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Youth Gangs in American Society,9780534527457

Youth Gangs in American Society

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534527457

ISBN10:
0534527450
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/20/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $40.33

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 7/20/2000.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

This comprehensive survey of the literature on gangs and gang activities in America includes theoretical perspectives on why gangs exist, gang typologies, descriptions of gang activities, and various intervention strategies for dealing with gangs.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Foreword xvii
Introduction
1(33)
A Brief History of Youth Gangs
1(7)
The Recent Growth of Gangs: A Focus on Los Angeles, Milwaukee, and Chicago
8(9)
Los Angeles Gangs
9(4)
Milwaukee Gangs
13(1)
Chicago Gangs
14(2)
Some Concluding Thoughts on the Recent Growth of Gangs
16(1)
What Is a Gang?
17(5)
Chicago's Use of Descriptors to Define Gang-Related Crime
22(2)
Stereotypes of Gangs
24(1)
How Many Gangs and Gang Members Are There?
25(4)
Gang Migration
29(2)
Summary
31(3)
What Do Gangs and Gang Members Look Like?
34(27)
A Word of Caution
34(1)
An Overview of Gang Structures
35(2)
Illustrations of Gang Typologies
37(4)
Types of Gangs
37(1)
Types of Gang Members
38(3)
The Supergangs of Chicago: People and Folks
41(1)
Ethnic and Racial Typologies of Gangs
42(7)
Chicano Gangs
42(2)
Asian Gangs
44(1)
Vietnamese Gangs
44(3)
Chinese Gangs
47(1)
Filipino Gangs
48(1)
African-American Gangs
49(1)
White Gangs
49(4)
Skinheads
50(1)
Stoners
51(1)
Taggers
52(1)
Some Common Characteristics of Gang Members
53(6)
Gang Members as Defiant Individualists
54(2)
Gang Members as Victims and Victimizers
56(3)
Summary
59(2)
The Gang Subculture
61(36)
The Nature and Origins of and Socialization into the Gang Subculture
62(7)
Joining a Gang
69(5)
Reasons for Deciding to Join a Gang
69(2)
Gang Recruitment
71(2)
Additional Comments on Gang Recruitment
73(1)
Who Does Not Join a Gang?
74(1)
Leaving the Gang
74(2)
Belief Systems of Gang Members
76(2)
A Case Example: The Code of the Streets
78(4)
Social Control in the Gang
82(1)
Gang Members and Their Families
83(4)
Gang Graffiti and Tattoos
87(7)
Purposes and Styles of Graffiti
88(6)
Summary
94(3)
Criminal Activities of Gangs
97(31)
Introduction: An Overview of Gangs and Crime
97(4)
Entrepreneurial Activities of Gangs
101(3)
The Gang as a Business: A Case Study of the Diamonds
104(4)
Gang Violence
108(8)
Individual Violence by Gang Members
111(3)
Organizational Gang Violence
114(2)
Gangs and Drugs
116(3)
The Drug-Dealing Business of Gangs: Skolnick's Study
119(6)
Summary
125(3)
Girls and Gangs
128(31)
Trends in Girl Gang Membership
131(4)
Girl Gang Membership and Their Crimes
132(2)
Types of Female Gangs
134(1)
Moving Beyond the Stereotypes: The Social Context of Girl Gangs
135(21)
Class and Race
136(2)
Crime and Drugs
138(5)
Reasons for Joining the Gang
143(5)
Relationships with Males and Male Gangs
148(4)
Family-Related Issues
152(2)
School and Work
154(2)
Some Concluding Thoughts
156(1)
Summary
157(2)
Why are There Gangs?
159(31)
Social Disorganization/Social Ecology Theory
160(5)
Strain Theory
165(7)
Strain Theory and the Institutional Structure of Society: Crime and the American Dream
167(3)
Differential Opportunity Structures
170(1)
Social Embeddedness
171(1)
Cultural Deviance Theories
172(3)
Cohen's Culture of the Gang
173(1)
Lower-Class Focal Concerns
173(2)
Control Theory
175(2)
Social Learning Theory
177(3)
Gangs and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
178(2)
Rational Choice Theory
180(2)
The Labeling Perspective
182(2)
Critical/Marxist Perspectives
184(3)
Summary
187(3)
Gangs in Context: Inequality in American Society
190(20)
Recent Changes in the U.S. Economy
191(2)
The Development of the Underclass
193(3)
Recent Changes in the Labor Market
196(4)
Isolation in the Inner Cities
200(3)
Poverty and Family Structure
203(2)
How These Changes Relate to the Growth in Gangs
205(3)
Summary
208(2)
Community-Based and National Intervention Strategies
210(31)
Introduction
210(2)
Types of Intervention Strategies
212(8)
Spergel and Curry's Typology of Interventions
213(1)
The Perceived Effectiveness of These Strategies
214(1)
Other Intervention Typologies
215(5)
A Risk-Focused Approach
220(1)
The Social Development Strategy
221(3)
Components of Successful Programs
224(1)
Some Specific Illustrations of Community-Based Interventions and Programs
225(7)
A Model Program: The Detention Diversion Advocacy Project
229(3)
Broad-Based National Strategies
232(7)
Summary
239(2)
Legal Intervention Strategies
241(25)
A Historical Overview
241(3)
The Legal Response to Youth Gangs
244(20)
Law Enforcement
244(10)
Prosecution
254(2)
The Courts
256(4)
Legislatures
260(4)
Summary
264(2)
Conclusions
266(9)
References 275(19)
Name Index 294(5)
Subject Index 299


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