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Changing American Families,9780205343157
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Changing American Families

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205343157

ISBN10:
0205343155
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $76.80
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Summary

A one of a kind text that examines family life in the United States from colonial times to modern day, and provides a distinctly feminist perspective focusing on gender inequality during this period. Each chapter contains a three-part format that cover the key issues related to the topic, theoretical debates that exist within the field, and human agency and social movements that include the actions people have taken to cope with, resist, or change specific family problems. How to study families in the twenty-first century; a history of U.S. families with a focus on Euro-American and African-American families; Families and the economic system; the organization of race, class and gender; work and the family, love and sex; marriage; divorce; battering and marital rape are all covered. For anyone interested in studying family issues and concerns. Family Therapists, Counselors, Social Workers and others who search for better understanding of the complexities of family dynamics.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
How to Study Families in the Twenty-First Century
1(24)
Analyzing Social Life
2(1)
The Sociological Imagination: Bridging the Gap between Individuals and Society
3(3)
Micro and Macro Levels of Analysis
3(1)
Society is a Human Invention
4(2)
Families as a Political Issue
6(4)
Families: Hot Issue in the United States
6(2)
The Personal is Political
8(2)
Recent History of the Sociology of Family
10(12)
Women's Liberation Movement
11(1)
Revisioning Families
12(1)
Challenging the Myth of the Monolithic Family
13(1)
Appreciating Diversity
14(2)
The Monolithic Family and the Denial of Historical Change
16(1)
Observing That Families are the Sites of Many Different Social Activities
17(2)
Acknowledging Differences within Families by Gender and Age
19(1)
Asking Whether Families are Separate from the Rest of Society
20(1)
Creating Families That Provide Both Love and Individual Freedom
21(1)
Asserting the Need to Change Families so They Can Better Serve the Needs of Women, Men and Children
21(1)
The Question of Theory
22(3)
A History of Families with a Focus on Euro-Americans
25(30)
Studying the Social History of Families
26(1)
Stages in the History of Euro-American Families
27(24)
The Godly Family
28(3)
Iroquois Families
31(1)
The Modern Family, Stage 1: The Democratic Family
32(1)
The Split between Family and Work among Euro-Americans
33(1)
The Cult of True Womanhood
34(2)
The Ideal of Real Womanhood
36(1)
Capitalist Industrialization and the Working-Class Family
37(1)
The Problem of the Family Wage
38(1)
Pioneer Families: Leaving Friends, Facing Hardship
39(1)
The Modern Family, Stage II: The Companionate Family
40(1)
The Twentieth Century and the History of Childhood
41(1)
Families during the Great Depression
42(1)
World War II and Families
43(1)
World War II and Marriage
44(1)
World War II and Divorce
45(1)
Japanese American Families during the War
46(2)
The Fifties
48(3)
Periodicizing
51(1)
The First-Wave Women's Movement
52(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
53(2)
A History of U.S. Families with a Focus on African Americans
55(27)
Diversity in American Families
56(2)
Four Periods in African American History
58(19)
Slavery
58(2)
Family Life under Slavery
60(2)
Family Organization and Black Women's Role in a Community of Slaves
62(3)
Comparing White Middle-Class Women to African American Women in the Nineteenth Century
65(2)
Reproduction
67(1)
Split Households among Chicanos and Chinese Americans
67(1)
Chicano Families
68(1)
Chinese American Families
68(1)
Sharecropping
69(2)
Who Shall Control Women's and Children's Labor?
71(2)
Gender Equality and Changes in Families Under Sharecropping
73(2)
Industrialization
75(2)
African American Families in the Struggle for Equality
77(2)
Structuration Theory and the Importance of Agency
79(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
80(2)
Families and the Economic System
82(25)
The Critical Link between Families and the Economy
83(1)
The Contemporary Economic Scene in the United States: The Great U-Turn
83(16)
Unemployment
85(1)
Economic Decline and Poverty
86(2)
The New Economy
88(1)
More Workers per Family
88(2)
Increased Debt
90(1)
Housing
90(2)
Growing Homelessness
92(1)
The Rich Get Richer
93(1)
Economic Decline and U.S. Families
94(1)
Homelessness
94(1)
Shelters: An Inadequate Solution
95(1)
Blue-Collar Layoffs
96(2)
Downward Mobility in the Middle Class
98(1)
Responding to Economic Crisis
99(2)
Social Victims or Social Critics?
100(1)
Campaign for a Living Wage
101(1)
What is Behind the Great U-Turn?
