Applied Behavior Analysis

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-12-29
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Applied Behavior Analysis provides a complete description of the principles and procedures needed to systematically change socially significant behavior and to understand the reasons for that change. This comprehensive text, appropriate for courses in basic principles, applications, and behavioral research methods, helps students, educators, and practitioners appreciate and begin to acquire the conceptual and technical skills necessary to foster socially adaptive behavior in diverse individuals. The second edition includes: bull; bull; More than 1,000 citations to primary-source literature, including both classic and contemporary studies bull; A glossary of more than 250 technical terms and concepts bull; More than 100 graphs displaying original data from peer-reviewed research, often accompanied by detailed descriptions of the procedures used to collect the data represented bull; Five new chapters written by leading scholars in behavior analysis: Negative Reinforcement (Brian Iwata and Richard Smith), Motivating Operations (Jack Michael), Functional Behavior Assessment (Nancy Neef and Stephanie Peterson), Verbal Behavior (Mark Sundberg), and Ethical Considerations for Applied Behavior Analysts (Jose Martinez-Diaz, Tom Freeman, and Matthew Normand) bull; The Behavior Analyst Certification Board reg; BCBA reg; and BCABA reg; Behavior Analyst Task List, Third Edition, specifying the minimum content all behavior analysts should master, is listed on the inside front and back covers. A chart at the beginning of each chapter identifies which items from the Task List are covered in that chapter, and an appendix lists the page numbers where the concepts, principles, or procedures related to each item appear on the Task List.

Table of Contents

Definition and Characteristics of Applied Behavior Analysis
Some Basic Characteristics of Science
Defining Characteristics of Applied Behavior Analysis
A Brief Outline of the Development of Applied Behavior Analysis
Definition of Applied Behavior Analysis
Basic Concepts
Respondent Behavior and Respondent Conditioning
Operant Behavior and Operant Conditioning
Basic Principles and Applied Procedures
Kinds of Stimuli That Reinforce and Punish
The Three-Term Contingency
The Complexity of Human Behavior
Obstacles to Control of Behavior in Applied Settings
Selection, Definition, and Measurement of Behavior Change Target
Selecting and Defining Target Behavior
Role of Assessment in Applied Behavior Analysis
Methods and Issues in Gathering Behavioral Assessment Data
Considerations in Selecting a Target Behavior
Prioritizing Possible Target Behaviors
Defining the Target Behavior
Setting Criteria for Behavior Change
Measuring and Recording Behavior
Direct Measurement of Permanent Products
Direct Observation Recording
Reporting Data Collected
Planning and Directing Observational Procedures
Scheduling Continuous and Sample Observations
Selecting Times for Observation
Establishing the Duration of Observation Sessions
Planning Sampling Procedures
Observation Codes
Interobserver Agreement
Establishing Interobserver Agreement
Considerations in Using Interobserver Agreement
Sources of Influence on the Agreement and Accuracy of Measurement
Evaluation and Analysis of Behavior Change
Production and Interpretation of Graphic Data Displays
Benefits of Graphic Display of Behavioral Data
Line Graphs
Other Types of Graphs Used in Applied Behavior Analysis
How to Construct Graphs
How to Interpret Graphs
Introduction to Analysis
The Scientific Examination of Behavior: Some Basic Conceptions and Assumptions
Components of Experimental Design
Baseline Data
Baseline Logic
Reversal and Alternating Treatments Design
Reversal Designs
Alternating Treatment Design
Multiple Baseline and Changing Criterion Designs
Multiple Baseline Design
Changing Criterion Design
Planning, Replicating, and Evaluating Research in Applied Behavior Analysis
Planning Research in Applied Behavior Analysis
Internal Validity: Controlling Potential Sources of Confounding in an Experimental Design
External Validity: The Role of Replication in Applied Behavior Analysis
Evaluating Research in Applied Behavior
Increasing Existing Behavior
Operant Reinforcement
The Role of Genetic Inheritance
Definition of Operant Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Types of Potential Reinforcers
Selecting Potential Reinforcers
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Reinforcement
Guidelines for Using Reinforcement
Summary.12. Schedules of Reinforcement
Use of Continuous and Intermittent Reinforcement
Basic Intermittent Schedules of Reinforcement
Ratio Schedules
Interval Schedules
Complex Schedules of Reinforcement
Adjunctive Behavior
Stimulus Control
Stimulus Control
Antecedent Stimuli
Stimulus Generalization
Development of Stimulus Control with Differential Reinforcement
Concept Formation
Factors Affecting the Development of Stimulus Control
Response and Stimulus Prompts
Transfer of Stimulus Control
Discriminative and Motivational Functions of Stimuli
Developing New Behavior
Behavioral ShapingDefinition and Illustration of Behavior Shaping
Behavioral Shaping Across and Within Different Response Topographies
Increasing the Efficiency of Behavioral Shaping
Guidelines for Selecting and Implementing Behavioral Shaping
Behavioral Chai
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