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The Bedford Reader

by ;
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780312433178

ISBN10:
0312433174
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/18/2005
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 9th edition with a publication date of 5/18/2005.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Table of Contents

PREFACE FOR INSTRUCTORS vii
THEMATIC CONTENTS xxix
INTRODUCTION 1(6)
WHY READ? WHY WRITE? WHY NOT PHONE?
1(1)
USING THE BEDFORD READER
2(71)
The Selections
The Organization
The Journal Prompts, Questions, Writing Topics, and Glossary
Writers on Writing
PART ONE READING, WRITING, AND RESEARCH 7(66)
1 READING CRITICALLY
9(22)
READING AN ESSAY
10(3)
The Preliminaries
The First Reading
NANCY MAIRS
Disability
13(1)
A writer with multiple sclerosis thinks she knows why the media carry so few images of disabled people like herself: Viewers might conclude, correctly, that "there is something ordinary about disability itself."
Writing While Reading
Summarizing
Thinking Critically
Analyzing "Disability"
THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT VISUAL IMAGES
26(5)
The Big Picture
Analysis
Visual Image: Trust, advertisement for St. Paul insurance
Inference
Synthesis
Evaluation
2 WRITING EFFECTIVELY
31(18)
THE WRITING SITUATION
31(3)
Subject
Audience and Purpose
THE WRITING PROCESS
34(6)
Discovery Drafting
The Thesis and the Thesis Statement
Revision Collaboration
AN ESSAY-IN-PROGRESS
40(6)
Reading and Drafting
Revising Editing
Final Draft
DOUG ROBERTS
Disability in the Media
46(1)
Responding to Nancy Mairs's "Disability," a student cites three current television programs to show positive changes in how the media portray people with disabilities.
3 USING AND DOCUMENTING SOURCES
49(26)
CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT SOURCES
49(3)
Relevance and Reliability
Online Sources
INTEGRATING SOURCE MATERIAL
52(3)
Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
Introduction of Source Material
PLAGIARISM
55(1)
Plagiarism and the Internet
Common Knowledge
SOURCE CITATION USING MLA STYLE
56(12)
MLA Parenthetical Citations
MLA List of Works Cited
SAMPLE RESEARCH PAPER
68(1)
MARIE JAVDANI
Plata o Plomo: Silver or Lead
68(1)
Integrating information from varied sources, a student takes a global view of the US war on drugs.
PART TWO THE METHODS 73(520)
4 NARRATION: Telling a Story
75(60)
Visual Image: How Joe's Body Brought Him Fame Instead of Shame, advertisement for Charles Atlas
THE METHOD
76(1)
THE PROCESS
77(7)
Focus on Verbs
83(1)
Checklist for Revising a Narrative
84(1)
NARRATION IN PARAGRAPHS
84(2)
NARRATION IN PRACTICE: Reporting a car accident
86(2)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: DIFFERENCE
MAYA ANGELOU
Champion of the World
88(1)
She didn't dare ring up a sale while the epic battle was on. A noted African American writer remembers from her early childhood the night when a people's fate hung on a pair of boxing gloves.
Maya Angelou on Writing
92(2)
AMY TAN
Fish Cheeks
94(1)
The writer remembers her teenaged angst when the minister and his cute blond son attended her family's Christmas Eve dinner, an elaborate Chinese feast.
Amy Tan on Writing
97(2)
ANNIE DILLARD
The Chase
99(1)
Playing football, throwing snowballs, and being chased: For this writer as a child, nothing could equal the thrill of hurling herself into the game.
Annie Dillard on Writing
104(1)
SHERMAN ALEXIE
Indian Education
105(1)
Year by year, this Native American writer recounts his struggle against prejudice in school.
Sherman Alexie on Writing
112(2)
JESSICA COHEN
Grade A: The Market for a Yale Woman's Eggs
114(1)
This student could make good money as an egg donor, but the process makes her uneasy. Is it right for parents to comparison shop for the perfect child?
