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Am Gov 2010 Texas

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-02-26
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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Published annually at the start of each year this text provides unmatched currency and is the first student-centered American government text. It provides instructors who normally choose either a big, brief, or essentials text with scholarly, succinct, and conventionally organized core content; and a magazine format that engages students and motivates active participation in our democracy. All this, and at a price that students prefer.What's more,AM GOVis the product of serious scholarship: painstaking student and instructor reviews, surveys, and focus groups, as well as and ethnographic research into student study behaviors, preferences, and needs.AM GOVbrings serious fun to American Government through its quality, currency, features, and format.The Texas edition includes 10 additional chapters on the government and politics of the Lone Star State including the Texas Constitution, political parties, the legislature, the governor and executive branch, the judicial system, local government, and financing state government.The new 2010 edition offers an exciting new feature calledFirst 100 Dayswhich showcases the actions of the Obama administration during the first 100 days, and applies fundamental concepts of American Government to this historic presidency.

Table of Contents

AmGov Texas Edition

Chapter 1: Citizenship in Our Changing Democracy

Politics, Power, and Participation

Types of Government
Political Power
Participation and Democracy

American Political Ideals

The Changing Face of the American Citizenry

Growing Diversity
Growing Older
Growing Apart

The Future of Citizenship

Chapter 2: The Constitution: The Foundation of Citizens' Rights

The Foundations of American Democracy

Early Colonization
Economic Distress
Declaration of Independence

The Birth of a Nation

The Articles of Confederation: A Document
Whose Time Had Come and Gone
The Road to Philadelphia
A New Constitution Is Born
Regional Tensions

Constitutional Principles

Liberal Democratic Principles
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances

Constitutional Construction

The Fight for Ratification

Antifederalist Opposition
The Battle in the States
Making Good on a Promise

Constitutional Change

Amending the Constitution
Institutional Adaptation
Judicial Review
Expanding the Franchise

The Constitution and Civic Engagement Today

Chapter 3: Federalism: Citizenship and the Dispersal of Power

The Division of Power

Prevailing Models for Dispersing Power
The Federalist Solution

The Evolution of Intergovernmental Relations

The National Government Asserts Itself: 1789-1832
Dual Federalism, Disunion, and War: 1832-1865
Federalism in the Age of Commerce: 1865-1932
The New Deal and the Growth of National Power: 1932-1937
Cooperative Federalism: 1937-1960s
Creative Federalism: 1960s-1970s
New Federalism and the Devolution of Power: 1980-Present

Federal-State Relations

Fiscal Relations
Political Relations
Constitutional Issues

Interstate Relations

Cooperation and Competition
Innovation in the States

Federalism and Civic Engagement Today

Chapter 4: Civil Liberties: Expanding Citizens' Rights

Heritage of Rights and Liberties

The Constitution and Rights
The Bill of Rights
The Modern Emphasis on Rights

Freedom of Religion

Free Exercise Clause
Congress and Religious Freedom
Establishment Clause
Religion and Public Schools
Religious Use of Public School Facilities and Funds
Prayer in School
Aid to Religious School
Government Endorsement of Religion

Freedom of Speech

Political Speech
Campaign Speech
Commercial Speech
Symbolic Speech
Boundaries of Free Speech
Hate Speech

Freedom of the Press

Prior Restraint
Government Control of Media Content
Special Rights

Freedom of Assembly and Association

Freedom of Assembly
Freedom of Association

Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Rights of the Accused

The Fourth Amendment: Searches and Seizures
The Fifth Amendment: Self-Incrimination
The Sixth Amendment: Right to Counsel
The Sixth Amendment: Trial by Jury
The Eighth Amendment: Cruel and Unusual Punishment

The Right to Privacy

The Right to Die

Civic Engagement and Constitutional Liberties

Chapter 5: Civil Rights: Toward a More Equal Citizenry

African Americans and Civil Rights

Dred Scott
The Civil War and Reconstruction
Voting Barriers
Modern Era of Civil Rights
Civil Rights Mobilization
Civil Rights Legislation