101(5)
The First Revolution
102(1)
The Second Revolution
102(1)
Postindustrial Society: A Third Revolution?
103(3)
The Micro-Macro Connection
106(1)
Families and the Organization of Race, Class, and Gender
107(31)
Systems of Stratification
108(8)
What is Social Class?
110(1)
Race Ethnicity
111(4)
Immigration
115(1)
Gender
116(1)
Social Class, Race Ethnicity and, Gender and Family Life
116(14)
Upper-Class Families: Gatekeepers
117(1)
Middle-Class Families
118(1)
Geographic Mobility
119(1)
The Black Middle Class
120(1)
Working-Class White Families
121(1)
Working-Class African American Families: The Moynihan Report and its Historical Context
122(2)
The Flats
124(1)
Swapping
124(2)
Bloodmothers and Other Mothers
126(1)
Household and Family
126(1)
Extended Network Families in Racial Ethnic Communities
126(2)
Women's Domestic Authority
128(1)
Immigrant Families
128(1)
Mexican Americans
128(2)
Vietnamese Immigrant Families
130(1)
What is a Family?
130(6)
Renewed Interest in Poor Families
131(1)
The Culture of Poverty
132(2)
Social Structural Model
134(1)
Do Families Contain the Seeds of Resistance?
134(1)
The Mothers of East Los Angeles
135(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
136(2)
Work and Family
138(29)
Myth of Separate Spheres
139(9)
The Study of Work and Family is Distorted by the Concept of Separate Spheres
140(1)
Young Women Speak of Work and Family in Their Future
141(2)
Women in the Paid Labor Force
143(1)
Why Have Women Increasingly Entered the Labor Force?
143(1)
How do Women Choose to Work?
144(1)
Chicanas and a Fifth Way of Choosing to Work for Wages
145(2)
Why do Men Work?
147(1)
How Does Work Influence Families?
148(8)
Absorption
149(1)
Time and Timing
149(2)
A Special Case of Timing: Working Parents and Their Children
151(1)
Teenage Workers and Their Families
151(1)
Retirement
152(1)
Income
152(1)
Exchange Theory
153(1)
A Feminist Critique of Exchange Theory
154(1)
Worldview
155(1)
Emotional Climate
156(1)
The Influence of Families on Work
156(5)
Bringing the Family to Work
157(2)
Managing the Contradiction
159(2)
Can Families Put Pressure for Change on Employers?
161(5)
Flextime
161(3)
Family Leave
164(2)
The Micro-Macro Connection
166(1)
Housework
167(27)
Housework, the Invisible Occupation
168(2)
What is it Like to Be a Housewife?
169(1)
Who Does the Housework?
170(12)
How are the Tasks Divided?
172(1)
Social-Class Variation
172(2)
Children's Work in Families
174(2)
Feeding the Family
176(2)
The Difference between Full-Time Housewives and Part-Time Housewives
178(1)
High Tech and Housework
179(2)
A Recent Addition to the Tasks of the Housewife
181(1)
Why is Housework Divided Unequally?
182(4)
Socializing Housewives
182(1)
Making a Rational Choice
183(1)
Unequal Work and the Politics of Gender
184(2)
What Can be Done about Inequality in the Division of Housework?
186(6)
Negotiating New Ways to Divide Work
187(1)
Mothers as Gatekeepers
188(1)
Hiring a Maid
189(2)
Solving the Problem of Housework through Policy Change
191(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
192(2)
Love and Sex
194(29)
What is Love?
196(2)
Historical Development of Love
196(1)
Postmodern Romance
197(1)
Human Sexuality
198(14)
Sexual Standards
199(1)
Sex and the Law
200(1)
Problems in Sex Research
201(1)
Ideas about Sex
202(3)
Premarital Sex
205(2)
Teen Romance
207(3)
The Marriage Bed
210(1)
Nonmonogamous Activity
211(1)
HIV/AIDS
211(1)
Some Theoretical Debates on Sexuality
212(4)
Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, and Lesbianism
212(2)
Explaining the Focus on Sex
214(2)
Abortion
216(6)
Debates about Abortion
220(2)
The Micro-Macro Connection
222(1)
Marriage
223(31)
Characteristics of Marriage
224(13)
Marriage is a Legal Contract
225(1)
Three Periods of Marriage and Family Law
226(2)
Marriage is an Economic Arrangement
228(1)
Marriage is a Sexual Relationship
229(1)
Marriage Means Commitment
230(1)
Marriage is a Political Arena
231(2)
Power in Communication
233(1)
Religion, Politics, and Marriage
234(3)
Statistics on Marriage
237(11)
Age at First Marriage
237(1)
Racial Ethnic Differences in Age at First Marriage
238(2)
Marrying across Racial Ethnic Lines
240(2)
Long-Term Marriage
242(1)
Widowhood
243(1)
Transition to Marriage
244(1)
Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships
245(2)
Singles
247(1)
Theoretical Debate on Marriage
248(2)
Families We Choose
250(3)
The Micro-Macro Connection
253(1)
Divorce and Remarriage
254(32)
How to Measure Divorce
256(8)
Rates of Divorce
257(1)
What are the Correlates of Divorce?