Jessica Cohen on Writing
121(1)
SHIRLEY JACKSON
The Lottery
122(1)
Tension builds imperceptibly in this classic short story as folks gather for their town's annual lottery. "It isn't fair, it isn't right," exclaims the winner.
Shirley Jackson on Writing
131(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
133(2)
5 DESCRIPTION: Writing with Your Senses
135(52)
Visual Image: Doug and Mizan's House, East River, 1993, photograph by Margaret Morton
THE METHOD
136(1)
THE PROCESS
137(4)
Focus on Specific and Concrete Language
140(1)
Checklist for Revising a Description
141(1)
DESCRIPTION IN PARAGRAPHS
141(2)
DESCRIPTION IN PRACTICE: Advertising an apartment for sublet
143(1)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: FATHERS
BRAD MANNING
Arm Wrestling with My Father
144(1)
In the time it takes for a strong arm to fall, a student discovers that becoming an adult has changed the way he feels about his father and their physical competition.
Brad Manning on Writing
150(2)
SARAH VOWELL
Shooting Dad
152(1)
"All he ever cared about were guns. All I ever cared about was art." Despite their essential difference, the writer discovers a strong resemblance between her father and herself.
Sarah Vowell on Writing
160(2)
JUDITH ORTIZ COFER
Silent Dancing
162(1)
Punctuated with descriptions of home movies and bits of dreams, this well-known essay re-creates the writer's childhood in an immigrant family.
Judith Ortiz Cofer on Writing
171(2)
ETHAN CANIN
Fly-Fishing for Doctors
173(1)
During an operation, an ant peers around a surgeon's mask and thrills a medical student yearning for the outdoors.
Ethan Canin on Writing
177(1)
JOYCE CAROL OATES
Edward Hopper Nighthawks, 1942
178(1)
This poem animates the people in Edward Hopper's famous painting Nighthawks, imagining from what can be seen what might be occurring.
Visual Image: Nighthawks, painting by Edward Hopper
Joyce Carol Oates on Writing
183(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
185(2)
6 EXAMPLE: Pointing to Instances
187(42)
Visual Image: Cellular Phones of the Future, cartoon by Barry Blitt
THE METHOD
188(1)
THE PROCESS
189(3)
Focus on Sentence Variety
191(1)
Checklist for Revising an Example Essay
191(1)
EXAMPLES IN PARAGRAPHS
192(1)
EXAMPLES IN PRACTICE: Writing a cover letter for a job application
193(2)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: HOMELESSNESS
BARBARA LAZEAR ASCHER
On Compassion
195(1)
Where do we find the compassion to help the desperate, the homeless? It's "not a character trait like a sunny disposition," says this essayist. "It must be learned, and it is learned by having adversity at our windows."
Barbara Lazear Ascher on Writing
199(1)
ANNA QUINDLEN
Homeless
200(1)
A journalist who confesses an aversion for "looking at the big picture, taking the global view" insists on seeing homelessness as an individual crisis.
Anna Quindlen on Writing
203(2)
BRENT STAPLES
Black Men and Public Space
205(1)
In near-deserted streets at night, an African American writer finds to his surprise that women flee from him. Relating case histories, he tells what he has discovered about "public space."
Brent Staples on Writing
209(3)
CHET RAYMO
A Measure of Restraint
212(1)
Before their dangers were understood, radioactive chemicals enticed with their blue glow and then killed. A science writer contemplates whether genetic engineering, attractive as it is, could also be perilous.
Chet Raymo on Writing
218(1)
SCOTT RUSSELL SANDERS
Signs
219(1)
The billboards outside the author's hometown speak for corporations, but in the city's alleys the graffiti speaks volumes about the hopes and fears of individuals.
