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Language Development: From Theory to Practice,9780131708136

Language Development: From Theory to Practice

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780131708136

ISBN10:
0131708139
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $120.00

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    Language Development : From Theory to Practice




Summary

An introductory language development text needs to provide a comprehensive overview of the field, but it also needs to engage and excite the reader. Language Development from Theory to Practice by Khara L. Pence and Laura M. Justice exceeds these criteria and provides readers with a theoretical and scientific foundation for the study of language development while also making the material relevant to current and future experiences in clinical, educational, and research settings.

Table of Contents

Language Development: An Introductionp. 2
Focus Questionsp. 2
What is Language?p. 4
Language Definedp. 4
Language as a Module of Human Cognitionp. 7
How Does Language Relate to Speech, Hearing, and Communication?p. 8
Speechp. 8
Hearingp. 13
Communicationp. 15
What Are the Major Domains of Language?p. 19
Content, Form, and Usep. 19
Components of Content, Form, and Usep. 21
What Are Some Remarkable Features of Language?p. 24
Acquisition Ratep. 24
Universalityp. 25
Species Specificityp. 26
Semanticityp. 26
Productivityp. 27
What Are Language Differences and Language Disorders?p. 28
Language Differencesp. 28
Language Disordersp. 34
Summaryp. 37
The Science and Theory of Language Developmentp. 40
Focus Questionsp. 40
Who Studies Language Development and Why?p. 41
Basic Researchp. 43
Applied Researchp. 44
What Are Some Major Approaches to Studying Language Development?p. 46
Approaches to Studying Speech Perceptionp. 46
Approaches to Studying Language Productionp. 48
Approaches to Studying Language Comprehensionp. 53
What Are Some Major Language Development Theories?p. 54
Questions That Should Be Answered by Language Theoriesp. 54
Major Language Development Theoriesp. 56
How Do Language Development Theories Influence Practice?p. 66
Linkage of Theory to Practicep. 66
Instruction in English as a Second Language: Theory and Practicep. 67
Practices Informed by Language Theoriesp. 68
Summaryp. 69
Building Blocks of Languagep. 72
Focus Questionsp. 72
What is Semantic Development?p. 73
Semantic Building Blocksp. 74
Influences on Semantic Developmentp. 79
What is Morphological Development?p. 82
Morphological Building Blocksp. 82
Influences on Morphological Developmentp. 84
What is Syntactic Development?p. 88
Syntactic Building Blocksp. 88
Influences on Syntactic Developmentp. 93
What is Phonological Development?p. 97
Phonological Building Blocksp. 97
Influences on Phonological Developmentp. 100
What is Pragmatic Development?p. 101
Pragmatic Building Blocksp. 101
Influences on Pragmatic Developmentp. 106
Summaryp. 107
Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Languagep. 110
Focus Questionsp. 110
What Are Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology?p. 111
Terminologyp. 114
Neuroscience Basicsp. 116
What Are the Major Structures and Functions of the Human Brain?p. 121
Cerebrump. 122
Brainstemp. 128
Cerebellump. 128
How Does the Human Brain Process and Produce Languagep. 128
Semanticsp. 129
Syntax and Morphologyp. 131
Phonologyp. 132
Pragmaticsp. 134
What Are Neurophysiological and Neuroanatomical Sensitive Periods?p. 136
Sensitive Periods Definedp. 136
Neuroanatomical and Neurophysiological Concepts Related to Sensitive Periodsp. 137
Sensitive Periods and Language Acquisitionp. 139
Summaryp. 143
Infancy: Let the Language Achievements Beginp. 146
Focus Questionsp. 146
What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in Infancy?p. 147
Infant Speech Perceptionp. 147
Awareness of Actions and Intentionsp. 151
Category Formationp. 152
Early Vocalizationsp. 155
Additional Milestonesp. 157
What Are Some of the Early Foundations for Language Development?p. 159
Infant-Directed Speechp. 159
Joint Reference and Attentionp. 160
Daily Routines of Infancyp. 165
Caregiver Responsivenessp. 166
