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University Physics with Mastering Physics

by
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780805391787

ISBN10:
0805391789
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
ADD
List Price: $132.20

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This is the 11th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2004.
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Table of Contents

MECHANICS
1 UNITS, PHYSICAL, QUANTITIES, AND VECTORS
1(39)
1.1 The Nature of Physics
2(1)
1.2 Solving Physics Problems
3(2)
1.3 Standards and Units
5(3)
1.4 Unit Consistency and Conversions
8(2)
1.5 Uncertainty and Significant Figures
10(3)
1.6 Estimates and Orders of Magnitude
13(1)
1.7 Vectors and Vector Addition
14(4)
1.8 Components of Vectors
18(5)
1.9 Unit Vectors
23(1)
1.10 Products of Vectors
24(7)
Summary/Key Terms
31(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
33(7)
2 MOTION ALONG A STRAIGHT LINS
40(38)
2.1 Displacement, Time, and Average Velocity
41(3)
2.2 Instantaneous Velocity
44(3)
2.3 Average and Instantaneous Acceleration
47(5)
2.4 Motion with Constant Acceleration
52(6)
2.5 Freely Falling Bodies
58(4)
2.6 Velocity and Position by Integration
62(4)
Summary/Key Terms
66(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
68(10)
3 MOTION IN TWO OR THREE DIMENSIONS
78(41)
3.1 Position and Velocity Vectors
79(3)
3.2 The Acceleration Vector
82(5)
3.3 Projectile Motion
87(11)
3.4 Motion in a Circle
98(3)
3.5 Relative Velocity
101(6)
Summary/Key Terms
107(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
109(10)
4 NEWTON'S LAWS OF MOTION
119(34)
4.1 Force and Interactions
120(4)
4.2 Newton's First Law
124(4)
4.3 Newton's Second Law
128(7)
4.4 Mass and Weight
135(3)
4.5 Newton's Third Law
138(5)
4.6 Free-Body Diagrams
143(2)
Summary/Key Terms
145(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
147(6)
5 APPLYING NEWTON'S LAWS
153(54)
5.1 Using Newton's First Law: Particles in Equilibrium
154(7)
5.2 Using Newton's Second Law: Dynamics of Particles
161(10)
5.3 Frictional Forces
171(10)
5.4 Dynamics of Circular Motion
181(7)
5.5 The Fundamental Forces of Nature
188(2)
Summary/Key Terms
190(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
192(15)
6 WORK AND KINETIC ENERGY
207(34)
6.1 Work
208(5)
6.2 Work and Kinetic Energy
213(7)
6.3 Work and Energy with Varying Forces
220(7)
6.4 Power
227(3)
Summary/Key Terms
230(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
232(9)
7 POTENTIAL ENERGYAND ENERGY CONSERVATION
241(41)
7.1 Gravitational Potential Energy
242(11)
7.2 Elastic Potential Energy
253(7)
7.3 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
260(5)
7.4 Force and Potential Energy
265(3)
7.5 Energy Diagrams
268(3)
Summary/Key Terms
271(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
273(9)
8 MOMENTUM, IMPULS, AND COLLISIONS
282(45)
8.1 Momentum and Impulse
283(6)
8.2 Conservation of Momentum
289(6)
8.3 Inelastic Collisions
295(5)
8.4 Elastic Collisions
300(6)
8.5 Center of Mass
306(5)
8.6 Rocket Propulsion
311(3)
Summary/Key Terms
314(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
316(11)
9 ROTATION OF RIGID BODIS
327(34)
9.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration
328(5)
9.2 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration
333(2)
9.3 Relating Linear and Angular Kinematics
335(4)
9.4 Energy in Rotational Motion
339(6)
9.5 Parallel-Axis Theorem
345(2)
9.6 Moment of Inertia Calculations
347(3)
Summary/Key Terms
350(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
352(9)
10 DYNAMICS OF ROTATIONAL MOTION
361(43)
10.1 Torque
362(3)
10.2 Torque and Angular Acceleration for a Rigid Body
365(5)
10.3 Rigid-Body Rotation about a Moving Axis
370(7)
10.4 Work and Power in Rotational Motion
377(2)
10.5 Angular Momentum
379(3)
