American Sports From the Age of Folk Games to the Age of Televised Sports

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-10-24
  • Publisher: Pearson
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This highly-acclaimed survey of American sports offers a reflective, analytical history from the colonial era to the present. With a focus on the historical relationship between sports, and gender, class, race, ethnicity, religion, and region, the book considers how sports transcend these fundamental categories, and how the experience of sports either as a player or as a fan can bind diverse groups together. The book also looks at how sports at various historical moments have reinforced or challenged the values and behaviors of society.

Author Biography

Benjamin G. Rader is James L. Sellers Professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and is coeditor of the Sport and Society Series of the University of Illinois Press

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Sports in Early Americap. 1
Britain's Festive Culturep. 2
The Puritan Assault Upon Britain's Festive Culturep. 5
"Lawful Sport" in New England and the Middle Coloniesp. 6
Sporting Ways of the Southern Coloniesp. 9
Tavern Pastimesp. 13
The Backcountry's Sporting Waysp. 14
Pastimes in the Revolutionary Erap. 15
Conclusionp. 17
Notesp. 18
The Setting for Nineteenth-Century Sportsp. 20
Conquering Space and Timep. 21
The Rise of Middle-Class Victorian Culturep. 23
"Rational" Recreation and Muscular Christianityp. 25
An Oppositional Culturep. 27
Enclaves of the Oppositional Culturep. 30
Nineteenth-Century Sporting Groupsp. 32
Conclusionp. 34
Notesp. 34
The Sporting Fraternity and Its Sectaclesp. 36
John Cox Stevens: Wealthy Patron of Antebellum Sporting Spectaclesp. 37
Pedestrianism, Rowing, and Billiardsp. 39
The Early History of American Prizefightingp. 42
Meanings of Prizefightingp. 43
Prizefighting in the Postbellum Erap. 45
Enter John L. Sullivanp. 47
Postbellum Thoroughbred Horse Racingp. 49
Conclusionp. 50
Notesp. 51
The Rise of America's National Gamep. 52
The Club-Based Fraternal Gamep. 53
Baseball as a Commercial Enterprisep. 55
The National Leaguep. 58
The Players' Revoltp. 60
Ethnics and African Americansp. 62
Between The Foul Lines and In the Standsp. 63
Conclusionp. 65
Notesp. 66
Late Nineteenth-Century Sporting Communitiesp. 67
Ethnic (or Immigrant) Sporting Communitiesp. 69
Turner Societiesp. 71
African American Sporting Communitiesp. 72
The Wealthy New York Sporting Communityp. 73
Sports and the Forging of an American Upper Classp. 74
Athletic Clubsp. 75
Amateurism and its Usesp. 78
Cricket Clubs and Country Clubsp. 80
Conclusionp. 82
Notesp. 82
The Rise of Intercollegiate Sportsp. 84
The First Intercollegiate Sportp. 85
Early Intercollegiate Baseball, Track, and Footballp. 87
Walter Camp: Father of American Footballp. 89
Football and the Making of College Communitiesp. 93
Football Becomes an Upper-Class Sporting Spectaclep. 97
Conclusionp. 100
Notesp. 100
The Rise of Organized Youth Sports, 1880-1920p. 102
The Social Contextp. 103
The Cultural Contextp. 104
Luther Halsey Gulick Jr.p. 106
The Evolutionary Theory of Playp. 108
The Public Schools Athletic Leaguep. 110
The Playground Movementp. 112
Private Academy and Public High School Sportsp. 113
Conclusionp. 117
Notesp. 118
The Setting for Organized Sports, 1890-1950p. 120
The Media and Sportsp. 121
The New Middle Class, Modern Consumer Culture, and the Quest for Excitementp. 123
Islands of Pleasurep. 125
The Strenuous Lifep. 128
Changing Ideals of Physical Beautyp. 131
An Age of Racial Segregationp. 134
Conclusionp. 136
Notesp. 136
The Age of Sports Heroesp. 139
Babe Ruthp. 140
