African-American Odyssey, The, Volume 1

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-10-25
  • Publisher: Pearson
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More than any other text, The African-American Odysseyilluminates the central place of African Americans in U.S. history #x13; not only telling the story of what it has meant to be black in America, but also how African-American history is inseparably weaved into the greater context of American history and vice versa. #xA0; Told through a clear, direct, and flowing narrative by leading scholars in the field, The African-American Odysseydraws on recent research to present black history within broad social, cultural, and political frameworks.#xA0; From Africa to the Twenty-First Century, this book follows their long, turbulent journey, including the rich culture that African Americans have nurtured throughout their history and the many-faceted quest for freedom in which African Americans have sought to counter oppression and racism.#xA0; This text also recognizes the diversity within the African-American sphere - providing coverage of all class and of women and balancing the lives of ordinary men and women with the accounts and actions of black leaders and individuals.

Author Biography

Darlene Clark Hine

Darlene Clark Hine is Board of Trustees Professor of African-American Studies and Professor of History at Northwestern University.  She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, past President of the Organization of American Historians and of the Southern Historical Association.  Hine received her BA at Roosevelt University in Chicago, and her MA and Ph.D. from Kent State University, Kent, Ohio. Hine has taught at South Carolina State University and at Purdue University. She was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University and at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies at Harvard University. She is the author and/or co-editor of fifteen books, most recently The Harvard Guide to African American History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000) co-edited with Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham and Leon Litwack. She co-edited a two volume set with Earnestine Jenkins, A Question of Manhood: A Reader in Black Men’s History and Masculinity (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999, 2001); and with Jacqueline McLeod, Crossing Boundaries: Comparative History of Black People in Diaspora (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000pk). With Kathleen Thompson she wrote A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America (New York: Broadway Books, 1998), and edited with Barry Gaspar, More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996). She won the Dartmouth Medal of the American Library Association for the reference volumes co-edited with Elsa Barkley Brown and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1993). She is the author of Black Women in White: Racial Conflict and Cooperation in the Nursing Profession, 1890—1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989). Her forthcoming book is entitled The Black Professional Class: Physicians, Nurses, Lawyers, and the Origins of the Civil Rights Movement, 1890—1955.


William C. Hine

William C. Hine received his undergraduate education at Bowling Green State University, his master’s degree at the University of Wyoming, and his Ph.D. at Kent State University. He is a professor of history at South Carolina State University. He has had articles published in several journals, including Agricultural History, Labor History, and the Journal of Southern History. He is currently writing a history of South Carolina State University.


Stanley Harrold

Stanley Harrold, Professor of History at South Carolina State University, received his bachelor’s degree from Allegheny College and his master’s and Ph.D. degrees from Kent State University. He is coeditor of Southern Dissent, a book series published by the University Press of Florida. In 1991-1992 and 1996-1997 he had National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships.  In 2005 he received an NEH Faculty Research Award.  His books include: Gamaliel Bailey and Antislavery Union (Kent, Ohio:  Kent State University Press, 1986), The Abolitionists and the South (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995), Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America (co-edited with John R. McKivigan; Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press,  1999), American Abolitionists (Harlow, U.K.: Longman, 2001), Subversives: Antislavery Community in Washington, D.C., 18280-1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003), The Rise of Aggressive Abolitionism: Addresses to the Slaves (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2004), Civil War and Reconstruction: A Documentary Reader (Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell, 2007) and Border War: Fighting over Slavery before the Civil War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010). He has published articles in Civil War History, Journal of Southern History, Radical History Review, and Journal of the Early Republic

