American Destiny Narrative of a Nation, Volume 1

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-06-24
  • Publisher: Pearson

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American Destiny's pedagogical mission is to show readers how history connects to the experiences and expectations that mark their lives. The authors pursue that mission through a variety of distinctive features, including "American Lives" essays and "Re-Viewing the Past" movie essays. This book is the abridged version of The American Nation, 14thedition.

Author Biography

Mark C. Carnes

Mark C. Carnes received his undergraduate degree from Harvard and his Ph.D in history from Columbia University. He has chaired both the history and American studies departments at Barnard College and Columbia University, where he serves as the Ann Whitney Olin professor of history. He is also the general editor of the American National Biography, whose 27th volume will appear in 2011. Carnes has published numerous books on American social and cultural history, including Secret Ritual and Manhood in Victorian America (1989), Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies (1995), Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (2001) and Invisible Giants: 50 Americans That Shaped the Nation but Missed the History Books (2002). Carnes also pioneered the Reacting to the Past pedagogy, which won the Theodore Hesburgh Award as the top outstanding pedagogical innovation in the nation (2004). In Reacting to the Past, college students play elaborate games, set in the past, their roles informed by classic texts. (For more on Reacting, see: www.barnard.edu/reacting.) In 2005 the American Historical Association named Carnes the recipient of the William Gilbert Prize for the best article on teaching history. His Mind Games: Rethinking Higher Education will be published in 2012.


John A. Garraty

John A. Garraty held a Ph.D from Columbia University and an L.H.D. from Michigan State University. He was the Gouverneur Morris professor emeritus of history at Columbia. He was also the author, co-author and editor of scores of books and articles, among them biographies of Silas Wright, Henry Cabot Lodge, Woodrow Wilson, George W. Perkins and Theodore Roosevelt. With Carnes, he co-edited the American National Biography. Garraty also contributed a volume — The New Commonwealth — to the New American Nation series and published a pioneering comparative study of the Great Depression.

