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Politics in America, National Version

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780130494252

ISBN10:
0130494259
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div

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Summary

Politics in America, National Version, presents a clear, concise, and stimulating introduction to the American political system. It focuses on the struggle for power, describing the participants, the stakes, the processes, and the institutional arenas. This new edition includes the recent terrorist attacks on America, the “war on terror”, and its impact on the American psyche. The National Version of this book describes politics, the Constitution, the participants, the institutions, and the outcomes of our political system. For anyone interested in American politics, as well as those who are involved in the political arena, government, and policy-making.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
About the Author xxii
PART I POLITICS
Harold Lasswell
Politics: Who Gets What, When, and How
2(26)
Politics and Political Science
3(1)
Politics and Government
4(2)
What Do You Think?
Can You Trust the Government?
6(1)
The Purposes of Government
7(1)
A Conflicting View
American Politics as Violence
8(1)
A Conflicting View
Sometimes It's Right to Disobey the Law
9(2)
The Meaning of Democracy
11(1)
Up Close
How Big Is Government and What Does It Do?
12(2)
Compared to What?
Freedom and Democracy around the World
14(2)
The Paradox of Democracy
16(2)
Direct versus Representative Democracy
18(1)
Who Really Governs?
19(1)
Up Close
Terrorism's Threat to Democracy
20(2)
What Do You Think?
Is the American Government ``Of, By and For the People''?
22(2)
Democracy in America
24(1)
Summary Notes
25(1)
Key Terms
26(1)
Suggested Readings
26(1)
PoliSim
27(1)
Political Culture: Ideas in Conflict
28(28)
Political Culture
29(1)
Individual Liberty
30(1)
Dilemmas of Equality
31(3)
Inequality of Income and Wealth
34(1)
Compared to What?
Should Government Equalize Incomes?
35(2)
Social Mobility
37(1)
A Conflicting View
Success Is Determined by the Bell Curve
38(1)
Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration
39(4)
Ideologies: Liberalism and Conservatism
43(1)
What Do You Think?
Could You Pass the Citizenship Test?
44(2)
Across the USA
Liberalism and Conservatism
46(1)
People in Politics
Conservative with a Sense of Humor
47(1)
P.J. O'Rourke
People in Politics
Defending Liberalism in Congress
48(1)
Barbara Boxer
Dissent in the United States
49(2)
What Do You Think?
Are You a Liberal or a Conservative?
51(3)
Summary Notes
54(1)
Key Terms
55(1)
Suggested Readings
55(1)
PoliSim
55(1)
PART II CONSTITUTION
Harold Lasswell
The Constitution: Limiting Governmental Power
56(50)
Constitutional Government
57(1)
The Constitutional Tradition
57(2)
Troubles Confronting a New Nation
59(3)
Consensus in Philadelphia
62(1)
People in Politics
George Washington, Founder of a Nation
63(1)
Conflict in Philadelphia
64(3)
Resolving the Economic Issues
67(1)
A Conflicting View
An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution
68(2)
Protecting National Security
70(1)
The Structure of the Government
71(2)
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances
73(2)
Conflict over Ratification
75(1)
A Conflicting View
Let the People Vote on National Issues
76(2)
A Bill of Rights
78(1)
People in Politics
James Madison and the Control of ``Faction''
79(1)
Compared to What?
Canada's Parliamentary System
80(1)
Constitutional Change
81(2)
A Conflicting View
Objections to the Constitution by an Anti-Federalist
83(4)
Summary Notes
87(1)
Key Terms
88(1)
Suggested Readings
88(1)
PoliSim
89(1)
Constitution of the United States
90(16)
Federalism: Dividing Governmental Power
106(30)
Indestructible Union, Indestructible States
107(2)
Why Federalism? The Argument for a ``Compound Republic''
109(1)
Compared to What?
The European Union
110(3)
What Do You Think?
Which Government Does the Best Job?
113(1)
The Original Design of Federalism
114(2)
A Conflicting View
The Dark Side of Federalism
116(2)
A Conflicting View
Don't Make Everything a Federal Crime!
