Anthropology : A Global Perspective

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-01-01
  • Publisher: Pearson College Div
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This popular introduction to anthropology integrates a historical, biological, archeological, and global approach with ethnographic data available from around the world. Drawing on both classic and recent research in the field, it reflects the current state-of-the-art understanding of social and cultural changes based on the relationships among different types of societies. It demonstrates the diversity of different societies and cultural patterns, but also shows how humans everywhere are fundamentally similar.KEY TOPICS An eight-part format covers basic concepts, physical anthropology, archeology, culture and society, prestate societies, state societies, consequences of globalization, and the global future. For individuals interested in social culture and change.

Table of Contents

Basic Concepts in Anthropology
Introduction to Anthropology
Record of the Past
Physical Anthropology
The Primates
Hominid Evolution
Human Variation
Paleolithic Cultures
The Origins of Domestication and Settled Life
The Rise of the State and Complex Society
Basic Concepts of Culture and Society
The Process of Enculturation
Anthropological Explanations
Analyzing Sociocultural Systems
Studying Different Societies
Band Societies
Agricultural States
Industrial States
Consequences of Globalization
Globalization,Culture, and Indigenous Societies
Globalization in Latin America, Africa, and the Caribbean
Globalization in the Middle East and Asia
Anthropology and the Global Future
Race and Ethnicity
Contemporary Global Trends
Applied Anthropology
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


EDUCATIONAL GOALS AND ORIENTATION HIS TEXT We all recognize that the world is getting smaller. Instantaneous global communications, trade among far-flung nations, geopolitical events affecting countries and hemispheres, and the ease of international travel are bringing people and cultures into more intimate contact with one another than ever before, forcing this generation of students to become more knowledgeable about societies other than their own. With that in mind, this textbook is grounded in the belief that an enhanced global awareness is essential for people preparing to take their place in the fast-paced, increasingly interconnected world of the twenty-first century. Anthropology is ideally suited to introduce students to a global perspective. Each of the subfields of anthropology has a broad focus on humanity; this helps liberate Students from a narrow, parochial view and enables them to see and understand the full sweep of the human condition. The anthropological perspective, which stresses critical-thinking processes, the evaluation of competing hypotheses, and the skills to generalize from specific data and assumptions, contributes significantly to a well-rounded education. This text engages readers in the varied intellectual activities underlying the anthropological approach by delving into both classic and recent research in the fields that make up anthropology. This text reflects a strong commitment to anthropology's traditional holistic and integrative approach. It spells out how the four basic subfields of anthropology--physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, and ethnology--together yield a comprehensive understanding of humanity. Because the subfields tend to overlap, insights from all of them are woven together to reveal the holistic fabric of a particular society or the threads uniting all of humanity. An interdisciplinary outlook resonates throughout this book. All contemporary anthropologists draw on the findings of biologists, paleontologists, geologists, economists, historians, psychologists, sociologists, political scientists, religious studies specialists, philosophers, and researchers in other fields whose work sheds light on anthropological inquiry. In probing various anthropological topics, this text often refers to research conducted in these other fields. In addition to enlarging the scope and reach of the text, exploring interactions between anthropology and other fields sparks the critical imagination that brings the learning process to life. The comparative approach, another traditional cornerstone of the anthropological perspective, is spotlighted in this text as well. When anthropologists assess fossil evidence, artifacts, languages, or cultural beliefs and values, they weigh comparative evidence, while acknowledging the unique elements of each society and culture. This text casts an inquiring eye on materials from numerous geographical regions and historical eras to enrich student understanding. A diachronic approach also characterizes this book. In evaluating human evolution, prehistoric events, language divergence, or developments in social structure, anthropologists must rely on models that reflect changes through time, so this diachronic orientation suffuses the text. THREE UNIFYING THEMES OF THIS TEXT In prior editions of this textbook, we emphasized two unifying themes that structured the material in the text. We wanted to introduce students to thediversity of human societiesand cultural patterns the world over and to thesimilarities that make all humans fundamentally alike.To achieve these two parallel goals, we paid as much attention to universal human characteristics as we did to particular cultural characteristics of local regions. We emphasized the growing interconnectedness of humans throughout the world and the positive and negative consequences of this reality. Contacts and interactio

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