Interpreting Equality

Judicial Tests
Affirmative Action
Racial Classification
Current Impact on Education
Continuing Controversy

Other Minority Groups

Native Americans
Hispanic Americans
Asian Americans
Disabled Americans
American Seniors
Gay and Lesbian Americans

Women and Civil Rights

Women's Mobilization Eras
Early Women's Movement: 1840-1875
The Suffrage Movement: 1890-1920
The Second Women's Rights Movement: 1961-Present
Current Issues
Workplace Equality
Sexual Harrassment
Women's Role in the Military

Civic Engagement and Civil Rights

Chapter 6: Public Opinion: Listening to Citizens

Understanding Public Opinion in the Context of American Politics

The Nature of Public Opinion
Changes in Assessing and Using Public Opinion

How Political Opinions Are Formed

The Process of Socialization
Agents of Political Socialization

Group Differences in Political Opinions

Racial and Ethnic Identity

Measuring Public Opinion

Dimensions of Public Opinion
Types of Polls

Polling Techniques

Who Is Asked? Selecting the Sample
What Is Asked? Paying Attention to the Questions

The Content of American Public Opinion

Political Knowledge
Confidence in Government Institutions
Trust in Government
Political Efficacy
Support for Democratic Values
Political Ideologies

Public Opinion and Public Policy

Public Opinion and Civic Engagement Today

h3>Chapter 7: Political Participation: Equal Opportunities and Unequal Voices

Political Participation: Opportunities, Costs, and Benefits

Characteristics of Political Participation

Amount of Information Conveyed
Variation in Frequency and Strength of Messages Conveyed

Ingredients for Involvement

Access to Resources
Political Engagement


Who Votes? Who Doesn't?
Factors Influencing Voter Turnout

Other Forms of Political Participation

Beyond Voting: Activities That Require More Time
Beyond Voting: Acitivities That Require More Skill
Beyond Voting: Activities That Require Money

The Impact of Participation Patterns on Policy

Participation and Civic Engagement Today

Chapter 8: Interest Groups in America

Organized Interests: Who Are They

Neighbors or Adversaries?
Distinctive Features

The Roots of Interest Group Politics in America

Interest Groups on the Rise
The Advocacy Explosion

Who Interests Are Represented?

Who Has the Numbers?
Who Has the Money?
Who Interests Are Not Represented?

Why Join?

Material Incentives
Solidary Incentives
Purposive Incentives
Assessing Motives

Interest Group Strategies

Lobbying and Other Tactics

Financing Campaigns
Accessing the Courts
Grass Roots Mobilation
Coalition Formation

Interest Groups and Civic Engagement Today

Chapter 9: Parties and Political Campaigns: Citizens and the Electoral Process

Political Parties and Electoral Politics

The Nature of Parties
Why Two Parties?

Growth and Development of Our Two-Party System

The Evolution of American Political Parties: Five Party Eras
1968 to Present
Party Realignment

Built to Win: Party Structure

National Committees
Congressional and Senatorial Campaign Committees
State Committees
Local Party Organizations
Precinct Organizations

Third Parties and Independent Candidacies

Candidates and Electoral Politics: Candidate-Centered Campaigning

Candidates, Money, and Expertise
Candidates and the Parties
Candidate Communication

Voters in the Electoral Process: How Americans Decide

Party Choice
Candidate Characteristics

Parties, Political Campaigns, and Civic Engagement Today

Chapter 10: Media: Tuning In or Turning Out

Evolving Civic Life and Media Changes

Early Days
Partisan Press
Penny Press
Yellow Journalism
Broadcast Media
The Media Today

The Media Environment in America

Private Ownership
Ownership Limits
Content Regulation
Emphasis on Entertainment
Adversarial Journalism
Political Bias?