Scott Russell Sanders on Writing
225(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
227(2)
7 COMPARISON AND CONTRAST: Setting Things Side by Side
229(56)
Visual Images: American Gothic, painting by Grant Wood; Rural Rehabilitation Client, photograph by Ben Shahn
THE METHOD
230(1)
THE PROCESS
231(5)
Focus on Paragraph Coherence
234(1)
Checklist for Revising a Comparison and Contrast
235(1)
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST IN PARAGRAPHS
236(1)
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST IN PRACTICE: Creating a campaign poster
237(2)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: PERSONALITIES
SUZANNE BRITT
Neat People vs. Sloppy People
239(1)
"Neat people are lazier and meaner than sloppy people," asserts the writer. As she compares and contrasts, she takes up a cudgel and chooses sides.
Suzanne Britt on Writing
243(2)
DAVE BARRY
Batting Clean-Up and Striking Out
245(1)
An expert at comedic observation takes a humorous swing at the difference between the sexes. It hinges on the importance each sex gives to dirt and baseball.
Dave Barry on Writing
249(1)
DAVID SEDARIS
Remembering My Childhood on the Continent of Africa
250(1)
A popular essayist complains about his "unspeakably dull" childhood, when he might have grown up like his partner, Hugh, amid monkeys and machete-wielding guards.
David Sedaris on Writing
256(2)
BRUCE CATTON
Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts
258(1)
Face to face at Appomattox, Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee clearly personified their opposing traditions. But what the two Civil War generals had in common was more vital by far.
Bruce Catton on Writing
263(2)
FATEMA MERNISSI
Size 6: The Western Women's Harem
265(1)
Trying to buy a skirt in a US department store leads the author to compare the relative disadvantages of women in Western and Muslim countries. Who's worse off?
ALICE WALKER
Everyday Use
272(1)
In this short story, a mother weighs the interests of her two daughters, one who left home and one who didn't.
Alice Walker on Writing
281(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
283(2)
8 PROCESS ANALYSIS: Explaining Step by Step
285(50)
Visual Image: Workers Making Dolls, photograph by Wally McNamee
THE METHOD
286(1)
THE PROCESS
287(4)
Focus on Consistency
290(1)
Checklist for Revising a Process Analysis
291(1)
PROCESS ANALYSIS IN PARAGRAPHS
291(1)
PROCESS ANALYSIS IN PRACTICE: Explaining a fire-drill procedure
292(2)
LINNEA SAUKKO
How to Poison the Earth
294(1)
A prize-winning student writer sets forth the process by which we can pollute our planet. What moves her to provide such information?
Linnea Saukko on Writing
298(1)
BILL BRYSON
How You Became You
299(1)
Reaching way back in time, the author marvels at the "intricate and intriguingly obliging manner" in which a collection of elements assembled to form each one of us.
Bill Bryson on Writing
303(2)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: CUSTOMS
JESSICA MITFORD
Behind the Formaldehyde Curtain
305(1)
With sardonic wit, the writer, whom Time called "Queen of the Muckrakers," details the stages through which a sallow corpse becomes a masterwork of American mortuary art.
Jessica Mitford on Writing
315(1)
HORACE MINER
Body Ritual Among the Nacirema
316(1)
A social anthropologist describes a primitive tribe with clinical distance, but the more he says, the more familiar these people seem.
DANIEL OROZCO
Orientation
324(1)
You're a new employee in this short story, learning of the intricacies of the supply cabinet, the romances between coworkers, and the mysteries and dangers lurking within cubicles.
Daniel Orozco on Writing
330(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
332(3)
9 DIVISION OR ANALYSIS: Slicing into Parts
335(40)
Visual Image: Deconstructing Lunch, cartoon by Roz Chast
THE METHOD
336(2)
THE PROCESS
338(3)
Focus on the Thesis Statement
340(1)
Checklist for Revising a Division or Analysis
340(1)
DIVISION OR ANALYSIS IN PARAGRAPHS
341(1)
DIVISION OR ANALYSIS IN PRACTICE: Writing an application essay
342(2)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: WOMEN AND MEN
JUDY BRADY
I Want a Wife
344(1)
In this feminist view of marriage, the work of a wife is divided into its roles and functions. What a wonderful boon a wife is! Shouldn't every woman have one of her own?
