9781319275884

America's History: Concise Edition, Volume 1

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319275884

  • ISBN10:

    1319275885

  • Edition: 10th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2020-10-15
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

America’s History explains WHY events occurred, not just when. Students are provided an analytical and big-picture approach to American history with a plethora of support tools.

Table of Contents

PART 1 Transformations of North America, 1491–1700



CHAPTER 1 Colliding Worlds, 1491–1600


Why did contact among Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans cause such momentous changes?


The Native American Experience


The First Americans


American Empires


Chiefdoms and Confederacies


Patterns of Trade


Sacred Power


Western Europe: The Edge of the Old World


Hierarchy and Authority


Peasant Society


Expanding Trade Networks


Myths, Religions, and Holy Warriors


West and Central Africa: Origins of the Atlantic Slave Trade


Empires, Kingdoms, and Ministates


Trans-Saharan and Coastal Trade


The Spirit World


Exploration and Conquest


Portuguese Expansion


The African Slave Trade


Sixteenth-Century Incursions


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 1 REVIEW


America in the World Altered Landscapes


Thinking Like a Historian Colliding Cultures



CHAPTER 2 American Experiments, 1521–1700


Why did the American colonies develop the social, political, and economic institutions they did, and why were some colonial experiments more successful than others?


Spain’s Tribute Colonies


A New American World


The Columbian Exchange


The Protestant Challenge to Spain


Plantation Colonies


Brazil’s Sugar Plantations


England’s Chesapeake Colonies


The Laboratory of the Caribbean


Plantation Life


Neo-European Colonies


New France


New Netherland


The Rise of the Iroquois


New England


War and Rebellion in North America


Metacom’s War, 1675-1676


The Pueblo Revolt


Bacon’s Rebellion


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 2 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian Who Was Pocahontas?


Comparing Interpretations What Role Did Climate and Ecology Play in American Colonization?



PART 2 British North America and the Atlantic World, 1607–1763



CHAPTER 3 The British Atlantic World, 1607–1750


Why and how did the South Atlantic System reshape the economy, society, and culture of British North America?


Colonies to Empire, 1607–1713


Self-Governing Colonies and New Elites, 1607–1660


The Restoration Colonies and Imperial Expansion


From Mercantilism to Imperial Dominion


The Glorious Revolution in England and America


Imperial Wars and Native Peoples


Tribalization


Indian Goals


The Imperial Slave Economy


The South Atlantic System


Africa, Africans, and the Slave Trade


Slavery in the Chesapeake and South Carolina


An African American Community Emerges


The Rise of the Southern Gentry


The Northern Maritime Economy


The Urban Economy


Urban Society


The New Politics of Empire, 1713–1750


The Rise of Colonial Assemblies


Salutary Neglect


Protecting the Mercantile System


Mercantilism and the American Colonies


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 3 REVIEW


America in the World Olaudah Equiano: The Brutal "Middle Passage"


Thinking Like a Historian Servitude and Slavery



CHAPTER 4 Growth, Diversity, and Conflict, 1720–1763


Why did transatlantic travel and communication reshape Britain’s American colonies so dramatically?


New England’s Freehold Society


Farm Families: Women in the Household Economy


Farm Property: Inheritance


Freehold Society in Crisis


Diversity in the Middle Colonies


Economic Growth, Opportunity, and Conflict


Cultural Diversity


Religion and Politics


Cultural Transformations


Transportation and the Print Revolution


The Enlightenment in America


American Pietism and the Great Awakening


Religious Upheaval in the North


Social and Religious Conflict in the South


The Midcentury Challenge: War, Trade, and Social Conflict, 1750–1763


The French and Indian War


The Great War for Empire


British Industrial Growth and the Consumer Revolution


The Struggle for Land in the East


Western Rebels and Regulators


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 4 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian Women’s Labor


America in the World Transatlantic Migration, 1500–1760



PART 3 Revolution and Republican Culture, 1754–1800



CHAPTER 5 The Problem of Empire, 1754–1776


Why did the imperial crisis lead to war between Britain and the United States?