Media and Political Campaigns

Free Media
Presidential Debates
Paid Media
The Internet
Game Coverage
Character Issue (Probing Personal Lives)
Election Night Coverage

Government Coverage in the Media

Covering the President
Covering Congress
Covering the Supreme Court

The Media and Civic Engagement Today

Chapter 11: Congress: Doing the People's Business

Origins and Powers of Congress

Civic Life and Congressional Change

Building the Institution
The Era of Reform
The Resurgent Executive Branch
The Rights Revolution and Congress Today

Getting Elected

The Incumbency Factor
Midterm Elections

Doing the Job: Responsibilities and Benefits

Representing the People
Pay and Perks
Home-Style Politics
Dealing with Organized Interests
Working with Others

Keys to Political Power

The Committee System

The Functions of Congress

Declaring War
Advice and Consent

Civic Engagement and Congress Today

Chapter 12: The Presidency: Power and Paradox

Origins and Powers of the Presidency

Constitutional Provisions
Crafting the Office: From Washington to Roosevelt
The Modern Presidency

The Path to the Presidency

Getting Elected

Primary Sweepstakes
Party Conventions
The General Election

Presidential Power

Chief Executive
Commander in Chief
Chief Diplomat
Chief of State

Presidential Roles

Party Leader
Economic Leader
Opinion Leader

The Executive Branch

Executive Office of the President

Presidential Style

Assessing Presidential Power and Its Limits

The Vice President

Civic Engagement and the Presidency Today

Chapter 13: Bureaucracy: Citizens As Owners and Consumers

Bureaucratic Changes and Evolving Civic Life

Growth of Bureaucracy
The Early Bureaucracy
The Reform Era
Bureaucracy Today

The Nature of Bureaucracy

Federal Bureaucrats and Their Work

Who Are They?
What Do They Do?
Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy

Sources of Bureaucratic Power

External Support
Expertise and Discretion
Longevity and Vitality

Controlling Bureaucratic Power

Congressional Controls
Presidential Controls
Judicial Controls
Whistle Blowing

The Bureaucracy and Civic Engagement

Chapter 14: The Courts: Judicial Power in a Democratic Setting

National Court Structure

District Courts
United States Courts of Appeals
United States Supreme Court
Specialized Courts

Nature of the Judicial Process

Common Law
Judicial Review
Civil and Criminal Law
Judicial Requirements
Real Cases and Controversies

Changing Nature of the Supreme Court

The Early Court
The Court, Business, and Social Welfare
The Court and Personal Rights

Supreme Court Decision Making

Agenda Decisions
Voting Decisions
Explaining Decisions
Implementing Decisions
Understanding Decisions

Supreme Court Selection

Nomination Criteria
Senate Confirmation

Lower Court Selection

Civic Engagement and the Judiciary

Chapter 15: Public Policy: Responding to Citizens

The Nature and Scope of Public Policy

Policy Making and Evaluation

Problem Recognition
Agenda Setting
Policy Formation
Policy Adoption and Implementation
Policy Evaluation
Explaining Policy Outcomes

Domestic Policy

Protecting the Environment
Helping the Poor

Economic Policy

Fiscal Policy
Monetary Policy
Global Economic Policy

Civic Engagement and Public Policy Today

Chapter 16: Foreign and Defense Policy: Protecting American Interests in the World

Defense and Foreign Policy in Historical Perspective

Finding a Place in the World
Becoming an International Power
The Nuclear Age
The Growing Threat of Terrorism

Defending U.S. Interests in a Constantly Changing World

Defining National Interests
Understanding Nation-State Dynamics and Strategic Choices

Making Foreign Policy

The Primacy of the Executive Branch
Congress's Role
Other Actors
The Public's Role

Tools of Foreign Policy

Military Power
Foreign Aid
Working with International Organizations

Confronting the Future

The Terrorist Threat
The Nuclear Threat
Threats Posed by Regional Conflicts
The Rise of China

Civic Engagement and Foreign Policy Today

Chapter 17: Texas and the Texans

Origins and Settlements

Native Peoples
Spanish Explorers and Mexican Settlers
American Settlers
The Slaves

The Political Culture of Texas

The Physical Geography and Early Economy of Texas

South Texas
East Texas
The Gulf Coast
North Texas
The Hill Country
West Texas

Texas Today

Cultural Diversity
Economic Diversification

Future Prospects

Pro-Business Climate
Educated Workforce
Inclusion and Empowerment

Chapter 18: The Texas Constitution

The Constitutional History of Texas

1827 Coahuila y Tejas Constitution
1836 Republic of Texas Constitution
1845 U.S. Statehood Constitution
1861 C.S.A. Statehood Constitution
1866 Presidential Reconstruction Constitution
1869 Congressional Reconstruction Constitution
1876 Texas Constitution