Red Grangep. 144
Jack Johnsonp. 147
The Golden Age of Boxingp. 150
Conclusionp. 155
Notesp. 155
Baseball's Golden Agep. 157
Baseball's Coming of Agep. 158
An Age of the Pitcherp. 161
Ty Cobbp. 162
Organized Baseball's Quest for Orderp. 164
The Black Sox Scandal and the Reign of Kenesaw Mountain Landisp. 166
An Age of Team Dynastiesp. 169
In the Great Depression and World War IIp. 173
Black Baseballp. 174
Conclusionp. 175
Notesp. 175
The Intercollegiate Football Spectaclep. 177
The Age of Crisis, 1890-1913p. 178
The Issue of Brutality and Major Rule Changesp. 181
The Formation of Conferencesp. 183
The Reign of King Footballp. 184
The Football Coach as Herop. 187
The Incomplete Democratization of College Footballp. 189
Continuing Controversiesp. 192
Conclusionp. 193
Notesp. 193
The Club Sports Go Publicp. 195
Tennis Goes Publicp. 196
Golf Goes Publicp. 199
The Emperor, Bobby Jonesp. 202
Track and Fieldp. 204
The Revived Olympic Gamesp. 205
International Politics and the Gamesp. 207
Conclusionp. 210
Notesp. 210
The Rise and Decline of Organized Women's Sports, 1890-1960p. 212
The Athletic Girlp. 213
Early Women's Basketballp. 215
The Arrival of Women Sports' Heroesp. 218
The War Over Turf and Principlesp. 221
Female Cheerleadersp. 224
The Rise and Decline of Women's Softball and Baseballp. 226
Conclusionp. 228
Notesp. 229
The Setting of Organized Sports Since 1950p. 231
Sprawling Metropolisesp. 232
The Inner City and the Suburbsp. 236
The Nation's Sporting Ideologyp. 239
The Sporting Ideology Under Assaultp. 240
The Quest for Self-Sufficiency and the Fitness Cultp. 243
The Advent of Televised Sportsp. 245
Roone Arledge and Howard Cosellp. 248
The New Era of Sports and the Mediap. 250
An Assessment of the Mediap. 252
Conclusionp. 253
Notesp. 254
Professional Team Sports in the Age of Televisionp. 256
The Woes of Baseballp. 257
On the Diamondp. 259
The Early Days of Pro Footballp. 261
The Making of Pro Footballp. 262
The Golden Age of Pro Footballp. 265
Professional Basketballp. 267
Marketing Pro Team Sportsp. 269
A New Age of Pro Team Sportsp. 270
Conclusionp. 274
Notesp. 275
College Sports in the Age of Televisionp. 276
The NCAA Becomes an Economic Cartelp. 277
The Soaring Popularity of College Footballp. 279
A New Era of Television Rightsp. 282
The Requirements for Successp. 283
College Basketball Enters the National Arenap. 285
The Rising Popularity of College Basketballp. 287
The Scandals of the 1980sp. 289
The Financial Arms Racep. 293
Conclusionp. 295
Notesp. 296
American Sports in A Global Arenap. 299
The Politics of the Olympic Gamesp. 300
The Escalation of the Stakesp. 303
Amateurism Abandonedp. 305
Television and the Ascent of Golfp. 307
Tennis-Open to Allp. 311
The New Global Sports Marketplacep. 313
Conclusionp. 316
Notesp. 317
The African American Quest for Equity in Sportsp. 318
The Origins of Desegregationp. 319
Rickey and Robinson Integrate the National Gamep. 322
Muhammad Alip. 324
The Black Athletic Revoltp. 325
Continuing Discriminationp. 327
Have Sports Damaged Black America?p. 329
Conclusionp. 332
Notesp. 332
The Quest for Equity in Women's Sportsp. 334
Continuing Issues in Women's Sportsp. 334
The Impetus for Changep. 337
Rising Hopes and Expectationsp. 339
Resistance to Equity in Women's Sportsp. 341
Continuing Constraints on Women's Sportsp. 343
Conclusionp. 345
Notesp. 346
The Athletesp. 348
Heroes or Merely Celebrities?p. 349
Escaping Serfdomp. 351
Free Agencyp. 354
Mixed Responsesp. 357
Youth Athletesp. 360
Conclusionp. 365
Notesp. 365
American Sports: A Concluding Statementp. 367
Indexp. 370
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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