9780190659493

American Horizons U.S. History in a Global Context, Volume II: Since 1865

by ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780190659493

  • ISBN10:

    0190659491

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-09-15
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

American Horizons, Third Edition, presents the traditional narrative of U.S. history in a global context. The authors use the frequent movement of people, goods, and ideas into, out of, and within America's borders as a framework. This unique approach provides a fully integrated global perspective that seamlessly contextualizes American events within the wider world. The authors, all acclaimed scholars in their specialties, use their individual strengths to provide students with a balanced and inclusive account of U.S. history.

Presented in two volumes for maximum flexibility, American Horizons, Third Edition, illustrates the relevance of U.S. history to American students by centering on the matrix of issues that dominate their lives. These touchstone themes include population movements and growth, the evolving definition of citizenship, cultural change and continuity, people's relationship to and impact upon the environment, political and ideological contests and their consequences, and Americans' five centuries of engagement with regional, national, and global institutions, forces, and events. In addition, this beautifully designed, full-color book features hundreds of photos and images and more than 100 maps.

Author Biography


Michael Schaller, University of Arizona

Janette Thomas Greenwood, Clark University

Andrew Kirk, University of Nevada Las Vegas

Sarah J. Purcell, Grinnell College

Aaron Sheehan-Dean, Louisiana State University

Christina Snyder, The Pennsylvania State University

Table of Contents


Maps
Preface
About the Authors

Chapter 15: Reconstructing America, 1865-1877
The Year of Jubilee, 1865
- African American Families
- Southern Whites and the Problem of Defeat
- Emancipation in Comparative Perspective
Shaping Reconstruction, 1865-1868
- Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction
- The Fight over Reconstruction
- The Civil War Amendments and American Citizenship
- Global Passages: Irish Americans and the Fenian Struggle
- Congressional Reconstruction
Reconstruction in the South, 1866-1877
- African American Life in the Postwar South
- Republican Governments in the Postwar South
- Cotton, Merchants, and the Lien
The End of Reconstruction, 1877
- The Ku Klux Klan and Reconstruction Violence
- Northern Weariness and Northern Conservatism
- Legacies of Reconstruction

Chapter 16: Forging a Transcontinental Nation, 1877-1900
Meeting Ground of Many Peoples
- Changing Patterns of Migration
- Mexican Borders
- Chinese Exclusion
Mapping the West
- The Federal Frontier
- Promotion and Memory
- The Culture of Collective Violence
Extractive Economics and Global Commodities
- Mining and Labor
- Business Travelers
- Railroads, Time, and Space
- Industrial Ranching
- Corporate Cowboys
Clearing the Land and Cleansing the Wilderness
- Conflict and Resistance
- Education for Assimilation
- The Destruction of the Buffalo
- Global Passages: Settler Societies and Indigenous Peoples
- The Dawes Act and Survival
- Tourism, Parks, and Forests

Chapter 17: A New Industrial and Labor Order, 1877-1900
Global Webs of Industrial Capitalism
- The New Industrial Capitalism
- U.S. Industrial Growth in Global Context
- Combinations and Concentrations of Wealth
- Markets and Consumerism
- Global Passsages: A Revolution in Food
Work and Workplace
- Global Migrations
- Blue Collar and White Collar Workers
- Regimentation and Scientific Management
- Working Conditions and Wages
- Economic Convulsions and Hard Times
- Women and Children in the Workplace
Workers Fight Back
- The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
- Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence
- The Farmers Organize
- The Labor Movement in Global Context
The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent
- Defending the New Order
- Critiquing the New Order

Chapter 18: Cities, Immigrants, Culture, and Politics, 1877-1900
Urbanization
- The Growth of Cities
- The Peopling of American Cities
- Types of Cities
- Cities Transformed and "Sorted Out"
Global Migrations
- A Worldwide Migration
- "America Fever" and the "New" Immigration
- The "Immigration Problem"
- The Round-Trip to America
- Global Passages: Immigrants Who Returned
Streets Paved with Gold?
- Surviving in "The Land of Bosses and Clocks"
- Creating Commuting
- Becoming American
The Promise and Peril of City Life
- A World of Opportunity
- A World of Crises
Tackling Urban Problems
- Saving Souls in Urban America
- The Social Purity Movement
- Creating Healthy Urban Environments
Challenges to the Politics of Stalement
- Key Issues
- Ethnicity, Gender, and Political Culture
- Th Populist Challenge
- The Election of 1896

Chapter 19: The United States Expands Its Reach, 1892-1912
The New Imperialism
- A Global Grab for Colonies
- Race, Empire, Bibles, and Businessmen
- Precendent for American Empire
- The Crises of the 1890s
The United States Flexes its Muscles
- Latin America
- Hawaii
- The Cuban Crisis
- "A Splendid Little War"
The Complications of Empire
- Cuba and Puerto Rico
- The Philippines
- The Debate over Empire
- Global Passages: African Americans and International Affairs
- The American-Philippine War
- China
The United States on the World Stage: Roosevelt and Taft
- Roosevelt's "Big Stick"
- Taft's Dollar Diplomacy

