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Exploring Philosophy : An Introductory Anthology,9780195136197

Exploring Philosophy : An Introductory Anthology

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ISBN13:

9780195136197

ISBN10:
0195136195
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
3/2/2000
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $37.33
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Summary

Those who begin the study of philosophy may easily become discouraged. Many classic texts are daunting in their complexity, and much contemporary writing is intended primarily for a professional audience. In Exploring Philosophy , Steven M. Cahn has gathered recent essays by noted philosophers who place a premium on clarity, plus a number of the most accessible historical sources, thereby showing general readers what it means to think like a philosopher. Here is a remarkably accessible and engaging introduction to philosophy. These carefully edited essays are topically organized, and address issues drawn from the major fields of philosophy, such as knowledge and skepticism, freedom and determinism, mind and body, the existence of God, the problem of evil, faith and reason, cultural relativism, abortion, euthanasia, democracy, privacy, capital punishment, affirmative action, death, and the meaning of life. The collection also contains, in preeminent translations and with explanatory notes, the complete texts of Plato's Meno, Euthyphro, Apology , and Crito as well as specially selected materials by Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes, Hume, Kant, and Mill. Also provided are an introduction to logic and scientific method and guiding commentary by the editor. Steven M. Cahn has proved that it is possible to discuss the core topics of philosophy without arcane terminology, unexplained references, or convoluted arguments. For anyone interested in delving into philosophy, this anthology offers an impressive sampling of lucid, inviting articles that tackle some of the field's most provocative questions.

Author Biography


Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The Graduate School of the City University of New York. He is the author of Saints and Scamps: Ethics in Academia, Revised Edition (1994), editor of Classics of Western Philosophy, 5/e (1999) and Classics of Modern Political Theory: Machiavelli to Mill (OUP, 1997), and coeditor of Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues (OUP, 1998). He lives in New York City.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xii
Introduction
What Is Philosophy?
3(10)
Monroe C. Beardsley
Elizabeth Lane Beardsley
Historical Source
Defence of Socrates
13(30)
Plato
Reasoning
The Scope of Logic
43(7)
Wesley C. Salmon
Improving Your Thinking
50(6)
Stephen F. Barker
Fixing Belief
56(3)
Morris R. Cohen
Ernest Nagel
Testing Hypotheses
59(4)
Steven M. Cahn
Patricia Kitcher
George Sher
Science and Common Sense
63(8)
Ernest Nagel
Knowledge and Self
Appearance and Reality
71(4)
Bertrand Russell
What Can I Know?
75(5)
D. Z. Phillips
The Problem of Induction
80(3)
Bertrand Russell
Will the Future Be Like the Past?
83(5)
Frederick L. Will
Free Will or Determinism?
88(11)
Steven M. Cahn
Free Will and Determinism
99(2)
W. T. Stace
Mind and Body
101(12)
Richard Taylor
Death
113(4)
Thomas Nagel
Historical Sources
Meno
117(34)
Plato
Meditations on First Philosophy
151(11)
Rene Descartes
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
162(13)
David Hume
God
Does God Exist?
175(8)
Ernest Nagel
Why God Allows Evil
183(11)
Richard Swinburne
Theology and Falsification
194(4)
Antony Flew
Basil Mitchell
Do Miracles Occur?
198(4)
Monroe C. Beardsley
Elizabeth Lane Beardsley
Faith
202(3)
Richard Taylor
Faith and Reason
205(5)
Michael Scriven
Historical Sources
Euthyphro
210(20)
Plato
Summa Theologiae
230(3)
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Meditations on First Philosophy
233(2)
Rene Descartes
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
235(10)
David Hume
Morality
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
245(11)
James Rachels
How Not to Answer Moral Questions
256(4)
Tom Regan
The Nature of Ethical Disagreement
260(5)
Charles L. Stevenson
A Supreme Moral Principle?
265(5)
Steven M. Cahn
Abortion
270(15)
Joel Feinberg
Giving Birth
285(3)
Virginia Held
Active and Passive Euthanasia
288(6)
James Rachels
Active and Passive Euthanasia: A Reply
294(6)
Thomas D. Sullivan
Choosing Death
300(3)
Sidney Hook
Historical Sources
Nicomachean Ethics
303(5)
Aristotle
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals
308(5)
Immanuel Kant
Utilitarianism
313(8)
John Stuart Mill
Society
Democracy
321(5)
John Dewey
Political Action: The Problem of Dirty Hands
326(4)
Michael Walzer
Privacy
330(4)
Charles Fried
The Death Penalty
334(2)
Burton Leiser
Capital Punishment
336(15)
Hugo Adam Bedau
Two Concepts of Affirmative Action
351(9)
Steven M. Cahn
Are Quotas Sometimes Justified?
360(4)
James Rachels
What Is a Liberal Education?
364(9)
Sidney Hook
Historical Sources
Crito
373(13)
Plato
On Liberty
386(19)
John Stuart Mill
Conclusion
The Meaning of Life
405(8)
Richard Taylor
The Value of Philosophy
413(4)
Bertrand Russell
Historical Source
Phaedo
417(4)
Plato
Suggestions for Further Reading 421(4)
Index 425


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