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Engineering Drawing and Design,9780827367203
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Engineering Drawing and Design

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780827367203

ISBN10:
0827367201
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/10/1995
Publisher(s):
CENGAGE Delmar Learning
List Price: $202.95
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Summary

Offering complete coverage of all the elements of drafting, this second edition remains the most up-to-date compendium on engineering drawing and design available. Based on the latest ANSI/ASME standards, this encyclopedic resource spans the engineering disciplines, including fluid power, structural, civil, electrical, piping, and HVAC/sheet metal. Includes updated CADD applications. 1,400 illus.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction to Engineering Drawing and Design 1(1)
The Short History of Engineering Drawing
1(1)
Drafting Technology
2(1)
Occupations in Architecture and Engineering Drafting Fields
2(7)
Professional Organization
9(1)
How to Become a Drafter
9(1)
Drafting Occupational Levels
10(1)
Drafting Job Opportunities
10(1)
Drafting Salaries and Working Conditions
10(1)
Computers in Drafting
10(1)
The Engineering Design Process
11(3)
Drafting Equipment, Media, and Reproduction Methods
14(35)
Drafting Equipment
14(1)
Drafting Furniture
14(1)
Drafting Pencils, Leads, and Sharpeners
15(1)
Technical Pens and Accessories
16(1)
Erasers and Accessories
17(1)
Drafting Instruments
18(5)
Drafting Machines
23(5)
Scales
28(2)
Cleaning Drafting Equipment
30(1)
Drafting Media
30(3)
Papers and Films
33(1)
Sheet Sizes, Title Blocks, and Borders
33(6)
Diazo Reproduction
39(1)
Safety Precautions for Diazo Printers
40(1)
How to Properly Fold Prints
40(2)
Photocopy Reproduction
42(1)
Microfilm
42(2)
Digitizing Existing Drawings
44(1)
Optical Scanning of Existing Drawings
44(1)
Math Application
45(1)
Drafting Equipment Test
46(1)
Drafting Equipment Problems
47(1)
Math Problems
48(1)
Introduction to Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD)
49(31)
The Engineering Design Process
49(1)
What is CADD?
50(1)
Developing New Skills
50(1)
Industry and CADD
51(1)
Computer Drafting Equipment
52(10)
Future CADD Hardware and Software
62(2)
CADD Materials
64(4)
Getting Started with CADD
68(1)
Drawing with the Computer
69(4)
Creating and Using Symbols
73(1)
Scaling and Scale Factors
74(1)
Professional Perspective
75(1)
Storing a Drawing
76(1)
Math Application
76(1)
Introduction to CADD Test
77(1)
Introduction to CADD Problems
78(1)
Math Problems
78(2)
Sketching, Lettering, and Lines
80(35)
The Engineering Design Process
80(1)
Sketching
81(1)
Tools and Materials
81(1)
Straight Lines
81(1)
Circular Lines
82(1)
Measurement Lines and Proportions
83(1)
Procedures in Sketching
84(1)
Multiview Sketches
85(1)
Isometric Sketches
86(3)
Lettering
89(1)
Single-stroke Gothic Lettering
89(1)
Microfont Lettering
89(1)
Other Lettering Styles
90(2)
Lettering Legibility
92(1)
Vertical Freehand Lettering
92(2)
Lettering Techniques
94(1)
Composition
94(1)
Making Guidelines
94(1)
Other Lettering Aids and Guideline Methods
94(1)
Basic Lettering Considerations
94(1)
