CART

(0) items

Energy and the Environment,9780195150926
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Energy and the Environment

by ;
ISBN13:

9780195150926

ISBN10:
0195150929
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/22/2002
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $95.94
More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $3.94
See Prices

Rent Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Related Products


  • Energy and the Environment : Scientific and Technological Principles
    Energy and the Environment : Scientific and Technological Principles




Summary

In an age of mounting energy crises, James A. Fay and Dan S. Golomb's Energy and the Environment offers a timely treatment of a critical problem in urban-industrial societies: the worldwide growth of energy use and the destructive relationship between this energy use and environmentaldegradation. This comprehensive text provides the scientific and technological background for understanding how our ever-increasing use of energy threatens the natural environment at local, regional, and global scales and how this threat could be mitigated by more efficient use of conventionalenergy sources and their replacement by renewable energy sources. Designed for upper-level undergraduate and first-year graduate students, Energy and the Environment is essential reading for students and professionals in energy and environmental sciences and technology. Features BL Describes energy technologies and their effectiveness in transforming fossil, nuclear, and renewable energy into useful mechanical or electrical power BL Emphasizes the generation of electric power and the technological improvements that increase power generation efficiency and reduce air pollutant emissions from power plants BL Examines the use of energy in the transportation sector and how vehicle design and engine efficiency improvements could reduce fuel use and pollutant emissions BL Objectively surveys the field of renewable energy technologies and the prospects of increasing the share of renewable energy among all energy sources BL Analyzes the energy sources of toxic emissions to air, water, and land and their effects on environmental quality at local and regional scales BL Examines global climate change, energy consumption's contribution to it, and the salient technologies being developed to mitigate this effect BL Equips engineering majors, science majors, and professionals with the basic facts needed to develop solutions to these pressing environmental problems