The Texas Constitution Today

Bill of Rights
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
Local Government

The Prospects for Constitutional Reform in Texas

Constitutional Convention of 1974 and Its Aftermath
The Future of Constitutional Reform in Texas

Chapter 19: Political Participation in Texas

The Evolution of Suffrage in Texas

Post-Civil War Exclusion
Restrictions on Voter Registration
Poll Tax
White Primary
Federal Intervention
The Voting Rights Act and Its Amendments

Modern Voter Registration and Turnout

Voter Qualifications
Voter Registration
Voter Turnout

The Decision to Vote (Or Not)

Who Votes
Why Texans Don't Vote

Political Campaigns

Campaign Staff: Professionals and Amateurs
Campaign Finance
Style and Tone

Types of Elections in Texas

Primary Elections
General Elections
Special Elections

Electoral Reform Possibilities

Chapter 20: Interest Groups in Texas

Interest Groups in Texas

Business Interests
Professional Interests
Agricultural Interests
Organized Labor
Ethnic Groups
Religious Groups
Single-Issue Groups
Public Interest Groups

Interest Group Activities and Resources

Lobbying Government Officials
Lobbying the Public
Campaign Support

Regulating Interest Groups and Lobbyists

Chapter 21: Political Parties in Texas

Major Party Organization in Texas

Precinct-Level Organization
County- and District-Level Organization
State-Level Organization

Minor Parties, Independents, and Write-Ins

The Evolution of Partisan Conflict in Texas

The Democratic Ascendancy
The Rise of the Republican Party
The Republican Ascendancy

The Great Texas Redistricting Battle, 2001-2006

The Future

Chapter 22: The Texas Legislature

Service in the Texas Legislature

Formal Qualifications
Member Characteristics
Sessions, Salaries, and Support
Turnover and Experience

Parties and Leaders in the Texas Legislature

The Speaker of the House
The Lieutenant Governor
The Team
Legislative Institutions and Leadership Power
Limits on Legislative Leadership

The Committee System

Standing Committees
Special or Temporary Committees

How a Bill Becomes a Law

Introduction and Referral
Committee Action
Calendar Assignment
Floor Action
Conference Committee
The Governor

Reforming the Texas Legislature

Chapter 23: The Governor and Executive Branch

The Governor

Formal Qualifications
Informal Qualifications
Formal Powers
Informal Powers
Single-Elected Administrators
Single-Appointed Administrators
Elected Boards and Commissions
Appointed Boards and Commissions

Bureaucratic Reform

Chapter 24: The Judicial System in Texas

The Structure of Texas Courts

Trial Courts
Appellate Courts
Dual High Courts

Selection of Texas Judges and Juries

Texas Judges
Texas Juries

Are the Texas Courts Just?

Money in Judicial Elections
Incarceration and Execution in Texas

Judicial Reform

Chapter 25: Texas Public Policy

The Budgetary Process

Budgetary Preparation
Budget Consideration and Approval

Expenditures: Where the Money Goes

Health and Human Services
Business, Transportation, and Economic Development
Prisons and Public Safety
Parks and Recreation

The Tax Burden

Revenues: Where the Money Comes From
Who Bears the Burden?

The Issues

Economic Development

Chapter 26: Local Governments in Texas

Texas as a Federal System

The Counties

Origins and Purposes
Structure of County Government
Commissioners Court
County Judge
Other County Administrators
County Law Enforcement

Cities and Municipalities

General-Law and Home-Rule Cities
Incorporation and Annexation
Forms of City Government
Municipal Elections
Citizen Participation and Voter Turnout

Special Districts

Types of Special Districts
School Districts
Councils of Governments

County and Municipal Reform


The Declaration of Independence

The Constitution of the United States of America

Federalist Paper No. 10 (James Madison)

Federalist Paper No. 51 (James Madison)




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