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  • Edition: 1st
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  • Copyright: 2009-09-09
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Analyticity, or the 'analytic/synthetic' distinction is one of the most important and controversial problems in contemporary philosophy. It is also essential to understanding many developments in logic, philosophy of language, epistemology and metaphysics. In this outstanding introduction to analyticity Cory Juhl and Eric Loomis cover the following key topics: The origins of analyticity in the philosophy of Hume and Kant Carnap's arguments concerning analyticity in the early twentieth century Quine's famous objections to analyticity in his classic 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism' essay The relationship between analyticity and central issues in metaphysics, such as ontology The relationship between analyticity and epistemology Analyticity in the context of the current debates in philosophy, including mathematics and ontology Throughout the book the authors show how many philosophical controversies hinge on the problem of analyticity. Additional features include chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary of technical terms making the book ideal to those coming to the problem for the first time.

Author Biography

Cory Juhl is an Associate Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. His papers have appeared in Philosophy of Science, Synthese, Analysis, Philosophical Studies, The Monist, The Journal of Philosophical Logic, and the book Reading Putnam (1994). Eric Loomis is an Associate Professor at the University of South Alabama. His papers have appeared in Synthese, Theoria, Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy, and Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Conceptions of Analytic Truthp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Hume's Forkp. 1
Kant and the Analytic-Synthetic Distinctionp. 4
Synthetic A Priori Propositionsp. 8
Bolzano and Analyticityp. 11
Analyticity in Fregep. 13
Russell's Paradox and the Theory of Descriptionsp. 16
The Vienna Circlep. 18
Carnap and Logical Empiricismp. 22
Chapter Summaryp. 26
Further Readingp. 28
Carnap and Quinep. 30
Introduction and Overviewp. 30
Demise of the Aufbaup. 31
Philosophy as Logical Syntaxp. 34
Logical and Descriptive Languagesp. 36
Physical Languagesp. 40
Analyticity in Syntaxp. 45
Carnap's Move to Semanticsp. 49
Explicationsp. 55
Analyticity in a Semantic Settingp. 57
Eliminating Metaphysics: Carnap's Final Tryp. 60
W.V. Quine: Explication is Eliminationp. 64
Behaviorists Ex Officiop. 69
Analyticity in the Crosshairsp. 73
Chapter Summaryp. 74
Further Readingp. 77
Analyticity and Its Discontentsp. 79
Introduction and Overviewp. 79
Questioning Analyticityp. 82
Quine's 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism'p. 83
Objections to the Intelligibility of 'Analytic'p. 84
Quine's Coherence Arguments: Carnap's Replyp. 96
Other Responses to the Coherence Objection: Grice and Strawson on Quinep. 101
A Second Dogma of Empiricismp. 109
Responses to the Existence Objections to Analyticityp. 114
Analyticity by Conventionp. 119
Quine's Developed Attitude toward Analyticityp. 123
Chapter Summaryp. 125
Further Readingp. 127
Analyticity and Ontologyp. 129
Introduction and Overviewp. 129
Quine's Naturalized Ontologyp. 130
The Indeterminacy of Translationp. 137
Some Consequences of the Indeterminacy Arguments: Ontological Relativity and Analyticityp. 142
Responses to Quine's Indeterminacy Argumentsp. 146
Carnap's 'Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology'p. 152
Some Quinean and Other Responses to 'Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology'p. 158
Some Recent Connections between 'Conceptual Truths' and Ontologyp. 163
Quine's Criterion of Ontological Commitment, Causality, and 'Exists'p. 164
Eli Hirsch and Ted Sider on Mereological Principlesp. 166
The 'Canberra Project': A Resurrection of Carnap's Aufbau?p. 167
Chapter Summaryp. 171
Further Readingp. 173
Analyticity and Epistemologyp. 174
Introduction and Overviewp. 174
Analytic Truths and their Role in Epistemology: The 'Classical' Positionp. 175
Objecting to the Classical Positionp. 179
Bonjour on Moderate Empiricismp. 187
Quine's 'Epistemology Naturalized'p. 195
Quine and Evidence: Responses to Circularityp. 199
Kripke on Apriority, Analyticity, and Necessityp. 205
Chapter Summaryp. 209
Further Readingp. 210
Analyticity Repositionedp. 212
Introduction and Overviewp. 212
The Best Cases: Stipulations and Mathematicsp. 214
One Type of Statement that Might Be Reasonably Called 'Analytic'p. 214
Aside on 'Two-Dimensionalism'p. 216
Analyticity* and T-Analyticityp. 218
How Analyticity* Avoids Many Common Objections to Analyticityp. 221
Some Brief Comments on Two Other Approaches to Analyticityp. 239
Mathematical Claims as T-Analyticp. 245
A Further Potential Application: Pure and Impure Stipulatap. 257
Some Methodological Remarksp. 258
Chapter Summaryp. 264
Further Readingp. 267
Glossary of Philosophical Termsp. 269
Notesp. 287
Bibliographyp. 299
Indexp. 309
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