ARMIN A. BROTT
Not All Men Are Sly Foxes
348(1)
Reading bedtime stories to his daughter, a writer discovers that fictional fathers remain stuck in the old negative molds: sloppy, unnurturing, neglectful.
EMILY PRAGER
Our Barbies, Ourselves
353(1)
A missile designer helped create the hard, highly molded Barbie doll. What are the implications for the millions of girls who grow up with this sexy toy?
Emily Prager on Writing
357(2)
LAILA AYAD
The Capricious Camera
359(1)
The ambiguities of a World War II photograph prompt this student to explore a byway of the German Nazis' efforts at racial purification.
Visual Image: Mounted Nazi Troops on the Lookout for Likely Polish Children, photograph
JAMAICA KINCAID
Girl
368(1)
In this fictional exchange, a daughter can barely insert two sentences into her mother's litany of instructions on how to become a lady, not a slut.
Jamaica Kincaid on Writing
371(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
373(2)
10 CLASSIFICATION: Sorting into Kinds
375(54)
Visual Image: What Everyone Should Know About the Movie Rating System, chart from the Motion Picture Association of America
THE METHOD
376(1)
THE PROCESS
377(3)
Focus on Paragraph Development
379(1)
Checklist for Revising a Classification
380(1)
CLASSIFICATION IN PARAGRAPHS
380(1)
CLASSIFICATION IN PRACTICE: Crafting a resume
381(3)
RUSSELL BAKER
The Plot Against People
384(1)
The goal of inanimate objects, declares this renowned humorist, is nothing short of the destruction of the human race.
Russell Baker on Writing
387(3)
DEBORAH TANNEN
But What Do You Mean?
390(1)
Sometimes an apology is not an apology, observes an expert on communication. Men and women would get along better if they understood each other's codes of speech.
Deborah Tannen on Writing
398(2)
SAMUEL P. HUNTINGTON
The Crisis of National Identity
400(1)
Why did US flags appear everywhere after September 11, 2001? The author, a political scientist, says that the terrorist attacks caused a single national identity to trump the many other allegiances of Americans.
PAIRED SELECTIONS: TELLING LIES
STEPHANIE ERICSSON
The Ways We Lie
407(1)
Most of us couldn't get by without lying, the writer acknowledges, but even the little lies corrupt, until "moral garbage becomes as invisible to us as water is to a fish."
Stephanie Ericsson on Writing
416(1)
WILLIAM LUTZ
The World of Doublespeak
417(1)
"Pavement deficiencies" (potholes) and "a career alternative enhancement program" (a layoff of workers) are but two expressions that conceal unpleasant truths. An expert in such language explains the types of doublespeak and their effects.
William Lutz on Writing
425(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
427(2)
11 CAUSE AND EFFECT: Asking Why
429(48)
Visual Image: Garbage In..., cartoon by Mike Thompson
THE METHOD
430(1)
THE PROCESS
431(5)
Focus on Clarity and Conciseness
435(1)
Checklist for Revising a Cause-and-Effect Essay
436(1)
CAUSE AND EFFECT IN PARAGRAPHS
436(2)
CAUSE AND EFFECT IN PRACTICE: Setting the record straight in a letter to the editor
438(2)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: GLOBALIZATION
NAOMI KLEIN
A Web of Brands
440(1)
Visiting an Indonesian sweatshop, this journalist discovers connections between herself and the young women working there-connections bearing the brand names London Fog, Esprit, and, of course, McDonald's.
Naomi Klein on Writing
447(1)
CHITRA DIVAKARUNI
Live Free and Starve
448(1)
Forcing developing countries to put an end to child labor might not be the cure-all it seems. The children themselves, asserts this fiction writer and activist, could suffer much worse fates than working.
Chitra Divakaruni on Writing
452(2)
GORE VIDAL
Drugs
454(1)
A critic and novelist presents an always radical idea for dealing with drug abuse: Legalize drugs. The effects will be less addiction and less crime.