Chapter 20: An Age of Progressive Reform, 1890-1920
Progressivism as a Global Movement
- Nodes of Progressivism
- The Global Exchange of Progressive Ideas
Urban Reform
- The "Good Government" Movement
- The Housing Dilemma
- Municipal Housekeeping
- Segregation and the Racial Limits of Reform
Progressivism at the State and National Levels
- Electoral Reforms
- Mediating the Labor Problem
- Regulating Business: Trust-Busting and Consumer Protection
- Conservation versus Preservation of Nature
Progressivism and World War I
- A Progressive War?
- Uniting and Disuniting the Nation
- Votes for Women
- Global Passages: Helen Keller: "I do not like this World as it is."
- Progressivism in International Context

Chapter 21: America and the Great Wall, 1914-1920
The Shock of War
- The Colonial Origins of the Conflict
- A War of Attrition
- America's Response to War
The U.S. Path to War, 1914-1917
- National Security and the Push Toward Americanization
- Social Reform, the Election of 1916, and Challenges to Neutrality
- Intervention in Latin America
- Decision for War
America at War
- Mobilizing People and Ideas
- Controlling Dissent
- Mobilizing the Economy
- Women Suffragists
- The Great Migration
Over There
- Building an Army
- Joining the Fight
- Political and Military Complications
- Influenza Pandemic
Making Peace Abroad and at Home
- Global Passages: Postwar Colonialism
- Making Peace and Fighting Communism
- Red Scare
- The Fight for the Treaty

Chapter 22: A New Era, 1920-1930
A New Economy for A New Era
- Wireless America
- Car Culture
- Advertising for Mass Consumption
Sexual, Racial, and Ethnic Divides
- Challenging Sexual Conventions
- African American Renaissance and Repression
- Black International Movements
- Immigration Restriction
- The Ku Klux Klan
A National Culture: At Home and Abroad
- Popular Entertainment: Movies, Sports, and Celebrity
- Global Passages: Hollywood Sells America to the World
- The New Skepticism
- Religion and Society
- Prohibition
Post-World War I Politics and Foreign Policy
- Government and Business in the 1920s
- Coolidge Prosperity
- The Election of 1928
- Independent Internationalism in the 1920s
- The United States and Instability in the Western Hemisphere
The Crash
- The End of the Boom
- The Great Depression

Chapter 23: A New Deal for Americans, 1931-1939
The New Deal
- From Prosperity to Global Depression
- Spiral of Decline, 1931-1933
- Suffering in the Land
- The Failure of the Old Deal
- The Coming of the New Deal
Reconstructing Capitalism
- The Hundred Days
- Voices of Protest
The Second New Deal
- Social Security
- Labor Activism
- The 1936 Election
Society, Law, and Culture in the 1930s
- Popular Entertainment
- Women and the New Deal
- A New Deal for Blacks
- Global Passages: European Refugees
- Hispanics and the New Deal
- The Indian New Deal
- Nature's New Deal
The Twilight of Reform
- The New Deal and Judicial Change
- Recession
- Political Setbacks

Chapter 24: Arsenal of Democracy: The World at War, 1931-1945
The Long Fuse
- Isolationist Impulse
- Disengagement from Europe
- Disengagement in Asia
- Appeasement
- America at the Brink of War, 1939-1941
- Day of Infamy
A Grand Alliance
- War in the Pacific
- The War in Europe
- The Holocaust
Battle for Production
- War Economy
- Global Passages: A Battle of Books and Ideas
- A Government-Sponsored Technology Revolution
- The Draft
On the Move: Wartime Mobility
- Wartime Women
- Mexican Migrants, Mexican Americans, and American Indians in Wartime
- African Americans in Wartime
- Japanese American Internment
Wartime Politics and Postwar Issues
- Right Turn
- The 1944 Election and the Threshold of Victory
- Victory in Europe
- Victory in the Pacific

Chapter 25: Prosperity and Liberty Under the Shadow of the Bomb, 1945-1952
The Cold War
- The Roots of Conflict
- Managing Postwar Europe in Potsdam
- The Defeat of Japan
- Dividing the Postwar Globe
- A Policy for Containment
- Global Passages: Rebuilding the World
The Red Scare
- War in Korea
- NSC-68 - A Cold War Containment Policy
- The Color of Difference is Red
- Hollywood and the Pumpkin Papers
A New Affluence
- The Fair Deal
- The GI Bill
- Working Women
Postwar Migrations
- Military-Industrial West and South
- Hispanics Move North
- Mobile Leisure
Laying the Foundation for Civil Rights
- First Steps
- Jack Roosevelt Robinson
- The Influence of African American Veterans
- Black Migration and the Nationalization of Race

