The Art and Science of Lightning Protection

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-03-03
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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A lightning strike to an unprotected object or system can be disastrous - in the United States lightning is responsible for over thirty percent of all electric power failures, causes billions of dollars worth of property damage, and is responsible for an average of 85 fatalities a year. This easy-to-read book describes all aspects of lightning protection at a moderately technical level and includes many illustrative drawings and photographs. It also discusses the physical behaviour of lightning, various types of lightning damage, the role of lightning detection and warning in effective protection, and the options for deflecting or eliminating lightning. This book will be essential reading for everyone involved in the business of lightning protection, including meteorologists, atmospheric scientists, architects, engineers, and fire-safety experts. It will also be of significant value to insurance practitioners, physicians and members of the public with a general interest in lightning hazards.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
What is lightning?p. 1
Types of lightningp. 1
Statistics on lightning occurrencep. 5
Cloud-to-ground lightningp. 8
General principles of protectionp. 16
Estimation of strike probability for small structuresp. 20
When is lightning protection needed and/or desirable?p. 21
Referencesp. 23
Lightning damagep. 25
Overview: the cost of various types of lightning damagep. 25
Conductors and insulatorsp. 28
Lightning characteristics pertinent to damagep. 28
Referencesp. 41
General methods for lightning protection: Faraday cages, topological shields; and more practical approaches: cone of protection and rolling sphere methodsp. 43
Is there perfect protection?p. 43
Practical protection: types of protectionp. 45
The striking distancep. 50
Cone of protection and rolling sphere methodsp. 57
Referencesp. 62
Structure protection: air terminals and down conductorsp. 65
Overviewp. 65
Air terminalsp. 67
Early streamer emission rodsp. 76
Down conductorsp. 78
Very long down conductorsp. 82
Referencesp. 83
Structure protection: groundingp. 85
Overviewp. 85
Soil propertiesp. 88
Resistance of various grounding electrodesp. 89
Non-resistive and non-linear grounding electrodesp. 95
Referencesp. 98
Surge protection for electronics in low-voltage electrical systemsp. 99
Overviewp. 99
Amplitudes and waveshapes of lightning transientsp. 100
Crowbar devicesp. 103
Voltage clamping devicesp. 104
Filters and isolation devicesp. 106
Hybrid circuits: multiple-stage protectionp. 108
Referencesp. 109
Humans and animalsp. 111
Personal safetyp. 111
Statisticsp. 112
Medical issuesp. 117
Electrical effectsp. 125
Referencesp. 131
Lightning warningp. 134
Overviewp. 134
RF location techniquesp. 139
Detection from satellitesp. 147
Referencesp. 149
Airships, airplanes, and launch vehiclesp. 152
Overviewp. 152
Statisticsp. 157
Accidentsp. 161
Lightning test standardsp. 171
Referencesp. 173
Ships and boatsp. 175
Historyp. 175
Protective techniquesp. 179
Statisticsp. 183
Referencesp. 185
Treesp. 186
Generalp. 186
Protective techniquesp. 187
Types of damagep. 187
The value of lightning to treesp. 196
Referencesp. 197
Overhead and underground power and communication linesp. 199
Overviewp. 199
Overhead power linesp. 200
Underground cablesp. 211
Communication linesp. 215
Referencesp. 218
Lightning eliminationp. 220
Modifying the cloud electrification processp. 220
Artificial initiation of lightningp. 221
Can thunderstorms be steadily discharged?p. 225
Can lightning be inhibited?p. 228
Referencesp. 230
So, what do we know and what don't we know about lightning protection?p. 232
Does it work?p. 232
How well does it work?p. 233
Referencesp. 235
Indexp. 236
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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