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Through lively writing and stimulating examples, authors Wade and Tavris invite readers to actively explore the field of psychology and the fundamentals of critical and scientific thinking. Invitation to Psychology presents the science of psychology according to six areas of the learner's experience: Your Self, Your Body, Your Mind, Your Environment, Your Mental Health and Your Life. This unique organization engages readers from the very beginning and gives them a framework for thinking about human behavior. Incorporating many active learning and critical thinking features, a balance of classic and contemporary research, and thorough integration of the psychology of women and men of all cultures-readers will learn much to take with them. For individuals seeking an introduction to psychology.
Table of Contents
(All chapters end with a Taking Psychology with You section.) To the Instructor. To the Student. About the Authors. 1. What Is Psychology?
The Science of Psychology. What Psychologists Do. Critical and Scientific Thinking in Psychology. Descriptive Studies: Establishing the Facts. Correlational Studies: Looking for Relationships. The Experiment: Hunting for Causes. Evaluating the Findings.
I. YOUR SELF.
2 Theories of Personality.
The Elements of Personality. The Biological Contribution. The Learning Contribution. The Cultural Contribution. The Psychodynamic Contribution. The Humanist Contribution.
3 Development over the Life Span.
From Conception to the First Year. Cognitive Development. Gender Development. How Much Do Parents Matter? Adolescence. Adulthood. Are Adults Prisoners of Childhood?
II. YOUR BODY.
4 Neurons, Hormones, and the Brain.
The Nervous System: A Basic Blueprint. Communication in the Nervous System. Mapping the Brain. A Tour Through the Brain. The Two Hemispheres of the Brain. Two Stubborn Issues in Brain Research.
5 Sensation and Perception.
Our Sensational Senses. Vision. Hearing. Other Senses. Perceptual Powers: Origins and Influences. Puzzles of Perception.
III. YOUR MIND.
6. Thinking and Intelligence.
Thought: Using What We Know. Reasoning Rationally. Barriers to Reasoning Rationally. Intelligence. The Origins of intelligence. Animal Minds.
Reconstructing the Past. Memory and the Power of Suggestion. In Pursuit of Memory. The Three-Box Model of Memory. How We Remember. Why We Forget. Autobiographical Memories.
IV. YOUR ENVIRONMENT.
Classical Conditioning. Classical Conditioning in Real Life. Operant Conditioning. Operant Conditioning in Real Life. Social-Cognitive Learning Theories.
9. Behavior in Social and Cultural Context.
Roles and Rules. Social Influences on Beliefs. Individuals in Groups. Us Versus Them: Group Identity. Group Conflict and Prejudice.
V. YOUR MENTAL HEALTH.
10. Psychological Disorders.
Defining and Diagnosing Disorder. Anxiety Disorders. Mood Disorders. Personality Disorders. Dissociative Identity Disorder ("Multiple Personality"). Drug Abuse and Addiction. Schizophrenia.
11. Approaches to Treatment and Therapy.
Biological Treatments. Kinds of Psychotherapy. Evaluating Psychotherapy.
VI. YOUR LIFE.
12. Emotion, Stress, and Health.
The Nature of Emotion. Emotion and Culture. The Nature of Stress. Stress and Emotion. Emotions, Stress, and Health: How to Cope.
13. The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and Work.
The Social Animal: Motives for Love. The Erotic Animal: Motives for Sex. The Hungry Animal: Motives to Eat. The Competent Animal: Motives to Achieve. When Motives Conflict.