Table of Contents

Maps, Graphs, and Featuresp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Supplements for Instructors and Studentsp. xviii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxii
About the Authorsp. xxiv
Prologue: Beginningsp. 1
First Peoplesp. 1
The Demise of the Big Mammalsp. 2
The Archaic Period: Surviving without Big Mammalsp. 2
The Maize Revolutionp. 4
The Diffusion of Cornp. 5
Population Growth after AD 800p. 6
Cahokia: The Hub of Mississippian Culturep. 7
The Collapse of Urban Centersp. 8
Eurasia and Africap. 9
Europe in Fermentp. 11
Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americasp. 14
Columbus's Great Triumph-and Errorp. 15
Spain's American Empirep. 17
Extending Spain's Empire to the Northp. 19
Disease and Population Lossesp. 20
Ecological Imperialismp. 21
Spain's European Rivalsp. 24
The Protestant Reformationp. 24
English Beginnings in Americap. 25
The Settlement of Virginiap. 27
˘Purifying÷ the Church of Englandp. 30
Bradford and Plymouth Colonyp. 31
Winthrop and Massachusetts Bay Colonyp. 32
Troublemakers: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinsonp. 34
Other New England Coloniesp. 35
Pequot War and King Philip's Warp. 36
Maryland and the Carolinasp. 37
French and Dutch Settlementsp. 38
The Middle Coloniesp. 39
Cultural Clisionsp. 40
Cultural Fusionsp. 44
American Society in the Makingp. 48
Settlement of New Francep. 49
Society in New Mexico, Texas, and Californiap. 49
The English Prevail on the Atlantic Seaboardp. 52
The Chesapeake Coloniesp. 53
The Lure of Landp. 54
˘Solving÷ the Labor Shortage: Slaveryp. 55
Prosperity in a Pipe: Tobaccop. 57
Bacon's Rebellionp. 59
The Carolinasp. 60
Home and Family in the Southp. 61
Georgia and the Back Countryp. 62
Puritan New Englandp. 63
Democracies without Democratsp. 65
The Dominion of New Englandp. 66
Salem Bewitchedp. 66
A Merchant's Worldp. 68
The Middle Colonies: Economic Basisp. 70
The Middle Colonies: An Intermingling of Peoplesp. 71
˘The Best Poor Man's Country÷p. 73
The Politics of Diversityp. 73
Becoming Americansp. 77
America in the British Empirep. 79
The British Colonial Systemp. 80
Mercantilismp. 81
The Navigation Actsp. 82
The Effects of Mercantilismp. 83
The Great Awakeningp. 85
The Rise and Fall of Jonathan Edwardsp. 87
The Enlightenment in Americap. 88
Colonial Scientific Achievementsp. 89
Repercussions of Distant Warsp. 90
The Great War for the Empirep. 91
Britain Victorious: The Peace of Parisp. 95
Burdens of an Expanded Empirep. 95
Tightening Imperial Controlsp. 97
The Sugar Actp. 99
American Colonists Demand Rightsp. 100
The Stamp Act: The Pot Set to Boilingp. 100
Rioters or Rebels?p. 102
The Declaratory Actp. 103
The Townshend Dutiesp. 104
The Boston Massacrep. 105
The Boiling Pot Spills Overp. 106
The Tea Act Crisisp. 106
From Resistance to Revolutionp. 108
The American Revolutionp. 112
The Shot Heard Round the Worldp. 113
The Second Continental Congressp. 114
The Battle of Bunker Hillp. 115
The Great Declarationp. 116
1776: The Balance of Forcesp. 119
Loyalistsp. 120
The British Take New York Cityp. 120
Saratoga and the French Alliancep. 123
The War Moves Southp. 125
Victory at Yorktownp. 126
Negotiating a Favorable Peacep. 128
National Government under the Articles of Confederationp. 130
Financing the Warp. 131
State Republican Governmentsp. 131
Social Reform and Antislaveryp. 132
Women and the Revolutionp. 134
Growth of a National Spiritp. 135
The Great Land Ordinancesp. 136
National Heroesp. 140
The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphantp. 143
Inadequacies of the Articles of Confederationp. 144
Daniel Shays's ˘Little Rebellion÷p. 145
To Philadelphia, and the Constitutionp. 146
The Great Conventionp. 147
The Compromises That Produced the Constitutionp. 148
Ratifying the Constitutionp. 151
Washington as Presidentp. 153
Congress under Wayp. 155
Hamilton and Financial Reformp. 155
The Ohio Country: A Dark and Bloody Groundp. 159
Revolution in Francep. 159
Federalists and Republicans: The Rise of Political Partiesp. 161
1794: Crisis and Resolutionp. 162
Jay's Treatyp. 163
1795: All's Well That Ends Wellp. 164
Washington's Farewellp. 165
The Election of 1796p. 165
The XYZ Affairp. 166
The Alien and Sedition Actsp. 167
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolvesp. 168
Jeffersonian Democracyp. 171
Jefferson Elected Presidentp. 172
The Federalist Contributionp. 173
Thomas Jefferson: Political Theoristp. 173
Jefferson as Presidentp. 174
Jefferson's Attack on the Judiciaryp. 176
The Barbary Piratesp. 177
The Louisiana Purchasep. 177
The Federalists Discreditedp. 181
Lewis and Clarkp. 183
The Burr Conspiracyp. 184
Napoleon and the Britishp. 185
The Impressment Controversyp. 187
The Embargo Actp. 187
Jeffersonian Democracyp. 190
National Growing Painsp. 193
Madison in Powerp. 194
Tecumseh and Indian Resistancep. 194
Depression and Land Hungerp. 196
Opponents of Warp. 196
The War of 1812p. 197
Britain Assumes the Offensivep. 201
˘The Star Spangled Banner÷p. 202
The Treaty of Ghentp. 203
The Hartford Conventionp. 203
The Battle of New Orleans and the End of the Warp. 204
Anglo-American Rapprochementp. 206