Lettering Guide Templates
94(1)
Mechanical Lettering Equipment
95(1)
Machine Lettering
95(1)
Typewriters
95(1)
Transfer Lettering
95(1)
CADD Replaces Manual Lettering Methods
96(1)
Lines
96(1)
Types of Lines
96(8)
Pencil and Ink Line Techniques
104(3)
Professional Perspective
107(1)
Math Application
108(1)
Sketching, Lettering, and Lines Test
108(1)
Sketching, Lettering, and Lines Problems
109(5)
Math Problems
114(1)
Geometric Construction
115(26)
The Engineering Design Process
115(1)
Characteristics of Lines
116(1)
Geometric Shapes
117(3)
Common Geometric Constructions
120(4)
Constructing Polygons
124(6)
Constructing Circles and Tangencies
130(4)
Constructing an Ellipse
134(2)
Professional Perspective
136(1)
Math Application
137(1)
Geometric Construction Test
137(1)
Geometric Construction Problems
138(2)
Math Problems
140(1)
Multiviews
141(28)
The Engineering Design Process
141(1)
Multiviews
142(3)
View Selection
145(3)
Projection of Circles and Arcs
148(3)
Line Precedence
151(1)
Third-Angle Projection
152(1)
First-Angle Projection
153(1)
Recommended Review
154(1)
Layout
154(4)
Math Application
158(1)
Multiviews Test
158(1)
Multiviews Problems
159(9)
Math Problems
168(1)
Auxiliary Views
169(19)
The Engineering Design Process
169(1)
Auxiliary Views
169(3)
Plotting Curves in Auxiliary Views
172(1)
Enlargements
173(1)
Secondary Auxiliary Views
173(3)
Auxiliary View Layout
176(1)
Professional Perspective
176(1)
Math Application
177(1)
Auxiliary Views Test
177(1)
Auxiliary Views Problems
178(9)
Math Problems
187(1)
Descriptive Geometry I
188(24)
The Engineering Design Process
188(1)
Descriptive Geometry Fundamentals
189(1)
Standards of Projection
190(1)
Projection of a Point
191(1)
Projection of a Line
191(2)
Classification of Lines in Space
193(6)
Planes
199(1)
Classification of Plane Surfaces
199(3)
Professional Perspective
202(1)
Math Application
203(1)
Descriptive Geometry I Test
204(1)
Descriptive Geometry I Problems
205(6)
Math Problems
211(1)
Descriptive Geometry II
212(24)
The Engineering Design Process
212(1)
Directions of Lines and Planes
213(4)
True Distance Between a Point and a Line
217(1)
True Distance Between Two Skew Lines
217(2)
Intersection of a Line and a Plane
219(1)
Visibility
220(1)
Intersection of Planes
220(1)
Dihedral Angles
221(2)
An Introduction to Vector Geometry
223(4)
Forces in Equilibrium
227(1)
Professional Perspective
228(1)
Math Application
229(1)
Descriptive Geometry II Test
229(1)
Descriptive Geometry II Problems
230(6)
Manufacturing Processes
236(30)
The Engineering Design Process
236(1)
Manufacturing Materials
237(3)
Manufacturing Processes
240(5)
Machine Processes
245(11)
Tool Design
256(1)
Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
257(4)
Statistical Process Control (SPC)
261(1)
Professional Perspective
262(1)
Math Application
263(1)
Manufacturing Processes Test
263(2)
Manufacturing Processes Problems
265(1)
Math Problems
265(1)
Dimensioning
266(52)
The Engineering Design Process
266(4)
Dimensioning Systems
270(1)
Dimensioning Rules
271(3)
Dimensioning Fundamentals
274(2)
Preferred Dimensioning Practices
276(5)
Notes for Size Features
281(3)
Location Dimensions
284(2)
Dimension Origin
286(1)
Dimensioning Auxiliary Views
286(1)
General Notes
287(2)
