9780190637590

APPROACHES TO PEACE

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780190637590

  • ISBN10:

    0190637595

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-07-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Fourth Edition, provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of key articles focusing on the diverse facets of peace and conflict studies. Featuring both classic and contemporary work, it enables students to read highly influential articles while also introducing them to the most current perspectives in the field. Timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau are included alongside contemporary pieces by illustrious contributors including Noam Chomsky, bell hooks, Vandana Shiva, and Pope Francis.

Author Biography


David P. Barash is Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington. He is the author of more than thirty books, including Out of Eden (OUP, 2016), Buddhist Biology (OUP, 2013), and Homo Mysterious (OUP, 2012).

Table of Contents


*=New to this Edition
Each chapter ends with Study Questions and Suggestions for Further Reading.
Preface
Introduction: Approaches to Approaches to Peace
Chapter 1. Understanding War
Why War?: Sigmund Freud
Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity: Margaret Mead
War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning: Chris Hedges
War and Other Essays: William Graham Sumner
Victims of Groupthink: Irving Janis
The Causes of War: Michael Howard
National Images and International Systems: Kenneth Boulding
The Clash of Civilizations: Samuel P. Huntington
* How Resource Scarcity and Climate Change Could Produce a Global Explosion: Michael Klare
Battlefields of the Future: Peter W. Singer
The Revisionist Imperative: Rethinking Twentieth Century Wars: Andrew Bacevich
Chapter 2. Building "Negative Peace"
The Moral Equivalent of War: William James
Getting to Yes: Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton
Disarmament Demands GRIT: Charles Osgood
Ten Nuclear Myths: David Krieger and Angela McCrackien
A World Free of Nuclear Weapons: George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, and Sam Nunn
A Powerful Peace: Jonathan Schell
* Disarmament, Economic Conversion, and Jobs for All: Seymour Melman
International Law: David P. Barash
Catholic Answers: Just War Doctrine
* Reforming the UN for the 21st Century: Vijay Mehta
Violence Vanquished: Steven Pinker
Life without War?: Douglas P. Fry
Chapter 3. Responding to Terrorism
The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy: Noam Chomsky
Terrorism: Theirs and Ours: Eqbal Ahmad
The U.S. Response to Terrorism: Haviland Smith
Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism: Robert Pape
* The True Spirit of Jihad: Sarah Ahmad
Chapter 4. Building "Positive Peace"
The Land Ethic: Aldo Leopold
* Speech to the United Nations, 2015: Pope Francis
* How to Judge Globalism: Amartya Sen
Human Rights: David P. Barash
Letter from a Birmingham Jail: Martin Luther King Jr.
* Feminist Politics: Where We Stand: bell hooks
Chapter 5. Nonviolence
Civil Disobedience: Henry David Thoreau
Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby: Leo Tolstoy
Conscientious Objector: Edna St. Vincent Millay
Neither Victims nor Executioners: Albert Camus
* The Gospel of Nonviolence: Mohandas Gandhi
Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War: Gene Sharp
Soft Power: Joseph S. Nye Jr.
Chapter 6. Peace Movements, Transformation, and the Future
On Humane Governance: Richard Falk
Sexism and the War System: Betty Reardon
A Human Approach to World Peace: Dalai Lama
* Empire v. Democracy--Why Nemesis Is at Our Door: Chalmers Johnson
No Future without Forgiveness: Desmond Tutu
World Government?: David P. Barash
* How Economic Growth Has Become Antilife: Vandana Shiva
Antiwar Activists, Where Are You?: Victoria A. Bonney
Index

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