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Juvenile Justice in America,9780130144232
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Juvenile Justice in America

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130144232

ISBN10:
0130144231
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $86.60
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Summary

For freshman/junior-level courses in Sociology, Criminal Justice, Criminology, Social Work, Administration of Justice. Fully focused on the important issues, emerging trends, solid research base, and the special challenges facing juvenile justice today, this comprehensive exploration of the American juvenile justice system covers the history and philosophy of juvenile justice, the current practices for processing youthful offenders, the detention of juveniles, and the diversion of youth from the juvenile justice system. Unique in its approach, it gives students an up-close and personal view of the fascinating and sometimes tragic world of the juvenile offenderand the personal, psychological and thinking processes that characterize juvenile misbehavior. From this vivid reality base, it describes the jobs and problems of those practitioners in the justice system that work with youths and the workings of the important components of the juvenile justice system that brings both together.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
PART I Introduction
Juvenile Justice: An Overview
1(28)
Historical Themes of Juvenile Justice
4(6)
Juvenile Justice Agencies and Functions
10(1)
The Processing of the Juvenile Offender
11(5)
Challenges to the Juvenile Justice System
16(13)
The Measurement of Juvenile Crime and Victimization
29(34)
Official Measurements of Juvenile Crime
31(12)
Unoffical Measurements of Juvenile Crime
43(3)
Drug Use Among Juveniles
46(1)
Dimensions of Law-Violating Behaviors
47(6)
Juvenile Victims
53(3)
The Future of Juvenile Crime
56(7)
PART II The System and Early Decision Making
The Police
63(30)
The History of Police-Juvenile Relations
65(1)
Juveniles' Attitudes Toward the Police
66(3)
Processing the Juvenile Offender
69(3)
Police and the Legal Rights of Juveniles
72(8)
Police Organization and Functions
80(3)
Special Challenges of Community Policing
83(10)
The Juvenile Court
93(24)
Traditions Behind the Juvenile Court
95(1)
Development of the Juvenile Court
96(2)
Changes in Legal Norms
98(5)
Social Control and the Status Offender
103(3)
Pretrial Procedures
106(11)
Juvenile Trial and Disposition
117(17)
Juvenile Courtroom Players
118(4)
The Juvenile Trial
122(5)
The Child's Right to Appeal
127(1)
Juvenile Sentencing Structure
127(2)
Justice for Juveniles
129(5)
Juveniles in Adult Court
134(25)
Children or Adults?
135(2)
Transfer to Adult Court
137(9)
Youthful Offender System
146(4)
The Death Penalty for Juveniles
150(3)
A Proposed Adult Court for Juveniles
153(6)
PART III Community-Based Corrections
Juvenile Probation
159(23)
The History of Probation
161(2)
The Administration of Probation
163(3)
Probation Services
166(3)
Risk Control and Crime Reduction
169(5)
Probation Officers
174(2)
The Rights of Probationers
176(1)
Volunteer Probation Officers
177(2)
The Effectiveness of Probation
179(3)
Community-Based Programs
182(29)
History of Community-Based Programs
183(2)
Acceptance of Community-Based Programs
185(1)
Administration of Community-Based Programs
186(2)
Delinquency Prevention
188(5)
Foster Care
193(1)
Diversion
194(4)
Day Treatment Programs
198(3)
Group Homes
201(1)
Wilderness Programs
202(4)
Effectiveness of Community-Based Programs
206(5)
Juvenile Aftercare
211(28)
The Definition and Scope of Juvenile Aftercare
213(1)
The Operation of Juvenile Aftercare
214(14)
The Aftercare Officer
228(5)
Interstate Compacts
233(1)
Improving the Effectiveness of Aftercare
234(5)
PART IV Institutionalization
Juvenile Institutionalization
239(34)
The History of Juvenile Confinement
241(4)
Twentieth-Century Changes
245(2)
Short-Term Confinement
247(3)
Long-Term Confinement
250(14)
Troubling Aspects of Juvenile Institutionalization
264(2)
Rights of Institutionalized Youths
266(7)
PART V Toward an Understanding of Causation
Research and Theory in Juvenile Justice
273(28)
Approaching the Research Problem
275(3)
The Research Process
278(5)
Promoting Research in the Juvenile Justice System
283(1)
Theory and Juvenile Justice
284(2)
Levels of Theory
286(5)
Approaches to Theory
291(3)
Promoting Theory in Juvenile Justice
294(1)
Issues in Research and Theory
295(6)
The Social Correlates of Youth and Gang Crime
301(30)
Dysfunctional Families
303(3)
Failure in School
306(2)
Antisocial Peer Relationships
308(3)
Toxic Neighborhoods and the Underclass
311(1)
Hate Groups
311(2)
Street Gangs
313(12)
Guns
325(6)
Profile of the Juvenile Offender
331(24)
Problem Behaviors Among Adolescents
333(2)
Noncriminal Youths
335(3)
Irresponsible Youths
338(3)
Situational Offenders
341(4)
Drug and Alcohol Users
345(1)
Chronic Offenders
346(5)
Qualifying Statements
351(4)
Treatment Technologies
355(31)
The Treatment Debate
357(1)
Classification of Offenders
358(2)
Treatment Modalities
360(17)
The Issue of Treatment Effectiveness
377(9)
PART VI The International Scene
International Juvenile Justice
386(30)
The Beijing Rules
389(1)
Industrialized Nations
390(10)
Emerging Nations
400(16)
PART VII The Future
Juvenile Justice in the Twenty-First Century
416(17)
Problems of Modern Society Affecting Youths at Risk
418(3)
What Makes It Hard for a Juvenile Offender to ``Go Straight''
421(4)
Problems in the Administration of Juvenile Justice
425(2)
Juvenile Justice and the Twenty-First Century
427(1)
Credo for the Next One Hundred Years
428(5)
Name Index 433(8)
Subject Index 441


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