An Empire Transformed


The Costs of Empire


George Grenville and the Reform Impulse


An Open Challenge: The Stamp Act


The Dynamics of Rebellion, 1765–1770


Formal Protests and the Politics of the Crowd


The Ideological Roots of Resistance


Another Kind of Freedom


Parliament and Patriots Square Off Again


The Problem of the West


Parliament Wavers


The Road to Independence, 1771–1776


A Compromise Repudiated


The Continental Congress Responds


The Rising of the Countryside


Loyalists and Neutrals


Violence East and West


Lord Dunmore’s War


Armed Resistance in Massachusetts


The Second Continental Congress Organizes for War


Thomas Paine’s Common Sense


Independence Declared


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 5 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian Beyond the Proclamation Line


Comparing Interpretations Did British Administrators Try to Protect or Exploit Native Americans?



CHAPTER 6 Making War and Republican Governments, 1776–1789


Why did the American independence movement succeed, and what changes did it initiate in American society and government?


The Trials of War, 1776–1778


War in the North


Armies and Strategies


Victory at Saratoga


The Perils of War


Financial Crisis


Valley Forge


The Path to Victory, 1778–1783


The French Alliance


War in the South


The Patriot Advantage


Diplomatic Triumph


Creating Republican Institutions, 1776–1787


The State Constitutions: How Much Democracy?


Women Seek a Public Voice


The War’s Losers: Loyalists, Native Americans, and Slaves


The Articles of Confederation


Shays’s Rebellion


The Constitution of 1787


The Rise of a Nationalist Faction


The Philadelphia Convention


The People Debate Ratification


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 6 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian The Black Soldier’s Dilemma


Comparing Interpretations What did the Framers Intend When They Drafted The Constitution?



CHAPTER 7 Hammering Out a Federal Republic, 1787–1820


Why did the United States survive the challenges of the first three decades to become a viable, growing, independent republic?


The Political Crisis of the 1790s


The Federalists Implement the Constitution


Hamilton’s Financial Program


Jefferson’s Agrarian Vision


The French Revolution Divides Americans


The Rise of Political Parties


A Republican Empire Is Born


Sham Treaties and Indian Lands


Migration and the Changing Farm Economy


The Jefferson Presidency


Jefferson and the West


The War of 1812 and the Transformation of Politics


Conflict in the Atlantic and the West


The War of 1812


The Federalist Legacy


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 7 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian The Social Life of Alcohol


America in the World The Haitian Revolution and the Problem of Race



PART 4 Overlapping Revolutions, 1800–1848



CHAPTER 8 Economic Transformations, 1800–1848


Why and how did the economic transformations of the first half of the nineteenth century reshape northern and southern society and culture?


Foundations of a New Economic Order


Credit and Banking


Transportation and the Market Revolution


The Cotton Complex: Northern Industry and Southern Agriculture


The American Industrial Revolution


Origins of the Cotton South


The Cotton Boom and Slavery


Technological Innovation and Labor


The Spread of Innovation


Wageworkers and the Labor Movement


The Growth of Cities and Towns


New Social Classes and Cultures


Inequality in the South


The Northern Business Elite


The Middle Class


Urban Workers and the Poor


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 8 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian The Entrepreneur and the Community


Comparing Interpretations Did the Market Revolution Expand Opportunities for Women?



CHAPTER 9 A Democratic Revolution, 1800–1848


Why did Andrew Jackson’s election mark a turning point in American politics?


The Rise of Popular Politics


The Decline of the Notables and the Rise of Parties


Racial Exclusion and Republican Motherhood


The Missouri Crisis, 1819–1821


The Election of 1824


The Last Notable President: John Quincy Adams


"The Democracy" and the Election of 1828


Jackson in Power, 1829–1837


Jackson’s Agenda: Rotation and Decentralization


The Tariff and Nullification


The Bank War


Indian Removal


Jackson’s Impact


Class, Culture, and the Second Party System


The Whig Worldview


Labor Politics and the Depression of 1837–1843


"Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!"