10.6 Conservation of Angular Momentum
382(4)
10.7 Gyroscopes and Precession
386(4)
Summary/Key Terms
390(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
392(12)
11 EQUILIBRIUM AND ELASTICITY
404(32)
11.1 Conditions for Equilibrium
405(1)
11.2 Center of Gravity
406(3)
11.3 Solving Rigid-Body Equilibrium Problems
409(6)
11.4 Stress, Strain, and Elastic Moduli
415(6)
11.5 Elasticity and Plasticity
421(1)
Summary/Key Terms
422(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
424(12)
12 GRAVITATION
436(40)
12.1 Newton's Law of Gravitation
437(4)
12.2 Weight
441(3)
12.3 Gravitational Potential Energy
444(3)
12.4 The Motion of Satellites
447(5)
12.5 Kepler's Laws and the Motion of Planets
452(4)
12.6 Spherical Mass Distributions
456(3)
12.7 Apparent Weight and the Earth's Rotation
459(2)
12.8 Black Holes
461(4)
Summary/Key Terms
465(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
467(9)
13 PERIODIC MOTION
476(39)
13.1 Describing Oscillation
477(1)
13.2 Simple Harmonic Motion
478(8)
13.3 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
486(4)
13.4 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion
490(5)
13.5 The Simple Pendulum
495(1)
13.6 The Physical Pendulum
496(3)
13.7 Damped Oscillations
499(3)
13.8 Forced Oscillations and Resonance
502(2)
Summary/Key Terms
504(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
506(9)
14 FLUID MECHANICS
515(32)
14.1 Density
515(2)
14.2 Pressure in a Fluid
517(6)
14.3 Buoyancy
523(3)
14.4 Fluid Flow
526(2)
14.5 Bernoulli's Equation
528(5)
14.6 Viscosity and Turbulence
533(3)
Summary/Key Terms
536(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
538(9)
WAVES/ACOUSTICS
15 MECHANICAL WAVES
547(44)
15.1 Types of Mechanical Waves
548(1)
15.2 Periodic Waves
549(3)
15.3 Mathematical Description of a Wave
552(7)
15.4 Speed of a Transverse Wave
559(5)
15.5 Energy in Wave Motion
564(3)
15.6 Wave Interference, Boundary Conditions, and Superposition
567(3)
15.7 Standing Waves on a String
570(5)
15.8 Normal Modes of a String
575(5)
Summary/Key Terms
580(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
582(9)
16 SOUNDAND HARING
591(49)
16.1 Sound Waves
592(5)
16.2 Speed of Sound Waves
597(5)
16.3 Sound Intensity
602(6)
16.4 Standing Sound Waves and Normal Modes
608(6)
16.5 Resonance
614(2)
16.6 Interference of Waves
616(3)
16.7 Beats
619(2)
16.8 The Doppler Effect
621(6)
16.9 Shock Waves
627(4)
Summary/Key Terms
631(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
633(7)
THERMODYNAMICS
17 TEMPFRATURE AND HEAT
640(44)
17.1 Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium
641(1)
17.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales
642(2)
17.3 Gas Thermometers and the Kelvin Scale
644(2)
17.4 Thermal Expansion
646(6)
17.5 Quantity of Heat
652(5)
17.6 Calorimetry and Phase Changes
657(6)
17.7 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer
663(8)
Summary/Key Terms
671(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
673(11)
18 THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER
684(41)
18.1 Equations of State
685(7)
18.2 Molecular Properties of Matter
692(2)
18.3 Kinetic-Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas
694(8)
18.4 Heat Capacities
702(4)
18.5 Molecular Speeds
706(2)
18.6 Phases of Matter
708(4)
Summary/Key Terms
712(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
714(11)
19 THS FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
725(29)
19.1 Thermodynamic Systems
723(2)
19.2 Work Done During Volume Changes
725(3)
19.3 Paths Between Thermodynamic States
728(1)
19.4 Internal Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics
729(6)
19.5 Kinds of Thermodynamic Processes
735(2)
19.6 Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas
737(1)
19.7 Heat Capacities of an Ideal Gas
738(3)
19.8 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas
741(4)