118(1)
The Evolution of American Federalism
118(2)
Up Close
Historical Markers in the Development of American Federalism
120(4)
Federalism Revived?
124(1)
What Do You Think?
Should Violence against Women Be a Federal Crime?
125(1)
Money and Power Flow to Washington
126(2)
Up Close
How Congress Set a National Drinking Age
128(1)
Coercive Federalism: Preemptions and Mandates
129(1)
A Devolution Revolution?
130(1)
A Conflicting View
Liberals, Conservatives, and Federalism
131(2)
People in Politics
Leadership in the States
133(1)
Jeb Bush
Summary Notes
134(1)
Key Terms
135(1)
Suggested Readings
135(1)
PART III PARTICIPANTS
Harold Lasswell
Opinion and Participation: Thinking and Acting in Politics
136(40)
Politics and Public Opinion
137(2)
Up Close
Can We Believe the Polls?
139(2)
Socialization: The Origins of Political Opinions
141(1)
Up Close
Abortion: The ``Hot-Button'' Issue
142(2)
Compared to What?
How ``Exceptional'' Is Opinion in America?
144(2)
What Do You Think?
College Students' Opinions
146(4)
Ideology and Opinion
150(1)
Gender and Opinion
151(2)
Race and Opinion
153(2)
Policy and Opinion
155(1)
Individual Participation in Politics
155(1)
What Do You Think?
Should Government Leaders Pay More Attention to Public Opinion in Policy Making?
156(1)
Securing the Right to Vote
156(4)
Why Vote?
160(3)
The Politics of Voter Turnout
163(1)
Up Close
The ``Butterfly'' Ballot
164(2)
Voters and Nonvoters
166(1)
Compared to What?
Voter Turnout in Western Democracies
167(1)
Nonvoting: What Difference Does It Make?
168(1)
Protest as Political Participation
169(1)
Up Close
How to Run for Office
170(3)
Summary Notes
173(1)
Key Terms
174(1)
Suggested Readings
174(1)
PoliSim
175(1)
Mass Media: Setting the Political Agenda
176(30)
The Power of the Media
177(3)
Sources of Media Power
179(1)
Up Close
Media Is a Plural Noun
180(2)
People in Politics
Stars of the Network News: Rather, Jennings, and Brokaw
182(3)
The Business of the Media
185(1)
The Politics of the News
186(2)
Up Close
What the Public Watches on the News
188(2)
What Do You Think?
Are the Media Biased?
190(1)
A Conflicting View
Hollywood Is Corrupting America
191(1)
Mediated Elections
191(3)
Freedom versus Fairness
194(1)
Up Close
Media Campaign 2000
195(1)
Libel and Slander
196(1)
People in Politics
Larry King Live
197(1)
Compared to What?
America's TV Culture in Perspective
198(1)
Politics and the Internet
198(2)
Media Effects: Shaping Political Life
200(2)
Up Close
The Media Age
202(2)
Summary Notes
204(1)
Key Terms
205(1)
Suggested Readings
205(1)
Political Parties: Organizing Politics
206(42)
The Power of Organization
207(1)
American Parties: A Historical Perspective
207(5)
Up Close
The Donkey and the Elephant
212(7)
Political Parties and Democratic Government
219(2)
What Do You Think?
Which Party Does a Better Job?
221(2)
Parties as Organizers of Elections
223(3)
Where's the Party?
226(2)
National Party Conventions
228(3)
Up Close
Democratic and Republican Platforms: Can You Tell the Difference?
231(1)
Party Finances
232(2)
Party Voters
234(2)
Up Close
A Typology of Donkeys and Elephants
236(1)
Third Parties in the U.S. System
237(2)
Across the USA
Democratic and Republican Party Strength in the States
239(1)
Up Close
The Libertarian Party: A Dissenting Voice
240(1)
The Rise and Fall of the Reform Party
241(2)
Why the Two-Party System Persists
243(1)
Compared to What?
