American Foreign Policy Since World War II

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  • Edition: 19th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-07-15
  • Publisher: Cq Pr
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The classic text on the conduct of American foreign policy, Hook and Spanier's book has long set the standard in guiding students through the complexities of the field. With each edition, the authors find that new developments in foreign policy conform to the book's enduring theme-that there is an American "style" of foreign policy imbued with a distinct sense of national exceptionalism. Giving students the historical context they need, the book allows them to truly grasp the functions and frequent dysfunctions of the nation's foreign policy agenda.

Author Biography

Steven W. Hook is professor of the Political Science Department at Kent State University. He is the author of several books, including U.S. Foreign policy: The Paradox of World Power (3rd ed., 2011) and National Interest and Foreign Aid (1995). He has edited many anthologies, including most recently the Routledge Handbook of American Foreign Policy (2012, with Christopher Jones) and U.S. Foreign policy Today: American Renewal? (2011, with James M. Scott). His articles have appeared in such journals as World Politics, International Studies Quarterly, Asian Survey, European Security, International Interactions, and Foreign Policy Analysis. Hook is a past president of the Foreign Policy Analysis sections of the International Studies Association and the American Political Science Association. John Spanier received his PhD from Yale University. Since joining the faculty of the University of Florida in 1957, Spanier has lectured at the U.S. State Department's Foreign Service Institute, the Naval War College, military service academies, and several universities. Among his many other books is Games Nations Play.

