The Ancient Critic at Work: Terms and Concepts of Literary Criticism in Greek Scholia

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-04-20
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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The large but underrated corpus of Greek scholia, the marginal and interlinear notes found in manuscripts, is a very important source for ancient literary criticism. The evidence of the scholia significantly adds to and enhances the picture that can be gained from studying the relevant treatises (such as Aristotle's Poetics): scholia also contain concepts that are not found in the treatises, and they are indicative of how the concepts are actually put to use in the progressive interpretation of texts. The book also demonstrates that it is vital to study both ancient terminology and the cases where a particular phenomenon is simply paraphrased. Nineteen thematic chapters provide a repertoire of the various terms and concepts of ancient literary criticism. The relevant witnesses are extensively quoted in Greek and English translation. A glossary of Greek terms (with translation) and several indices enable the book also to be used for reference.

Author Biography

Rene Nunlist is Associate Professor of Classics at Brown University, Rhode Island.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
The presentation of the material and its methodological implicationsp. 2
The material and its characteristicsp. 7
Characteristics of scholiap. 8
Topics other than literary criticismp. 14
The sources of the scholiap. 17
Translationp. 19
Note on quotations and referencesp. 19
p. 21
Plotp. 23
Motivation and narrative coherencep. 27
Excursus: a special type of narrative coherencep. 33
Prolepsisp. 34
Excursus: the terms <$$$> and &rlalpha;<$$$>p. 43
Analepsisp. 45
Narratorial choice: save for laterp. 49
Introduction of charactersp. 51
Transitions and changes of scenep. 57
Digressionsp. 64
Not to destroy the storyp. 66
Conclusionp. 68
Timep. 69
Day structurep. 69
Story time vs. narrative timep. 74
Simultaneous eventsp. 79
Fill-in techniquep. 83
Anachroniesp. 87
Conclusionp. 92
Narrative and speechp. 94
The three principal forms of literary art: narrative, dramatic and mixedp. 94
Transition from narrator-text to speechp. 102
Other applications of the terms for 'narrative' and 'dramatic'p. 107
Other classificationsp. 109
Excursus: the various applications of the term &rlalpha;<$$$> ('apostrophe')p. 114
Conclusionp. 115
Focalisationp. 116
Excursus: ancient literary criticism and the narrative voicep. 132
Conclusionp. 133
Effects on the readerp. 135
Attentionp. 137
Emotional effectsp. 139
Expectationp. 149
Relaxationp. 151
The reader as spectatorp. 153
Conclusionp. 155
Gaps and omissionsp. 157
The cooperation of the readerp. 164
Other applications of the expression <$$$> <$$$> <$$$>p. 167
Excursus: Seleucus and the meaning of <$$$> <$$$> <$$$>p. 169
Other narratorial omissionsp. 170
Conclusionp. 173
Poetic licencep. 174
Conclusionp. 183
Authenticationp. 185
Conclusionp. 192
Stylep. 194
Graphic quality (enargeia)p. 194
Variation and avoidance of monotonyp. 198
Explanation (epexegesis)p. 202
Elaboration (epexergasia)p. 204
Brevityp. 208
Indirect presentationp. 209
Ironyp. 212
Iconic relation between form and contentp. 215
Stylistic differences between genresp. 218
The three stylesp. 219
Minor stylistic phenomenap. 221
Conclusionp. 223
Allusions, hints, hidden meaningsp. 225
Allusionsp. 225
Hintsp. 231
Hidden meaningsp. 237
Conclusionp. 237
Charactersp. 238
Castp. 238
Characterisationp. 246
Excursus: the meaning of <$$$> <$$$> and <$$$><$$$>p. 254
Conclusionp. 256
Mythographyp. 257
Mythological exemplap. 261
Conclusionp. 264
p. 265
The gods in Homerp. 267
Divine interventionsp. 267
Gods like you and mep. 278
Excursus: Zenodorus on divine scenes in Homerp. 279
Conclusionp. 281
Homeric similesp. 282
Interpretations of Homeric similesp. 286
Conclusionp. 298
Epithersp. 299
Conclusionp. 305
Type scenesp. 307
Armingp. 307
Battle scenesp. 309
Deliberation scenesp. 312
Messenger reportsp. 312
Typical numbersp. 314
Conclusionp. 315
Homeric speechesp. 316
Speech introductions and their functionp. 316
No rapid dialogue in Homerp. 318
Ring-composition in speechesp. 319
Other structural analyses of speechesp. 320
Three-way conversationp. 321
Interior monologuep. 322
Omission of speechesp. 323
Speech within speechp. 324
Conclusionp. 325
Reverse orderp. 326
Conclusionp. 336
Staging, performance and dramaturgyp. 338
Identification of speakers and addressesp. 338
Entrances and exitsp. 343
Deliveryp. 349
Actingp. 351
Masks, constumes and propsp. 353
Dcorp. 355
Special technical devicesp. 356
Dramaturgical conventionsp. 358
Critique of contemporary productionsp. 361
Excursus: the meaning of <$$$>p. 362
Conclusionp. 365
Epiloguep. 366
Glossary of Greek termsp. 368
Editions of scholiap. 387
Other abbreviationsp. 390
Bibliographyp. 392
Thematic indexp. 407
Index locorump. 412
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