Gore Vidal on Writing
458(1)
MEGHAN DAUM
Safe-Sex Lies
459(1)
According to a twenty-something writer, those who grew up in the age of AIDS have learned some unintended lessons, among them "chronic dishonesty and fear."
DON DELILLO
Videotape
466(1)
The narrator of this short story wonders: What compels him to watch a videotape of a murder over and over and over again?
Don DeLillo on Writing
472(2)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
474(3)
12 DEFINITION: Tracing a Bot.andary
477(38)
Visual Image: Need Is a Very Subjective Word, advertisement for the HUMMER H
H2
THE METHOD
478(1)
THE PROCESS
479(5)
Focus on Paragraph and Essay Unity
483(1)
Checklist for Revising a Definition
483(1)
DEFINITION IN PARAGRAPHS
484(1)
DEFINITION IN PRACTICE: Explaining the mission of an organization
485(1)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: HURTFUL WORDS
GLORIA NAYLOR
The Meanings of a Word
486(1)
An African American's childhood experiences with the word nigger taught her that the sense of a word owes everything to context.
Gloria Naylor on Writing
491(1)
CHRISTINE LEONG
Being a Chink
492(1)
Responding to Naylor's essay, a student considers another word with the power to sting or unite, depending on who is using it and why.
Christine Leong on Writing
497(2)
THOMAS SOWELL
"Needs"
499(1)
What do we really need? The answer is important to this economist because when we adopt a broad definition of need "our whole economy and society suffer."
DAGOBERTO GILB
Pride
503(1)
With affecting sensitivity, a fiction writer and essayist sees pride in the smallest details of a Mexican American community.
Dagoberto Gilb on Writing
507(1)
MARIE WINN
Cookies or Heroin?
508(1)
Have you ever been unable to turn off your TV? If so, you may suffer from TV addiction.
Marie Winn on Writing
512(1)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
513(2)
13 ARGUMENT AND PERSUASION: Stating Opinions and Proposals
515(78)
Visual Image: Corporate America Flag, image from Adbusters Media Foundation
THE METHOD
516(9)
THE PROCESS
525(3)
Focus on Tone
527(1)
Checklist for Revising Argument or Persuasion
528(1)
ARGUMENT AND PERSUASION IN PARAGRAPHS
528(2)
ARGUMENT AND PERSUASION IN PRACTICE: Disputing a parking ticket
530(2)
COLLEEN WENKE
Too Much Pressure
532(1)
Most evidence says that students cheat much more than they did fifty years ago. A student argues for a certain explanation.
WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY, JR.
Why Don't We Complain?
538(1)
Most of us let ourselves be pushed around like patsies, argues a well-known conservative. He urges us to stand up and speak out against little oppressions, to make greater nuisances of ourselves.
William F. Buckley, Jr., on Writing
545(1)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: VEGETARIANISM
LAURA FRASER
Why I Stopped Being a Vegetarian
546(1)
The writer explains why she was a vegetarian for fifteen years and then argues for her decision to quit.
Laura Fraser on Writing
551(1)
PETER SINGER
A Vegetarian Philosophy
552(1)
Starting from a lawsuit against McDonald's, a philosopher argues for vegetarianism as "a moral protest against our use of animals as mere things."
Peter Singer on Writing
559(1)
PAIRED SELECTIONS: SAME-SEX MARRIAGE
KATHA POLLITT
What's Wrong with Gay Marriage?
560(1)
A liberal columnist systematically refutes the arguments she hears against same-sex marriage. Marriage, she says, is much less defined and standardized than many people want to believe.
Katha Pollitt on Writing
564(2)
CHARLES COLSON
Gay "Marriage": Societal Suicide
566(1)
The purpose of marriage is to nurture children, says this prison activist. Undermining traditional families by allowing same-sex marriage will lead to "more criminals behind bars and more chaos in our streets."
CASEBOOK:
SECURITY VERSUS LIBERTY: Profiling
ADNAN R. KHAN: Close Encounters with US Immigration
570(1)
Intimidated, hurt, and bemused, a Pakistani Canadian journalist questions the grueling security check he underwent at the US border.