Table of Contents

Maps, Tables, Figures, and Boxesp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
The American Approach to Foreign Policyp. 1
Learning from Experiencep. 5
The Roots of American Primacyp. 6
Shifts in the Balance of Powerp. 7
Redefining American Securityp. 8
The American Sense of Destinyp. 10
A Skeptical View of Power Politicsp. 12
Foreign Policy as Moral Missionp. 14
Self-Doubts, Revisionism, and Social Constructionp. 18
The Cold War
From World War to Cold Warp. 21
American Wartime Illusionsp. 23
The Russo-Soviet Approach to Foreign Policyp. 25
The Russian Backgroundp. 26
The Soviet Ingredientp. 27
Soviet Expansion after World War IIp. 29
U.S.-Soviet Differencesp. 30
The Soviet Push to the Southp. 32
The Strategy of Containmentp. 34
George Kennan and the New Grand Strategyp. 36
Alternatives to Containmentp. 38
Declaring Cold War: The Truman Doctrinep. 40
Containment: From Theory to Practicep. 44
New Economic and Military Structuresp. 46
The Bretton Woods Systemp. 46
The National Security Actp. 49
Reviving the Western European Alliesp. 50
The Marshall Planp. 51
Roots of the European Unionp. 52
European Security and the NATO Alliancep. 54
Recurring Conflicts over Berlinp. 56
Confronting Revolution in East Asiap. 57
The Chinese Revolutionp. 58
Hot War in Koreap. 60
Domestic Pressures for a Global Crusadep. 65
Eisenhower's 'New Look' in Foreign Policyp. 66
North-South Tensions and the Vietnam Warp. 71
Developing Countries in the Crossfirep. 72
Regional Conflicts in Latin Americap. 80
Guatemala's Military Coupp. 81
The Cuban Missile Crisisp. 83
Strong-Arming Chilep. 87
Vietnam: The Limits of Containmentp. 88
Testing the 'Domino Theory'p. 90
The Misconduct of Guerrilla Warfarep. 92
The Military Battlefield in Vietnamp. 93
The Political Battlefield at Homep. 95
American Defeat and Withdrawalp. 98
Detente and World-Order Politicsp. 101
Managing the Superpower Rivalryp. 103
Henry Kissinger's Worldviewp. 104
Exploiting the Sino-Soviet Splitp. 105
Arms Control and 'Linkage'p. 107
Carter's Quest for World Orderp. 110
War and Peace in the Middle Eastp. 114
Early Arab-Israeli Warsp. 114
The Camp David Accordsp. 116
Blowback and the Soviet Power Playp. 120
Nicaragua's Sandinista Revolutionp. 121
America 'Held Hostage' in Iranp. 122
The Soviet Takeover in Afghanistanp. 124
The Revival of Superpower Confrontationp. 127
Reagan's Rhetorical Offensivep. 129
Expanding U.S. Military Forcesp. 131
Opposition to Arms Controlp. 132
The Strategic Defense Initiativep. 134
'Rollback' in Developing Countriesp. 135
Evaluating the Reagan Doctrinep. 139
The Iran-Contra Scandalp. 141
Alliance Politics in the Late Cold Warp. 142
Poland and the Rise of Solidarityp. 144
The Missile Debate in Europep. 145
From Confrontation to Conciliationp. 147
The End of the Cold Warp. 151
Bush's Management of the Soviet Collapsep. 152
Dismantling Stalin's Empirep. 154
Detaching Brezhnev's Outpostsp. 159
Stabilizing the Nuclear Balancep. 160
Endgame: The Collapse of the Corep. 161
Reasons for the Soviet Collapsep. 166
The Contending Arguments in Perspectivep. 167
Excesses of the Containment Policyp. 171
A Final Appraisalp. 172
The New World 'Disorder'
America's 'Unipolar Moment'p. 174
Great Expectations after the Cold Warp. 177
Revived Debates about America's World Rolep. 179
Clinton's Embrace of'Geoeconomics'p. 184
The Course of America's Economic Troublesp. 185
Responses by the Clinton Administrationp. 187
East Asia's Economic 'Miracle'p. 190
Promoting Democracy and Sustainable Developmentp. 193
A Grand Strategy of Democratic 'Enlargement'p. 193
Support for Sustainable Developmentp. 196
Domestic Challenges to Clinton's Foreign Policyp. 197
Old Tensions in a New Orderp. 201
Sources of Global Fragmentationp. 202
War and Peace in the Middle Eastp. 204
Iraq's Challenge in the Persian Gulfp. 205
Obstacles to an Arab-Israeli Peacep. 210
The Plight of 'Failed States'p. 214
Somalia and Central Africap. 215
Haitip. 218
Nuclear Brinkmanship in South Asiap. 220
Lessons from the Regional Crisesp. 223
The Shifting European Landscapep. 226
Western Europe: From Community to Unionp. 228
Jump-Starting Democracy in Eastern Europep. 232
NATO's Search for a New Missionp. 234
'Ethnic Cleansing' in the Balkansp. 237
The Dayton Accordsp. 241
The Kosovo Showdownp. 243
U.S.-Russian Relations under Stressp. 246
Internal Challenges to Reformp. 247
Unrest in the 'Near Abroad'p. 249
America under Firep. 252
Strains in the Unipolar Orderp. 255
The Globalization Backlashp. 255
Retreat from Multilateralismp. 257
The Growing Threat of 'Sacred Terror'p. 261
Early Warnings and Responsesp. 262
The al Qaeda Connectionp. 266
Terror in the Morning Skyp. 267
Elements of Counterterrorismp. 270
Intelligencep. 272
Diplomacyp. 274
Homeland Securityp. 275
A Grand Strategy of Primacy and Preemptionp. 276
Hot Wars in Afghanistan and Iraqp. 282
The Afghanistan Campaignp. 283
Benign Neglect after the Cold Warp. 284
Phase 1: Dislodging the Talibanp. 286
Phase 2: Nation Building in Rugged Terrainp. 288
Renewed Hostilities against Iraqp. 290
Making the Case for Warp. 293
Operation Iraqi Freedomp. 297
A Race against Timep. 301
The 'New Way Forward'p. 303
Flashbacks to Vietnamp. 304
A World of Troublep. 309
Legacies oftheBushErap. 310
Internal Threats to Democracyp. 311
The Financial Collapse of 2008p. 314
Obama's Call for 'Renewal'p. 318
Unfinished Business in the War on Terrorp. 322
The Pakistani Tinderboxp. 322
Target bin Ladenp. 325
Withdrawal from Iraqp. 329
Ongoing Threats of Nuclear Proliferationp. 331
Iran's Quest for 'Nuclear Rights'p. 331
Nuclear Brinkmanship in North Koreap. 333
The Balance of Power in Fluxp. 336
Cracks in the Unipolar Orderp. 337
The Arab Spring and U.S. Responsep. 340
Regime Change in Tunisia and Egyptp. 342
NATO's Libya Gambitp. 344
Contagion in the Middle Eastp. 347
China's Pacific Challengep. 351
Struggles in Russia and the 'Eurozone'p. 354
Rediscovering Americap. 358
U.S. Administrations since World War IIp. 361
Chronology of Significant Events, 1945-2011p. 362
Select Bibliographyp. 378
Select Websitesp. 395
Select Blogs on American Foreign Policyp. 397
Indexp. 398
Photo Creditsp. 423
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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