Tolerancing
289(4)
Dimensions Applied to Platings and Coatings
293(1)
Maximum and Minimum Dimensions
293(1)
Casting Drawing and Design
293(5)
Machined Surfaces
298(5)
Design and Drafting of Machined Features
303(1)
Symbols
303(1)
Professional Perspective
303(3)
Recommended Review
306(1)
Math Application
306(1)
Dimensioning Test
306(1)
Dimensioning Problems
307(10)
Math Problems
317(1)
Fasteners and Springs
318(29)
The Engineering Design Process
318(1)
Screw-Thread Fasteners
318(2)
Thread-Cutting Tools
320(1)
Thread Forms
321(1)
Thread Representations
322(4)
Thread Notes
326(2)
Measuring Screw Threads
328(1)
Threaded Fasteners
328(5)
Washers
333(1)
Dowel Pins
333(1)
Taper and Other Pins
333(1)
Retaining Rings
334(1)
Keys, Keyways, and Keyseats
334(1)
Rivets
334(1)
Springs
335(4)
Recommended Review
339(1)
Professional Perspective
339(1)
Math Application
340(1)
Fasteners and Springs Test
340(1)
Fasteners and Springs Problems
341(5)
Math Problems
346(1)
Sections, Revolutions, and Conventional Breaks
347(34)
The Engineering Design Process
347(1)
Sectioning
348(1)
Cutting-Plane Lines
348(1)
Section Lines
349(2)
Full Sections
351(1)
Half Sections
351(1)
Offset Sections
351(1)
Aligned Sections
351(1)
Unsectioned Features
352(2)
Intersections in Section
354(1)
Conventional Revolutions
354(1)
Broken-Out Sections
354(1)
Auxiliary Sections
354(1)
Conventional Breaks
354(1)
Revolved Sections
355(1)
Removed Sections
356(1)
Recommended Review
357(1)
Professional Perspective
357(1)
Math Application
358(1)
Sectioning Test
358(1)
Sectioning Problems
359(21)
Math Problems
380(1)
Geometric Tolerancing
381(49)
The Engineering Design Process
381(1)
General Tolerancing
382(1)
Symbology
382(1)
Datum Feature Symbols
383(1)
Datum Reference Frame
383(2)
Datum Features
385(2)
Datum Target Symbols
387(1)
Datum Axis
387(3)
Feature Control Frame
390(1)
Basic Dimensions
391(1)
Geometric Tolerances
392(8)
Material Condition Symbols
400(4)
Location Tolerance
404(4)
Datum Precedence and Material Condition
408(1)
Position of Multiple Features
408(2)
Composite Positional Tolerancing
410(1)
Two Single-Segment Feature Control Frames
410(1)
Positional Tolerance of Tabs
411(1)
Positional Tolerance of Slotted Holes
412(1)
Positional Tolerance of Threaded Features and Gears
412(1)
Positional Tolerance of Counterbored Holes
412(1)
Positional Tolerancing of Coaxial Holes
412(1)
Positional Tolerancing of Nonparallel Holes
413(1)
Projected Tolerance Zone
413(2)
Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing with AutoCAD
415(1)
Virtual Condition
416(1)
Statistical Tolerancing with Geometric Controls
416(1)
Combination Controls
417(1)
Professional Perspective
418(1)
Math Application
419(1)
Geometric Tolerancing Test
419(2)
Geometric Tolerancing Problems
421(8)
Math Problems
429(1)
Mechanisms: Linkages, Cams, Gears, and Bearings
430(42)
The Engineering Design Process
430(2)
Mechanisms
432(1)
Linkages
432(1)
Linkage Symbols
432(1)
Types of Linkages
432(3)
Cams
435(1)
Cam Displacement Diagrams
436(4)
Construction of an In-Line Follower Plate Cam Profile
440(1)
Construction of an Offset Follower Plate Cam Profile
441(1)
Drum Cam Drawing
442(1)
Gears
442(2)
Gear Structure
444(1)
Splines
445(1)
Gear Types
445(2)
Spur Gear Design
447(2)
