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Anthony J. Nitko, Ph.D., is a consultant in educational measurement, Professor Emeritus at the University of Pittsburgh, and Adjunct Professor at the University of Arizona. He co-authored (with Susan Brookhart) Assessment and Grading in Classrooms (2008). He assisted several countries with classroom assessment, most recently formative student assessment in Ethiopia and portfolio assessment in Jordan.
Susan M. Brookhart, Ph.D., is an education consultant based in Helena, Montana, U.S.A. She was Professor and Department Chair in the School of Education at Duquesne University, where she currently is Senior Research Associate in the Center for Advancing the Study of Teaching and Learning. She is 2007-2009 editor of Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, a journal of the National Council on Measurement in Education. She has written or co-authored 7 books and over 40 articles on assessment.
Table of Contents
The Bases for Assessment
1 Classroom Decision Making and Using Assessment
2 Describing the Goals and Learning Targets of Instruction
3 Validity of Assessment Results
4 Reliability of Assessment Results
5 Professional Responsibilities, Ethical Behavior, and Legal Requirements in Educational Assessments
Crafting and Using Classroom Assessments
6 Planning for Integrating Assessment and Instruction
7 Diagnostic and Formative Assessments
8 Completion, Short-Answer, and True-False Items
9 Multiple-Choice and Matching Exercises
10 Essay Assessment Tasks
11 Higher-Order Thinking, Problem Solving, and Critical Thinking
12 Performance and Portfolio Assessments
13 Preparing Your Students to Be Assessed and Using Students’ Results to Improve Your Assessments
14 Evaluating and Grading Student Progress
Interpreting and Using Standardized Tests
15 Standardized Achievement Tests
16 Interpreting Norm-Referenced Scores
17 Finding and Evaluating Published Assessments
18 Scholastic Aptitude, Career Interests, Attitudes, and Personality Tests