Table of Contents

PART I  Becoming African American  


    A Huge and Diverse Land  

    The Birthplace of Humanity  

    Ancient Civilizations and Old Arguments  

    West Africa   

    Kongo and Angola  

    West African Society and Culture  


2 Middle Passage  

    The European Age of Exploration and Colonization  

    The Slave Trade in Africa  

    The Origins of the Atlantic Slave Trade  

    Growth of the Atlantic Slave Trade  

    The African-American Ordeal from Capture to Destination  

    Landing and Sale in the West Indies  


    The End of the Journey: Masters and Slaves in the Americas  

    The Ending of the Atlantic Slave Trade  


Black People in Colonial North America, 1526–1763  

    The Peoples of Eastern North America  

    Black Servitude in the Chesapeake  

    Plantation Slavery, 1700–1750  

    Slave Life in Early America  

    Miscegenation and Creolization  

    The Origins of African-American Culture  

    Slavery in the Northern Colonies  

    Slavery in Spanish Florida and French Louisiana  

    Black Women in Colonial America  

    Black Resistance and Rebellion  


Rising Expectations: African Americans and the Struggle for Independence, 1763–1783  

    The Crisis of the British Empire  

    The Declaration of Independence and African Americans  

    Black Enlightenment  

    African Americans in the War for Independence 

    The Revolution and Emancipation  


African Americans in the New Nation, 1783–1820  

    Forces for Freedom  

    Forces for Slavery  

    The Emergence of Free Black Communities  

    The War of 1812  


PART II  Slavery, Abolition, and the Quest for Freedom: The Coming of the Civil War, 1793–1861  

6 Life in the Cotton Kingdom  

    The Expansion of Slavery  

    Slave Labor in Agriculture  

    House Servants and Skilled Slaves  

    Slave Families  

    The Socialization of Slaves  


    The Character of Slavery and Slaves  


Free Black People in Antebellum America, 1820-1861

    Demographics of Freedom  

    The Jacksonian Era  

    Limited Freedom in the North  

    Black Communities in the Urban North  

    African-American Institutions  

    Free African Americans in the Upper South 

    Free African Americans in the Deep South  


Opposition to Slavery, 1800–1833  

    Abolitionism Begins in America  

    From Gabriel to Denmark Vesey  

    A Country in Turmoil  

    Black Abolitionist Women   

    The Baltimore Alliance  

    David Walker and Nat Turner  


Let Your Motto Be Resistance, 1833–1850  

    A Rising Tide of Racism and Violence   

    Black Community Institutions  

    The American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society and the Liberty Party  

    A More Aggressive Abolitionism  

    Black Militancy  


10  “And Black People Were at the Heart of It”: The United States Disunites Over Slavery  

    The Lure of the West

    Fugitive Slaves  

    The Rochester Convention, 1853 

    Nativism and the Know-Nothings  

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin  

    The Kansas-Nebraska Act  

    Preston Brooks Attacks Charles Sumner 

    The Dred Scott Decision  

    White Northerners and Black Americans  

    The Lincoln-Douglas Debates  

    Abraham Lincoln and Black People 

    John Brown and the Raid on Harpers Ferry  

    The Election of Abraham Lincoln  


PART III   The Civil War, Emancipation, and Black Reconstruction: The Second American Revolution  

11  Liberation: African Americans and the Civil War  

    Lincoln ’s Aims  

    Black Men Volunteer and Are Rejected  

    Union Policies toward Confederate Slaves  

    The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation  

    The Emancipation Proclamation  

    Black Men Fight for the Union  

    The Confederate Reaction to Black Soldiers  

    Black Men in the Union Navy 

    Liberators, Spies, and Guides  

    Violent Opposition to Black People  


    Black People and the Confederacy  


12  The Meaning of Freedom: The Promise of Reconstruction, 1865–1868  

    The End of Slavery  


    The Freedmen’s Bureau  

    Southern Homestead Act  


    The Black Church  



    The Crusade for Political and Civil Rights  

    Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson  

    Black Codes  

    Black Conventions  

    The Radical Republicans  

    The Fourteenth Amendment  

    Radical Reconstruction  

    The Reaction of White Southerners  


13  The Meaning of Freedom: The Failure of Reconstruction,  1868–1877

    Constitutional Conventions  


    Black Political Leaders  

    The Issues  

    Economic Issues  

    Black Politicians: An Evaluation  

    Republican Factionalism  


    The Fifteenth Amendment  

    The Enforcement Acts  

    The North Loses Interest  

    The Freedmen’s Bank  

    The Civil Rights Act of 1875  

    The End of Reconstruction

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