Canada's Multiparty System
244(1)
Summary Notes
245(1)
Key Terms
246(1)
Suggested Readings
247(1)
PoliSim
247(1)
Campaigns and Elections: Deciding Who Governs
248(44)
Elections in a Democracy
249(2)
Power and Ambition
251(2)
The Advantages of Incumbency
253(2)
Campaign Strategies
255(2)
Up Close
Dirty Politics
257(3)
How Much Does It Cost to Get Elected?
260(1)
Raising Campaign Cash
261(3)
What Do Contributors ``Buy''?
264(3)
What Do You Think?
Does Money Buy Influence in Washington?
267(2)
Regulating Campaign Finance
269(1)
The Presidential Campaign: The Primary Race
270(1)
Up Close
Campaign 2004, Off and Running
271(3)
The Presidential Campaign: The General Election Battle
274(1)
Up Close
Presidential Primary Races in 2000
275(1)
Up Close
Bush v. Gore, 2000
276(3)
The Voter Decides
279(1)
What Do You Think?
Should We Scrap the Electoral College?
280(4)
Up Close
The Presidential Debates
284(2)
Across the USA
How the States Voted
286(3)
Summary Notes
289(1)
Key Terms
290(1)
Suggested Readings
290(1)
PoliSim
291(1)
Interest Groups: Getting Their Share and More
292(36)
Interest-Group Power
293(1)
Origins of Interest Groups
294(2)
Up Close
Superlobby: The Business Roundtable
296(1)
People in Politics
Lobbying for the Poor
297(1)
Marian Wright Edelman
The Organized Interests in Washington
298(4)
Up Close
The Christian Coalition: Organizing the Faithful
302(2)
People in Politics
People's Lobbyist
304(1)
Ralph Nader
Leaders and Followers
305(2)
The Washington Lobbyists
307(2)
Up Close
Washington's Most Powerful Lobbies
309(1)
The Fine Art of Lobbying
310(4)
Up Close
AARP: The Nation's Most Powerful Interest Group
314(3)
Up Close
Emily's List
317(1)
PAC Power
318(1)
Lobbying the Bureaucracy
318(1)
What Do You Think?
Did Campaign Contributions Help Enron?
319(3)
What Do You Think?
Is It What You Know or Who You Know?
322(1)
Lobbying the Courts
323(1)
Politics as Interest-Group Conflict
323(3)
Summary Notes
326(1)
Key Terms
327(1)
Suggested Readings
327(1)
PoliSim
327(1)
PART IV INSTITUTIONS
Harold Lasswell
Congress: Politics on Capitol Hill
328(58)
The Powers of Congress
329(7)
Congressional Apportionment and Redistricting
336(1)
Across the USA
Reapportionment, 2000
337(4)
Getting to Capitol Hill
341(4)
What Do You Think?
Why Do Voters Reelect Members of an Unpopular Congress?
345(6)
People in Politics
Jim Jeffords Shakes Up the Senate
351
Life in Congress
350(3)
People in Politics
Hillary Rodham Clinton in the Senate
353(3)
Home Style
356(1)
Organizing Congress: Party and Leadership
357(4)
People in Politics
Whipping Democrats into Shape
361(1)
Nancy Pelosi
In Committee
362(4)
People in Politics
``Ted'' Kennedy: Keeping Liberalism Alive in the U.S. Senate
366(1)
On the Floor
367(2)
Decision Making in Congress
369(1)
Up Close
What Are They Talking About?
370(5)
People in Politics
Leading Senate Republicans
375(2)
Trent Lott
Customs and Norms
377(2)
A Conflicting View
Congress Can Act Responsibly on Occasion
379(2)
Congressional Ethics
381(2)
Summary Notes
383(1)
Key Terms
384(1)
Suggested Readings
385(1)
PoliSim
385(1)
The President: White House Politics
386(42)
Presidential Power
387(2)
What Do You Think?
How Would You Rate the Presidents?
389(1)
Up Close
``9/11'' Transforms Bush and the Nation
390(1)
Constitutional Powers of the President
391(2)
Compared to What?