The Transcontinental Treatyp. 206
The Monroe Doctrinep. 207
The Era of Good Feelingsp. 210
New Sectional Issuesp. 211
New Leadersp. 214
The Missouri Compromisep. 216
The Election of 1824p. 219
John Quincy Adams as Presidentp. 220
Calhoun's Exposition and Protestp. 220
The Meaning of Sectionalismp. 221
Toward a National Economyp. 224
Gentility and the Consumer Revolutionp. 225
Birth of the Factoryp. 226
An Industrial Proletariat?p. 227
Lowell's Waltham System: Women as Factory Workersp. 229
Irish and German Immigrantsp. 230
The Persistence of the Household Systemp. 231
Rise of Corporationsp. 231
Cotton Revolutionizes the Southp. 232
Revival of Slaveryp. 235
Roads to Marketp. 236
Transportation and the Governmentp. 238
Development of Steamboatsp. 239
The Canal Boomp. 240
New York City: Emporium of the Western Worldp. 241
The Marshall Courtp. 243
Jacksonian Democracyp. 247
˘Democratizing÷ Politicsp. 248
1828: The New Party System in Embryop. 249
The Jacksonian Appealp. 250
The Spoils Systemp. 251
President of All the Peoplep. 252
Sectional Tensions Revivedp. 253
Jackson: ˘The Bank … I Will Kill It!÷p. 253
Jackson's Bank Vetop. 255
Jackson versus Calhounp. 256
Indian Removalsp. 257
The Nullification Crisisp. 260
Boom and Bustp. 262
The Jacksoniansp. 263
Rise of the Whigsp. 263
Martin Van Buren: Jacksonianism without Jacksonp. 265
The Log Cabin Campaignp. 268
The Making of Middle-Class Americap. 271
Tocqueville: Democracy in Americap. 272
The Family Recastp. 273
The Second Great Awakeningp. 274
The Era of Associationsp. 276
Backwoods Utopiasp. 277
The Age of Reformp. 279
˘Demon Rum÷p. 281
The Abolitionist Crusadep. 282
Women's Rightsp. 285
The Romantic View of Lifep. 288
Emerson and Thoreaup. 289
Edgar Allan Poep. 290
Nathaniel Hawthornep. 291
Herman Melvillep. 292
Walt Whitmanp. 292
Reading and the Dissemination of Culturep. 294
Education for Democracyp. 294
The State of the Collegesp. 296
Westward Expansionp. 299
Tyler's Troublesp. 299
The Webster-Ashburton Treatyp. 300
The Texas Questionp. 301
Manifest Destinyp. 303
Life on the Trailp. 303
California and Oregonp. 304
The Election of 1844p. 307
Polk as Presidentp. 307
War with Mexicop. 308
To the Halls of Montezumap. 310
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgop. 312
The Fruits of Victory: Further Enlargement of the United Statesp. 312
Slavery: Storm Clouds Gatherp. 313
The Election of 1848p. 314
The Gold Rushp. 316
The Compromise of 1850p. 317
The Sections Go Their Own Waysp. 323
The Southp. 324
The Economics of Slaveryp. 324
Antebellum Plantation Lifep. 327
The Sociology of Slaveryp. 328
Psychological Effects of Slaveryp. 330
Manufacturing in the Southp. 333
The Northern Industrial Juggernautp. 334
A Nation of Immigrantsp. 335
How Wage Earners Livedp. 335
Progress and Povertyp. 337
Foreign Commercep. 338
Steam Conquers the Atlanticp. 339
Canals and Railroadsp. 339
Financing the Railroadsp. 340
Railroads and the Economyp. 341
Railroads and the Sectional Conflictp. 344
The Economy on the Eve of Civil Warp. 345
The Coming of the Civil Warp. 347
Slave-Catchers Come Northp. 348
Uncle Tom's Cabinp. 350
Diversions Abroad: The ˘Young America÷ Movementp. 351
Stephen Douglas: ˘The Little Giant÷p. 352
The Kansas-Nebraska Actp. 353
Know-Nothings, Republicans, and the Demise of the Two-Party Systemp. 355
˘Bleeding Kansas÷p. 356
Senator Sumner Becomes a Martyr for Abolitionismp. 358
Buchanan Tries His Handp. 359
The Dred Scott Decisionp. 360
The Proslavery Lecompton Constitutionp. 362
The Emergence of Lincolnp. 363
The Lincoln-Douglas Debatesp. 364
John Brown's Raidp. 366
The Election of 1860p. 367
The Secession Crisisp. 371
The War to Save the Unionp. 375
Lincoln's Cabinetp. 375
Fort Sumter: The First Shotp. 376
The Blue and the Grayp. 378
The Test of Battle: Bull Runp. 380
Paying for the Warp. 381
Politics as Usualp. 382
Behind Confederate Linesp. 383
War in the West: Shilohp. 384
McClellan: The Reluctant Warriorp. 385
Lee Counterattacks: Antietamp. 387
The Emancipation Proclamationp. 388
The Draft Riotsp. 391
The Emancipated Peoplep. 392
African American Soldiersp. 392
Antietam to Gettysburgp. 393
Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburgp. 395
Economic and Social Effects, North and Southp. 396
Women in Wartimep. 397
Grant in the Wildernessp. 398
Sherman in Georgiap. 400
To Appomattox Court Housep. 403
Winners, Losers, and the Futurep. 403
Reconstruction and the Southp. 409
The Assassination of Lincolnp. 410
Presidential Reconstructionp. 411
Republican Radicalsp. 413
Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstructionp. 413
The Fourteenth Amendmentp. 415
The Reconstruction Actsp. 416
Congress Supremep. 416
The Fifteenth Amendmentp. 417
˘Black Republican÷ Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggersp. 419
The Ravaged Landp. 421
Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien Systemp. 422
The White Backlashp. 424
Grant as Presidentp. 426
The Disputed Election of 1876p. 427
The Compromise of 1877p. 429
Appendix A-1
Credits C-1
Glossary G-1
Index I-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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