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 9 REVIEW


COMPARING INTERPRETATIONS Was Indian Removal Humanitarian or Racist?


Thinking Like a Historian Becoming Literate: Public Education and Democracy



CHAPTER 10 Religion, Reform, and Culture, 1820–1848


Why did new intellectual, religious, and social movements emerge in the early nineteenth century, and how did they change American society?


Spiritual Awakenings


The Second Great Awakening and Reform


Transcendentalism


Utopian Communities and New Religious Movements


Urban Cultures and Conflicts


Sex in the City


Urban Entertainments


Popular Fiction and the Penny Press


African Americans and the Struggle for Freedom


Free Black Communities, South and North


The Rise of Abolitionism


The Women’s Rights Movement


Origins of the Women’s Rights Movement


From Antislavery to Women’s Rights


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 10 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian Dance and Social Identity in Antebellum America


America in the World Women’s Rights in France and the United States, 1851



CHAPTER 11 Imperial Ambitions, 1820–1848


Why did the ideology of Manifest Destiny unite Americans and shape United States politics?


The Expanding South


Planters, Small Freeholders, and Poor Freemen


The Settlement of Texas


The Politics of Democracy


The World of Enslaved African Americans


Forging Families and Communities


Working Lives


Contesting the Boundaries of Slavery


Manifest Destiny, North and South


The Push to the Pacific


The Plains Indians


The Fateful Election of 1844


The U.S.-Mexico War, 1846–1848


The Mexican North


Polk’s Expansionist Program


American Military Successes


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 11 REVIEW


Thinking Like a Historian Claiming the Oregon Country


America in the World Financing War



PART 5 Consolidating a Continental Union, 1844–1877



CHAPTER 12 Sectional Conflict and Crisis, 1844–1861


Why did the new Republican Party arise, and what events led to Democratic division and southern secession?


Consequences of the U.S.-Mexico War, 1844–1850


"Free Soil" in Politics


California Gold and Racial Warfare


1850: Crisis and Compromise


An Emerging Political Crisis, 1850–1858


The Abolitionist Movement Grows


Pierce and Expansion


Immigrants and Know-Nothings


The West and the Fate of the Union


Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Triumph, 1858–1860


Lincoln’s Political Career


The Union Under Siege


The Election of 1860


Secession Winter, 1860–1861


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 12 REVIEW


Comparing Interpretations Did Slavery Have a Future in the West?


Thinking Like a Historian The Irish in America



CHAPTER 13 Bloody Ground: The Civil War, 1861–1865


Why and how did the Union win the Civil War?


War Begins, 1861–1862


Early Expectations


Campaigns East and West


Antietam and Its Consequences


Toward "Hard War," 1863


Politics North and South


The Impact of Emancipation


Citizens and the Work of War


Vicksburg and Gettysburg


The Road to Union Victory, 1864–1865


Grant and Sherman Take Command


The Election of 1864 and Sherman’s March


The Confederacy Collapses


The World the War Made


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 13 REVIEW


Comparing Interpretations How Divided Was the Confederate Public?


Thinking Like a Historian Military Deaths?—?and Lives Saved?—?During the Civil War



CHAPTER 14 Reconstruction, 1865–1877


Why did freedpeople, Republican policymakers, and ex-Confederates all end up dissatisfied with Reconstruction or with its aftermath? To what degree did each group succeed in fulfilling its goals?


The Struggle for National Reconstruction


Presidential Approaches: From Lincoln to Johnson


Congress Versus the President


Radical Reconstruction


Women’s Rights Denied


The Meaning of Freedom


The Quest for Land


Republican Governments in the South


Building Black Communities


The Undoing of Reconstruction


The Republicans Unravel


Counterrevolution in the South


Reconstruction Rolled Back


The Political Crisis of 1877


Lasting Legacies


SUMMARY


CHAPTER 14 REVIEW


America in the World Labor Laws After Emancipation: Haiti and the United States


Thinking Like a Historian The South’s "Lost Cause"


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