Summary/Key Terms
745(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
747(7)
20 THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
754(38)
20.1 Directions of Thermodynamic Processes
755(1)
20.2 Heat Engines
756(3)
20.3 Internal-Combustion Engines
759(2)
20.4 Refrigerators
761(3)
20.5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
764(2)
20.6 The Carnot Cycle
766(7)
20.7 Entropy
773(6)
20.8 Microscopic Interpretation of Entropy
779(4)
Summary/Key Terms
783(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
785(7)
ELECTROMAGNETISM
21 ELECTRIC CHARGE AND ELECTRIC FIELD
792(44)
21.1 Electric Charge
793(4)
21.2 Conductors, Insulators, and Induced Charges
797(3)
21.3 Coulomb's Law
800(5)
21.4 Electric Field and Electric Forces
805(6)
21.5 Electric-Field Calculations
811(7)
21.6 Electric Field Lines
818(2)
21.7 Electric Dipoles
820(5)
Summary/Key Terms
825(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
827(9)
22 GAUSS'S LAW
836(33)
22.1 Charge and Electric Flux
837(3)
22.2 Calculating Electric Flux
840(4)
22.3 Gauss's Law
844(4)
22.4 Applications of Gauss's Law
848(7)
22.5 Charges on Conductors
855(5)
Summary/Key Terms
860(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
862(7)
23 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL
869(39)
23.1 Electric Potential Energy
870(8)
23.2 Electric Potential
878(7)
23.3 Calculating Electric Potential
885(5)
23.4 Equipotential Surfaces
890(3)
23.5 Potential Gradient
893(3)
Summary/Key Terms
896(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
898(10)
24 CAPACITANCE AND DIELECTRICS
908(34)
24.1 Capacitors and Dielectrics
909(5)
24.2 Capacitors in Series and Parallel
914(4)
24.3 Energy Storage in Capacitors and Electric-Field Energy
918(4)
24.4 Dielectrics
922(6)
24.5 Molecular Model of Induced Charge
928(2)
24.6 Gauss's Law In Dielectrics
930(2)
Summary/Key Terms
932(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
934(8)
25 CURRANT, RESISTANCE, AND ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE
942(38)
25.1 Electric Current
943(4)
25.2 Resistivity
947(3)
25.3 Resistance
950(5)
25.4 Electromotive Force and Circuits
955(7)
25.5 Energy and Power in Electric Circuits
962(4)
25.6 Theory of Metallic Conduction
966(4)
Summary/Key Terms
970(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
972(8)
26 DIRECT-CURRANT CIRCUITS
980(39)
26.1 Resistors in Series and Parallel
981(5)
26.2 Kirchhoff's Rules
986(6)
26.3 Electrical Measuring Instruments
992(5)
26.4 R-C Circuits
997(5)
26.5 Power Distribution Systems
1002(5)
Summary/Key Terms
1007(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1009(10)
27 MAGNETIC FIELD AND MAGNETIC FORCES
1019(45)
27.1 Magnetism
1020(2)
27.2 Magnetic Field
1022(3)
27.3 Magnetic Field Lines and Magnetic Flux
1025(4)
27.4 Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field
1029(4)
27.5 Applications of Motion of Charged Particles
1033(3)
27.6 Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor
1036(3)
27.7 Force and Torque on a Current Loop
1039(7)
27.8 The Direct-Current Motor
1046(2)
27.9 The Hall Effect
1048(3)
Summary/Key Terms
1051(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1053(11)
28 SOURCES OF MAGNETIC FIELD
1064(41)
28.1 Magnetic Field of a Moving Charge
1065(3)
28.2 Magnetic Field of a Current Element
1068(3)
28.3 Magnetic Field of a Straight Current-Carrying Conductor
1071(3)
28.4 Force Between Parallel Conductors
1074(2)
28.5 Magnetic Field of a Circular Current Loop
1076(3)
28.6 Ampere's Law
1079(3)
28.7 Applications of Ampere's Law
1082(4)
28.8 Magnetic Materials
1086(7)
Summary/Key Terms
1093(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1095(10)
29 ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
1105(42)
29.1 Induction Experiments
1106(2)
29.2 Faraday's Law
1108(10)
29.3 Lenz's Law
1118(2)
29.4 Motional Electromotive Force