Gear Accuracy
449(1)
Drawing Specifications and Tolerances
449(1)
Designing and Drawing Spur Gears
450(1)
Designing Spur Gear Trains
450(1)
Designing and Drawing the Rack and Pinion
451(1)
Designing and Drawing Bevel Gears
452(1)
Designing and Drawing Worm Gears
452(2)
Plastic Gears
454(1)
Bearings
455(1)
Drawing Bearing Symbls
456(1)
Bearing Codes
457(1)
Bearing Selection
457(5)
Gear and Bearing Assemblies
462(1)
Professional Perspective
463(1)
Math Application
464(1)
Mechanisms Test
464(1)
Mechanisms Problems
465(6)
Math Problems
471(1)
Belt and Chain Drives
472(21)
The Engineering Design Process
472(1)
Advantages of Gear Drives
473(1)
Advantages of Belt Drives
473(1)
Advantages of Chain Drives
473(1)
Belts and Belt Drives
473(1)
Belts Types
473(2)
Typical Belt Drive Arrangements
475(1)
Belt Drive Selection
476(4)
Chain Drives
480(1)
Chain Drive Sprockets
480(1)
Chain Classification and Types
480(1)
Precision Chains
480(2)
Nonprecision Chains
482(1)
Light-Duty Chain
482(1)
Chain Drive Arrangements
482(1)
Roller Chain Drive Selection
483(4)
Professional Perspective
487(1)
Math Application
487(1)
Belt and Chain Drives Test
488(1)
Belt and Chain Drives Problems
488(4)
Math Problems
492(1)
Working Drawings
493(52)
The Engineering Design Process
493(1)
Detail Drawings
494(1)
Assembly Drawings
495(4)
Types of Assembly Drawings
499(4)
Identification Numbers
503(1)
Parts Lists
503(4)
Purchase Parts
507(1)
Engineering Changes
507(3)
Drawing from a Prototype
510(1)
Analysis of a Set of Working Drawings
510(1)
Professional Perspective
511(5)
Math Application
516(1)
Working Drawing Test
517(1)
Working Drawings Problems
517(27)
Math Problems
544(1)
Pictorial Drawings
545(26)
The Engineering Design Process
545(1)
Pictorial Drawings
546(1)
Isometric Projection
547(1)
Types of Isometric Drawings
548(1)
Isometric Construction Techniques
549(4)
Dimetric Pictorial Representation
553(1)
Trimetric Pictorial Representation
553(2)
Exploded Pictorial Drawing
555(1)
Oblique Drawing
555(2)
Perspective Drawing
557(1)
One-Point Perspective
557(2)
Two-Point Perspective
559(1)
Three-Point Perspective
559(2)
Circles and Curves in Perspective
561(1)
Basic Shading Techniques
562(1)
Layout Techniques
563(1)
Professional Perspective
564(1)
Math Application
564(1)
Pictorial Drawings Test
564(1)
Pictorial Drawings Problems
565(5)
Math Problems
570(1)
Welding Processes and Representations
571(32)
The Engineering Design Process
571(1)
Welding Processes
572(2)
Elements of Welding Drawings
574(11)
Welding Tests
585(3)
Welding Specifications
588(1)
Prequalified Welded Joints
588(1)
Weld Design
588(1)
Professional Perspective
589(1)
Math Application
589(1)
Welding Processes Test
590(1)
Welding Processes Problems
591(11)
Math Problems
602(1)
Fluid Power
603(20)
The Engineering Design Process
603(3)
Force, Pressure, Work, Power
606(1)
Hydraulics
606(1)
Hydraulic Systems and Equipment
607(4)
Fluid Power Diagrams
611(5)
Symbol Rules
616(1)
Pneumatics
617(1)
Pneumatic Systems and Equipment
617(1)
Pneumatic Diagrams
618(2)
Professional Perspective
620(1)
Fluid Power Test
620(1)
Fluid Power Problems
621(2)
Industrial Process Piping
623(47)
The Engineering Design Process
623(1)
Where is Industrial Piping Used?
623(2)
What is Pipe Drafting?
