Annual Plant Reviews, Fruit Development and Seed Dispersal

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-12-21
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Fruit development and seed dispersal are major topics within plant and crop sciences research with important developments in research being reported regularly. Drawing together reviews by some of the world's leading experts in these areas, the Editor of this volume, Lars Ostergaard has provided a volume which is an essential purchase for all those working in plant and crop sciences worldwide.

Author Biography

Lars stergaard is a plant scientist based at the world famous John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK.

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. ix
Prefacep. xii
Carpel Evolutionp. 1
The importance of having carpelsp. 1
Hypotheses of carpel originp. 3
A phylogenetic framework for studies of carpel evolutionp. 7
A morphological portrait of the ancestral carpelp. 10
The genetic control of carpel development in the first flowering plantsp. 12
A major role for the E-function in the origin of the carpel?p. 16
Carpel specification in monocotsp. 18
Gene duplication and carpel evolution in the core eudicotsp. 20
The A-function finds a role in fruit developmentp. 22
The multiple origins and mechanisms of syncarpy in the angiospermsp. 23
A fruit by any other name: evolutionary convergence between angiosperms and gymnospermsp. 26
Referencesp. 27
Gynoecium Patterning in Arabidopsis: A Basic Plan Behind a Complex Structurep. 35
Introductionp. 35
The basic plan in lateral organsp. 36
The Arabidopsis gynoeciump. 41
Genetic and hormonal factors controlling gynoecium developmentp. 43
Conclusionp. 57
Acknowledgementsp. 57
Referencesp. 57
The Ins and Outs of Ovule Developmentp. 70
Introductionp. 70
Origin of the ovulep. 71
Ovule development in Arabidopsisp. 72
Sporophytic tissuesp. 73
Gametophytic tissuep. 81
Interaction between the female gametophyte and the maternal sporophytep. 91
Ovule identity determinationp. 93
Referencesp. 97
Fertilisation and Fruit Initiationp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Pollinationp. 110
Female receptivity and the cessation of gynoecial growthp. 113
Additional restraints on flower development and fruit initiationp. 115
Fertilisationp. 117
Hormonal cues during fruit initiationp. 123
RNA silencing during fruit initiationp. 141
Signal transduction from ovule to carpel and vascular canalisationp. 145
Current models of fruit initiationp. 147
Concluding remarksp. 150
Acknowledgementsp. 151
Referencesp. 151
Arabidopsis Fruit Developmentp. 172
Introductionp. 172
Morphology of the Arabidopsis siliquep. 174
Determining the boundary between valve and replum: valve margin genesp. 177
The making of valves and replum requires repression of valve margin genesp. 179
Suppressors of the rpl phenotype: setting up territoriesp. 182
A model for patterning the mediolateral axis of the Arabidopsis siliquep. 185
Auxin: a signaling molecule for the mediolateral axis?p. 192
A biotechnological viewp. 195
Acknowledgementsp. 196
Referencesp. 196
Long-Distance Seed Dispersalp. 204
Introductionp. 205
Six generalizations on LDD mechanismsp. 214
A vector-based perspective on the evolution and predictability of long-distance seed dispersalp. 223
Future directionsp. 230
Acknowledgementsp. 231
Referencesp. 231
Seed Dispersal and Crop Domestication: Shattering, Germination and Seasonality in Evolution Under Cultivationp. 238
Introductionp. 239
Loss of natural seed dispersal in wheat and barley: archaeobotanical evidencep. 240
Non-shattering in other cereals: rice, pearl millet and maizep. 246
The genetics of non-shattering cerealsp. 249
Reduction in seed dispersal aidsp. 252
Non-cereal alternative: appendage hypermorphy in fibre cropsp. 254
Loss of natural seed dispersal in pulses and other cropsp. 255
Germination traits in domestication: the importance of loss of dormancyp. 257
The genetic basis for dormancy and germinationp. 260
Germination and seedling competition: changes in seed sizep. 261
The genetics of seed sizep. 271
Seasonality controls: photoperiodicity and vernalizationp. 273
Discussion: evolution and development of domesticated seed traitsp. 278
Referencesp. 280
Factors Influencing the Ripening and Quality of Fleshy Fruitsp. 296
Introductionp. 296
Control of fruit ripeningp. 297
Transcription factors serve as master regulators of fruit ripeningp. 298
Hormonal control of fruit ripeningp. 302
The influence of light on fruit qualityp. 306
The discovery of aroma and flavour genes in fruitp. 307
Cell wall changes influence fruit qualityp. 309
The cuticle influences fruit quality and postharvest longevityp. 310
Genomics Resourcesp. 311
Conclusions and future perspectivesp. 314
Acknowledgementsp. 314
Referencesp. 314
Parthenocarpy in Crop Plantsp. 326
Introductionp. 326
Parthenocarpyp. 328
Auxin-synthesis parthenocarpyp. 329
Parthenocarpy via auxin signal transductionp. 330
Parthenocarpy via gibberellin signal transductionp. 334
Aucsia-silencing parthenocarpyp. 334
Auxin sensitivity and parthenocarpyp. 335
Apetalous parthenocarpy and the role of other floral organsp. 336
Stenospermocarpyp. 336
Parthenocarpy in perennial crop plantsp. 337
Parthenocarpy and fruit crop breedingp. 337
From green plants to fruit crop plantsp. 340
Referencesp. 341
Indexp. 346
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