Mexican President Vicente Fox
393(2)
Up Close
Sex, Lies, and Impeachment
395(2)
Up Close
Watergate and the Limits of Presidential Power
397(2)
Political Resources of the President
399(3)
What Do You Think?
Should We Judge Presidents on Private Character or Performance in Office?
402(1)
Chief Executive
403(5)
Chief Legislator and Lobbyist
408(5)
Global Leader
413(4)
Commander-in-Chief
417(1)
People in Politics
George W. Becomes Commander-in-Chief
418(4)
The Vice Presidential Waiting Game
422(2)
People in Politics
Presidential Confidant
424(1)
Dick Cheney
Summary Notes
425(1)
Key Terms
426(1)
Suggested Readings
426(1)
PoliSim
427(1)
The Bureaucracy: Bureaucratic Politics
428(42)
Bureaucratic Power
429(1)
What Do You Think?
Do Bureaucrats in Washington Have Too Much Power?
430(5)
Up Close
Why Government Grows, and Grows, and Grows
435(1)
The Federal Bureaucracy
436(4)
Compared to What?
The Size of Government in Other Nations
440(1)
Up Close
The Department of Homeland Security
441(4)
People in Politics
Managing the Nation's Economy
445(1)
Alan Greenspan
Bureaucracy and Democracy
446(3)
Bureaucratic Politics
449(2)
The Budgetary Process
451(3)
The Politics of Budgeting
454(1)
Up Close
Bureaucratic Budget Strategies
455(1)
Regulatory Battles
456(1)
What Do You Think?
How Much Money Does the Government Waste?
457(1)
A Conflicting View
Bureaucratic Regulations Are Suffocating America
458(2)
Regulating America
460(2)
Congressional Constraints on the Bureaucracy
462(3)
Interest Groups and Bureaucratic Decision Making
465(1)
Judicial Constraints on the Bureaucracy
466(1)
Summary Notes
467(1)
Key Terms
468(1)
Suggested Readings
468(1)
PoliSim
469(1)
Courts: Judicial Politics
470(38)
Judicial Power
471(2)
People in Politics
John Marshall and Early Supreme Court Politics
473(3)
Up Close
William Jefferson Clinton versus Paula Corbin Jones
476(1)
Activism versus Self-Restraint
477(1)
People in Politics
Sandra Day O'Connor, Holding the Middle Ground
478(2)
Structure and Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
480(3)
Across the USA
Geographic Boundaries of Federal Courts
483(1)
The Special Rules of Judicial Decision Making
484(2)
A Conflicting View
America Is Drowning Itself in a Sea of Lawsuits
486(3)
The Politics of Selecting Judges
489(3)
Up Close
The Confirmation of Clarence Thomas
492(1)
Who Is Selected?
493(1)
Supreme Court Decision Making
494(3)
Politics and the Supreme Court
497(2)
Bush v. Gore in the U.S. Supreme Court
499(2)
Checking Court Power
501(1)
Up Close
Bush v. Gore, Majority and Dissenting Opinions
502(3)
Summary Notes
505(2)
Key Terms
507(1)
Suggested Readings
507(1)
PART V OUTCOMES
Harold Lasswell
Politics and Personal Liberty
508(44)
Power and Individual Liberty
509(2)
Freedom of Religion
511(7)
Freedom of Speech
518(1)
Up Close
The American Civil Liberties Union
519(3)
What Do You Think?
Do We Have a Constitutional Right to Burn the American Flag?
522(2)
Up Close
Political Correctness versus Free Speech on Campus
524(1)
Privacy, Abortion, and the Constitution
525(3)
Obscenity and the Law
528(2)
Up Close
Child Pornography
530(1)
Freedom of the Press
530(3)
Freedom of Assembly and Petition
533(1)
The Right to Bear Arms
534(2)
Across the USA
Gun Control and the Second Amendment
536(1)
Rights of Criminal Defendants
537(2)
What Do You Think?
Should Victims' Rights Be Added to the Constitution?
