Laboratory Manual to accompany Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eighth Edition contains 42 experiments for the standard course sequence of topics. the author has taken care to make each experiment workable while encouraging readers to use critical thinking. Experiment format provides clear instructions and evaluation. Each lab begins with a set of goals, a discussion of the topics, and examples of calculations. Experiments relate to basic concepts of chemistry and health and are designed to illustrate chemical principles, often using common materials that are familiar to readers.
Table of Contents
Working Safely in the Laboratory. Commitment to Safety in the Laboratory. A Visual Guide to Laboratory Equipment. Graphing Experimental Data. Using the Laboratory Burner.
I. GENERAL CHEMISTRY.
1. Measurement and Significant Figures. 2. Conversion Factors in Calculations. 3. Density and Specific Gravity. 4. Atomic Structure. 5. Electron Configuration and Periodic Properties. 6. Nuclear Radiation. 7. Compounds and Their Formulas. 8. Energy and Specific Heat. 9. Energy and States of Matter. 10. Chemical Reactions and Equations. 11. Reaction Rates and Equilibrium. 12. Moles and Chemical Formulas. 13. Gas Laws. 14. Partial Pressures of Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Carbon Dioxide. 15. Solutions, Electrolytes, and Concentration. 16. Soluble and Insoluble Salts. 17. Testing for Cations and Anions. 18. Solutions, Colloids, and Suspensions. 19. Acids, Bases, pH, and Buffers. 20. Acid-Base Titration.
II. ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY.
21. Properties of Organic Compounds. 22. Structures of Alkanes. 23. Reactions of Hydrocarbons. 24. Alcohols and Phenols. 25. Aldehydes and Ketones. 26. Types of Carbohydrates. 27. Tests for Carbohydrates. 28. Carboxylic Acids and Esters. 29. Aspirin and Other Analgesics. 30. Lipids. 31. Glycerophospholipids and Steroids. 32. Saponification and Soaps. 33. Amines and Amides. 34. Synthesis of Acetaminophen. 35. Plastics and Polymerization. 36. Amino Acids. 37. Peptides and Proteins. 38. Enzymes. 39. Vitamins. 40. DNA Components and Extraction. 41. Digestion of Foods. 42. Analysis of Urine. Appendix: Materials and Solutions.