Chapter 26: The Dynamic 1950s, 1950-1959
The Eisenhower Era
- The End of the Korean War
- The New Look
- The Rise of the Developing World
- Hungary and the Suez, 1956
- France's Vietnam War
- McCarthyism and the Red Scare
A Dynamic Decade
- The Baby Boom
- Suburban Migrations - Urban Decline
- Consumer Nation
- Corporate Order and Industrial Labor
The Future is Now
- Global Passages: The International Geophysical Year
- Auto Mania
- Oil Culture
- Television
Conformity and Rebellion
- Old Time Religion
- Women in the 1950s
- Organization Men
- Teens, Rebels, and Beats
Laying the Foundation for Civil Rights
- Brown and the Legal Assault
- Showdown in Little Rock
- Boots on the Ground
- MLK and the Philosophy of Nonviolence

Chapter 27: The Optimism and the Anguish of the 1960s, 1960-1969
The New Frontier
- JFK's New Frontier
- The Challenge of Racial Justice
- Cold War Tensions
- Kennedy Assassination
The Great Society
- Civil Rights Laws
- Great Society Programs
- The Supreme Court and Rights and Liberties
- The United States and the World beyond Vietnam
A Robust Economy
- Technological Change, Science, and Space Exploration
- The Rise of the Sunbelt
Race, Gender, Youth, and the Challenge to the Establishment
- Urban Uprisings and Black Power
- Latinos and Indians Struggle for Rights
- The New Feminism
- Environmentalism
- Global Passages: the Republic of Rock
- Countercultures

Chapter 28: The Vietnam Era, 1961-1975
Background to a War, 1945-1963
- Vietnam and the Cold War
- American Commitments to South Vietnam
- The 1963 Turning Point
An American War, 1964-1967
- Decisions for Escalation, 1964-1965
- Ground and Air War, 1966-1967
- Global Passages: Global Disruption
- The War at Home
1968: Turmoil and Turning Points
- The Tet Offensive
- The Agony of 1968
Nixon and the World
- From Vietnamization to Paris
- The End of the Vietnam War
- Reduction of Cold War Tensions
Domestic Policy and the Abuse of Power
- Curtailing the Great Society
- Watergate

Chapter 29: Conservatism Resurgent, 1973-1988
Backlash
- An Accidental President
- The Politics of Limits and Malaise
- A Dangerous World, 1974-1980
- America Held Hostage
Democratic Decline and the Rising Tide on the Right
- The Crisis of the Democrats
- Rising Tide on the Right
- The Religious Right and Neoconservatism
It's Morning Again in America
- The Rise of Reagan
- Economic Realities
- Conservative Justice
Social Transformation and the Technology Revolution
- The Rise of the "Nontraditional Family"
- Gay Rights and the AIDS Epidemic
- A Health Conscious America
- High Technology
Challenging the "Evil Empire"
- A New Arms Race
- Global Passages: Bombs Away: The B-52 and America's Global Mility Footprint
- Interventions
- Cold War Thaw

Chapter 30: After the Cold War, 1988-2001
George H. W. Bush and the End of the Cold War
- The Election of 1988
- The Bush Presidency at Home
- The New World Order
- The Election of 1992
The Good Times
- Innovation and New Technology
- Global Passages: The 1965 Immigration Act and Its Consequences
Bill Clinton and the New Democrats
- An Awkward Start
- Clinton's Recovery
- Clinton's Second Term
A Post-Cold War Foreign Policy
- Intervention and Mediation
- International Terrorism
The Disputed Election of 2000
- Bush versus Core
- The Election in Florida and a Supreme Court Decision

Chapter 31: 21st-Century Dangers and Promises, 2001-Present
The Age of Sacred Terror
- The United States and Terrorism before September 11, 2001
- September 11 and Al Qaeda
- The War in Afghanistan
- The Iraq War
- Policing Terrorism
Conservatism in the Bush Years
- Culture Wars
- Compassionate Conservatism
- The Election of 2004
- Privatizing Social Security
- Hurricane Katrina
- The Election of 2006
Economic Turmoil
- The Dot-Com Bust, Financial Scandals, and the Middle-Class Squeeze
- Collapse
The Obama Years
- The Election of 2008
- Economic Recovery
- Iraqi Withdrawal and the Afghan War
- Global Passages: Reefer Madness: Cycles of Repression and Reform in the Long War on Drugs
- Battles in the Legislature
- Protests on teh Right and Left
- The 2012 Election
- Going Over the Fiscal Cliff
- Justice in the 21st Century
- Immigration
- Civil Rights for Gay Americans
- A Turbulent World
- Addendum: The Unexpected Election of President Donald J. Trump

Appendix A: Historical Documents
Appendix B: Historical Facts and Data
Glossary
Credits
Index

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