defining
227(34)
The Need for Definition
227(10)
Methods of Definition
229(6)
Two Student Essays Developed by Differing Methods
235(2)
Organization
237(6)
Introduction
237(1)
Body
238(1)
Conclusion
239(4)
Suggested Topics
243(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
243(8)
Point of View
246(5)
Word Power
251(10)
The Dictionary
251(6)
Denotation and Connotation
257(4)
Cause and Effect
261(37)
Sufficient Cause/Contributing Cause
262(2)
Enough Information
264(1)
Narrowed Topic
264(1)
Analyzing Causes
264(2)
The Chain of Cause and Effect
266(1)
Organization
267(11)
Introduction
267(1)
Body
268(1)
Conclusion
268(4)
Tracing a Complex Cause and Effect Relationship
272(4)
Analogy
276(2)
Suggested Topics
278(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
279(8)
Clarity Through Emphasis
279(5)
Revising for Economy and Precision
284(3)
Word Power
287(11)
It Ain't Necessarily So!
287(2)
False Implications
289(1)
Confusing Words
289(1)
Words and Phrases Frequently Misused
290(8)
Argument and Persuasion
298(42)
What Is Argument? What Is Persuasion?
298(1)
The Prevalence of Argument and Persuasion
299(1)
Subjects to Avoid in Argument and Persuasion
299(1)
Logical Argument and Errors in Logic
299(5)
Emotional Argument and Ethical Violations
304(6)
Organization
310(19)
Introduction
311(1)
Body
312(2)
Verbal Signals of Argument
314(1)
Conclusion
315(2)
Formal Argument
317(1)
Inductive Reasoning
318(1)
Persuasive Strategies
319(2)
Deductive Reasoning
321(1)
The Chain of Reasoning
322(1)
Special Cautions
322(3)
Testing the Complete Argument
325(4)
Suggested Topics
329(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
329(7)
Sentence Combining for Brevity and Clarity
329(7)
Word Power
336(4)
Wording Your Argument
336(1)
Labeling
336(4)
Writing About Literature
340(36)
Reading Literature and Prewriting
340(1)
Elements of Fiction
341(9)
Analysis of ``I See You Never''
350(2)
Organization
352(9)
Choosing Your Topic
352(1)
Introduction
353(2)
Body
355(2)
Conclusion
357(1)
More Fiction
358(2)
Misunderstanding What Is Read
360(1)
Techniques of Clear Writing
361(6)
The Historical Present Tense
361(1)
Figurative Language
362(5)
Word Power
367(9)
Useful Terms for Literary Criticism
367(9)
Writing the Research Paper
376(19)
The Process
376(1)
The Steps: One at a Time
377(5)
Techniques for Writing a Research Paper
382(13)
Use of Others' Writing
383(1)
Discussion Activity: Paraphrasing
384(11)
The Essay Test
395(16)
How to Prepare for an Essay Test
395(2)
How to Take an Essay Test
397(3)
Five Wrong Ways to Answer an Essay Question
400(1)
...And How to Correct the Five Wrong Ways
400(11)
List of Exercises 411(2)
Index 413

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