Table of Contents

List of Tables
xv
Foreword xvii
Preface xix
Energy and the Environment
1(11)
Introduction
1(5)
An Overview of This Text
2(4)
Energy
6(4)
Electric Power
7(1)
Transportation Energy
8(1)
Energy as a Commodity
9(1)
The Environment
10(2)
Managing Industrial Pollution
11(1)
Global Energy Use and Supply
12(18)
Introduction
12(1)
Global Energy Consumption
12(2)
Global Energy Sources
14(2)
Global Electricity Consumption
16(2)
Global Carbon Emissions
18(1)
End-Use Energy Consumption in the United States
19(3)
Industrial Sector
20(1)
Residential Sector
21(1)
Commercial Sector
21(1)
Transportation Sector
22(1)
Global Energy Supply
22(5)
Coal Reserves
22(2)
Petroleum Reserves
24(1)
Unconventional Petroleum Resources
25(1)
Natural Gas Reserves
25(1)
Unconventional Gas Resources
26(1)
Summary of Fossil Reserves
27(1)
Conclusion
27(3)
Problems
28(1)
Bibliography
29(1)
Thermodynamic Principles of Energy Conversion
30(39)
Introduction
30(1)
The Forms of Energy
31(2)
The Mechanical Energy of Macroscopic Bodies
31(1)
The Energy of Atoms and Molecules
32(1)
Chemical and Nuclear Energy
32(1)
Electric and Magnetic Energy
33(1)
Total Energy
33(1)
Work and Heat Interactions
33(2)
Work Interaction
34(1)
Heat Interaction
35(1)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
35(1)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
36(1)
Thermodynamic Properties
37(2)
Steady Flow
39(1)
Heat Transfer and Heat Exchange
39(2)
Combustion of Fossil Fuel
41(4)
Fuel Heating Value
42(3)
Ideal Heat Engine Cycles
45(11)
The Carnot Cycle
46(2)
The Rankine Cycle
48(3)
The Otto Cycle
51(2)
The Brayton Cycle
53(2)
Combined Brayton and Rankine Cycles
55(1)
The Vapor Compression Cycle: Refrigeration and Heat Pumps
56(2)
Fuel Cells
58(4)
Fuel (Thermal) Efficiency
62(1)
Synthetic Fuels
63(2)
The Hydrogen Economy
64(1)
Conclusion
65(4)
Problems
66(2)
Bibliography
68(1)
Electrical Energy Generation, Transmission, and Storage
69(19)
Introduction
69(3)
Electromechanical Power Transformation
72(4)
Electric Power Transmission
76(2)
AC/DC Conversion
78(1)
Energy Storage
78(7)
Electrostatic Energy Storage
78(2)
Magnetic Energy Storage
80(1)
Electrochemical Energy Storage
81(2)
Mechanical Energy Storage
83(1)
Properties of Energy Storage Systems
84(1)
Conclusion
85(3)
Problems
86(1)
Bibliography
87(1)
Fossil-Fueled Power Plants
88(32)
Introduction
88(1)
Fossil-Fueled Power Plant Components
89(24)
Fuel Storage and Preparation
89(1)
Burner
90(1)
Boiler
91(2)
Steam Turbine
93(1)
Impulse Turbine
93(1)
Reaction Turbine
94(1)
Gas Turbine
95(1)
Condenser
96(1)
Cooling Tower
97(1)
Wet Cooling Tower
97(1)
Dry Cooling Tower
98(1)
Generator
98(1)
Emission Control
99(1)
Control of Products of Incomplete Combustion and Carbon Monoxide
99(1)
Particle Control
99(5)
Sulfur Control
104(5)
Nitrogen Oxide Control
109(3)
Toxic Emissions
112(1)
Waste Disposal
112(1)
Advanced Cycles
113(3)
Combined Cycle
113(1)
Coal Gasification Combined Cycle
114(1)
Cogeneration
115(1)
Fuel Cell
116(1)
Conclusion
116(4)
Problems
117(2)
Bibliography
119(1)
Nuclear-Fueled Power Plants
120(23)
Introduction
120(1)
Nuclear Energy
121(1)
Radioactivity
122(5)
Decay Rates and Half-Lives
124(1)
Units and Dosage
124(2)
Biological Effects of Radiation
126(1)
Radiation Protection Standards
126(1)
Nuclear Reactors
127(7)
Boiling Water Reactor (BWR)
129(1)
Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR)
130(2)
Gas-Cooled Reactor (GCR)
132(1)
Breeder Reactor (BR)
132(2)
Nuclear Fuel Cycle
134(4)
Mining and Refining
134(1)
Gasification and Enrichment
135(1)
Spent Fuel Reprocessing and Temporary Waste Storage
136(1)
Permanent Waste Disposal
137(1)
Fusion
138(2)
Magnetic Confinement
139(1)
Laser Fusion
139(1)
Summary
140(3)
Problems
141(1)
Bibliography
142(1)
Renewable Energy
143(45)
Introduction
143(2)
Hydropower
145(3)
Environmental Effects
148(1)
Biomass
148(4)
Environmental Effects
