The African Experience

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-04-03
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Updated in its 4thedition, The African Experienceis the only interdisciplinary survey to examine this region of the world from geographic, linguistic, social, historical, and political perspectives. Drawing on research from all of the social sciences, this text captures Africa in its complex totality. The African Experiencehelps readers develop a comprehensive and critical understanding of Africa, one that allows them to grasp the region's internal dynamics and its evolving place in the world.

Author Biography

Vincent B. Khapoya is Professor of Political Science at Oakland University.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Africa: The Continent and Its Peoplep. 1
Introductionp. 1
Geographyp. 2
Demographyp. 7
Language and Culturep. 11
African Traditional Institutionsp. 19
Introductionp. 19
Kinshipp. 23
Forms of Marriagep. 26
Nonkinship Groupsp. 32
The Individual in African Societiesp. 36
Family Life and Socializationp. 41
Family Lifep. 41
Socializationp. 42
Traditional Religious Beliefsp. 45
Belief in Godp. 46
Belief in Spiritsp. 49
Belief in Ancestorsp. 49
Religion as a Way of Lifep. 50
Politics and Government in Traditional Africap. 52
Segmental Systemsp. 53
Hierarchical Systemsp. 54
Pyramidal Systemsp. 55
Political Development in Historic Africap. 59
Introductionp. 59
Prehistoric Africap. 63
Ancient Africap. 66
The Kingdoms of Egyptp. 66
Other Ancient African Civilizationsp. 70
Medieval Africap. 71
Early Modern Africap. 81
Nineteenth-Century Africap. 83
North Africa (c. 1800-1900)p. 84
The African Sudan (c. 1800-1900)p. 85
West Africa (c. 1800-1900)p. 87
East Africa (c. 1800-1900)p. 92
Conclusionsp. 96
Colonialism and the African Experiencep. 99
Introductionp. 99
Reasons for Europe's Interest in Africap. 100
Imperialism in Africa: The Rationalep. 103
Race and European Colonizers: "The Civilizing Missions"p. 106
The British Missionp. 107
The French Missionp. 108
The French and the British Contrasted: Senghor and Khamap. 109
Fanon's Theory of French Racismp. 111
The Portuguese Missionp. 112
The Belgian Missionp. 114
Colonial Administrative Stylesp. 116
Indirect Rulep. 117
Direct Rulep. 119
Company Rulep. 122
Indirect Company Rulep. 123
The Economics of Colonialismp. 125
Expropriation of Landp. 125
Exploitation of Laborp. 127
Hut and Poll Taxp. 128
Labor Conscriptionp. 129
Cash Crops and One-Crop Economiesp. 130
Prohibition of Inter-African Trade and Communicationsp. 131
Immigrant Laborp. 132
Lack of Industrializationp. 134
Colonial Rule: Did the Africans Benefit?p. 134
African Nationalism and the Struggle for Freedomp. 139
Introductionp. 139
Modern African Nationalismp. 141
Colonial Oppressionp. 142
Missionary Churchesp. 143
World Wars I and IIp. 149
Pan-Africanismp. 151
The League of Nations and the United Nationsp. 157
Independence Movementsp. 160
Conclusionsp. 165
African Independence: The First Thirty Yearsp. 169
Introductionp. 169
Decolonization and the Transfer of Powerp. 170
Centralization of Powerp. 170
Regionalism and Separatism: Nigeriap. 172
Regionalism and Separatism: East Africap. 173
Decolonization in French Coloniesp. 174
Problems at Independencep. 176
Popular Expectationsp. 176
Lack of Economic Developmentp. 177
Arbitrary Bordersp. 179
Political Instabilityp. 181
Policy Choices after Independencep. 183
One-Party Systemsp. 183
African Socialismp. 187
Tanzaniap. 189
Ghanap. 193
Guineap. 195
Senegalp. 196
African Capitalismp. 197
What Went Wrong in Independent Africa?p. 200
One-Party Systemsp. 200
Personality Cultsp. 201
Coups d'etat and Civil Warsp. 201
Refugeesp. 203
Centralized Economiesp. 203
International Debtp. 204
Corruptionp. 204
HIV/AIDSp. 205
The Gains of Independencep. 206
The African Struggle for Democracy and Free Marketsp. 209
Introductionp. 209
The Struggle for Democracyp. 210
Kenya: Flirting with Democracyp. 211
Mugabe: "Zimbabwe Belongs to Me"p. 213
Democratic Republic of Congop. 214
Cameroon: Paul Biya's Democracyp. 215
Economic Reformsp. 219
NEPADp. 225
Conclusionsp. 227
Africa in World Affairsp. 233
Introductionp. 233
The Cold Warp. 236
The Non-Aligned Movementp. 238
The Organization of African Unityp. 241
The African Unionp. 248
Objectives of the African Unionp. 249
Organs of the African Unionp. 250
Financial Institutions of the AUp. 251
The United States and Africap. 252
The Soviet Union and Africap. 255
Conclusionsp. 261
Indexp. 267
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