What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize Infancy?p. 167
Language Contentp. 167
Language Formp. 168
Language Usep. 168
What Factors Influence Infants' Individual Achievements in Language?p. 169
Intraindividual Differencesp. 169
Interindividual Differencesp. 170
How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in Infancy?p. 173
Researchersp. 173
Cliniciansp. 179
Summaryp. 180
Toddlerhood: Exploring the World and Experimenting with Languagep. 182
Focus Questionsp. 182
What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in Toddlerhood?p. 183
First Wordsp. 183
Gesturesp. 185
What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize Toddlerhood?p. 188
Language Contentp. 189
Language Formp. 196
Language Usep. 206
What Factors Influence Toddlers' Individual Achievements in Language?p. 207
Intraindividual Differencesp. 207
Interindividual Differencesp. 207
How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in Toddlerhood?p. 209
Researchersp. 209
Cliniciansp. 213
Summaryp. 217
Preschool: Building Literacy on Languagep. 220
Focus Questionsp. 220
What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in the Preschool Period?p. 221
Decontextualized Languagep. 221
Emergent Literacyp. 222
What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize the Preschool Period?p. 226
Language Contentp. 229
Language Formp. 234
Language Usep. 236
What Factors Influence Preschoolers' Individual Achievements in Language?p. 239
Intraindividual Differencesp. 240
Interindividual Differencesp. 241
How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in the Preschool Period?p. 243
Researchersp. 243
Cliniciansp. 248
Summaryp. 250
School-Age Years and Beyond: Developing Later Languagep. 252
Focus Questionsp. 252
What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in the School-Age Years and Beyond?p. 253
Shifting Sources of Language Inputp. 253
Acquisition of Metalinguistic Competencep. 257
What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize the School-Age Years and Beyond?p. 262
Language Contentp. 262
Language Formp. 269
Language Usep. 271
What Factors Influence School-Age Children's, Adolescents', and Adults' Individual Competencies in Language?p. 275
Gender Differences in Vocabulary Use and Conversational Stylep. 276
Gender Differences in Conversational Pragmaticsp. 277
How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in the School-Age Years and Beyond?p. 278
Assessment Typesp. 278
Assessment of Language Contentp. 279
Assessment of Language Formp. 281
Assessment of Language Usep. 282
Summaryp. 284
Language Diversityp. 286
Focus Questionsp. 286
What is the Connection Between Language and Culture?p. 287
The Interrelatedness of Language and Culturep. 287
Infant-Directed Speechp. 288
How Do Languages Evolve and Change?p. 289
Dialectsp. 289
Pidginsp. 296
Creolesp. 296
What Are Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition?p. 297
Bilingualismp. 298
Second Language Acquisitionp. 302
What Are Some Prevailing Theories of Second Language Acquisition and Their Implications for Practice?p. 307
Nurture-Inspired Theoriesp. 308
Nature-Inspired Theoriesp. 310
Other Theoriesp. 312
Summaryp. 313
Language Disorders in Childrenp. 314
Focus Questionsp. 314
What is a Language Disorder?p. 315
Social, Psychological, and Educational Impactp. 316
Language Disorders and Language Differencesp. 317
The Meaning of Significantp. 320
Prevalence and Incidencep. 321
Who Identifies and Treats Children with Language Disorders?p. 322
Speech-Language Pathologistsp. 322
Psychologistsp. 325
General Educatorsp. 326
Special Educatorsp. 328
Early Interventionistsp. 329
Audiologistsp. 330
Developmental Pediatriciansp. 330
Otorhinolaryngologistsp. 330
What Are the Major Types of Child Language Disorders?p. 331
Specific Language Impairmentp. 331
Autism Spectrum Disorderp. 336
Mental Retardationp. 339
Traumatic Brain Injuryp. 342
Hearing Lossp. 343
How Are Child Language Disorders Identified and Treated?p. 347
Identification of Language Disordersp. 347
Treatment of Language Disordersp. 351
Summaryp. 354
Glossaryp. 356
Referencesp. 371
Name Indexp. 391
Subject Indexp. 397
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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