Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-12-09
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics

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Explore the effect of acute and chronic exercise training as this book will take you on a journey through each component of the cardiovascular system. Readers will gain a comprehensive understanding of the cardiovascular system and learn how to apply this knowledge to their work with athletes, active individuals, and patients with cardiovascular risk factors.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Series Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Cardiovascular Physiologyp. 1
Essentials of the Cardiovascular Systemp. 3
Components of the Cardiovascular Systemp. 5
Cardiovascular Responses to Exercisep. 12
Summaryp. 12
The Heart as a Pumpp. 13
Gross Anatomy of the Heartp. 13
Cardiac Cyclep. 15
The Ventricular Pressure-Volume Loopp. 17
Cardiac Outputp. 18
Distribution of Cardiac Outputp. 21
Coronary Blood Supplyp. 23
Measuring Cardiac Functionp. 26
Summaryp. 29
Cardiac Myocytesp. 31
Microscopic Anatomy of Cardiac Myocytesp. 31
Excitation-Contraction Couplingp. 36
Mechanisms of Contractionp. 37
Metabolic Requirementsp. 40
Summaryp. 40
Electrical Activity of the Heartp. 43
Ion Basis of Electrical Activityp. 43
Resting Membrane Potentialp. 44
Action Potentialp. 44
Conduction System of the Heartp. 48
Autorhythmicity of Conduction Cellsp. 49
Pacemakers of the Heartp. 50
Control of Heart Ratep. 51
Brain- and Receptor-Mediated Heart Rate Control Mechanismsp. 53
Heart Rate Variabilityp. 55
Summaryp. 58
The Electrocardiogramp. 59
The ECG Tracingp. 59
Measuring the ECGp. 61
Measuring Heart Ratep. 65
Cardiac Rhythmsp. 67
Conduction Blocksp. 71
Ventricular Hypertrophyp. 74
ST-Segment Changes (Ischemia)p. 76
Myocardial Infarctionp. 76
Test Considerationsp. 79
Common ECG Changes in Athletesp. 79
Summaryp. 81
Hemodynamics and Peripheral Circulationp. 83
The Pressure Differentialp. 83
Flow Velocityp. 84
Poiseuille's Lawp. 85
Blood Flowp. 89
Arterial Blood Pressurep. 92
Pulse Waves and Wave Reflectionsp. 93
Blood Pressure Measurementp. 95
Control of Vasoconstriction and Vasodilationp. 97
Reflex Control of Blood Pressure and Vasomotionp. 101
Summaryp. 103
Vascular Structure and Functionp. 105
Structure of Blood Vesselsp. 105
Vascular Networkp. 107
Endotheliump. 108
Endothelium Regulation of Vascular Tonep. 112
Vascular Smooth Musclep. 115
Measuring Endothelial and Vascular Functionp. 118
Summaryp. 121
Hemostasis: Coagulation and Fibrinolysisp. 123
Vascular Injuryp. 125
Plateletsp. 126
Coagulationp. 130
Fibrinolysis-Clot Dissolutionp. 133
Assessing Hemostasisp. 134
Summaryp. 135
Exercise Physiologyp. 137
Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Aerobic Exercisep. 139
Cardiac Responsesp. 139
Vascular Responsep. 144
Hemostatic Responsesp. 156
Summaryp. 162
Cardiovascular Adaptations to Aerobic Trainingp. 163
Cardiac Adaptationsp. 163
Vascular Adaptationsp. 168
Hemostatic Adaptationsp. 175
Summaryp. 178
Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Resistance Exercisep. 179
Cardiac Responsesp. 180
Vascular Responsesp. 184
Hemostatic Responsesp. 189
Summaryp. 192
Cardiovascular Adaptations to Resistance Trainingp. 193
Cardiac Adaptationsp. 193
Vascular Functionp. 197
Hemostatic Adaptations With Resistance Trainingp. 201
Summaryp. 201
Glossaryp. 203
Recommended Readingsp. 207
Referencesp. 209
Indexp. 223
About the Authorsp. 227
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