151(1)
Geothermal Energy
152(3)
Environmental Effects
154(1)
Solar Energy
155(11)
The Flat Plate Collector
159(2)
Focusing Collectors
161(3)
Photovoltaic Cells
164(2)
Wind Power
166(6)
Environmental Effects
172(1)
Tidal Power
172(4)
Environmental Effects
176(1)
Ocean Wave Power
176(4)
Ocean Thermal Power
180(1)
Capital Cost of Renewable Electric Power
181(2)
Conclusion
183(5)
Problems
183(3)
Bibliography
186(2)
Transportation
188(38)
Introduction
188(3)
Internal Combustion Engines for Highway Vehicles
191(4)
Combustion in SI and CI Engines
193(2)
Engine Power and Performance
195(4)
Engine Efficiency
197(2)
Vehicle Power and Performance
199(4)
Connecting the Engine to the Wheels
201(2)
Vehicle Fuel Efficiency
203(5)
U.S. Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Regulations and Test Cycles
203(2)
Improving Vehicle Fuel Economy
205(1)
Improving Vehicle Performance
205(2)
Improving Engine Performance
207(1)
Electric Drive Vehicles
208(6)
Vehicles Powered by Storage Batteries
208(2)
Hybrid Vehicles
210(1)
Fuel Cell Vehicles
211(3)
Vehicle Emissions
214(8)
U.S. Vehicle Emission Standards
214(2)
Reducing Vehicle Emissions
216(2)
Reducing Engine-Out Emissions
218(1)
Catalytic Converters for Exhaust Gas Treatment
218(2)
Evaporative Emissions
220(1)
Reducing CI Engine Emissions
221(1)
Fuel Quality and Its Regulation
221(1)
Conclusion
222(4)
Problems
223(2)
Bibliography
225(1)
Environmental Effects of Fossil Fuel Use
226(41)
Introduction
226(1)
Air Pollution
227(31)
U.S. Emission Standards
228(3)
U.S. Ambient Standards
231(2)
Health and Environmental Effects of Fossil-Fuel-Related Air Pollutants
233(1)
Air-Quality Modeling
234(1)
Air Pollution Meteorology
235(2)
Modeling of Steady-State Point Source
237(2)
Plume Rise
239(1)
Steady-State Line Source
240(1)
Steady-State Area Source
241(1)
Photo-oxidants
242(2)
Photo-oxidant Modeling
244(3)
Acid Deposition
247(4)
Acid Deposition Modeling
251(2)
Transfer Coefficients
253(2)
Source Apportionment
255(1)
Regional Haze and Visibility Impairment
256(2)
Water Pollution
258(4)
Acid Mine Drainage and Coal Washing
258(1)
Solid Waste from Power Plants
259(1)
Water Use and Thermal Pollution from Power Plants
260(1)
Atmospheric Deposition of Toxic Pollutants onto Surface Waters
260(1)
Toxic Metals
260(1)
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
261(1)
Land Pollution
262(1)
Conclusion
262(5)
Problems
263(3)
Bibliography
266(1)
Global Warming
267(31)
Introduction
267(2)
What Is the Greenhouse Effect?
269(10)
Solar and Terrestrial Radiation
269(1)
Sun-Earth-Space Radiative Equilibrium
270(2)
Modeling Global Warming
272(2)
Feedback Effects
274(1)
Water Vapor Feedback
274(1)
Cloud-Radiation Feedback
275(1)
Aerosol Feedback
275(1)
Ice-Albedo Feedback
275(1)
Ocean Circulation Feedback
275(1)
Results of Global Warming Modeling
276(1)
Observed Trend of Global Warming
276(1)
Other Effects of Global Warming
277(1)
Sea Level Rise
277(1)
Climate Changes
278(1)
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
279(4)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions and the Carbon Cycle
279(2)
Methane
281(1)
Nitrous Oxide
281(1)
Chlorofluorocarbons
282(1)
Ozone
282(1)
GHG Control
283(1)
Controlling CO2 Emissions
283(11)
End-Use Efficiency Improvements and Conservation
283(1)
Supply-Side Efficiency Improvements
284(1)
CO2 Capture
285(1)
Air Separation-CO2 Recycling
285(1)
Solvent Absorption
286(1)
Membrane Separation
287(1)
CO2 Sequestration
288(1)
Depleted Oil and Gas Reservoirs
288(1)
Deep Ocean
289(3)
Deep Aquifers
292(1)
CO2 Utilization
292(2)
Shift to Non-fossil Energy Sources
294(1)
Conclusion
294(4)
Problems
296(1)
Bibliography
297(1)
Concluding Remarks
298(5)
Energy Resources
298(1)
Regulating the Environmental Effects of Energy Use
299(1)
Global Warming
300(3)
Appendix A Measuring Energy 303(4)
Index 307


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...