539(7)
A Conflicting View
The War on Drugs Threatens Individual Liberty
546(1)
The Death Penalty
547(2)
Summary Notes
549(1)
Key Terms
550(1)
Suggested Readings
551(1)
PoliSim
551(1)
Politics and Civil Rights
552(44)
The Politics of Equality
553(1)
Slavery, Segregation, and the Constitution
554(3)
Equal Protection of the Laws
557(1)
Up Close
African American Politics in Historical Perspective
558(4)
The Civil Rights Acts
562(1)
People in Politics
``I Have a Dream''
563(2)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Equality: Opportunity versus Results
565(3)
Affirmative Action in the Courts
568(3)
A Conflicting View
The Constitution Should be Color-Blind
571(1)
Battles over Affirmative Action
572(1)
Up Close
Black and White Opinion on Affirmative Action
573(1)
Hispanics in America
574(2)
Hispanic Politics
576(3)
Native Americans: Trails of Tears
579(1)
Across the USA
Native American Peoples
580(3)
The Rights of Disabled Americans
583(1)
Gender Equality and the Fourteenth Amendment
584(2)
Gender Equality in the Economy
586(3)
Inequality and the Constitution
589(1)
What Do You Think?
What Constitutes Sexual Harassment?
590(2)
Summary Notes
592(2)
Key Terms
594(1)
Suggested Readings
594(1)
PoliSim
595(1)
Politics and the Economy
596(32)
Politics and Economics
597(1)
Competing Economic Theories
597(3)
Economic Decision Making
600(1)
People in Politics
In Defense of Free Markets
601(2)
Milton Friedman
The Performance of the American Economy
603(3)
Economic Globalization
606(4)
Government Spending, Budget Priorities, and Debt
610(1)
What Do You Think?
Does Globalization Help or Hurt America?
611(1)
Up Close
Transfers and Entitlements Drive Government Spending
612(3)
The Tax Burden
615(2)
What Do You Think?
Should We Increase Government Services or Reduce Taxes?
617(1)
Compared to What?
Tax Burdens in Advanced Democracies
618(1)
What Do You Think?
What's Wrong with the Federal Income Tax?
619(2)
Tax Politics
621(1)
A Conflicting View
We Should Enact a Flat Tax
622(3)
Summary Notes
625(1)
Key Terms
626(1)
Suggested Readings
627(1)
PoliSim
627(1)
Politics and Social Welfare
628(26)
Power and Social Welfare
629(1)
Poverty in the United States
629(3)
Up Close
Who Are the Poor?
632(1)
Up Close
Homelessness in America
633(1)
Social Welfare Policy
634(3)
Senior Power
637(3)
Politics and Welfare Reform
640(1)
What Do You Think?
How Should We Reform Social Security?
641(3)
Up Close
Is Welfare Reform Working?
644(1)
Health Care in America
645(1)
Compared to What?
Health and Health Care Costs in Advanced Democracies
646(3)
Politics and Health Care Reform
649(3)
Summary Notes
652(1)
Key Terms
653(1)
Suggested Readings
653(1)
Politics and National Security
654(47)
Power among Nations
655(2)
The Legacy of the Cold War
657(7)
Nuclear Threats
664(4)
A Conflicting View
We Should Defend Ourselves against a Ballistic Missile Attack
668(1)
Post--Cold War Threats
669(3)
Up Close
The Use of Force: Operation Desert Storm
672(1)
When to Use Military Force?
672(3)
People in Politics
An American Journey
675(2)
Colin Powell
The War on Terrorism
677(2)
Compared to What?
World Opinion about America's War against Terrorism
679(1)
What Do You Think?
Do You Support the War against Terrorism?
680(2)
Military Force Levels
682(3)
Summary Notes
685(1)
Key Terms
686(1)
Suggested Readings
686(1)
PoliSim
687(1)
Appendix
The Declaration of Independence
688(1)
The Federalist, No. 10, James Madison
689(3)
The Federalist, No. 51, James Madison
692(3)
Presidents and Vice Presidents
695(1)
Presidential Elections and Voting
696(4)
Party Control of Congress
700(1)
Glossary 701(9)
Notes 710(9)
Photo Credits 719(2)
Index 721


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