Ancient World, The: A Social and Cultural History

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-02-20
  • Publisher: Pearson
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For courses in Ancient History (Ancient Near East - Egypt/Mesopotamia), Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome.#xA0; #xA0; The Ancient Worldis a comprehensive, multi-perspective, and integratedchronicle of the history of the ancient world, from Sumer to the fall of Rome, that explores the distinctive formssociety took--particularly the unusual (by the standards of college students today) relationships between society and the state that characterized the social order of antiquity. #xA0; By closely integrating social and cultural histories with the political, institutional, and military climates in which they unfolded, this text provides fascinating insights into family, gender relations, class structures, public vs. private realms, slavery, popular culture, religion, art, architecture, leisure styles, philosophy, science, and education, and explores#xA0;their complex relationships to ideology and political events.

Author Biography

D. Brendan Nagle, University of Southern California

Stanley M. Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Illustrationsp. vii
Mapsp. x
The Ancient Middle East
The Early Civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egyptp. 1
Key Topicsp. 1
Why Mesopotamia?p. 1
The Agricultural Revolutionp. 2
The State and Urban Revolutionp. 5
Early Mesopotamian History: The Sumerian Period (3100-2000 b.c.)p. 6
The Egyptian Alternative: The Old and Middle Kingdomsp. 16
Questionsp. 25
An Age of Empires: The Middle East, 2000-1000 b.c.p. 26
Key Topicsp. 26
A Time of Turmoil: New Peoples East and Westp. 26
Mesopotamia in the Age of Hammurabip. 26
The Hittite Empirep. 30
The Egyptian Empirep. 32
Egypt in Declinep. 38
Questionsp. 40
The Middle East to the Persian Empirep. 41
Key Topicsp. 41
The New Peoples of the Middle Eastp. 41
The Glory of Assyria and Babylonp. 47
The Persiansp. 52
Religion and Culture in Israelp. 58
Questionsp. 66
The Greek World
The Emergence of Greek Civilizationp. 67
Key Topicsp. 67
Geography and Historyp. 67
The Origins of Greek Culturep. 68
The Minoan and Mycenaean Agesp. 69
The Dark Agesp. 76
Out of the Darkness: The Archaic Agep. 78
The Example of Two Cities: Sparta and Athensp. 83
Polis Societyp. 87
Culture and Society in the Archaic Agep. 93
Questionsp. 102
The Wars of the Greeksp. 103
Key Topicsp. 103
Persians and Greeksp. 103
The Military Situation after the Persian Warsp. 108
The Great War between Athens and Spartap. 111
The Hegemony of Sparta and Thebesp. 116
Questionsp. 119
Classical Athensp. 120
Key Topicsp. 120
The Early Classical Period (ca. 490-450 b.c.)p. 120
The Classical Age, Part I (450-430 b.c.)p. 124
The Later Classical Period (430-338 b.c.)p. 131
Athenian Societyp. 138
Questionsp. 155
Philip, Alexander, and the Hellenistic Worldp. 156
Key Topicsp. 156
Backward Macedonia Challenges Greecep. 156
The Genius of Philipp. 157
The Orator and the King: Demosthenes and Philipp. 158
Alexander the Greatp. 159
Campaigns in Central Asia (330-323 b.c.)p. 162
Alexander's Successorsp. 164
The State and Society in the Hellenistic Worldp. 165
Hellenistic Societyp. 167
Culture and Religion in the Hellenistic Worldp. 172
Greek High Culture Adapts to a New Environmentp. 180
Becoming Greek: Education in the New Worldp. 190
The Hellenistic Age: Achievements and Limitationsp. 192
Questionsp. 193
The Roman World
Early Romep. 194
Key Topicsp. 194
The Western Mediterranean and Early Italyp. 194
The Latins and Early Romep. 200
The Republicp. 203
The Social and Political Achievement of Early Rome: Consensusp. 209
Questionsp. 210
The Building of an Empirep. 211
Key Topicsp. 211
The Growth of Rome in Italyp. 211
The Punic Warsp. 219
Roman Territorial Expansion after the Hannibalic Warp. 222
Society and the State in the Roman Republicp. 226
An Estimate of Roman Societyp. 239
Questionsp. 240
The Transformation of the Roman Republicp. 241
Key Topicsp. 241
The Old Order Fadesp. 241
The Gracchan Revolution: Social and Political Contextp. 249
From the Gracchi to Augustus: The Roman Revolutionp. 253
The Fall of the Roman Republicp. 259
Questionsp. 267
The Roman World from Augustus to the Third-Century Crisisp. 268
Key Topicsp. 268
The Reforms of Augustusp. 268
Rounding Out the Empirep. 273
The Severan Emperorsp. 278
Questionsp. 281
The Roman Peacep. 282
Key Topicsp. 282
Challenge and Responsep. 282
Society and the State in the Empirep. 284
The Government, the Army, and Societyp. 302
Questionsp. 308
The Empire from the Third-Century Crisis to Justinianp. 309
Key Topicsp. 309
The Third-Century Crisisp. 309
Political Anarchyp. 311
Diocletian and Constantinep. 312
The Emperor and the Administrationp. 315
The Army, the Empire, and the Barbariansp. 319
The Collapse of the Western Empirep. 320
The Rise of the Byzantine Empirep. 323
Questionsp. 324
The Transformed Mediterraneanp. 325
Key Topicsp. 325
History Moves Northward and Eastwardp. 325
The Transformation of the Classical Traditionp. 326
The Empire and the Church Come to Termsp. 329
The Christian Way of Lifep. 333
Civilizing the Barbariansp. 339
Diverging Beliefsp. 341
Islam and the Transformation of the Mediterraneanp. 342
Religious Legaciesp. 344
Epiloguep. 346
Questionsp. 347
Suggested Readingsp. 349
Glossaryp. 355
Indexp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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