625(3)
Types of Pipe
628(4)
Pipe Connection Methods
632(2)
Fittings
634(5)
Flanges
639(2)
Valves
641(5)
Pipe Drafting
646(13)
Professional Perspective
659(1)
Math Application
660(1)
Industrial Process Piping Test
660(2)
Industrial Process Piping Problems
662(7)
Math Problems
669(1)
Structural Drafting with Basic Architectural Applications
670(55)
The Engineering Design Process
670(1)
Line Work
671(2)
Lettering
673(1)
Structural Drafting Related to Construction Systems
673(1)
Concrete Construction
673(5)
Concrete Block Construction
678(1)
Wood Construction
679(8)
Steel Construction
687(6)
Common Connection Methods
693(2)
Components in a Set of Structural Drawings
695(8)
Plot Plan Requirements
703(7)
Professional Perspective
710(1)
Math Application
711(1)
Structural Drafting Test
711(1)
Structural Drafting Problems
712(12)
Math Problems
724(1)
Civil Drafting
725(26)
The Engineering Design Process
725(1)
Introduction to Survey: Direction
726(2)
Surveying
728(2)
Plotting Traverses
730(2)
Distance and Elevation
732(3)
Civil Engineering Drafting
735(2)
Beginning a Civil Engineering Drafting Project
737(7)
Professional Perspective
744(1)
Math Application
745(1)
Civil Drafting Test
745(1)
Civil Drafting Problems
746(4)
Math Problems
750(1)
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)/ Sheet Metal Drafting
751(42)
The Engineering Design Process
751(1)
Sheet Metal Drafting
752(1)
HVAC Systems
752(2)
Ventilation
754(1)
Thermostat
755(1)
HVAC Symbols
755(1)
HVAC Drawings
755(5)
Sheet Metal Drafting
760(4)
Pattern Development
764(10)
Intersections
774(6)
Material Bending and Chassis Layout
780(2)
Professional Perspective
782(1)
Math Application
782(1)
HVAC/Sheet Metal Drafting Test
783(1)
HVAC/Sheet Metal Drafting Problems
784(8)
Math Problems
792(1)
Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting
793(48)
The Engineering Design Process
793(1)
Fundamentals of Electrical Diagrams
794(3)
Generation, Transmission, and Distribution of Electricity
797(1)
The Electric Power Substation Design Drawings
797(5)
Residential and Commercial Electrical Plans
802(5)
Electronic Schematic Drafting
807(1)
Electronic Diagrams
808(2)
Professional Perspective
810(8)
Printed Circuit Technology
818(7)
Pictorial Drawings
825(2)
Professional Perspective
827(1)
Math Application
828(1)
Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting Test
828(2)
Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting Problems
830(10)
Math Problems
840(1)
Engineering Charts and Graphs
841(23)
The Engineering Design Process
841(1)
Rectilinear Charts
842(6)
Surface Charts
848(1)
Column Charts
849(2)
Pie Charts
851(1)
Polar Charts
852(1)
Nomographs
852(3)
Trilinear Charts
855(1)
Flowcharts
855(1)
Distribution Charts
855(1)
Pictorial Charts
856(2)
Professional Perspective
858(1)
Math Application
859(1)
Engineering Charts and Graphs Test
859(1)
Engineering Charts and Graphs Problems
860(2)
Math Problems
862(2)
Appendix A Abbreviations 864(3)
Appendix B Tables 867(33)
Appendix C American National Standards of Interest to Designers, Architects, and Drafters 900(1)
Appendix D Unified Screw Thread Variations 901(1)
Appendix E Metric Screw Thread Variations 901(1)
Appendix F Dimensioning and Tolerancing Symbols 902(1)
Appendix G Designation of Welding and Allied Processes by Letters 903(1)
Appendix H Structural Metal Shape Designations 904(7)
Appendix I Corrosion-Resistant Flanges and Fittings 911(2)
Appendix J Threaded Fittings and Threaded Couplings, Reducers, and Caps 913(1)
Appendix K Valve Specifications 914(3)
Appendix L Symbols for Pipe Fittings and Valves 917(1)
Appendix M Spur and Helical Gear Data 918(1)
Appendix N Math Instruction 919(11)
Glossary 930(7)
Index 937


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