The Age of Dualization The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-01-17
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Poverty, increased inequality, and social exclusion are back on the political agenda in Western Europe, not only as a consequence of the Great Recession of 2008, but also because of a seemingly structural trend towards increased inequality in advanced industrial societies that has persisted since the 1970s. How can we explain this increase in inequalities? Policies in labor markets, social policy, and political representation are strongly linked in the creation, widening, and deepening of insider-outsider divides--a process known as dualization. While it is certainly not the only driver of increasing inequality, the encompassing nature of its development across multiple domains makes dualization one of the most important current trends affecting developed societies. However, the extent and forms of dualization vary greatly across countries. The comparative perspective of this book provides insights into why Nordic countries witness lower levels of insider-outsider divides, whereas in continental, liberal and southern welfare states, they are more likely to constitute a core characteristic of the political economy. Most importantly, the comparisons presented in this book point to the crucial importance of politics and political choice in driving and shaping the social outcomes of deindustrialization. While increased structural labor market divides can be found across all countries, governments have a strong responsibility in shaping the distributive consequences of these labor market changes. Insider-outsider divides are not a straightforward consequence of deindustrialization, but rather the result of political choice. A landmark publication, this volume is geared for faculty and graduate students of economics, political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as policymakers concerned with increasing inequality in a period of deep economic and social crisis.

Author Biography

Patrick Emmenegger, PhD, is Associate Professor at the University of Southern Denmark and its Centre for Welfare State Research.

Silja Häusermann, PhD, is Assistant Professor at the University of Konstanz.

Bruno Palier, PhD, is CNRS Research Professor at Sciences Po, Centre d'études européennes, Paris.

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, PhD, is Professor of Comparative Social Policy and Politics at the Oxford Institute of Social Policy and Fellow of Green Templeton College, University of Oxford.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. viii
List of Tablesp. ix
Contributorsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Concepts and Measurement
How we Grow Unequalp. 3
Varieties of Dualization? Labor Market Segmentation and Insider-Outsider Divides Across Regimesp. 27
Labor Market Disadvantage and the Experience of Recurrent Povertyp. 52
Decomposing Dualization
Whatever Works: Dualization and the Service Economy in Bismarckian Welfare Statesp. 73
Dualization and Gender in Social Services: The Role of the State in Germany and Francep. 100
From Dilemma to Dualization: Social and Migration Policies in the "Reluctant Countries of Immigration"p. 124
Varieties of Dualization
Shifting the Public-Private Mix: A New Dualization of Welfare?p. 151
Responses to Labor Market Divides in Small States Since the 1990sp. 176
Dualization and Institutional Complementarities: Industrial Relations, Labor Market and Welfare State Changes in France and Germanyp. 201
Economic Dualization in Japan and South Koreap. 226
The Politics of Dualization
Solidarity or Dualization? Social Governance, Union Preferences,and Unemployment Benefit Adjustment in Belgium and Francep. 253
Insider-Outsider Politics: Party Strategies and Political Behavior in Swedenp. 277
How Rich Countries Cope with Deindustrializationp. 304
Indexp. 321
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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