257(2)
Historical Changes in Divorce
259(2)
Another American History of Divorce
261(2)
Why do Women Choose Divorce?
263(1)
Divorce Transitions
264(11)
Social Stigmatization
264(1)
Economic Difficulties for Women
265(4)
Divorce as an Opportunity
269(3)
Remarriage
272(3)
Children and Divorce
275(7)
Child Custody
276(2)
Child Support
278(2)
Why Don't Men Pay?
280(1)
Divorced Fathers
281(1)
Finding Solutions: Where Were the Feminists?
282(2)
The Micro-Macro Connection
284(2)
Battering and Marital Rape
286(29)
Prevalence of Violence in Families
288(7)
Woman Battering
289(4)
Murder by Intimates
293(1)
Marital Rape
293(2)
Measuring the Social Costs of Domestic Violence
295(1)
Theories about Violence in Families
295(11)
Why Does Violence Occur?
297(1)
Explaining Woman Battering as a Result of Individual Characteristics
297(1)
Violence-Prone Family Structure in Our Society
298(3)
A Feminist Social-Structural View on Battering and Marital Rape
301(2)
The Controversy over the Battered Husband Syndrome
303(1)
Three Points of View, Three Strategies for Policy
304(1)
The Discovery of Violence in Families
305(1)
Finding Solutions
306(7)
The Get-Tough-with-Abusers Campaign
309(3)
The Battered Women's Movement
312(1)
Violence Against Women Act
312(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
313(2)
Parents
315(33)
Parents and Parenting
316(3)
Parenting Role
317(1)
Transition to Parenting
318(1)
Mothering
319(19)
Choosing Single Motherhood
320(2)
Lesbian Mothers
322(1)
Teenage Mothers
323(4)
Delaying Childbirth
327(1)
High Technology and Mothering
327(3)
What about Fathers?
330(1)
Bringing Fathers into Parenting
330(1)
New Fathers in Word and Deed
331(1)
Gay Fathers
332(1)
Single Fathers
333(1)
Other Fathers
334(1)
Childless by Choice
335(1)
Grandparents
336(2)
Is Biology Destiny?
338(4)
What is Wrong with the Sociobiological Model?
340(1)
If Biology is Not Destiny, Are Men and Women Identical as Parents?
341(1)
Child Care
342(5)
Lessons from History
346(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
347(1)
Children
348(35)
Post-Modern American Children
350(25)
Children as Learners of Adult Culture
350(1)
Gender Socialization in Families
351(3)
Social Constructionist Theory
354(1)
Racial Socialization
354(4)
Television Socializes Children
358(2)
Children as Threats
360(2)
Positive Effects of Children on Parents
362(3)
Children as Victims: Child Abuse
365(3)
Mothers, Fathers, and Child Abuse
368(2)
Incest
370(1)
Radical Feminist Theory on Incest
371(1)
Children as Victims: Poverty
372(2)
Sisters and Brothers
374(1)
Theoretical Problems in the Study of Children
375(4)
How Do We Think of Children and Childhood?
376(1)
How Accurate is Our Image of Children?
377(2)
Resistance against Child Abuse and Incest
379(2)
Child Victims of Sexual Abuse: A Bill of Rights
380(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
381(2)
Families, Family Policy and the State
383(28)
The Welfare State and Family Policy
386(1)
Social Policy and Families: The Case of the Welfare System
387(5)
Persistent Myths about Welfare Mothers
389(2)
Welfare and Gender and Race
391(1)
History and Trends for the Future in Welfare
392(5)
Family Support Act
395(1)
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
396(1)
Why is There No Explicit Family Policy in the United States?
397(8)
What is a State?
400(2)
The State and Inequality
402(3)
Resistance to the Welfare System
405(3)
The Micro-Macro Connection
408(3)
References 411(44)
Index 455


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