American Ethnicity: The Dynamics and Consequences of Discrimination

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-11-23
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill

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American Ethnicity is a brief text that provides an accessible introduction to the dynamics of racial and ethnic relations. Key concepts and theories are summarized, and the authors develop a simple theoretical framework that guides the presentation of data on each of the prominent ethnic groups in America. As a result, this book examines each ethnic group from the same perspective, allowing students to compare the dynamics of discrimination against African Americans, Native Americans, Asian and Pacific Island Americans, white ethnic Americans, and Latinos. The seventh edition offers expanded theoretical framework through the inclusion of the Social Identity Theory.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Ethnicity and Ethnic Relationsp. 1
Race and Ethnicityp. 2
Ethnic Groupsp. 4
Minority Groupsp. 6
Ethnic Discriminationp. 6
Types of Discriminationp. 7
The Institutionalization of Discriminationp. 10
Ethnic Stratificationp. 13
Ethnic Prejudicep. 22
Adaptations to Prejudice and Discriminationp. 24
Passive Acceptancep. 25
Marginal Participationp. 25
Assimilationp. 25
Withdrawal and Self-Segregationp. 26
Rebellion and Revoltp. 27
Organized Protestp. 27
Ethnogenesisp. 27
Summaryp. 28
Points of Debatep. 30
Key Termsp. 31
Explaining Ethnic Relationsp. 32
Theories of Ethnic Relationsp. 33
Assimilation Theoriesp. 33
Pluralism Theoriesp. 35
Biological Theoriesp. 36
Psychological Theoriesp. 37
Human Ecology Theoriesp. 38
Power and Stratification Theoriesp. 39
A Unified Theory of Ethnic Relationsp. 44
Summaryp. 58
Points of Debatep. 59
Key Termsp. 60
The Anglo-Saxon Core and Ethnic Antagonismp. 61
Early Colonization of Americap. 61
The Anglo-Saxonsp. 61
The Early Colonistsp. 62
The Cultural and Institutional Legacy of Early Colonizationp. 63
The Core Culturep. 63
The Core Institutional Structuresp. 64
Anglo-Saxon Hegemony and the Dynamics of Ethnicityp. 66
The Domination of the Anglo-Saxon Corep. 66
The Anglo-Saxon Core and the Dynamics of Discriminationp. 68
Summaryp. 74
Points of Debatep. 75
Key Termsp. 76
White Ethnic Americansp. 77
Resource Shares of White Ethnicsp. 80
Irish Americansp. 82
Identifiability of Irish Americansp. 82
Negative Beliefs about Irish Americansp. 82
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Irish Americansp. 83
Stratification of Irish Americansp. 85
Italian Americansp. 86
Identifiability of Italian Americansp. 87
Negative Beliefs about Italian Americansp. 88
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Italian Americansp. 88
Stratification of Italian Americansp. 90
Jewish Americansp. 91
Identifiability of Jewish Americansp. 92
Negative Beliefs about Jewish Americansp. 93
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Jewish Americansp. 94
Stratification of Jewish Americansp. 96
Summaryp. 97
Points of Debatep. 99
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 100
African Americansp. 101
Resource Shares of African Americansp. 101
The Impoverishment of African Americansp. 101
The Income of African Americansp. 102
The Occupational Distribution of African Americansp. 104
Educational Attainment of African Americansp. 106
Housing of African Afnericansp. 107
Life Span of African Americansp. 108
The Dynamics of Discrimination against African Americansp. 109
Identifiability of African Americansp. 109
Negative Beliefs about African Americansp. 110
Institutionalized Discrimination against African Americansp. 115
Stratification of African Americansp. 137
Affluent and Poor African Americans: The Widening Gapp. 137
The African American Underclass: Myth or Reality?p. 137
Threats and Hostility toward African Americansp. 138
Responding to Discriminationp. 139
Protest during Slaveryp. 139
Protest after Slaveryp. 139
The Last Sixty Yearsp. 142
The New African Americansp. 143
Summaryp. 147
Points of Debatep. 148
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 149
Native Americansp. 150
On the Verge of Extinctionp. 150