1120(3)
29.5 Induced Electric Fields
1123(3)
29.6 Eddy Currents
1126(2)
29.7 Displacement Current and Maxwell's Equations
1128(5)
29.8 Superconductivity
1133(2)
Summary/Key Terms
1135(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1137(10)
30 INDUCTANCE
1147(34)
30.1 Mutual Inductance
1148(3)
30.2 Self-Inductance and Inductors
1151(5)
30.3 Inductors and Magnetic-Field Energy
1156(3)
30.4 The R-L Circuit
1159(5)
30.5 The L-C Circuit
1164(4)
30.6 The L-R-C Series Circuit
1168(3)
Summary/Key Terms
1171(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1173(8)
31 ALTERNATING CURRANT
1181(33)
31.1 Phasors and Alternating Current
1182(2)
31.2 Resistance and Reactance
1184(6)
31.3 The L-R-C Series Circuit
1190(5)
31.4 Power in Alternating-Current Circuits
1195(3)
31.5 Resonance in Alternating-Current Circuits
1198(3)
31.6 Transformers
1201(4)
Summary/Key Terms
1205(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1207(7)
32 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
1214(33)
32.1 Maxwell's Equations and Electromagnetic Waves
1215(2)
32.2 Plane Electromagnetic Waves and the Speed of Light
1217(6)
32.3 Sinusoidal Electromagnetic Waves
1223(5)
32.4 Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves
1228(6)
32.5 Standing Electromagnetic Waves
1234(4)
32.6 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
1238(2)
Summary/Key Terms
1240(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1242(5)
OPTICS
33 THE NATURE AND PROPAGATION OF LIGHT
1247(38)
33.1 The Nature of Light
1248(2)
33.2 Reflection and Refraction
1250(6)
33.3 Total Internal Reflection
1256(3)
33.4 Dispersion
1259(3)
33.5 Polarization
1262(8)
33.6 Scattering of Light
1270(1)
33.7 Huygens' Principle
1271(4)
Summary/Key Terms
1275(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1277(8)
34 GEOMETRIC OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS
1285(73)
34.1 Reflection and Refraction at a Plane Surface
1286(3)
34.2 Reflection at a Spherical Surface
1289(10)
34.3 Refraction at a Spherical Surface
1299(5)
34.4 Thin Lenses
1304(9)
34.5 Camera
1313(4)
34.6 The Eye
1317(4)
34.7 The Magnifier
1321(1)
34.8 Microscopes and Telescopes
1322(5)
Summary/Key Terms
1327(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1329(29)
35 INTERFERENCE
1358(9)
35.1 Interference and Coherent Sources
1339(3)
35.2 Two-Source Interference of Light
1342(4)
35.3 Intensity in Interference Patterns
1346(4)
35.4 Interference in Thin Films
1350(6)
35.5 The Mickelson Interferometer
1356(3)
Summary/Key Terms
1359(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1361(6)
36 DIFFRACTION
1367(38)
36.1 Fresnel and Fraunhofer Diffraction
1368(1)
36.2 Diffraction from a Single Slit
1369(4)
36.3 Intensity in the Single-Slit Pattern
1373(4)
36.4 Multiple Slits
1377(2)
36.5 The Diffraction Grating
1379(4)
36.6 X-Ray Diffraction
1383(3)
36.7 Circular Apertures and Resolving Power
1386(4)
36.8 Holography
1390(3)
Summary/Key Terms
1393(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1395(10)
MODERN PHYSICS
37 RELATIVITY
1405
37.1 Invariance of Physical Laws
1404(3)
37.2 Relativity of Simultaneity
1407(2)
37.3 Relativity of Time Intervals
1409(5)
37.4 Relativity of Length
1414(5)
37.5 The Lorentz Transformation
1419(4)
37.6 The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves
1423(3)
37.7 Relativistic Momentum
1426(3)
37.8 Relativistic Work and Energy
1429(4)
37.9 Newtonian Mechanics and Relativity
1433(2)
Summary/Key Terms
1435(2)
Questions/Exercises/Problems
1437
APPENDICES
A The International System of Units
A1
B Useful Mathematical Relations
A3
C The Greek Alphabet
A4
D Periodic Table of Elements
A5
E Unit Conversion Factors A6 F Numerical Constants
A7
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems A9
Photo Credits A19
Index A21


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