LINDA CHAVEZ: Everything Isn't Racial Profiling
575(1)
The writer didn't much like being questioned by airport security because she doesn't "look American," but she believes the airlines are justified in singling out people who fit the profile of a terrorist.
SECURITY VERSUS LIBERTY: The USA Patriot Act
ZARA GELSEY:The FBI Is Reading over Your Shoulder
579(1)
In its efforts to nab potential terrorists, the author argues, the USA Patriot Act endangers the freedom of everyone who uses a library.
Zara Gelsey on Writing
584(1)
VIET D. DINH: How the USA Patriot Act Defends Democracy
585(1)
The primary author of the Patriot Act acknowledges concerns about government surveillance but argues that the fears are unfounded. The threat to Americans' liberty is not law enforcement agencies; it is terrorists.
Viet D. Dinh on Writing
591(1)
ADDITIONAL WRITING TOPICS
592(1)
PART THREE MIXING THE METHODS 593(108)
SANDRA CISNEROS
Only Daughter
596(5)
The sole daughter in a large Mexican American family, a poet and fiction writer tells how her efforts to be heard finally paid off with her father.
Sandra Cisneros on Writing
601(2)
JOAN DIDION
Earthquakes
603(4)
With a sharp eye and ear, a native Californian observes how she and others respond to a series of earthquakes. Could this be "the Big One"?
Joan Didion on Writing
607(2)
BARBARA EHRENREICH
The Roots of War
609(5)
Making war puts human beings in a class with ants and chimpanzees among the earth's species. Abolishing war, argues this critic, requires thinking differently about it.
Barbara Ehrenreich on Writing
614(1)
STEPHEN JAY GOULD
A Biological Homage to Mickey Mouse
615(9)
Mickey Mouse changed over the decades, becoming softer and younger looking. A scientist with a flair for explanation proposes why and finds surprising parallels in human evolution.
Visual Images: Mickey's Evolution During Fifty Years, drawing; The "Evolution" of Mickey Mouse, chart; Humans feel affection for animals with juvenile features, drawing
Stephen Jay Gould on Writing
624(1)
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.
I Have a Dream
625(6)
With force and eloquence, an inspired leader champions the rights of African Americans and equality for all.
MAXINE HONG KINGSTON
No Name Woman
631(12)
An adulterous woman is driven to suicide by her unforgiving family and village in China. A generation later, her American-born niece seeks to understand the story of someone whose name she has never dared to ask.
Maxine Hong Kingston on Writing
643(2)
GEORGE ORWELI
Shooting an Elephant
645(8)
As a young British police officer, this famous writer faced a killer elephant and the expectations of a gleeful Burmese crowd. He could not take pride in his response.
George Orwell on Writing
653(2)
RICHARD RODRIGUEZ
Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood
655(12)
Recalling both the pleasures and the pains of his boyhood, a Mexican American writer reflects on his two languages, Spanish and English, and his two cultures. His argument against bilingual education may provoke debate.
Richard Rodriguez on Writing
667(2)
EDWARD SAD
Clashing Civilizations?
669(5)
The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks hardened thinking about "Islam vs. the West." This well-known writer argues that such polarities are not only simplistic but also destructive.
JONATHAN SWIFT
A Modest Proposal
674(10)
The rich devour the poor-so why not commercialize cannibalism? With scathing irony, the supreme English satirist states his views in a fit of bitter indignation.
Jonathan Swift on Writing
684(2)
E.B. WHITE
Once More to the Lake
686(7)
A father takes his young son on a pilgrimage to a favorite summertime scene from his own childhood, a lake in Maine. There he arrives at a startling realization.
E.B. White on Writing
693(2)
VIRGINIA WOOLF
The Death of the Moth
695(4)
For a perceptive writer, a simple day moth comes to symbolize "a tiny bead of pure life," a radiant force consumed in a heroic struggle against death.
Virginia Woolf on Writing
699(2)
USEFUL TERMS 701(22)
INDEX 723


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