Resource Shares of Native Americansp. 155
Income of Native Americansp. 155
Occupational Distribution of Native Americansp. 157
Educational Attainment of Native Americansp. 157
Life Span of Native Americansp. 159
Housing of Native Americansp. 159
Poverty of Native Americansp. 161
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Native Americansp. 162
Identifiability of Native Americansp. 162
Negative Beliefs about Native Americansp. 163
Institutionalized Discrimination against Native Americansp. 168
Stratification of Native Americansp. 180
Responding to Discriminationp. 180
War as a Nonviable Responsep. 180
Retreatism as Another Nonviable Responsep. 182
Pan-Indianism and Ethnogenesisp. 183
The Economic Battlep. 184
Summaryp. 185
Points of Debatep. 186
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 187
Latinosp. 188
Resource Shares of Latinosp. 190
Poverty Levels of Latinosp. 190
Income of Latinosp. 193
Occupational Distribution of Latinosp. 195
Educational Attainment of Latinosp. 195
Life Span of Latinosp. 198
Housing of Latinosp. 198
Mexican Americansp. 201
Identifiability of Chicanosp. 201
The History of Mexican Americans: Conquest, Displacement, and Exploitationp. 203
Negative Beliefs about Chicanosp. 205
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Mexican Americansp. 206
Stratification of the Mexican-Origin Populationp. 214
Puerto Ricansp. 214
Identifiability of Puerto Ricansp. 215
Negative Beliefs about Puerto Ricansp. 216
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Puerto Ricansp. 216
Stratification of Puerto Ricansp. 219
Cuban Americansp. 219
Negative Beliefs about Cuban Americansp. 220
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Cuban Americansp. 221
Stratification of Cuban Americansp. 223
Summaryp. 224
Points of Debatep. 226
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 227
Asian and Pacific Island Americansp. 228
Asian Americansp. 229
Resource Shares of Asian Americansp. 230
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Asian Americansp. 240
Stratification of Asian Americansp. 258
Responding to Discriminationp. 262
The Precarious Situation for Asian Americansp. 264
Pacific Islanders: A Short Exploratory Notep. 265
Resource Shares of Pacific Islandersp. 268
Identifiability of Pacific Islandersp. 270
Negative Beliefs about Pacific Islandersp. 271
Institutionalized Discrimination against Pacific Islandersp. 271
Stratification of Pacific Islandersp. 271
Summaryp. 272
Points of Debatep. 273
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 274
Arab Americansp. 275
Who Are Arab Americans?p. 276
A Profile of Arab Americansp. 276
A Short History of Arab American Immigrationp. 281
Resource Shares of Arab Americansp. 284
Incomes of Arab Americansp. 284
Poverty among Arab Americansp. 284
Labor Force Participation among Arab Americansp. 285
Educational Attainment of Arab Americansp. 286
The Dynamics of Discrimination against Arab Americansp. 287
Identifiability of Arab Americansp. 287
Negative Beliefs about Arab Americansp. 287
Institutionalized Discrimination against Arab Americansp. 292
Responding to Discrimination: Ethnogenesisp. 300
Summaryp. 301
Points of Debatep. 302
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 303
The Future of Ethnicity in Americap. 304
The New Immigrantsp. 304
Changing Patterns of Irnrnigrationp. 304
Immigration, Birth Rates, and Changing Composition of Ethnic Populationsp. 310
Reasons for the Shift in Immigration Patternsp. 311
Settlement Patterns of the New Immigrantsp. 313
Other Characteristics of the New Immigrantsp. 315
The Immigration Dilemmap. 318
The Future Dynamic of Discriminationp. 321
Latinos and the American Futurep. 322
Asian Americans in the Futurep. 323
African Americans in the Futurep. 324
New Patterns of Ethnic Mixingp. 325
The Problematic Nature of a Multicultural Americap. 326
Conclusion: The Ongoing Struggle for Social Justice in U.S. Societyp. 328
Points of Debatep. 334
Key Terms/Key Legislationp. 335
Glossaryp. 337
Referencesp. 353
Photo Creditsp. 383
Indexp. 385
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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